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employer considers what he can get from an employee, not what he can give to him, either by verbal instruction, manual training, or ethical culture.

And so, while there is more need than there ever was of scientific knowledge and technical skill on the part of the pharmacist, he has less opportunity for obtaining these in the daily routine of pharmacy. The college is more than ever a necessity. Without its aid it is impossible for a young man to fit himself in a reasonable time to meet the demands made upon him.

When the California College of Pharmacy was established in 1872 it was not as much needed as it is now, because public sentiment did not demand as high a degree of qualification as is now expected. Now it is a necessity that a pharmacist have a scientific pharmaceutical education, such as he cannot obtain by working in a drug store without college instruction.

It is this kind of instruction that the California College of Pharmacy is prepared to give. For a third of a century it has been doing its work, earnestly and honestly trying to help young people to become pharmacists in the true sense of that term. Affiliated with the University of California, its internal management and nearly all its teaching have been conducted by practical and experienced pharmacists of progressive tendencies. For years it has contended for better educated and better trained graduates, and it has no thought of giving up this contention. And inasmuch as the feeling in favor of demanding a college diploma of every applicant for examination by the State Boards is growing so rapidly that several States have enacted laws imposing this condition, it is incumbent upon all students of pharmacy to observe the signs of the times and govern themselves accordingly.

The College premises are admirably adapted to the purpose for which they were planned. The building is situated near Golden Gate Park, is spacious, conveniently arranged and well lighted. It consists of three floors, two 50 by 150 feet, and one 50 by 100 feet, entirely devoted to pharmacy, also a basement, 50 by 150 feet, for recreation. It comprises a general lecture hall that is capable of seating one hundred and fifty students; five laboratories—the Chemical, the Pharmaceutical, and the Pharmacognostical, Chemical Research, and the Bacteriological; also review class rooms, museum, library, and the students' study room; besides offices, cloak rooms, store rooms, etc., and rooms reserved for students' use.

The subjects taught are Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, Materia Medica, Pharmacognosy, Physiology, Toxicology, and Bacteriology.

The teaching includes the technique of the microscope, spectroscope, polariscope, and other instruments of precision, as well as the manipulations involved in chemical and analytical work, and in operative pharmacy. Courses of lectures are also given in Phar. macal Jurisprudence and the Business Side of Pharmacy.

Courses of Instruction.—For the degree of Pharmaceutical Chemist the course consists of two college years of eight calendar months each. For the degree of Bachelor of Pharmacy the course consists of three college years of eight calendar months each. (See requirements for admission.)

Degrees.—Two degrees are conferred by the University of California upon those who satisfactorily complete the required studies in the California College of Pharmacy: (1) that of Pharmaceutical Chemist (Ph.C.), after two years' college work, and (2) that of Bachelor of Pharmacy (Phar.B.), after three years' work.

Drug Store Experience.—The California College of Pharmacy no longer demands drug store experience as a condition of graduation. Not that it does not believe in the value of such experience, but because the college should not be held to account for any experience, information, etc., which candidates for graduation may receive outside. The degree is based entirely upon the instruction given and work done at the college.

The hours of instruction are from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 m. daily, during which hours each student is expected to be in attendance. The reading room and library are open to students in the afternoon until 4 o'clock daily, and the laboratories three days a week for such work or study as they are assigned or may wish to do.

A Course in Pharmacy Preparatory to the Study of Medicine.Those of our graduates who have become practicing physicians are unanimous in declaring that their course in pharmacy has been of great value to them in their medical practice. As drug store experience is no longer demanded as a condition of graduation, persons intending to study medicine can now receive their pharmaceutical diplomas on the completion of their course in this college.

Present Aims and Purposes.—The California College of Pharmacy provides systematic instruction in subjects pertaining to pharmacy, and has, from the first, kept abreast of the best phar. maceutical schools in this country. It has not sought to secure the greatest number of students, but to do the greatest amount of

good. It has created a sentiment among pharmacists in favor of higher education. It believes that the pharmacist should be possessed of some culture before he enters upon his special training, and therefore urges him to complete his high school course, if possible, before entering college.

Extra Instruction.-For the benefit of those students who are conditioned, or who from any cause do not make satisfactory prog. ress in any subject, arrangements have been made whereby they can receive special assistance in those studies in which they are deficient. Professor F. W. Nish has charge of this work, which has proved exceedingly helpful to those interested. The hours of instruction are set for a time that does not interfere with the regular college work. A nominal charge is made for this special instruction.

