Oxford University Press, USA, 6. avg. 1992 - 336 strani
Sorensen presents a general theory of thought experiments: what they are, how they work, what are their virtues and vices. On Sorensen's view, philosophy differs from science in degree, but not in kind. For this reason, he claims, it is possible to understand philosophical thought experiments by concentrating on their resemblance to scientific relatives. Lessons learned about scientific experimentation carry over to thought experiment, and vice versa. Sorensen also assesses the hazards and pseudo-hazards of thought experiments. Although he grants that there are interesting ways in which the method leads us astray, he attacks most scepticism about thought experiments as arbitrary. They should be used, he says, as they generally are used--as part of a diversified portfolio of techniques. All of these devices are individually susceptible to abuse, fallacy, and error. Collectively, however, they provide a network of cross-checks that make for impressive reliability.
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Scepticism About Thought Experiments
Mach and Inner Cognitive Africa
The Wonder of Armchair Inquiry
The Logical Structure of Thought Experiment
Conflict Vagueness and Precisification
The Evolution of Thought Experiment
Are Thought Experiments Experiments?
Fallacies and Antifallacies
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actual answer appeal apply argument ball become beliefs body cause chapter claim conceive concept conclusion condition consequence Consider criticism definition difference distinction earth effect equal evidence example executed existence experimental explain fact fallacy false Figure follows force give given grounds Hence human hypothetical imaginary imagine implies impossible inconsistent inference instance intuitions kind knowledge language leads less linguistic logical look Mach means mental ments method mind moral motion move natural never objects observation Once ordinary paradox performance person philosophical physical position possible predict premise presented Press principle problem procedure propositions question rational reading reason refutation relative reports requires response rules scenario scepticism scientific scientists sense situation sometimes standard statement story suppose term theory things thought experiment tion true truth University vagueness
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