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Vol. iii. p. 1698. 1798.
Vol. i. p. 319. act to prohibit the carrying on the slave trade from the United
States to any foreign place or country,” approved March i wentysecond, one thousand seven hundred and ninely-nine : “Anact in addition to the act, entitled "An act to prohibit the carrying on the slave trade from the United States 10 any foreign
place or country," approved May tenih, one thousand eight hunVol. ii. p.1060. dred: "The act to prohibit the importation of slaves into any
port or place within ihe jurisdiction of the United States, from and after the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eight," approved March second, one thousand eight hundred and seven: “An act 10 prevent settlements being made on lands ceded to the United States until authorized by law," approved March 1bird, one thousand eight hundred and seven : "An act in addition 10. An act 10 prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States, from and after the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighi, and to repeal certain parts of the same," approved April twentieth, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen : “An act in addition to the acts prohibiing the slave trade," approved
March third, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen : “ An Vol. ii.p.1156. act lo establish the post office of the United States :" "An act
further to alter and establish certain post roads, and for the more secure carriage of the mail of the United States :" " An act for the more general promulgation of the laws of the United States :" “ An act in addition to an act, entitled®“ An act for the more ge
neral promulgation of the laws of the United States :" “ An act 1685.
10 provide for the publication of the laws of the United States, Vol
. 1. p. 300. and for other purposes :” “An act to promote the progress of 762. 94.
useful arts, and to repeal the act heretofore made for that purpose :” “ An act to extend the privilege of obtaining patents for useful discoveries and inventions to certain persons iherein menjioned, and to enlarge and define the penalties for violating the rights of patentees :" "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the
authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein Pol. fi. p. 866. mentioned :" " The act supplementary thereto, and for extend
ing the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and Vol. i. p. 95. etching, historical and other prints :" "An act to prescribe the
mode in which the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings,
in each state, shall be authenticated, so as to take effect in any Vol. ii. p. 947. Other state :” “ An act supplementary to the act, entitled 'An 1188.
act to prescribe the mode in which the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings, in each state, shall be acknowledged, so as to take effect in any other state:” “ An act for establishing trad
ing-houses with the Indian tribes," and the several acts continuFol. i. p. 794. ing the same: “An act making provision relative to rations for And all laws Indians, and their visits to the seat of government :" And the relating to the revenue and
laws of the United States relating to the revenue and its collecits collection, tion, subject to the modification stipulated by the fifteenth artiBubide one to her cle of the treaty of the twenty-second February, one thousand gripalaten, &c. eight hundred and nine, in favor of Spanish vessels and their cara
goes; and all other public laws of the United States, which are
Vol. iii. p.
not repugnant to the provisions of this act, shall extend to, and have full force and effect in, the territory aforesaid.
$ 10. That, to the end that the inhabitants may be protected Tho inhabil. in their liberty, property, and the exercise of their religion, no in their liberty, law shall ever be valid which shall impair, or in any way restrain, property, and the freedom of religious opinions, professions, or worship. They their religion. shall be entitled to the benefit of the writ of habeas corpus. They shall be bailable in all cases, except for capital offences, where the proof is evident or the presumption great. All fines shall be moderate and proportioned to the offence; and excessive bail shall not be required, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted. No ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation Contracts not of contracts, shall ever be passed ; nor shall private property be ed, &c. taken for public uses without just compensation.
$11. That all free male white persons, who are housekeepers, Qualifications and who shall have resided one year, at least, in the said territo-polit jurors, ry, shall be qualified to act as grand and petit jurors in the courts and selection of the said territory; and they shall, until the legislature thereof shall otherwise direct, be selected in such manner as the judges of the said courts shall respectively prescribe, so as to be most conducive to an impartial trial, and to be least burthensome to the inhabitants of the said territory.
$ 12. That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to Importation to import or bring into the said territory, from any port or place ited. without the limits of the United States, or cause or procure to be so imported or brought, or knowingly to aid or assist in so innporting or bringing, any slave or slaves. And every person so of- Vadera penalsending, and being thereof convicted before any court within fars from each the said territory, having competent jurisdiction, shall forfeit and person, for
every slavo. pay, for each and every slave so imported or brought, the sum of ihree hundred dollars, one moiety for the use of the United States, and the other moiety for the use of the person or persons who shall sue for the same; and every slave so imported or brought shall thereupon become entitled to, and receive, his or her freedom.