Special Students.—The advantages of this college are offered to those persons who may wish to receive instruction and perform the laboratory work, but who do not wish to take the regular course, or to comply with all the conditions required to obtain a degree. They can enter as special students in any or all of the subjects taught, by paying the fees for such as they take.

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San Francisco as an Educational Center.–San Francisco as educational center has few equals in the United States. In addition to its excellent grammar and high schools, seminaries, and academies, it has many institutions for academic, scientific, and technical instruction. Besides several large libraries, supported by subscription, it has a most excellent free library, which is used by all classes of citizens. There are also manufacturing establishments, such as acid works, pharmaceutical and serum laboratories, glass works, oil and paint factories, etc., which the students are privileged to visit in company with the professors.

Garden of Medicinal Plants.—The San Francisco Park Commissioners have established a garden of medicinal plants in Golden Gate Park. This important action has been brought about through the efforts of the Directors and Faculty of the California College of Pharmacy, coöperating with the Commissioners, all recognizing that the climatic conditions of San Francisco are peculiarly favorable for such an undertaking. Over five hundred species of the more important medicinal plants are now under cultivation, and further additions are made each year. This is the first of the more comprehensive gardens of its kind in the United States, and the members of the Senior Class are given opportunities to study the living plants which yield drugs. The plants grown are also available for special research work on active constituents, physiological action, comparative structure, etc.

Golden Gate Park itself, with its remarkable and varied vegetation, offers exceptional opportunities to the observing student, to say nothing of the ravines, hillsides, mountain, sand-dune, marine, and fresh-water vegetation, all within a short distance of the college. Redwood Canyon, with its giant Coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens), the hills, meadows, and sand-dunes just back of the college buildings, the beach, the park, and its conservatories, and other places of special botanical interest, are visited from time to time by the members of the Junior Class.

Climatic Conditions.-It is never too hot or too cold in San Francisco to work with comfort. There is no exhaustion or sickness due to heat or cold; malaria and zymotic diseases are rare. The new and commodious building erected by the State for the College of Pharmacy is a delightful place to work in, being spacious, light, airy, and well ventilated. The view from the laboratories is unparalleled, overlooking Golden Gate Park, the Golden Gate, and Mount Tamalpais.

Boarding and Lodging.–Board and lodging can be obtained in San Francisco for from twenty-five to thirty dollars a month, and restaurants abound in which meals can be had at from ten to forty cents. Single furnished rooms may be had, without board, for from five to ten dollars per month.

Work in Stores.—There are about 350 drug stores in San Francisco and vicinity (Oakland, Berkeley, Alameda, San Rafael, etc.), and of late years practically all who wish to do relief work while attending college have done so, receiving fair compensation for the services rendered. In this way some students earn their board and carfare and others a less amount. The Dean keeps a register for the purpose of bringing employers and employees together.

The Faculty Scholarship of a full year's tuition in the graduate class is awarded each year to the student who, in the judgment of the Faculty, is most likely to do the best research work in one or more of the subjects taught in the college.

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REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION.

A. FOR THE DEGREE OF PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMIST. 1. Applicants must be at least eighteen years old, except in the case of graduates of high schools, of accredited schools, of normal schools, or of other institutions of a grade equal to the above, who may be admitted at seventeen years of age. (While it is advisable that students shall have had one or two years' practical training in a drug store before entering the college, it is not compulsory.)

2. Applicants will be accepted who bring any of the following credentials:

(a) Certificates of graduation from high schools.
(b) Diplomas of graduation from schools or academies ac-

credited by the State University. (See Register of

the University of California.) (c) Certificates of high standing in other institutions of col

legiate grade. (d) Diplomas from normal schools of this state. (e) First-grade teachers' certificates of this state. (f) Certificate of having completed satisfactorily the second

year's course in a high school in this state.

3. Applicants who do not present any of the foregoing credentials will be examined in the following branches:

(a) English. Grammar and composition.
(b) Geography.
(c) Free-hand Drawing.
(d) Arithmetic. Fundamental rules; fractions, common and

decimal; denominate numbers; percentage; proportion;
weights and measures, metric, apothecaries', and

avoirdupois. (e) Algebra, to quadratics with one unknown quantity. (f) Latin. Elementary. The applicant will be expected to be

able, with the aid of a dictionary, to translate simple Latin sentences into English, and vice versa, and to

analyze grammatical forms. (9) Geometry. Elementary, including mensuration of solids.

An applicant who fails to pass the entrance examination may be conditioned in not more than two subjects, in which he will be reexamined after three months. Should he again fail, his fees will be refunded, except that the sum of twenty-five dollars will be retained, which will be placed to his credit if he should return to the college and pay the balance of his fees within two years.

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