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CHAP. XIV.-Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 12, relative
to Wilmington Harbor.
[Adopted January 18, 1878.) Resolved by the Assembly, the Senate concurring, That our ImproveSenators and Representatives in Congress be and they are Wilmington hereby respectfully requested to use their most earnest efforts Harbor. to procure an appropriation of money from the General Government for the improvement of Wilmington Harbor, in Los Angeles County.
The Governor is hereby requested to transmit a certified copy of the foregoing resolution to our Senators and members of Congress.'
CHAP. XV.- Assembly Joint Resolution No. 25.
[Adopted January 18, 1878.] WHEREAS, At the present time there is only a weekly mail Preamble.
over the mail route from the Town of Cambria, via Adelaide Post-office, to the Paso Robles Springs, in the County of San Luis Obispo, State of California ; and, whereas, the interests of the country and the demands of the population along the line of said route require that the mail service should be increased; therefore, be it
Resolved, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and Mail service our Representatives be requested, to use their best endeavors mein and to procure the establishment of a daily mail over said route, Paso Robles and that the Governor be requested to forward a copy of this resolution to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
CHAP. XVI.–Senate Joint Resolution No. 16.
[Adopted January 15, 1878.] Resolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring, That our ImproveSenators and Representatives in Congress be and they are ment of Enco hereby respectfully requested to use their most earnest eiforts Feather to procure an appropriation of money from the General Goy Rivers. ernment for the improvement of Feather and Sacramento Rivers, and for post-office buildings in the City of Marysville.
CHAP. XVII.–Senate Joint Resolution No. 23.
[Adopted January 30, 1878.] WHEREAS, It has been the settled policy of the Government Preamble.
of the United States to donate to the several States the
swamp and overflowed lands within their respective limits in trust, that the proceeds of the sale thereof should be applied to rendering such lands fit for habitation and cultivation; and, whereas, a large portion of the lands in this State, unsold and belonging to the United States, cannot be inhabited and cultivated without irrigation; and, whereas, it would, therefore, seem to be in accordance with the policy of the government to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of such lands to the purposes of rendering them suitable for such inhabitancy and cultivation, thereby tending to their settlement, the encouragement of immigration, and the promotion of the general welfare; therefore, be it
Irrigation of Resolved by Senate and Assembly of the State of California, swamp and overflowed
That the Government of the United States be and is hereby requested to donate to the State of California the proceeds of the sales of public lands hereafter made in this State, to be used by the State, under such regulations and on such trusts as may be prescribed, for the purposes of irrigation and protection of agricultural lands from the effects of mining debris; and be it further
Resolved, That the Governor is requested to transmit copies hereof to our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
Preamble concerning subsidy to Pacific Mail Steamship Company.
CHAP. XVIII.- Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 35.
[Adopted February 2, 1878.] WHEREAS, It is understood that movements have been inau
gurated by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, looking to a renewal of the subsidy of five hundred thousand dollars per annum, formerly
granted to the said company by the Government of the United States; and, whereas, said steamship company or companies have been largely instrumental in the transportation of subjects of the Chinese Empire to the Coast of California; and, whereas, the granting of such subsidies to steamship companies running on said waters, facilitates, encourages, and aids the immigration of Chinese to our shores, to the detriment of our State, driving out the substantial white laboring classes, who are identified with the best interests of our State, as well as necessary to its permanent future prosperity, by a competition which means degradation to white labor and starvation to the white laboring classes; therefore,
Resolved by the Assembly of the State of California, the Senate concurring, That our Senators in Congress are instructed, and our Representatives requested, to use their earnest and united efforts to prevent any further subsidies being granted by the Government of the United States to any steamship
Preventing granting of subsidy.
