Mastering Power Production: The Industrial, Economic and Social Problems Involved and Their Solution

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C. Palmer, 1922 - 455 strani
 

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Coal Waste in an Average Plant 41
35
Coal Waste in a More Careful Plant 34
39
Coal Waste in a Systematized Plant 18 4
41
THE LOCATION OF PLANTS
45
Map of the Philadelphia District
59
Barton Power Scheme
61
THE EQUIPMENT OF PLANTS
64
Centralized Instrument Board
66
Goggles That Protect f
68
Sloppy Boiler Room with Disreputable Seats f
70
Bad Arrangement for Wheeling and Weighing Coal f
72
Restful Seats that Help Firemen to Save Coal f
74
Two Characteristic Load Curves
75
Load Curve and Heat Input Balanced
77
Input and Output Lines of a Plant
78
Smiths Diagram for the Determination of Maximum Commercial Economy
79
Diagram of a Test of a WaterTube Boiler
80
Diagram of Rate of Driving of a Gere Boiler and Velocity of Gases in Gas Passages
81
Diagram of a Test of a Locomotive Boiler with Schmidt Superheater
82
Test Curve of Curtiss Turbine
83
Test Curve of a 30000 Kw CrossCompound Turbine
85
Record of Nine Different Boiler Performances
86
27A Heat Inputs in Six Typical Cases
87
Expenses of Excessive Plant Equipment
89
Increased NonUse Expenses with Reduced Load
91
MASTERING MATERIALS
93
Fig PAGE 30 Wholesale Prices of Representative Coals
95
Relative Values of Coal ByProducts
97
Cost of Fuel Per 1000 lbs of Steam
101
Relation Between Ash Content and Furnace Refuse
104
Relation of Efficiency of Gasification and Losses of Combustible in Refuse
109
Weekly Coal Report III
111
MASTERING MAINTENANCE
118
Depreciation of Plant Efficiency Due to Poor Maintenance
121
Deterioration of Efficiency
123
Schedule of Maintenance Work
125
Inspection Route Card
127
Progress ChartBoiler Construction
129
Graphic Record of Testing the Instruments
131
and 43 Work Order Form and Its Reverse Side
133
Maintenance Record Card
135
Maintenance Record CardReverse Side
137
MASTERING LABOR PROBLEMS Conditions
139
Management Record Chart
147
Chart of Requirements and Deliveries
149
Power Requirements and Available Generating Capacity
151
ManRecord Chart Gantt f
160
Decrease of Efficiency with the Lengthening of the Working Day
162
Fluctuation of Power Consumption Indicating the Influence of Fatigue f
170
Number of Accidents in Relation to Fatigue
171
Hourly Factory Outputs and Power Consumption as an Index
175
FatigueProducing and EnergySaving Shovels f
176
MASTERING LABOR PROBLEMS Compensation
181
Group of Workers in a Power Plant f
184
Steam and Coal Consumption per Pound of Cloth Bleached
201
Relation between Secondary Rate of Wages and Cost of Production
207
MASTERING PROCESSES
220
Net Saving Due to the Use of Boiler Room Instruments
225
Boiler Room Instrument Board f
226
Boiler Control Board f
232
Instrument Board in a 8Unit Boiler Room f
234
Instruction Diagram
237
Log of the Test of Hydroelectric Plant
239
64A Log of a Test
241
Instruction Diagram
245
Man Record Continued
260
Man Record Continued
261
Effect of Poor Maintenance on Plant Efficiency
263
Man Record Chart
265
TwoYear Record of Power Plant Progress
267
Increased Efficiency and Reduced Coal Consumption f
270
Increased Efficiency and Reduced Unit Cost
271
Comparison of Operating Cost Tendencies in Two Railroad Electric Plants
272
Bonus Record
273
Bonus Record Continued
275
MASTERING RECORDS
277
and 85 Recording Attachment to a Beam Scale f
283
Record of Coal Weighed
285
Display Record
289
Old and New Styles of Time Cards 2923
293
Stores Issue Card
297
Log of a Large Central Station f
298
Log of a Smaller Public Utility Plant
300
Log of a Medium Mill Power Plant
302
Power Distribution Report
303
Daily Trouble and Interruption Report
305
Power Distribution Record
307
Result of Work Report to Individual Employee
309
Calculating Board f
310
Power Plant Log Calculator
310
Hollerith Card as Used for Classification of Expense Data
310
Machine for Classification and Sorting of Hollerith Cards f
311
Short Form of a Daily Performance Report
313
Report to Fuel Agent
315
Who Is Who in the Boiler Room f
316
Equipment Utilization Chart
319
Fuel Utilization Chart
320
Fuel Utilization Chart
321
Skill Utilization Chart
323
THE ANALYSIS OF EXPENSES
327
Table of Variation of Expenses in Relation to Output
337
