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The University of California (founded in 1868) is by the terms of its charter an integral part of the educational system of the State. At Berkeley are the Colleges of Letters, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Commerce, Agriculture, Mechanics, Mining, Civil Engineering, and Chemistry, and the instruction of the first two years in the College of Medicine; at Mount Hamilton is the graduate Astronomical Department, founded by James Lick; in San Francisco are the Colleges of Law, Medicine (third and fourth years), Dentistry, and Pharmacy; and in Los Angeles is the Los Angeles Department of the College of Medicine (third and fourth years), and at Davis is the University Farm. The University's endowment is capitalized at about fifteen million dollars; its yearly income for educational and scientific purposes is about one and one-half million dollars; it has received private benefactions to the amount of about ten million dollars. The University is indebted to Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst for permanent building plans, upon a scale appropriate and comprehensive. At Berkeley there are two hundred and ninety principal officers of instruction and administration, together with assistants numbering about three hundred and seventy-four; courses of instruction distributed among forty-one departments; about seven thousand two hundred students in 1913-14, including students in the Summer Session of 1913; a library of over two hundred and fifty thousand volumes aside from the volumes in the Bancroft collection; museums and laboratories; also the agricultural experiment grounds and station, which are invaluable adjuncts of the farming, orchard, and vineyard interests of the state. In San Francisco there are one hundred and four officers of instruction, including demonstrators and other assistants; two hundred and fifty-two students in 1913-14. Tuition in the academic departments of the University, during the regular sessions, is free to residents of California; non-residents pay a fee of $10 each half-year. Instruction in all of the colleges is open to all qualified persons, without distinction of sex.
The General Library, housed in the newly completed building, provided for by the bequest of the late Charles F. Doe, now contains over 250,000 volumes. It is constantly augmented by donations and exchange and by large purchases of books with the income from the Michael Reese, Jane K. Sather, E. A. Denicke and other funds. Books are specially bought each year for the particular courses offered during the Summer Session. All Summer Session students enjoy the full privileges of the library, including the drawing of books; and the hours of opening are the same as during the regular academic year.
The library and reading room of the Department of Agriculture, situated in Agriculture Hall, receives the publications of the experiment stations of the United States, and other countries, as well as pamphlets on agricultural subjects published by various governments and commissions. About one hundred and forty dailies, weeklies, and monthlies are regularly received.
MUSEUMS AND LABORATORIES
Psychological Laboratory. The whole of the second and third floors of the Philosophy Building and part of the basement are devoted to the psychological laboratory. Besides a full equipment for class instruction and for demonstrations in connection with lectures, the laboratory is provided with an extensive collection of the printed forms and other materials for use in conducting mental tests with children and adults, and with a large number of special instruments for investigations in all the principal lines of psychological experiment. There is also an ample collection of such auxiliary instruments as are most frequently required in setting up special apparatus for research, and there is a shop equipped for carpenter work. In addition to the main laboratory room there are several quiet rooms suitable for research purposes, a large dark and silent room, and a photographic dark room with full equipment. All the rooms are connected by switchboard with high and low potential electric current, and are served with alternating lighting current and gas.
The Physical Laboratory is located in South Hall, whose construction secures favorable conditions as regards stability and evenness of temperature. There are set apart rooms for elementary and for advanced work and for special research. The apparatus includes many instruments and standards for fundamental measurements from makers of the best reputation, and the laboratory employs two competent mechanicians who are continually increasing the equipment from original designs.
Students' Observatory (Berkeley Astronomical Department). The equipment of the Observatory consists of the following instruments: An eight-inch reflector; a six-inch refractor; a five-inch refractor; two six-inch portrait lenses with a three-inch guiding telescope, all equatorially mounted with driving clocks; a three and one-half inch Bamberg broken tube transit, with self-recording transit micrometer; a three-inch Davidson combination transit and zenith telescope; a two-inch altazimuth instrument; a spectroscope; a spectrometer; a Berger's surveyor's transit with solar attachment; a Repsold measuring engine for measuring astronomical photographs; a Gaertner microscope for measuring spectrograms; an electro-chronograph; a Harkness spherometer; a level trier; sextants; chronometers; a Howard M. T. clock; all the necessary electric connections for recording time and determining longitude by the telegraphic method.
