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Colonies, but whether we fhall relinquifh thofe valuable provinces to the House of Bourbon. No lover of his country can hesitate to deprecate fuch an acceffion of strength to our natural enemy; and no friend of America can with we should refign her to the yoke of an arbitrary fovereign. He next contended, that by confenting to the independency of America (hould a meafure fo humiliating be propofed as the bafis of that peace fo fervently to be wifhed for), we must endanger the lofs of all our tranfmarine poffeffions, and fink the native confequence of this kingdom to a mere nothing in the fcale of Europe. To the profecution of war, therefore, he ftrongly recommended the attention of the Houfe; and, animated by the example of other nations, we might learn never to defpond, but expect the happy effects of fortitude even in the most adverfe fituation. Upon thefe, and various other grounds, he recommended an addrefs.

re-echoed a fpeech that profeffed an intention of profecuting the American war with vigour; but would propofe an amendment, that all that part of the addrefs which followed the congratulation on the delivery of the Queen, and the birth of a Prince, fhould be left out; and that, instead of the fubfequent paragraphs, the fol lowing fhould be inferted: "In this arduous conjuncture we are determined to unite our efforts for the defence Bof this our country; and we beg leave to affure your Majefty, that we will decline no difficulty or hazard in preferving the effential interests of this kingdom."

Hon. Mr. F-zp-ck feconded the Camendment; and arraigned the public measures which had been for fome time purfued, and were now purfuing, as ruinous to the country and the conftitution on which its dearest interests depended. It was now as confiftent Dwith order, as it was with truth, to fay, that the lail parliament was notorioufly corrupt, and prostituted to the will of the minifter. This night would determine whether this was to proceed in the fteps of the former parEliament; which they would do, if they should countenance the continuance of a war flowing not from the voice or the interefts of the nation, but founded merely in the will of the ministry.


In the courfe of his fpeech he confidered the late elections not as reprefenting the free choice of the people, but as the venal purchase of ministerial tools, many of whom were chofen by electors who never faw their faces. GHe concluded his fpeech with adverting to the enormous increase of the national debt, the decay of manufac tures and trade, the oppreffion of the people by taxes, &c. &c; and declaring, that he concurred moft cordially in the congratulatory part of the adpre-drefs, but thought the amendment just propofed the most wife and fit termination of it, fince under the prefent circumflances the Houfe ought not to pledge itself to any particular line of conducting the war. Mr.


Sir R. $-tt-n feconded the motion, and prefaged the future fuccefs of our affairs in America; faid, he had been always fanguine in his expectations that the flue of the war would be fortunate, and was now as confident as ever; he seemed to think there was no alternative, but either to profecute the war with vigour, or give up our Colonies.

Mr. G―nv-lle contended ftrongly for relinquishing the war with America. He owned, that, at the commencement of it, miniftry had fome pretext for purfuing coercive meafures. At that time it was faid, that the voice of the nation was for war; the high fpirit of this country being unwilling to give up our foreign and most valua ble dependences without a struggle. A ftruggle had been made, a vigorous ftruggle, for many years; a ttruggle which this nation would feel for many and many a day. And now, he fumed, the voice of the nation was for peace; peace at leaft with America, if we fhould have war with the whole world. He could not for thefe reafons fubfcribe to an addrefs which

29. Winter's Tale-Robinson Crufsè,

Dec. 27. King Lear St. Patrick's Day..


Ducana-Deaf Lover.


Mr. P-ten-y complained of the custom gentlemen had adopted of calling the war unjust; faid, however, the freedom of debate might warrant their giving it that epithet within thofe walls, wifhed it might not be so termed without doors; he thought those who prefumed to brand a meature fanctified by the British parliament ought to be punished; that if the laws were not equal to the correction of this abufe, other laws fhould be paffed for that purpofe. At the beginning of the war he thought it unjust, but after parliament had chosen to pronounce it juft, he had changed his feuriments concerning it. We had now given up daxation, he confidered the war now carried on to protect our American friends from the tyranny of Congress. And doubted not, that more than half the Americans, when the opprenons under which they laboured thould be removed, would appear to be friends to the British government.

