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A resolution of the IIouse of the 17th ultimo, relatire to the rerolution in Candia.

JANUARY 14, 1867.-Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed.

To the House of Representatives :

I transmit to the House of Representatives, in answer to a resolution of the 17th ultimo, calling for information relative to the revolution in Candia, a report of the Secretary of State, with accompanying documents.

ANDREW JOHNSON. WASHINGTON, January 10, 1967.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

IVashington, January 9, 1967. The Secretary of State, to whom has been referred the resolution of the House of Representatives of the 17th ultimo, requesting the President to communicate, “ if deemed compatible with the public interest, a copy of any official correspondence which may have taken place relative to the revolution now in progress in the island of Candia, a possession of the Ottoman Porte;" has the honor to lay before the President the papers specified in the accompanying list.

WILLIAM H. SEWARD. The PRESIDENT.

List of papers.
Mr. Stillman to Mr. Seward...
Same to same.
Same to same.
Same to same.
Mr. Morris to same.
Mr. Stillman to same.
Mr. Seward to Mr. Morris..
Mr. F. W. Seward to Mr. Stillman.
Mr. Morris to Mr. Seward..

April 22, 1866.
May 14, 1866.
June 18, 1866.
Aug. 18, 1866.
Aug. 28, 1866.
Sept. 23, 1866.
Sept. 25, 1866.
Sept. 25, 1866.
Sept. 29, 1866.

Mr. Stillman to same
Mr. Morris to same.
Same to same...
Mr. Stillman to same
Mr. Morris to same.
Mr. Stillman to same
Mr. Seward to Mr. Morris
Mr. Morris to Mr. Seward
Same to same...
Mr. Stillman to same.
D. W. Botassi to same

Oct. S, 1866.
Nov. 2, 1866.
Nov. 2, 1866.
Nov. 19, 1866.
Nov. 22, 1866.
Nov. 26, 1866
Nov. 28, 1866.
Nov. 28, 1860.
Nov.- 31, 1866.
Dec. 3, 1866.
Dec. 31, 1966

Mr. Stillman to Mr. Seward.

[Extract.] No. 19.]

CONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

Canea, April 22, 1866. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a flag, a seal, and three sets of Diplomatic Correspondence; one of the latter I have given to her Britannie Majesty's consul at this place, to whom I am indebted for many courtesies, official and unofficial; another to Hon. Mr. Cassimati, of Syria, one of the most eminent advocates of Greece, and a firm friend (as, indeed, all the Greeks I know have been) of onr government in its recent troubles; the third, as directed, I have placed in the archives of this consulate.

Events seem to be justifying my previsions of troubles in the east, and from all we can hear the chances of war are increasing every day. The Turkish government has recalled its stores of gunpowder from this island to Constantinople, notwithstanding that armed assemblies of Cretans are reported in the eastern part of the island, and many indications appear of serious trouble here.

It seems to me that it would be wise for our government to be in readiness for such increase in the American trade and shipping, occupied in these waters, as would inevitably arise from a war in this part of the world.

*

Yours, most respectfully,

W.J. STILLMAN,

United States Consul.

Hon. WILLIAM H. SEWARD),

Secretary of State.

Mr. Stillman to Mr. Seuard.

[Extract.] No. 21.]

UNITED STATES CONSULATE,

Canca, May 14, 1866. SIR: I regret to have to inform you that another of those popular movements which from time to time have disturbed the tranquility of this island is now on foot, with apparently great danger of becoming an armed general insurrection.

Justitiable as any such movement can be by the present mal-administration of the government, it is scarcely to be hoped that it could result in good to any one, and least of all to the unfortunate peasants, who, goaded by the incessant injustice and misgovernment of their rulers, have determined to reclaim their rights even at the risk of losing everything. It would be difficult to exaggerate the extent of the abuses of power

which

this island is subject' to, and to which and the despairing struggles against which the island owes its reputation of turbulence, from which I am certain a wise, equitable government would soon redeem it.

*

I am, sir, most respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. J. STILLMAN,

United States Consul, Canea. Hon. William H. SEWARD,

Secretary of State.

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I regret to say that the population of Crete-has been much disturbed during the last two months by political agitations; but there seems to be a chance of this being calmed without any conflict with the authorities. The last month especialiy has been a very trying one, and I consider it due to the consular corps alone that peace has been preserved, through the restraint they have exercised on the arbitrary propensities of the governor general, and the moral assurance they were able to give the people that justice would be done them if only they refrained from insurrectionary movements. The governor general seems disposed to provoke a collision while the forces of the empire are free to act here; while the Greeks, irritated by the unusual taxes imposed and the gross injustice and corruption of the administration, are very impatient; but so far the peace has been preserved. If, however, the government should, as I fear, determine on the disarmament of the Greeks, we shall have a general and bloody insurrection; and as I have taken a very active part in the negotiations and conferences which have so far protected the people from offensive military movements, the Turkish population is much enraged against me, I understand, and have threatened to kill me as soon as the fighting commences; and after me, the Russian, Italian, and Greek consuls. The Turkish troops now here amount to ten thousand men; and with this force they consider themselves sure of victory, and are much irritated at being restrained from repressing the manifestations of discontent summarily.

Under the circumstances I consider that my life and perhaps the lives of my family may any day be in jeopardy from a fanatical and uncontrollable populace, and I have written to the admiral commanding our fleet, that, if it is consistent with the general interest, I desire the presence of a man-of-war; the need being the greater that, owing to the European complications, there is no man-of-war of any Christian power here.

As an indication of the danger I will mention that two or three days ago a dervish landed with a battalion of troops, and, flag in hand, paraded the streets, preaching a war of extermination against all Christians, and was responded to by the “* Amen” of the rabble, which in the cities is mainly Turkish. The only notice the authorities took of it was to re-embark him for Candia.

T'hese troubles are the more to be regretted as the year promises to be a bountiful one, and large exports and corresponding imports might be expected. Most respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. J. STILLHAN,

United States Consul, Canea. Hon. W. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

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