Variation in Total Cost of Production with Variable Plant Output
339
Curves of Standard Operating Cost for HydroElectric Plant
345
FIG PAGE 112 Standard Operating Cost Curves
347
Curves of Standard Operating Cost
348
113A Curves of Standard Operating Cost
349
Graphic Comparison of Actual and Standard Unit Costs
351
Expense of Idleness in a Typical Factory Power House
356
Power House Idle Expense Report
357
Power Plant Expense Analysis 3645
368
Monthly Expense Statement
373
Progress of Reducing Expenses in Plant
374
Progress of Reducing Expenses in Plant
375
Power Cost Analysis
377
Details of Operating Expenses Electric
378
Details of Operating Expenses Electric
379
Graphic Cost Record
382
Graphic Cost Record Card
383
Graphic Relation between Actual and Standard Costs
385
Comparison of Promised Saving and Actual Costs
387
Comparison of Costs of Purchased and Generated Power
388
POWER AS A COMMODITY
390
ManPower Development Applied to Irrigation f
392
An Example of a Thermal Power Plant f
398
Electrified Railroad Line in Europe f
402
Growing Consumption of Electrical Energy in U S A
405
Average and Best Practice in Coal Utilization
407
What Becomes of Our CoalDisposition of the Miners Yearly Output
409
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Stran 35 - In the social production which men carry on they enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will; these relations of production correspond to a definite stage of development of their material powers of production. The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society — the real foundation on which...
Stran 36 - The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society — the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness.
Stran 36 - No social order ever disappears before all the productive forces for which there is room in it have been developed; and new higher relations of production never appear before the material conditions of their existence have matured in the womb of the old society itself.
Stran 142 - The object of all reform in this essential matter must be the genuine democratization of industry, based upon a full recognition of the right of those who work, in whatever rank, to participate in some organic way in every decision which directly affects their welfare or the part they are to play in industry.
Stran 221 - With regard to authority, it is the greatest weakness to attribute infinite credit to particular authors, and to refuse his own prerogative to time, the author of all authors, and, therefore, of all authority. For truth is rightly named the daughter of time not of authority.
Stran 88 - The business man's place in the economy of nature is to " make money," not to produce goods. The production of goods is a mechanical process, incidental to the making of money; whereas the making of money is a pecuniary operation, carried on by bargain and sale, not by mechanical appliances and powers. The business men make use of the mechanical appliances and powers of the industrial system, but they make a pecuniary use of them.
Stran 151 - We hold that the coal supply of our Nation should be owned by the Commonwealth and operated in the interest of and for the use and comfort of all the people of the Commonwealth. Countless generations of men and women will doubtless follow us, and the American people of this generation owe a solemn duty to them in protecting with jealous care and conserving with wise administration those great treasures that a bounteous nature has bestowed upon us in such generous measure.
Stran 188 - In the long run the workman may be as necessary to his master as his master is to him ; but the necessity is not so immediate.
Stran 188 - But it has so happened, in all ages of the world, that some have labored, and others have without labor enjoyed a large proportion of the fruits. This is wrong, and should not continue. To secure to each laborer the whole product of his labor, or as nearly as possible, is a worthy object of any good government.
Stran 400 - When the question arises whether the legislature has exceeded its constitutional power in prescribing rates to be charged by a corporation controlling a public highway, stockholders are not the only persons whose rights or interests are to be considered.

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