He concluded with declaring for the addrefs as originally moved.

(This Debate will be continued.)


3. The Tempelt-Catherine and Petrachio.
4. Grecian Daughter-Fortunatus.
3. School for Scandal-Harlequin's Invafion
5. Confcious Lovers-Queen Mab..

S. L. of the Manor-All the World's a Stage
9. Countess of Salisbury-The Critic.
10. Lord of the Manor-The Elopement..
11. Ditto-The Lyar.

12. Love for Love-The Critic.

13. L. of the Manor-All the World's a Stage 15. Ditto-Bon Ton.

16. Ditto The Apprentice.


17. Clandeftine Marriage The Elopement

18. Lord of the Ton.
19. School for Scandal-Comus
20, Lord of the Manor-The Apprentice.
22. Way of the World-The Camp.
23. Winter's Tale-The Critic.
24 Artaxerxes-Who's the Dupe?
25. Douglas-Comus.

26. The Hypocrite-The Critic.
17. Old Batchelor-The Apprentice.
GENT. MAC. January, 1781.

29. Sufpicious Hufband-Harlequin Freemason.
30. Much Ado about Nothing-Ditto,
Jan. 1. Hamlet-Ditto.
2. Fair Penitent-Ditto.
3. The Chances-Ditto.
4. The Gameiter-Ditto.
5. The Miflake-Ditto.
6. Belle's Stratagem-Ditto.
8. Jane Shore-Ditto.
9. Beggars' Opera-Ditto.

3. Buty Body-Ditto.
11. Ditto-Ditto.


Jan. 6.


R. Broome, who was very tender of characters, was clearly of opinion, with Dr. Prideaux, that the following line of Juvenal, (Sat. ii. ver. 10.)


Inter Socraticos notiflima folla Cinados, as it here ftands (and according to Dr. Broome

Dec. 27. Lord of the Manor-The Elopement.. it thould fland thus) bears hard upon Soer 28. Ditto-Fortunatus. 29. Ditto-The Critic.

55. Ditto-Queen Maḥ.

tes; and of this he convinced Mr. Stillingfleet. Lubin, the best commentator on that author, is directly against them. Which is right?

Jan. 1. Ditto The Jubilee.

2. Zara-The Lyar.

In your account of the rectors of St. An drew, Holborn, p. 590, there is an inaccu racy in the family of the Batons. That valuable living, it is well known, was given in June 1724 was fucceeded by Dr. Jonery in 1713 to the famous Dr. Sacheterell, who Barton, and he in September 1734 by his Yal ther, the late Dean of Bristol, whose fon Charles was inducted to the rectory Jan! 12 1781; and made his brother clerk in orders. Yours, &c. CRITO.


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1,30 Jan. 9.
N and of last volume, the

paragraphs concerning the indul

gence of Mr. Laurens with the liberty of the Tower, and the rejection of the motion for the thanks of the House of Commons to the late Speaker,, are both erroneous, The foxmer you will be convinced of by enquiring at the Tower, as I have done; and the latter, by reading the accounts of the tranfics tions in parliament. AN OLD FRIEND,

MR. URBAN, Derby, Jan. 15, 1781.
OUR inferting fome obfervations of

Ymine in your Magazine for laft year,

(fee p. 168) has encouraged me to profecute the fubject ftill farther. Aftronger proof of the noxious quality of the yew could not be given you, than that of killing a horse*. Another inftance of the fame kind happened this laft fummer: a gentleman having a horfe difordered with warms, was advifed to give him five or fix handfuls of favine; an ignorant fellow was employed to get it, who brought yew in its flead, which proved fatal ta the creature. Yew never digefts; favine is of a quite contrary quality. Very little of the blighted fort was found in either of the horfes; so that if the green fucculent kind had not been poisonous, neither of them, probably, would have died: from hence, it is evident, that the more copious the fap, the more poifonous the leaves; this is the opinion of poets in general, as well as Statius;

