Slike strani

have for its object the colonizing, in some distant country, the free people of colour who are within the limits of the United States, or within the limits of any of their territories.

TRENTON, N. J. January 25, 1825.

SIR: In compliance with a joint Resolution of both Houses of the Legislature of New Jersey, I have the honor of transmitting to you the annexed copy of certain Resolutions, passed by them at their late session, with a request that you will co-operate in all national measures having a tendency to effect the objects therein mentioned, I am, with great respect, Sir,

Your obedient and very humble servant,



Resolved, by the Council and General Assembly of this State, That the consideration of a system providing for the gradual emancipation of the people of colour held in servitude in the United States, be recommended to the Legislatures of the several States of the American Union, and to the Congress of the United States.

Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Legislature, a system of foreign colonization, with correspondent measures, might be adopted, that would in due time effect the entire emancipation of the slaves in our country, and furnish an asylum for the free blacks, without any violation of the national compact, or infringement of the rights of individuals; and that such a system should be predicated

[ocr errors]

upon the principle, that the evil of slavery is a national one, and that the People and the States of this Union ought mutually to participate in the duties and burdens of removing it.

Resolved, That his Excellency the Governor be requested to forward a copy of these Resolutions to the Executive of each State in the Union, respectively, with a request that they lay the same before their several Legislatures; and that his Excellency will also forward a like. copy to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress, requesting their co-operation in all national measures having a tendency to effect the same object embraced therein.

In January, 1824, the Legislature of Ohio adopted resolutions, recommending the gradual but entire emancipation of slaves, and a system of Foreign Colonization; and the passage of a law by the General Government, with the consent of the slave-holding States, providing that all children born of slaves thereafter, be free at the age of twenty-one; and recognizing the evil of slavery as a national one, and the principle that all the States should share in the duties and burdens of removing it.

The Legislatures of Rhode Island and Indiana, have (if we mistake not) adopted similar resolutions.

Resolution submitted for consideration in the Senate of the
United States, 18th February, 1825, by Mr. King of New

Resolved by the Senate of the United States of America, That, so soon as the portion of the existing funded debt


of the United States, for the payment of which the public land of the United States is pledged, shall have been paid off: then, and thenceforth, the whole of the public land of the United States, with the nett proceeds of all future sales thereof, shall constitute, and form, a Fund, which is hereby appropriated, and the faith of the United States is pledged that the said Fund shall be inviolably applied, to aid the emancipation of such Slaves, within any of the United States, and aid the removal of such Slaves, and the removal of such free persons of colour, in any of the said States, as, by the laws of the States, respectively, may be allowed to be emancipated or removed, to any territory or country without the limits of the United States of America.

Resolution submitted by Mr. Mercer in the House of Representatives of the United States, on the 27th February, 1825, and read and ordered to lie upon the table.

Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to enter upon, and to prosecute, from time to time, such negotiations with the several maritime powers of Europe and America, as he may deem expedient, for the effectual abolition of the Slave Trade, and its ultimate denunciation, as piracy, under the law of nations, by the consent of the civilized world.

March 2d, Mr. Tucker of Va. offered the following Reso lution:

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be required to ascertain the probable expense of extinguishing the Indian title to a portion of the country lying west of the

Rocky Mountains, that may be suitable for colonizing the free people of colour; the best known routes across the said Mountains, and the probable cost of a road and military posts necessary to a safe communication with such Colony; and to report the same to this House at the next session of Congress.

Resolution just adopted by the Methodist Conference, of Virginia.

Oxford, North Carolina, February 28, 1825.

Resolved, That this Conference highly approve the object of the American Colonization Society, and recommend it to the patronage of the people of our charge. JOHN EARLY, Secretary,





Dear Sir,

In offering to the Committee of Managers of the American Colonization Society, the report of my proceedings since last June; I feel it to be due to the people of the south, as well as to myself, to state, that but for frequent indispositions during a part of the summer, and nearly the whole of October, the number of Auxiliary Societies would have been much larger, and the means to carry on the noble cause in which you are engaged, would have increased in a corresponding ratio. This opinion is founded upon something more substantial than mere conjecture, viz: pressing invitations, both written

and verbal, from gentlemen of standing and influence, to visit their respective counties for the purpose of organizing Societies.

I congratulate the Managers on the pleasing prospect, which is daily brightening, of realizing all their predictions in regard to the cordial co-operation of the south, in promoting the magnificent scheme which they have so far demonstrated to be entirely practicable.

African Colonization is no longer looked upon as the scheme of a few enthusiastic, but well meaning men; pleasing only to the imagination, and altogether quixotic: but as an enterprise involving the substantial honour of the nation, and the essential happiness of millions of its population. It is now by the most enlightened, wherever I have travelled, felt to be a cause of radical importance, and admirably calculated to promote, at one and the same time, a variety of essential interests. Combining as it does a variety of motives, it happily unites politicians, philanthropists, and christians; each of whom see in it, the elements of a system perfectly adapted to the object they respectively have in view.

In Virginia particularly, I flatter myself the day is not far distant, when the fostering hand of the State will be stretched out to sustain the efforts, and facilitate the object of your Auxiliaries within its borders. There is now before the Legislature a bill for the precise object; and my information from Richmond, authorises the hope that it will pass.

In North Carolina the cause has many warm-hearted and influential friends: and all that seems to be now necessary to give it a general interest throughout the State,

is the appointment, by your Board, of agents suitably qualified to develope the object and plans of the parent Society.

« PrejšnjaNaprej »