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PART III. Objections answered

OBJ. 1. The church is the school of Christ

2. Israel was God's people.

3. Jews partook of the Passover

4. John's disciples made no profession of piety

5. Many are called, but few chosen

6. Wheat and tares grow together.

7. Case of Judas..

8. No certain rule given :

9. If grace be required, it must be known

10. Perplexity occasioned.

11. All duties of worship holy.

12. Tendency of the Lord's Supper

13. God does not require impossibilities.

14. Unsanctified persons may live as saints

15. Better admit hypocrites than exclude saints

16. Hypocrites will be admitted .

17. True saints doubt of their state.

18. Men's opinion of themselves no criterion

19. Infant baptism .

20. Some have been converted at the sacrament.
Appendix, Mr. Foxcroft's letter



PART I. Misrepresentations of Mr. Williams

Sect. 1. What is the question ?

2. Degree of evidence

PART II. Mr. Williams's scheme

SECT. 1. His concessions

2. Consequences.

3. Of ungodly men's communing

4. Of an indeterminate profession

5. Mr. W, inconsistent with Mr. Stoddard.

6. Visibility without probability

7. A converting ordinance

8. Of Sincerity

9. Public covenanting

PART III. Exceptionable mode of reasoning

Sect. 1. Method of disputing ·

2. Misrepresentations

3. Irrelevant arguments

4. Extraordinary notions.

5. Assertions instead of arguments

6. Sacramental actions .

7. Begging the question

8. Mr. W. begs the question.

9. Mr. W, is inconsistent with hiniself

10. Other inconsistencies.

11. Arguments hostile to both sides.

12. The passover and circumcision

13. Of Judas's communicating

14. Of being born in covenant .

15. Of coming without a known right

16. Tendency to perplexity

17. Of commanding to partake.

Appendix. A letter to the people of Northampton.

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THE friendly correspondence which we maintain with our brethren of New England, gives us now and then the pleasure of hearing some remarkable instances of divine grace in the conversion of sinners, and some eminent examples of piety in that American part of the world. But never did we hear or read, since the first ages of christianity, any event of this kind so surprising as the present Narrative hath set before us. The Rev. and worthy Dr. Colman of Boston, had given us some short intimations of it in his letters; and upon our request of a more large and particular account, Mr. Edwards, the happy and successful minister of Northampton, which was one of the chief scenes of these wonders, drew up this history in an epistle to Dr. Colman.

There were some useful sermons of the venerable and aged Mr. Wm. Williams, published late in New England, which were preached in that part of the country during this season of the glorious work of God in the conversion of men ; to which Dr. Colman subjoined a most judicious and accurate abridgment of this epistle : and a little after, by Mr. Edwards' request, he sent the original to our hands, to be communicated to the world under our care here in London.

We are abundantly satisfied of the truth of this narrative, not only from the pious character of the writer, but from the concurrent testimony of many other persons in New England; for this thing was not done in a corner. There is a spot of ground, as we are here informed, wherein there are twelve or fourteen towns and villagesı chiefly situate in New Hampshire, near the banks of the river of Connecticut, within the compass of thirty miles, wherein it pleased God, two years ago, to display his free and sovereign mercy in the conversion of a great multitude of souls in a short space of time, turning them from a formal, cold, and careless profession of christianity to the lively exercise of every christian grace, and the powerful practice of our holy religion. The great God has seemed to act over again the miracle of Gideon's fleece, which was plentifully watered with the dew of heaven, while the rest of the earth round about it wa dry, and had no such remarkable blessing.

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There has been a great and just complaint for many years among the ministers and churches in Old England, and in New, (except about the time of the late earthquake there) that the work of conversion goes on very slowly, that the spirit of God in his saving influences is much withdrawn from the ministrations of his word, and there are few that receive the report of the Gospel, with any eminent success upon their hearts. But as the Gospel is the same divine instrument of grace still, as ever it was in the days of the apostles, so our ascended Saviour now and then takes a special occasion to manifest the divinity of this gospel by a plentiful effusion of his spirit where it is preached: then sinners are turned into saints in numbers, and there is a new face of things spread over a town or a country. “The wilderness and the solitary places are glad, the desert rejoices and blossoms as the rose ;” and surely concerning this instance we may add, that “they have seen the glory of the Lord there, and the excellency of our God; they have seen the outgoings of God our King in his sanctuary.

Certainly it becomes us, who profess the religion of Christ, to take notice of such astonishing exercises of his power and mercy, and give him the glory which is due, when he begins to accomplish any of his promises concerning the latter days : and it gives us further encouragement to pray, and wait, and hope for the like display of his power in the midst of us. The hand of God is not shortened that it cannot save, but we have reason to fear that our iniquities, our coldness in religion, and the general carnality of our spirits, have raised a wall of separation between God and us : and we may add, the pride and perverse humour of infidelity, degeneracy, and apostacy from the Christian faith, which have of late years broken out amongst us, seem to have provoked the spirit of Christ to absent himself much from our nation. .“ Return, O Lord, and visit thy, churches, and revive thine own work in the midst of us."

From such blessed instances of the success of the gospel, as appear in this narrative, we may learn much of the way of the Spirit of God in his dealing with the souls of men, in order to convince sinners, and restore them to his favour and his image, by Jesus Christ his Son. We acknowledge that some particular appearances in the work of conversion among men may be occasioned by the ministry which they sit under, whether it be of a more or less evangelical strain, whether it be more severe and affrighting, or more gentle and persuasive. But wheresoever God works with power for salvation upon the minds of men, there will be some discoveries of a sense of sin, of the danger of the wrath of God, and the all-sufficiency of his Son Jesus, to relieve us under all our spiritual wants and distresses, and a hearty consent of soul to receive him in the various offices of grace, wherein he is set forth in the holy scriptures. And if our readers had opportunity (as we have had) to peruse several of the sermons which were preached during this glorious season, we should find that it is the common plain Protestant doctrine of the Reformation, without stretching towards the Antinomians on the one side, or the Arminians on the other, that the spirit of God has been pleased to honour with such illustrious success,

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