markable, I wonder that you should have omitted that of MARY EAST, who died at Poplar, June 8, 1780, aged 68, and of whom you gave a particular account in your' 36th volume; that the paffed for a man 35 years, kept a public houfe, ferved all the offices of the parish, and attended Westminfter-hall and the Old Bailey as a juryman, &c. Having acquired a handfome fortune, [30001.] the retired from business and lived at Poplar till her death, as above. Her fortune he has left to a friend in the country and a young woman who lived with her as a fervant, except rol. a year to the poor of Poplar; 50l. to a working gardner; and a gold watch to Mr. Curry, an eminent dif tiller at Poplar. Yours, &c. J. M.

we find it confirmed by experience. an. B. allows that inftances may be produced of cattle fometimes dying from eating the leaves, but thinks it is when they have been much confined and pressed for food; but this I could not be the cafe with either of the horfes I have mentioned.

We read in the antiquities of Greece and Rome, that the branches of the cypress and yew were the ufual fignals to denote a houfe in mourning. Now, Sir, as "Death was a deity among the antients (the daughter of Sleep and Night), and was by them reprefented in the fame manner, with the addition only of a long robe embroidered with stars," I think we may fairly conclude, that the custom of planting the yew in church-yards took its rife from Pagan fuperftition, and that it is as old as the conqueft of Britain by Julius Cæfar.

We have in Alleftry church-yard, near Derby, two yews, one of which measures feveral yards round the butt, is hollow from the ground many feet high, and dead from the top a yard downwards; fo that it may literally be faid to have outlived its own body. With care, which it feems to want, it might yet furvive most of the parishioners. But the finest yews I ever faw are at Gofworth in Cheshire; in the church-yard there, are three, the largest of which, against the fouth-door, has a feat of flone round it eight or nine inches broad, the circumference of which is fifteen yards. They are all tall rrees, cut in a regular conic form, trimmed out of the reach of the higheft horse. T. O.

A Short History of the first Seffion of the
General Convocation of the Province of
Canterbury, holden in the Twenty-first
Year of the Reign of his prefent Majesty.

N Wednesday the of November 17, the caeneral Convocation or be province of Canterbury met, with the ufual folemnities, in the chapter-houfe of St. Paul's, London, when the King's writ was read; alfo the archbishop's mandate; a return was made of the certificates of the bithops; the ahfent members were pronounced contumacious; the inferior prelates and clergy of the Lower Houfe were directed to chufe their prolocutor or referendary, and a day fixed whereop to prefent him to the archbishop. These were so many fynodical acts, before the houfes were feparated, and a prolocutor chofen; and this firft aflembly was a proper feffion of Convocation.

Both houfes were then adjourned to Wednefday the 15th of the fame month; when the prolocutor was prefented and confirmed in King Henry the Seventh's chapel at Weltminfter; and the fame day a loyal address to the king (fee Gent. Mag. 1780, p. 607.) was fent down from the Upper to the Lower Houfe for their concurrence, and agreed to nem, com with the infertion only of the mo nofyllable tba.

On Friday the 17th of the fame month, both houfes met again by adjournment; the Upper Houfe in the Jerufalem chamber, and the Lower Houfe in K. Henry the Seventh's chapel, in order to go up with the address to the king; but the number was fo fmall as not to deferve the name of a provincial fynod. Out of one hundred and forty-three members, of which number the Lower Houfe confifts, three only, including the prolocutor, went down from the Jerufalemchamber to K. Henry the Seventh's chapel, who were afterwards joined by five more.