Ø 13. That the laws in force in the said territory, at the com- Present terrimencement of this act, and not inconsistent with the provisions force till allero thereof, shall continue in force until altered, modified, or repeal- ed. ed, by the legislature.
$14. That' the citizens of the said territory shall be entitled Citizens of to one delegate to congress, for the said territory, who shall pos- entitled to a sess the same powers beretofore granted to the delegates from delegate, &c. the several territories of the United States. The said delegate The persons shall be elected by such description of persons, at such times, by whom a and under such regulations, as ihe governor and legislative coun- delegate may cil may, from time to time, ordain and direct. [Approved, March 30, 1822.]
Cuap. 14. An act lo authorize the state of Illinois to open a canal through tho public lands,
to connect the Illinois river with lake Michigan. $1. Be it enacted, fc. That the state of Illinois be, and is Illinois auhereby, authorized to survey and mark, through the public lands survey and of the United States, the route of the canal connecting the Illi- mark through nois river with the southern bend of lake Michigan ; and ninety the route of a
feet of land
canal,connect- feet of land on each side of said canal shall be for ever reserved river with the froin any sale to be made by the United States, except in the southern bend cases hereinafter provided for, and the use thereof forever shall gan; and 90 be, and alhe same is hereby, vested in the said state for a canal,
and for no other purpose whatever ; on condition, however, that and vested ind if the said state does not survey and direct by law said canal 10 the state for a be opened, and return a complete map thereof to the treasury canal; on condition, &c.
department, within three years from and after the passing of this act; or if the said canal be not completed, suitable for navigation, within twelve years thereafter ; or if said ground shall ever cease to be occupied by, and used for, a canal, suitable for navigation; the reservation and grant hereby made shall be void and
of none effect: Provided always, and it is hereby enacted and obligation on declared, That nothing in this act contained, or that shall be United States done in pursuance thereof, shall be deemed or construed to iinmon propriate ply any obligation on the part of the United States to appropri
ate any money to defray the expense of surveying or opening said Proviso; canal canal: Provided also, and it is hereby further enacted and delic highway, clared, That the said canal, when completed, shall be, and for ever free of toll to remain, a public highway for the use of the government of the UnitStates. ed States, free from any toll or other charge whatever, for any pro
perty of the United States, or persons in their service, passing through the same.
$ 2. That every section of land through which said canal route through which
may pass, shall be, and the same is hereby, reserved from future passes; reserv- sale, until hereafter specially directed by law: and the said state ed until, &c. The state may
is hereby authorized and permitted, without waste, to use any use necessary materials on the public lands adjacent to said canal, that may be terials, with necessary for its construction. Approved, March 30, 1822.) &c.
Chap. 15. An act concerning the commerce and navigation of Florida. Ships having
§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That any ship or vessel possessed of, Spanish regis. and sailing under, a Spanish register, on the tenth day of July, 10th July,
one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, belonging, and con1821, belong tinuing to belong, wholly to a citizen or citizens of the United to resident States then residing within the territories ceded to the United citizens, or to States by the treaty of the twenty-second of February, one thousthe 10th July, and eight hundred and nineteen, between the United States and 182.1, the mass the king of Spain, the ratifications of which were exchanged on tizen or inhab- the twenty-second of February, one thousand eight bundred and itant, may be registered, twenty one, or to any person or persons being, on the said tenth enrolled and day of July, an inhabitant or inhabitants of the said ceded terlicensed in
ritory, and who continue to reside therein, and of which the masscribed by ter is a citizen of the United States, or an inhabitant as aforesaid,
may be registered, enrolled, and licensed, in the manner prescribed by law; and being so registered, enrolled, and licensed,
shall be denominated and deemed a ship or vessel of the United Proviso ; as
States, and entitled to the same privileges and benefits : Proto collector's vided, That it shall be lawful for ihe collector to whom applicavarying forms tion shall be made for a certificate of registry, enrolment, or registry, &c. license, by any citizen or inhabitant as aforesaid, to make such
variations in the forms of the oaths, certificates, and licenses, as shall render them applicable to the cases herein intended to be
ters on the
Form of the oaih.
provided for: And provided also, That every such inhabitant, Proviso ; forapplying as aforesaid, shall, prior to his being entitled to receive &c. to be first such certificate of registry, enrolment, or license, deposite, with surrendered the collector, the register and other papers under which such and oath of ship or vessel had been navigated; and also take and subscribe, taken. before the collector, (who is hereby authorized to administer the same,) the following oath: “1, A B, do swear (or affirm) that I will be failhful and bear true allegiance to the United States of America, and that I do entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, whatever, and particularly to the king of Spain."