company running their vessels on the Pacific Ocean, between
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forth with for-
CHAP. XIX.- Assembly Joint Resolution, No. 5; Joint Resolu
tion requesting of the President and Congress a change in
[Adopted February 9, 1878.] WHEREAS, The citizens of California, after a practical expe- Preamble rience with the Chinese population in this State of more
concerning than twenty-seven years, have become convinced of the immigrafollowing facts connected therewith: First-That the Chi- tion. nese who come to California consist, almost exclusively, of adult males, ignorant of our language, religion, customs, and civilization, and that, practically, they remain so during their continuance among us; that they come with no intention or desire of permanent residence, but temporarily, in order to take advantage of the higher wages paid in this in common with other civilized countries, the natural result of more refined and higher modes of life, and especially of the necessity the laborers of our own race are under of rearing, providing for, and educating families; that the wants of the Chinese are so much less than those of our own people, that they can and do work for half the amount of wages essentially necessary to enable the American or European laborer to subsist; that the Chinese, when they have amassed a certain sum of money, invariably return to their own country, but only to give place to other adult Chinese males equally ignorant of our language and customs; so that the Mongolian population of this State remains, after twenty-seven years' aggregate residence, and always must remain, an alien and degraded race, settled in our midst, having no sympathy or interest in common with our people-pernicious in time of peace, and useless, if not dangerous, in time of war. Second-That, in consequence of their peculiar habits and methods of living, the Chinese are rapidly taking possession of the various fields of industry in this community, both skilled and unskilled, and are driving out the mechanics and laborers of our own race, and reducing them and their families to want. Third-That, in consequence of these facts, the prejudice of the industrial portion of our own people against the Chinese population has steadily increased and intensified, until we find our lives and property in constant peril from tumults and riotous proceedings, threatening to lead to a war of races, with all its attendant horrors, if means are not speedily taken to avert the evil, by removing the cause; and
whereas, these dangers are immediate and pressing; therefore,
Modification of treaty
Resolved by the Assembly, the Senate concurring, That the with Chinat people of California, through this present Legislature, do
most respectfully, but solemnly and earnestly, urge upon the President of the United States and the Senate, as the treatymaking power, as well as upon Congress, holding the constitutional authority to regulate commerce, that it is absolutely essential, not only to the welfare and prosperity of our State, but to the public peace, to so modify the treaties and laws now governing this subject that the immigration of Chinese to this State shall be stopped.
Resolved, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives requested, to renew and continue their efforts in Congress and with the President and the Senate, to induce them, by such methods and in such manner as they shall deem wise, to, as speedily as possible, relieve us from this great and overshadowing evil.
Resolved, That the Governor be requested to transmit these resolutions, forthwith, to our Senators and Representatives, in order that they may lay the same before the President and the Congress of the United States.
CHAP. XX.- Assembly Joint Resolution No. 40, relative to estab
lishing a mail route from Reno, in the State of Nevada, to Chico, in California.
[Adopted February 15, 1878.] Resolved by the Assembly, the Senate concurring, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives be requested, to use all honorable means in their power to have a tri-weekly mail route established, starting at Reno, in the State of Nevada, and running thence by way of Summit, Red Clover, Taylorville, Greenville, Prattville, and to Chico, in Butte County, California.
Resolved, That his Excellency, the Governor, be requested to forward a copy of the above resolution to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
CHAP. XXI.-Senate Joint Resolution No. 9.
[Adopted February 16, 1878.] Completion Resolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring, That our of dry-dock. Senators and Representatives in Congress be and they are
hereby respectfully requested to use their most earnest efforts to procure an appropriation of money from the General Government for the completion of the stone dry-dock, now in course of construction at the Navy Yard, at Mare Island.
Resolved, That the Governor be requested to transmit a copy of the foregoing resolution to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
CHAP. XXII.–Senate Joint Resolution No. 19.
[Adopted February 16, 1878.]
United States, and only a small portion of which is used forening
Resolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives requested, to use all means in their power to secure the passage of an Act of Congress dedicating the lands above described for the purpose of a public park.
Resolved, That his Excellency, the Governor, be requested to forward a copy of the foregoing resolutions to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress, and the Secretary of War.
CHAP. XXIII.–Senate Joint Resolution No. 18.
[Adopted February 16, 1878.] WHEREAS, For many years it has been the practice and set- Preamble tled policy of the Federal Government to allow actual concerning
monopoly of settlers to acquire by preëmption and for homestead pur- government poses, upon easy terms, limited quantities of the public lands of the nation, which policy experience has sanctioned and approved, and should be maintained and encouraged; and, whereas, the Congress, in its more recent legislation, has departed from this settled policy and enacted special laws authorizing the acquisition of large and unlimited quantities of so-called desert lands, which are now claimed and held in this State by single individ