A perfons whofe lives have been re

S you feem defirous to record the deaths Prayers being ended, a member of the Lower
Houfe intended to move an humble petition

Our Correfpondent mentioned an inftance of the poisonous quality of yew. Mr. Oakover, a gentleman in his neighbourhood, fome time ago loft a valuable hunter by browfing on the leaves. EDIT.


to the king, That his Majefty would be gra ciously pleafed to grant his royal licence to the Convocation then affembled, to delibes rate upon a plan to be propofed" for regulating and reforming the practice in the fpi ritual courts; by directing and circumfcribing the power of the faid courts, in the admiffion and rejection of evidence, fo that all rejected evidence may accompany the appeal.*" And alfo, "to reftrain irregular and illegal marriages, efpecially fuch as are declared to be within the prohibited degrees of affinity, which become daily more frequent, through the inattention of the furrogates of ecclefiaftical judges, and the rapacioufnefs of their inferior officers."

But it being previously fuggefted, that the houfe was not, could not be formed 'till the members had severally taken the oaths of allegiance and fupremacy, they dispersed immediately, without appointing their com

ittees, as had ufually been done, under an apprehenfion of having incurred all the pains and penalties to which recufants are liable; and this venerable Body has not been heard of fince.


Jan. 20, 1781. WILLIAM COLLINS, the poet, I was intimately acquainted with, from the time that he came to refide at Oxford. He was the fon of a tradefman in the city of Chichester, I think an hatter and, being fent very young to Winchelter-fchool, was foon diftinguifhed for his early proficiency, and his turn for elegant compofition. About the year 1740, he came off from that feminary first upon roilt, and was entered a commoner of Queen's-college. There, no vacancy offering for New-college, he remained a year or two, and then was chofen demy of Magdalen-college; where, I think, he took a degree. As he brought with him, for fo the whole turn of his converfation difcovered, too high an opinion of his school acquifitions, and a fovereign contempt for all academic studies and difcipline, he never looked with any complacency on his fituation in the University, but was always complaining of the dulnefs of a college life. In fhort, he threw up his demythip, and, going to London, commenced a man of the town, fpending his time in all the diffipation of Ranelagh, Vauxhall, and the playhouses; and was romantic enough to fuppofe, that his fuperior abilities would draw the attention of the great world, by means of whom he was to make his fortune. In this plea furable way of life he foon wafted his little


property, and a confiderable legacy left him by a maternal uncle, a colonel in the army, to whom the nephew made a vifit in Flanders during the war. While on this tour he wrote feveral entertaining letters to his Oxford friends, fome of which I faw. In Lon→ don I met him often, and remember he lodged in a little house with a Mifs Bundy, at the corner of King's-Iquare-court, Soho, now a warehouse, for a long time together. When poverty overtook him, poor man, he had too much fenfibility of temper to bear with his misfortunes, and fo fell into a most deplorable state of mind. How he got down to Oxford I do not know, but I myself saw him under Merton wall, in a very affecting fituation, ftruggling, and conveyed by force, in the arms of two or three men, towards the parish of St. Clement, in which was a house that took in fuch unhappy objects; and I always understood, that not long after he died in confinement; but when, or where, or where he was buried, I never knew.

Thus was loft to the world this unfortu nate perfon, in the prime of life, without availing himself of fine abilities, which, properly improved, muft have raised him to the top of any profeffion, and have rendered him a bleffing to his friends, and an ornament to his country!

Without books, or steadiness and refolution to confult them if he had been poffeffed of any, he was always planning schemes for elaborate publications, which were carried no farther than the drawing-up proposals for fubfcriptions, fome of which were publithed; and in particular, as far as I rememe ber, one for "A Hiftory of the darker Ages."

He was paffionately fond of mufic; goodnatured and affable; warm in his friendships, and vifionary in his purfuits; and, as long as I knew him, very temperate in his eating and drinking. He was of moderate stature, of a light and clear complection, with grey eyes, fo very weak at times as hardly to bear a candle in the room; and often raifing within him apprehenfions of blindness.

With an anecdote refpecting him, while he was at Magdalen-college, I thall clofe my letter. It happened one afternoon at a tea-vifit, that feveral intelligent friends were affembled at his rooms to enjoy each other's converfation, when in cotnes a member of a certain college, as remarkable at that time for his brutal difpofition as for his good scholarship; who, though he met with a circle of the most peaceable people in the world, was determined to quarrel; and, though no

Similar hereto is one article of the contained in their petition to the Hon. Houfe of Commons.