Chemical Laboratories. A large brick building contains the lecture rooms and laboratories for the courses in elementary and analytical chemistry, for several branches of applied chemistry, and for both undergraduate and graduate work in organic chemistry. This building is provided with a large and varied equipment, including a liquid air plant, a machine shop, and a good collection of specimens of rare chemical compounds and of products illustrating manufacturing processes.
The newly constructed wooden annex is designed chiefly for research work in physical and inorganic chemistry. It includes an instrumentmaker's and a glass-blower's room and several small laboratories for special investigations, many of which investigations are continued by members of the instructing staff and advanced students throughout the summer term.
The Mineralogical and Petrographical Laboratories are provided with large collections of minerals and rocks and are equipped with the necessary apparatus for research work in crystallography, mineralogy, and petrography.
The Museum of Geology and Mineralogy comprises an extensive suite of minerals and ores illustrating the chief phenomena of crystals and of economic deposits. There are, besides, many crystallographic models and relief maps geologically colored. There is a similarly extensive suite of petrological specimens affording a fairly good illustration of the subject of petrology, and many specimens illustrative of the more interesting features of structural geology.
The Rudolph Spreckels Physiological Laboratory. There are laboratory facilities for about fifty students of physiology in the east wing of the building and for a similar number of students of physiological chemistry in the west wing. The central part of the building is chiefly devoted to advanced instruction and research. The department library contains
complete sets of all the important physiological journals and the more important monographs on physiological and related subjects.
Civil Engineering Laboratories. The Civil Engineering Laboratories for the testing of materials have been fitted with apparatus particularly designed for experimental tests and original investigation. They contain tension, compression, torsion and impact machines for testing the strength and elastic properties of metals, timbers, stone, concrete and other structural materials. The timbers, building stones, cements, and bitumens of the Pacific Coast receive special attention in these laboratories.
The Sanitary and Municipal Laboratories of the department afford facilities for routine and research work on problems relating to the determination of chemical, bacteriological, and physical properties of water, sewage, air, and municipal refuse. Apparatus is available for special studies of rainfall rates and run-off in streams and sewers. Practical problems in hydraulics, water and sewage purification, municipal refuse disposal and ventilation can be studied in the laboratories or can be solved elsewhere with the use of the laboratory equipment. Special opportunities for tests upon materials for road and pavement construction are also offered.
These laboratories have their own machine rooms for preparing specimens and making apparatus needed for special tests. Besides the large testing machines, they are provided with extensometers and other measuring instruments, with smaller machines for cement testing, apparatus for testing wire, cable, and reinforced concrete beams and columns.
The Laboratories of Agricultural Chemistry, Soils, and Cereal Investigations are located in Budd Hall. The Fertilizer Control, Pure Food Control and Insecticide Control are in adjoining structures. The Plant Pathology, Entomology, Pomology, Viticulture, and Plant Breeding laboratories are located in Agriculture Hall.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR RECREATION
Harmon Gymnasium. This gymnasium, presented to the University by the late A. K. P. Harmon, is well equipped and provides all men students with opportunities for physical education. Besides the main hall and athletic quarters, there are one hundred and sixty-seven shower baths and two thousand steel lockers for the use of the students.
The exercises in the gymnasium are conducted systematically under the supervision of the Director of Physical Education.
Hearst Hall. Hearst Hall was presented to the University by Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst for a women's gymnasium. It contains the best of modern equipment, with special facilities to correct physical defects.
Connected with the gymnasium are one hundred shower baths, supplied with hot and cold water; two hundred dressing rooms, and nine hundred lockers for the exclusive use of women students. The lower hall is used as a general gathering place for the women of the University.
Connected with the gymnasium is an enclosed court 150 feet long and 80 feet wide, with a seating capacity of one thousand, also the gift of Mrs. Hearst. It is used as an outdoor gymnasium, where a number of the Summer Session courses are given.
Athletic Grounds. The tennis courts, California Field, the baseball field, and the running track offer opportunity for pleasant and healthful recreation.
Swimming Pool. The University swimming pool on Canyon road will be open to students of the Summer Session and in charge of competent attendants. Hours will be reserved for women.