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June 22 to August 1

Session of 1914

The fifteenth annual summer session of the University of California will begin Monday, June 22, 1914, and will continue until Saturday, August 1, the session covering six weeks.

Earlier Sessions

The University of California held its first regular Summer Session in 1900, though summer courses in several departments had been given during the years 1891–99. The total enrollment in 1913, not including the Summer School of Surveying, was 2461. Of this number, 813 were men and 1648 women; 2111 came from California and the remainder from thirty-five other states and seven foreign countries. Over 1300 were teachers. Purpose of the Session

The courses in the summer session are designed to meet the needs of the following persons:

1. Teachers who wish to strengthen their grasp of their own subject by a general survey, to carry on advanced studies in it, or to gain a broader outlook by the pursuit of other branches of study. It is a significant fact that in previous sessions more than half of the students have been teachers and school officers. For this reason the University has planned the majority of the courses primarily to meet the needs of teachers.

2. School superintendents, supervisors, and other officers. Supervisors of music, manual training, domestic science, agricultural education, and drawing will find work especially suited to their needs.

3. Directors of gymnasiums and teachers of physical education and playground work. The University campus offers unusual opportunities for playground demonstration, and special emphasis will continue to be placed upon this important phase of education.

4. Graduate students to whom the advantages of smaller classes, the freer use of the facilities of libraries, laboratories and museums, and the more direct intimate and personal contact with the professors in charge, are peculiarly possible during the summer session.

5. Undergraduate students who wish to use the vacation to take up studies for which they are unable to find room in their regular programmes, to shorten their courses, or to make up deficiencies.

6. Properly recommended high school graduates who are about to enter upon regular university courses in the ensuing fall sessions and who desire to complete matriculation requirements or to broaden their prepararations for university work. To meet their needs courses are offered in Mathematics, German, French, Spanish, Physics, Chemistry, Mechanical and Free-hand Drawing, and Stenography and Typewriting.

7. Adults qualified to pursue with profit any course given, whether or not they are engaged in teaching or study. Faculty

The Faculty of the Summer School will include not only members of the regular faculties of the University, but also a number of men of letters and science from Eastern universities and from Europe. Application for Admission

All persons who desire to attend any of the courses are urgently requested to notify the Recorder of the Faculties on or before Wednesday, June 3, using the blank form of application at the end of this bulletin. Compliance with this request will facilitate the making of adequate arrangements by the University, and will make possible prompt communication with prospective students in case of change in the programme. Admission Requirements

Attendants upon the exercises of the summer session are divided into two broad classes:

A. Auditors.Any adult of good moral character is permitted to attend all the regular exercises of the session, as an auditor, upon the filing of an application and the payment of the regular tuition fee of fifteen dollars. An auditor does not participate in recitations, does not take examinations, and does not receive formal credit on the books of the University either for attendance or for any study or investigation which he may undertake.

B. Students.-While there are no formal admission requirements and no entrance examinations, the officers in charge of admissions will keep in mind the fact that the instruction offered is such as is suitable for students of university grade, and these officers will exercise their discretion in admitting to student privileges only those applicants who appear to possess the requisite maturity, training and intelligence. Furthermore, the instructor in charge of a given course may himself require of those who present themselves as students in his course any preliminary test, formal or informal, which he may deem essential to the work proposed.

Registration Dates; Fees; Classification of Courses


The University will not, as a rule, admit to the summer session pupils from the high schools who have not yet completed the four-year high school course. Where an exception is made to this general rule, the pupil will be required to devote himself to courses given primarily or exclusively for matriculation credit, such as the “A” or “B” courses in chemistry, physics, mathematics, drawing, and the languages. And in every such exceptional case the applicant will be required to procure from the principal of his school, and to present at the University, a full statement of the applicant's high school record, and of his plans for further study, either toward university matriculation or toward some other definite end.

Registration Dates

The office of the Recorder of the Faculties will be open for the registration of students Saturday, June 20, and Monday, June 22. For detailed directions as to entrance see later pages in this bulletin.


The tuition fee will be fifteen dollars ($15) regardless of the number of courses taken. Laboratory fees will be charged in courses in Anatomy, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Household Economics, Manual Arts, Physics, Public Health, and Zoology. The fees in each case are stated in the description of the course.

Persons desiring to attend courses or occasional lectures without examination or formal credit may secure for this purpose an auditor's ticket upon payment of the regular fee ($15). Such tickets are obtainable by mail. Address the Recorder of the Faculties of the University of California, Berkeley, California.

All fees must be paid in advance, at the opening of the Summer Session, at the office of the Comptroller, in California Hall. No deduction will be made from fees in cases of late registration. After the first week no rebate will be allowed for early withdrawal.

Classification and Numbering of Courses

I. UNDERGRADUATE COURSES.--Lower Division Courses : (a) A prescribed course is one that is required specifically for graduation in any college. (b) A free-elective course in the lower division is any course that is not prescribed. A free-elective course may be taken as a prerequisite for a more advanced elective in the same field. Upper Division Courses: (a) A major course is an upper division course of advanced work in a department of study that has been pursued in the lower division, or of elementary work in a subject of such difficulty as to require the maturity of upper division students. All major courses are definitely announced as such, and are given the numbers 100–199, as is explained below. (b) A free-elective course in the upper division is a course for which the Junior Certificate or junior standing is normally prerequisite, but which does not demand necessarily any preliminary knowledge of the subject. Lower division courses may be taken as free-electives in the upper division, but upper division courses, whether free-elective or otherwise, are not open to students of the lower division without the special permission of the department concerned.


Undergraduate courses are designated either by letters, without numbers, or by numbers. The “lettered courses,” e.g., Mathematics A, German A, are equivalents, or nearly so, of subjects in the Uni. versity preparatory list; they represent subjects of study which may be pursued either in the high schoool or in the University. All other undergraduate courses, excepting only the major courses, are numbered from 1 to 99 inclusive.

All summer session courses, graduate or undergraduate, which are identical, or nearly so, with courses given during the fall or spring sessions, are distinguished by the letter “S,' prefixed to the regular number of the course.

Undergraduate major courses are numbered from 100 to 199, inclusive.

Graduate courses are numbered from 200 to 299, inclusive.



Credit toward a university degree will be given only to attendants who are qualified to do systematic university work, and is in every case subject to the requirement that the student shall at some time qualify in the University as a regular matriculant, either by passing the entrance examinations or otherwise. In the absence of formal entrance requirements, the instructor in charge of a given course in the Summer Session is the judge of the qualifications of candidates for credit.

In general, credit will be given at the rate of one unit for fifteen exercises. A course of five recitations or lectures weekly during six weeks may receive a credit of two units. Credit may be given, in due proportion, for a smaller number of exercises, when these are of more than the usual length (which for lectures and recitations is about fiftythree minutes). A recitation or lecture presupposes about two hours of study outside of the classroom; laboratory or other exercises which do not require outside preparation are estimated at a lower rate than recitations or lectures,

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