§ 2. That the inhabitants of said ceded territory, who were Inhabitants on residents thereof on the said tenth day of July, and who shall the oth of iake the said oath, and who continue to reside iherein, or citizens &c. entitled of the United States resident therein, shall be entitled to all the to the privibenefits and privileges of owning ships or vessels of the United ing ships or States, to all intents and purposes, as if they were resident citi- vessels of tho zens of the United States.
53. That, during the term of twelve years, to commence three For 12 years months after the twenty-second day of February, one thousand from the 224 eight hundred and twenty-one, being the day of the exchange Spanish vesof the ratifications of said treaty, Spanish ships or vessels, com- wich Spanish ing laden only with the productions of Spanish growth or manu- productions, facture, direcily from the ports of Spain or her colonies, shall and from
Spanish ports, be admitted into the ports of Pensacola and St. Augustine, in entitled to en the said ceded territory, in the same manner as ships and vessels clases selesa of the United States, and without paying any other or higher under like cirduties on their cargoes than by law now are, or shall at the time be, made payable by citizens of the United States, on similar articles imported into said Pensacola or St. Augustine, in ships and vessels of the United States, from any of the ports or places of Spain or her colonies, and without paying any higher tonnage duty than by law now is, or at the time shall be, laid on any ship or vessel of the United States, coming from any port or place of Spain or any of her colonies, 10 soid ports of Pensacola or St. Augustine. (Approved, March 30, 1822.]
Chap. 18. An act to amend the laws now in force as to the issuing of original writs and final
process in the circuit courts of the United States within the state of Tennessee. $1. Be it enacted, &c. That in each and every case where
wriis may be citizen of any one of the United States shall wish to commence issued from a suit in the circuit court of the United States, for cither the any one of district of East or of West Tennessee, against two or more citi- courts where zens of the state of Tennessee, some of whom reside in East, side, in East and some in West, Tennessee, it shall and may be lawful for such and West citizen to cause the clerk of the circuit court in which he may and, being re
, elect to commence his suit, to issue duplicate writs ; one direct- turned, may ed to the marshal of East, and the other to the marshal of West, in as one case. Tennessee; which writs it shall be the duty of the respective marshals to execute and return, and when reiurned they shall be docketed and proceeded in to judgment as one case only.
$ 2. That in each and every case where a judgment has been Whero judg
ment has been
recovered in recovered, or may be hereafter recovered, in either of said cir-
cuit courts, it shall and may be lawsul for the plaintiff in any
shal, [Approved, March 30, 1822.] Vol. üü.'p. Chap. 23. An act supplementary to an act, entitled " An act to alter the terms of tho dis1805.
trict court in Alabama." The 3d sec
$1. Be it enacted, &c. That the third section of the act, ention of act of 27th Nov.
titled “ An act to alter the terms of the district court in Alaba1820, repeal- ma," be, and the same is hereby, repealed ; and so much of the ed ; and so much of the
second section of the act, entitled “An act to establish a district 24 sec. of act court in the state of Alabama,” as was repealed by the said third 1820, as was section, is hereby revived, re-enacted, and declared to be of full repealed by, force and effect. &c. revived. Causes, ac- § 2. That all causes, actions, suits, indictments, libels, pleas, tions, &c.
processes, and proceedings, of whatsoever kind, nature, or descripcommenced and made re- tion, sued out, commenced, or made returnable, at Cahawba, shall turnable at
be there proceeded in and determined ; and, in like manner, all
there proceeded in and determined. (Approved, April 17, 1822.]
livery shall be bounded by the navy yard on the south, and CoBounds of the hocksink creek on the north, any thing in any former law to the entry.
contrary notwithstanding. [Approved, April 17, 1822.] Vol. i. p. 812. CHAP. 25. An act to amend the acı, entitled “ An act to establish the district of Bristol, and
to annex the towns of Kittery and Berwick to the district of Portsmouth," passed February
twenty-fifih, eighteen hundred and one.
considered as one port of entry, and shall possess all the rights
proved, April 17, 1822.) Ropealed.
CHAP. 27. An act to establish the district of Blakely.
$1. Be it enacted, f.c. That, from and after the thirtieth day From and af of june next, the Alabama, Middle, and Tensaw rivers, in the
Vol. iv. p.