+ Mr. Jofeph Warton, now Dr. Warton, head-mafter of Winton-fchool, was at the fame time second upon roll; and Mr. Multo, now prebendary of the church of Wintor, third upon roll.

The tranflator of Polybius.

complaint of the British subjects in India,

man faid a word, lifted up his foot and kicked the tea-table, and all its contents, to the other fide of the room. Our poet, tho' of a warm temper, was fo confounded at the unexpected downfall, and to aftonished at the unmerited infult, that he took no notice of the aggreffor, but getting up from his chair calmly, he began picking up the lices of bread and butter, and the fragments of his china, repeating very mildly,

* Invenias etiam disjećts membra noetæ.” I am your very humble fervant,

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P. S. Some of your correfpondents will inform me, I hope, who General Ginkle was, who commanded in Ireland at se RevoluJution, and was to instrumental in the reduction of that illand, When the troubles were over, he was, I think, created Earl of Athlone. The prefent Earl of Athlone's name is Rynbart.


Original Letter from MONTAGU BACON,
Efq. to the Rev. Mr. WILLIAMS. §.
Monday Morning, (no date).
Sit is in the University to

A honour me with a few words to-mor

now, I beg and moft heartily intreat you, that they may be as few as you conveniently can. I am defcended, on one fide, from the Lord Keeper Bacon, who had fo confiderable a hand in the firft eftablishment of the church of England; and, on the other fide, from the Earl of Sandwich, who, next to Mónk, had, I believe, the chief hand in the Reftoration, for K, Charles, on his first landing, gave him an earldom, a garter, and 40001. a year in land, befides places to the value of about 10,000l. a year mote. New, as the refloration of the royal family was likewife the reitoring of the church, I beg you would chiefly infift on the fervices of my family to the church as our greatest honour; and, if you must fay one word more of me, let it be, I intreat you, barely this,—that I have always been a lover of learning and learn.ed



I am, Sir, with great efteem,
Your most humble fervant,



Dec. 1, 1780. OUR correfpondent J. R. in September's Mifcellany, called upon the learned for an invettigation of the propriety of an e or i, to form the genitive cafe with out an apostrophe.. It may be prefumption in me to attempt the elucidation of a fubject which requires an intimate acquaintance with the first writings and books in our lan

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Dr. Lowth's mis-information I reckor among thote inaccuracies which the bet and moit able fometimes commit; as a corroborating inftance of which, 1 thall give you Mr. Addifon's thoughts on this fubject "The fame fingle letter (s) on many occa fions doss the office of the whole word, and represents the his or her of our forefathers.” Spect. 135. a plain proof of the neglect of our language, and how little etymology was known or enquired after in thofe bright days of literature.

A younger fon of Nicholas Bacon, Efq. commoner of Trinity-college, Cambridge, Jeffreys, Efq. of the fame college, are in the it appears that he had much critical acumen. He died in 1740, aged 51.

Fellow of St. John's-college, and public ow in Suffolk.

Dr. Johnfon coincides with my quotation and fays the genitive is derived to us from those who declined Smiða imith; Smrðer of a finith:" a farther confirmation, he fay,

are the old poets, whore genitive and picral terminate alike, thus kritis for knight's in Chancer, and leavis for kave, in Spentes."

With all due deference to our lexicographer, I cannot fee any confirmation! ualets we itprofe the first formers of our language had a mind to vary their genitive from that they derived it from, and changed the into


The English, we know, is a compound of all languages (modern days fee the mixture increafing); and why not this genitive bederived from fome other than the Saxon? The Gothic prefents iticlf with all its genitive in is,' and bids as fair as the Saxon for the origin of this difputed cafe. The Gothic ge of Shrubland, in Suffolk, admitted a fellowin 1704-5. Three of his letters to George Letters of Eminent Perfons, vol. 11, by which

orator; afterwards D. D. and Rector of Bar

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