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MANUAL TRAINING.

ROBERT J. LEONARD, Supervisor. of Manual Training, Berkeley Schools.

The courses in Manual Training are planned to meet the needs of the following classes:

1. Teachers in graded or country schools who desire to teach handwork in its various forms, but have never had sufficient training to do so intelligently.

2. Superintendents and Principals who desire to gain a working knowledge of handwork and its relation to the school curriculum.

3. Supervisors and Special Manual Training Teachers who desire to strengthen their work along certain lines.

In all courses frequent discussion will be conducted relative to the educational and industrial phases of Manual Training.

Classes meet in the Manual Arts Building of the McKinley School, on Haste street, near Telegraph avenue, a distance of four blocks from the campus. The wood working room is well equipped with all necessary tools and benches. The laboratory fee in each course is $3.50.

1. Elementary Woodwork.

Mr. LEONARD. A course in woodwork dealing with problems suitable to be pre

sented to pupils in the grammar grades and first year in the high school. Attention will also be given to lettering, plan

drawing, constructive and decorative design. 2 units. M Tu W Th F, 1-3. McKinley School.

2. Primary Handwork.

Mr. LEONARD. Designed to meet the needs of primary teachers in weaving,

basketry, paper and cardboard work and clay modeling. Handwork as related to other subjects such as literature, geography and history will also be considered and plans presented for close correlation. Outline courses for city and

country schools will also be presented. 2 units. M Tu W Th F, 3. McKinley School.

3. Advanced Woodwork.

Mr. LEONARD. Open only to those having completed courses in Elementary

Woodwork. This course is designed to meet the needs of those desiring to teach or supervise manual training in elementary or advanced grades. To be given if demand is sufficient. Hours to be arranged. 2 units.

HORTICULTURE.

ERNEST BROWN BABCOCK, B.S., Assistant Professor of Plant Pa

thology.

The rapidly increasing demand for the introduction of elementary agriculture into the schools, both secondary and elementary, calls for the earnest coöperation of all available agencies by which teachers may be adequately prepared to give instruction in this subject. The great scope of subject matter presented by agriculture in its broader sense affords such a variety of topics that undirected individual effort on the part of schools is likely to result in confusion and dissatisfaction. It is for this reason that the University has proposed a course in horticulture, such as, it is hoped, may soon be introduced into many of our high schools.

The following courses are offered in the belief that they will be of value to teachers who wish to introduce such a course into the high school in the near future, as well as to elementary school teachers who desire to enrich their exposition of a required elementary text in agriculture or to make a successful beginning in school gardening.

Other courses of interest to students of this subject will be found in the department of Botany. See page 52. 1. California Fruits.

Assistant Professor BABCOCK. The chief fruit products of California considered with reference

to varieties, principles and practice of production, handling

and marketing. Lectures 3 hours per week. 1 unit. MWF, 8. 2 Agricultural Building.

2. School Garden Operations. Assistant Professor BABCOCK. This course consists primarily of laboratory and field work, but

it will be opened and supplemented by lectures and discussions of garden work adapted for California schools. Laboratory work will consist of exercises in seed selection, seed testing, and practice in making cuttings, budding and grafting. Field work will consist of (1) nursery practice in propagation by cuttings, starting tree seeds, budding seedling fruit trees and rooted rose cuttings and top-working orchard trees; (2) observations at the school garden of the Washington School, Berkeley, where a class of children will be

working. Two periods of 2 hours each. 1 unit. Tu Th, 8-10. 2 Agricultural Building.

FORESTRY.

A course of ten lectures will be given by members of the Forest Service, beginning July 12. The following subjects will be discussed: Forestry; The National Forest Service; The National Forests

of California; Work and Life in the Forest Service: how to begin, the opportunities; Use of Land; Timber, and how it is handled; The Range, and how it is handled; Preservation

and Tests; Forest Planting in California; Forest Law. M Tu W Th F, 4. 110 California Hall.

ENTOMOLOGY. CHARLES WILLIAM WOODWORTH, M.S., Associate Professor of Ento

mology.

1. General Entomology.

Associate Professor WOODWORTH. A general review of the structure, habits and classification of

insects. 1 unit. Tu Th, 9. Entomological Laboratory. 2. Classification of Insects. Associate Professor WOODWORTH. A laboratory study of the external structure of insects and the

identification of families and species. 1 unit. Tu Th, 1-4. Entomological Laboratory. 3. Ants.

Associate Professor WOODWORTH. A discussion of the biological problems presented in the study

of ants. The use of these insects in nature-study teaching, their economic control and the significance of the invasion of this State by the Argentine species. Lectures and labor. atory work for the study of ants in artificial nests and actual

participation in attempted eradication work. 2 units. Lectures W, 9, in Entomological Laboratory; laboratory, M W F,

1-4, at the Formicary, East Oakland. 4. Entomological Field Work. Associate Professor WOODWORTH. Excursions for collecting and observing insects in the field and

practice in the identification of specimens in the field, in.

cluding the common butterflies and bees. 1 unit. MWF, 10-12. Entomological Laboratory.

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Household Economics; Physical Culture.

65

HOUSEHOLD ECONOMICS.

ELLEN H. RICHARDS, M.A., S.B., Instructor in Sanitary Chemistry,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Massachusetts.

1. Household Management in the 20th Century. Relation of Cost

to Efficiency. (Beginning July 12.) Mrs. RICHARDS. How sanitary science has increased costs; estimates and plans

for three grades of income; the cost of shelter, needs of the body, needs of the mind; the cost of food, actual and relative; factors influencing it, care and inspection, transportation, storage, etc.; cost of cleanness, national and interstate regulation, inspection of factory processes, municipal cleanness; house dirt, prevention cheaper than removal; cost of

human life through carelessness and ignorance. 1 unit. M Tu W Th F, 2. 110 California Hall.

2. Euthenics. (Beginning July 12.)

Mrs. RICHARDS. How far may we hope to improve the race in the course of, say,

a century, and in what direction is the first effort indicated? General living conditions may be reformed: clean streets, markets, factories, homes, better ventilation and more open air life; personal habits improved, breathing, standing, walking, eating, use of eyes, sleeping, self-control; prevention and control of communicable diseases through modern knowledge and community effort; the poor and the responsibility of the home-maker; the duty of the higher education to put knowl

edge into the hands of the people. 1 unit. M Tu W Th F, 3. 110 California Hall.

PHYSICAL CULTURE.

VLADIMIR VICTOR LIGDA, B.S., Assistant Professor of Physical Culture. LOUISA ADELLE PLACE, Assistant in Physical Culture.

1. Course for Men.

Assistant Professor LIGDA. Exercises without apparatus; the developing appliances; chest

weights, dumb-bells, bar-bells, and Indian clubs. Exercises in walking and running; mat exercises and parallel bars.

5 hours throughout the Session. 1 unit. Open to all men stu

dents. M Tu W Th F, 4. One section only.

Advanced Course.

As

Professor LIGDA. Exercises with parallel bars, vaulting horse, horizontal bar. Tumbling. 3 hours throughout the Session. 12 unit. MWF, 3.

3. The Principles of Wrestling.

Assistant Professor LIGDA. 2 hours throughout the Session. 12 unit. Tu Th, 3.

4. Course for Women.

Miss PLACE. Exercises without apparatus. Relaxing and mat exercises, chest

weights, dumb-bells, bar-bells, Indian clubs. MW F, 4. Hearst Gymnasium.

5. Basbet-ball and Other Recreative Exercises. Miss PLACE.

Tu Th, 4. Hearst Gymnasium.
Credit of 12 unit will be given for the satisfactory completion

of both 4 and 5.

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