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Fort Stanwix invested by Colonel St. Leger...Brave and pat-

riotick conduct of General Herkimer..Arnold volunteers to

go to the relief of Colonel Gansevoort... Successful sortie of

the latter...Arnold resorts to stratagem, and forces St. Leger

to raise the siege...Battle at Bennington, and defeat of Co-

lonel Baume...General Schuyler again superseded in his

command by General Gates...Movements of Washington...

The enemy enter the Chesapeake...Surprise and capture of

General Prescott...Expedition of General Sullivan and

Colonel Ogden on Staten Island...Conduct of the Quakers...

Battle of Brandywine... Proceedings of Congress... Northern

army... Advantages under which Gates took the command...

Correspondence of Gates and Burgoyne, relative to prison-

ers...Miss M-Crea... Movements of the two armies...Action of

the 1 th September.

34

Chap. 111. Events of 1777 continued...Meeting of the two ar-

mies of Washington and Howe on the Schuylkill..Battle

prevented by a storm...Narrow escape of Hamilton and Lee...

Unfortunate fate of Monsieur de Coudray...

General Wayne

is surprised by the enemy, and suffers considerable loss...

Sir William Howe enters Philadelphia in triumph...Con-

gress repair to Yorktown...Further powers granted to

Washington...Lord Howe enters the Delaware... Battle of

Germantown... Retreat of the American army...Sir William

withdraws his troops from Germantown to Philadelphia...

Sir Henry Clinton's expedition up the Hudson.. He reduces

Forts Montgomery and Clinton... Northern army..Dispute

between General Gates and General Arnold... The latter is

excluded from command...Battle of Behmus's Heights... Re-

treat of Cornwallis...Convention of Saratoga.

76

Chap. iv. Events of 1777 continued...Conduct of the British

up the Hu'Ison..They retire to New-York...General Gates's

letter to General Vaughan... Anecdote of a Spy...Movements

of Washington and Sir William Howe...Attack on Fort

Mercer, and gallant defence of it by Colonel Greene...Ene-

my establish themselves on Province Island... IIeroick de-

termination of Colonel Smith, and the garrison of Fort Mif-

flin...Gallant conduct of Major Thayer...Mud Island evacuat-

ed...Lord Cornwallis is sent against Red Bank...Fort Mer-

cer abandoned...Americans compelled to destroy their gal-

PAGE.

lies...Sir William Howe moves towards White Marsh...Skir-

mish there...Returns to Philadelphia... Washington goes into

winter quarters at Valley forge... Distresses of the American

army.

112

Chap. v. Events of 1777 continued... Proceedings of Congress...

Resignation of the President...Henry Laurens appointed

President...Colonel Wilkinson delivers a message to Con-

gress from General Gates... Is brevetted a Brigadier Gene-

ral...General Millin resigns as Quarter Master General...

Board of war appointed....Mr. Silas Deane recalled...General

Conway appointed Inspector General... Discontent of the

officers...Confused state of the finances... Articles of confe.

deration.

128

Chap. vi. Events of 1777 continued...March of Burgoyne's

troops... His reception by General Schuyler...Conduct of his

troops on the march... Their reception at Cambridge...Gene-

ral Burgoyne complains that the publick faith is broken...

Congress resolve to delay the embarkation of the troops..

Correspondence between Washington and Howe on the

subject of prisoners...Report of the Board of War thereon...

Conduct of a party of the enemy under Captain Emmerick...

Contemplated expedition of General Spencer against New-

port..Savage inroads on the western frontiers... Proceedings

of Congress...General Lincoln sends an expedition against

Lake George and Ticonderoga...Surprise of General St.

Clair...Extra pay given to Washington's army.

147

CHAP. VII. Events of 1778..Proceedings of the British Par-

liament...Lord North's second conciliatory scheme... Duke

of Richmond proposes to acknowledge the independence of

America... Last publick appearance of Lord Chatham... Dis-

grace of Burgoyne...Situation of the American army at Val-

ley Forge..Conmissary General appointed... Baron Steuben

appointed Inspector General..Inactivity of Sir William

Howe at Philadelphia..Conduct of Congress on receiving

Lord North's Bills...Arrival of Mr. Simeon Deane with

copies of the treaties with France...Proceedings of Con-

gress thereon...Sir Henry Clinton arrives and supersedes Sir

William Howe...Arrival of the Commissioners, Lord Car-

lisle, Mr. Eden and Mr. Johnston... Their unsuccessful ne-

gotiation and outrageous conduct...Sir Henry evacuates Phi-

PAGE.

ladelphia...Is pursued by Washington...Battle in New Jer-

sev..Arrest and trial of Lee...Congress return to Philadel-

phia...Lieutenant Brown shot by a centinel at Cambridge...

Arrival of Count D'Estaing with a French fleet... Pursues

Lord Howe to New York, and blockades him there...Sails

to Rhode Island to assist in the expedition of General Sul-

livan... British and French fleets prevented from engaging

by a storm.-Retreat of General Sullivan...Count D'Estaing

sails for Boston.-Mysterious aifair of Captain Folger...Mr.

