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Attending Teachers; Accommodations.

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sary; or instructors may make special appointments with their classes for this purpose.

It is intended that the University credit shall be given only to attendants who are qualified to do systematic University work. In the absence of formal entrance requirements, the instructor in charge of a given course is to be the judge of the qualifications of candidates for credit. The instructor will enroll as regular students and as candidates for credit only such attendants as present to him, at the outset of the work, satisfactory evidence of preparation for the course to be undertaken.

In general, credit will be given at the rate of one unit for fifteen exercises. A course of five lectures weekly during six weeks would have a credit value of two units. Credit may be given in due proportion, for a smaller number of exercises, when these are of more than the usual length (which for lectures and recitations is about fiftythree minutes).

The normal amount of credit obtainable during the session, by a student who devotes his whole time to courses strictly of university grade, is six units. A bachelor's degree represents 124 or more units of credit, distributed according to the requirements of the college in which the degree is conferred.

ATTENDING TEACHERS.

Special efforts will be made during the Summer Session to bring teachers attending it into touch with visiting superintendents, principals, and other school authorities.

ACCOMMODATIONS.

Board and lodging may be obtained in Berkeley for from $25 to $35 per month. The accommodations are ample.

LIBRARY.

Throughout the Summer Session the University Library will be open on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

The library privileges, including the home use of books, as accorded to regular University students, will be extended to students in the summer courses. No additional fee is required. Persons who may desire to pursue independent courses of reading or study, during the Summer Session, without attending any of the regular exercises, may have full library privileges, upon application to the Librarian, and upon payment of $10 as a deposit. In every case the deposit, less unpaid fines or charges, is returned at the close of the session.

Y.M.C.A. AND Y.W.C.A.

The Young Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations publish, jointly, a Students' Handbook, containing a map of the University campus and vicinity, a directory of churches, of University organizations, and of important points about Berkeley; also street car and train time tables, college songs and yells, etc. The handbook is distributed free to students in the Summer Session. It will be issued about June 15.

Stiles Hall, the Association Building, is open daily from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. The Y.M.C.A. and the Y.W.C.A. will maintain an Information Bureau during the opening days of the Summer Session. The lounging and reading rooms and the services of the General Secretaries are at the disposal of students of the Summer Session.

UNIVERSITY CALENDAR.

The University of California CALENDAR will be issued every Friday throughout the Summer Session. The CALENDAR contains announcements of lectures, University meetings, exhibits, meetings of University organizations, etc., and information concerning the library, museums, art galleries, observatories, and other parts of the University of interest to visitors. It will be mailed to any address for the six weeks of the Summer Session for 25 cents. During the college year the subscription price is 25 cents per halfyear. Communications should be addressed to the University Press, University of California, Berkeley.

REDUCED RAILROAD FARES.

As the National Educational Association meets at San Francisco from July 7th to 14th this year, the educational opportunity which the Summer Session of the University and the National Educational meeting, combined, offer, is the greatest which has ever been open to the people of the West. The reduced rates which the railroads offer in connection with the meeting of the National Educational Association may be used for the Summer Session. Special attention is called to the rate of one fare plus two dollars, from all points west of Ogden and El Paso and south of Portland, which is available for teachers and members of their families on and after June 1. Teachers and others who may wish to attend the National Educational Association will find the expense of spending six weeks at the Summer Session and going over to San Francisco to the meetings of the National Educational Association but little greater than that of attending the National Education Association meetings alone.

A very extensive series of excursions to follow the convention of the National Educational Association is being arranged by the Local Committee on Excursions to a large number of the points of historical and scenic interest about San Francisco. The railroads of California will offer special rates to the great number of attractive points in California, particularly to the many beautiful vacation resorts along the Pacific Coast, extending from San Diego to San Francisco; into the upper Sacramento Valley, to the Yosemite Park, and to other points in the Coast Range and Sierra Nevada Mountains. Especial care will be taken to accommodate teachers who may wish to spend a part or all of their vacation at the beautiful seaside or mountain resorts of California. Special guide books will be issued by the local committee of the National Educational Association giving full information as to rates and accommodations for comfortable and economical living at these vacation points.

The coöperation of all who receive this circular is requested in extending this notice to others who may be interested.

SITE AND CLIMATE.

The University of California is picturesquely situated on the lower slopes of the Berkeley hills, overlooking San Francisco Bay and the Golden Gate. The site comprises about two hundred and seventy acres of land, rising at first in a gentle and then in a bolder slope from a height of about two hundred feet above the sea level to one of over nine hundred feet. It thus covers a range of more than seven hundred feet in altitude, while back of it the chain of hills continues to rise a thousand feet higher. Berkeley is a city of homes, with a population of about thirty thousand people. Electric car lines make the trip from the University to Oakland in twenty minutes, and a greatly improved ferry service has reduced the ride to San Francisco to thirty-five minutes of pleasant travel. The fare is ten cents.

Meteorological observations made at the University for the past fifteen years indicate that the summer months at Berkeley are exceptionally well suited for uninterrupted university work.

The mean temperature for the months of June, July, and August is, respectively, 59.3, 59.2, and 59.2 degrees. The mean maximum temperature (the average for the month of the daily maximum temperatures) is 71.1, 70.3, and 69.8 degrees; and the mean minimum temperature 52.7, 53.6, and 54.1 degrees. The average daily variation in the temperature is 18.4, 16.7, and 15.7 degrees.

Only once during the last fifteen years—in July, 1891did the temperature exceed 100 degrees. The average of the highest temperatures observed in each of the fifteen years was 91.3 degrees.

The prevailing mean temperature for the six weeks of the Summer Session is about 60 degrees, with 72 and 54 degrees as the extreme limits of variation for mean temperature. During the hottest part of the warmest day it is rarely that the temperature exceeds 91 degrees. It is to be remembered that in California high temperatures are almost invariably accompanied by very low humidity. On this account such temperatures are very rarely oppressive.

Although rain seldom falls during the summer months, excessive summer heat is practically unknown; a gentle southwest breeze from the bay, rarely exceeding fifteen miles an hour, renders the climate agreeable and stimulating. During the summer months the days are either clear or fair, only about one day in three being forcy or cloudy.

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