Deane... Beaumarchais...Loss of the Frigate Randolph...

Bloody massacre at Wyoming...Colonel Clarke's expedition

to the Mississippi.

164

CHAP. VII. Events of 1778 continued...Recognizance of M. Ge-

rard as Minister from the French King...Dr. Franklin ap-

pointed Minister Plenipotentiary to France... Marquis de la

Fayette returns to France...Count D’Estaing sails from Bos-

ton...Unsuccessful attempt of Admiral Byron...

General

Gates arrives to take cominand at Boston... Movements of

Sir Henry Clinton...His expedition against Bedford...

Against Egg Harbour...Slaughter of Pulaski's Light Infan-

try...Of Baylor's regiment of Horse...Congress grant half

pay to the American oflicers...Exchange of prisoners...Ex-

peditions against East Florida...Sir Henry Clinton sends an

expedition against Georgia... Defeat of General Robert

Hlowe, and capture of Savannah, by Colonel Campbell...Ma-

rauding incursions into Georgia from East Florida...Gene-

ral Prevost arrives...Takes Sunbury, and the whole of Geor-

gia falls...Expedition from Scoharie-Gallant exploit of

Major Talbot...Conduct of the enemy at Cherry Valley...

Vr. Silas Deane makes an appeal to the people... Is answered

by “Conmon Sense”... Monsieur Gerard presents a memo-

rial to Congress...The French and British fleets meet in the

West Inches...

Generals Schuyler and St. Clair honourably

acquitted by their Courts Martial... Sentence against Gene-

ral Lee confirmed...Reflections on the state of the Country. 204

C'HAP. IX. Events of 1779...General Lincoln is sent to take

command in the southern department...

General Prevost at-

teinpts to gain Port Royal, and is repulsed...Colonel Boyd

at the head of the tories defeated by Colonel Pickens...Co-

Honel Campbell abandons Augusta..General Ashe defeated

241

CHAP. XI. Events of 1779 continued... The Count D'Estaing

arrives on the coast of Georgia with the French fleet... Lands

his army and is joined by General Lincoln before Savan-

nah...The Siege of Savannah...The Confederate Generals

attempt to storm the works and are repulsed...Count Pu-

laski is mortally wounded...The Siege is raised and the allied

armies retreat...Count D'Estaing sails for the West Indies..

Extraordinary enterprise of Colonel White...Expedition of

Colonel Clarke against Lieutenant Governour lIamilton...

Of Colonel Goose Van Schaick...General Sullivan sent

against the Six Nations...Attacks the Indians and Tories at

Newtown, and suffers them to escape...Lays waste the In-

dian Country, and returns to Head Quarters...Resigns his

commission..,Brandt destroys the Minisink Settlements.

PAGE.

Captain M Donald captures Freland's Fort...Expedition of

General Williams against the Creeks...Spain declares War

against England...Expedition of the Spanish Governour of

Louisiana, and his recognition of American Independence. 264

CHAP. XII. Events of 1779 continued... Proceedings of Con-

gress...Ultimatum of Negotiations for Peace...Instructions to

the Ministers at foreign Courts..Mr. Jay appointed Minis-

ter to Spain...Mr. Adams to negociate a peace with Great

Britain...Further emission of Bills of Credit...Lieutenant Co-

lonel Talbot made a Captain in the Navy...Gold Medal

presented to Major Lee...Mr. Huntington elected Presi-

dent...Convention Troops ordered to be fed with Indian

Corn...Chevalier de la Luzerne presents his credentials to

Congress, and is received as Minister from France... Regu-

lation of prices...Loans from Spain and Holland...Commu-

nication from the French Minister...Cruize of Captain Paul

Jones...Action between the Bon Homme Richard and Se-

rapis... The Countess of Scarborough surrenders to the Pal-

las...Jones enters the Texel... Remonstrance of the British

Ambassadour, and reply of their High Mightinesses, the

States General.

Chap. xii. Events of 1780...Sir Henry Clinton evacuates

Rhode Island, and prepares an expedition to the South...

The British fleet arrive at North Edisto, and disembark the

army..Rencontre between the British and American Ca-

valry...Sir Henry appears before Charleston...Situation of

General Lincoln...Earl of Caithness wounded in a skir-

mish...Charleston is summoned to surrender, and the sum-

mons rejected...The enemy's batteries are opened...Dan-

gerous situation of Lincoln... Terms of capitulation offered

by Lincoln and rejected...

Movements of the Cavalry...Sur-

prise of Lieutenant Colonel Washington at Monk's Cor-

ner...Success of Lieutenant Colonel White against a forag-

ing party of the enemy...Disappointment and discomfiture

at Lerew's ferry...Sir Henry again demands the surrender

of Charleston, which is given up, and Lincoln and his army

become prisoners of war... Terms of capitulation, and Ame-

rican loss...Treachery and punishment of Colonel Hamil-

ton Ballendine... Route and butchery of an American party

at Waxhaw by Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton...Measures of

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