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sought to do all in their power to meet the views and accomplish the wishes of the friends of Temperance. They have earnestly recommended to the Colonists the formation of Temperance Societies, on the principle of entire abstinence, and wholly to discontinue the use of ardent spirits, in trade with the natives, and have also instructed the Colonial Agent to aid and encourage them, in all measures which may tend to secure these objects.
The Managers have reason to fear, that a sudden elevation of privileges and circumstances, and the rapid acquisition of property, have produced, to some extent among the settlers, a spirit of emulation, display, and extravagance unfavorable to the moral and religious interests of the Colony. The Colonists have much to learn even in regard to their own interests, and perhaps in no school can they be taught so effectually as in that of experience. The Managers believe, that they will soon be convinced, that economy, moderation, and sober expectations will best promote their private happiness and the public welfare.
Some appalling facts in regard to the Slave Trade have come to the knowledge of the Board of Managers during the last year. With undiminished atrocity and activity is this odious traffic now carried on all along the African coast. Blave factories are established in the immediate vicinity of the Colony, and at the Gallinas (between Liberia and Sierra Leone) not less than 900 slaves were shipped during the last summer, in the space of three weeks. While all Christian Governments have expressed their abhorrence of this trade, they have done comparatively nothing for its suppression. The voice of injured and bleeding humanity has long called for vigorous and united action on this subject, but it has called in vain. Thousands of human beings have perished in agony, perished as the victims of the most unrelenting injustice and cruelty, inflicted by citizens of Christian States, and yet the powers of Christendom, well knowing the fact, have felt no adequate sympathy and made no ener
getic efforts to save them. There is reason to hope, however, that the recent dominion of public opinion in the most enlightened nations of Europe, will induce the eminent men now invested with authority to redeem the pledges they have repeatedly given, as well since as before their elevation, to exert faithfully the powers with which they are clothed, to put down this great scandal of the world. We know that Lafayette has never made a promise which he has not fulfilled, and we have every reason to believe that the English Ministry will engage with zeal in this righteous cause, nor suffer itself to be outdone by any other power. Might we not hope that before the united efforts of England, France, and America, this nefarious traffic would be made to disappear forever? The Managers beg leave here to repeat the opinion of the late Dr. Randall, which was expressed in their last Report, "that the effectual method for breaking up this traffic, would be to send upon the coast, light, wellarmed and fast-sailing schooners, which might touch at those places whence the slaves are taken, and which should relieve each other and remain upon the coast the whole year: they should be accompanied by one or two sloops of war, with a force sufficient to break up the Slave Factories." The Managers are persuaded that no subject, more than this, demands the earnest and immediate attention of all humane and conscientious Statesmen, and of all the friends of mankind.
At the last Anniversary, the Board alluded, with heartfelt interest, to the noble spirit of Christian enterprise which had prompted the friends of God and man in Switzerland, as well as in the United States, to endeavor to establish Missions in Liberia, and to instruct the native Africans in the doctrines and duties of Christianity. It was then stated that the Basle Missionary Society had appointed four additional Missionaries to the Liberia station, and that on their way to the Colony, they had visited the United States, in the hope of exciting interest in the cause, and securing funds for the work to which they were devoted. Of those
Missionaries three have been summoned to the eternal world; so that three only, of the whole number under the direction of that Society, now remain to speak to the degraded Africans the words of eternal life. If it be honorable to die for one's country, honored, surely, should be the memory of those who have fallen amid their labours to impart to the strangers and barbarians of a distant clime, divine knowledge and the immortal hopes of the Gospel.
Two Missionaries, Mr. and Mrs. Skinner, have recently embarked for the Colony, under the authority of the American Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, and several men of colour are now preparing to go out as ministers and teachers, under the patronage of the Protestant Episcopal Missionary Society of the United States. The Young Men's Missionary Society of the Methodist Church, in the City of New York, has been touched by the appeals from Africa, and only waits to find an individual qualified and disposed to give himself to the work of her moral illumination. In all these movements, may be discovered the omens of a better dispensation to a people too long crushed by the powers and unvisited by the sympathies of the Christian world.
In directing the attention of this meeting to the progress of opinion and effort in this country favourable to the objects of this Society, the Managers see much to animate their hopes and exertions. It is unquestionable that the scheme of the Society is rapidly and extensively gaining strength in the public confidence and affection. In almost every seetion of the Union, is distinctly heard the voice of an approving people uttering their high and solemn purpose to carry forward the cause of this Institution to an honourable and illustrious triumph.
Three Agents, the Rev. H. B. Bascom, of Kentucky, Josiah F. Polk, Esq. of this city, and recently, Robert S. Finley, Esq. of Ohio, have, during the year, been very actively and successfully engaged in explaining the views, enforcing the claims and obtaining aid to the design of this
Society. The formation of about eighty Auxiliary Societies, and the addition by Mr. Bascom, of more than one thousand names to associations previously existing, are perhaps among the least benefits resulting from their judicious and well-directed efforts. Truths have been told, arguments stated, principles developed, thoughts and emotions awakened, before the power of which, prejudice must yield, opposition relent, ignorance be humble, and generous and candid minds kindle and glow with holy enthusiasm for a cause clearly seen to be connected with the reputation and welfare of our country, and with all the hopes and interests of Africa.
A brief statement of facts in relation to the Society, prepared and published during the Spring, by the Society of Inquiry in the Theological Institution at Andover, and subsequently republished and widely circulated among the Clergy by the Board of Managers, doubtless contributed to increase the number and value of the collections on the Fourth of July; nor can the Managers allude to these collections without expressing their obligations to the Clergy and Churches that have given such substantial proofs of their charity, and their hope that each successive year will bring with it similar additional evidence of their gratitude for our National blessings, and of their desires to extend to others the benefits of freedom, knowledge and religion.
Among the Presbyterian denomination in Virginia, an effort has been made to raise funds for the purpose of erecting a Presbyterian church in the Colony, with a fair prospect of success. Several additional subscriptions have recently been obtained, on the plan of Mr. Gerrit Smith, and the Managers are unwilling to believe, that among all the liberal in the United States, a sufficient number will not be found to supply those which are still deficient.
Two vessels have recently been despatched for the Colony, the ship Carolinian, which sailed with Dr. Mechlin, the Colonial Agent, Dr. Humphries, Physician and Assistant
Agent, and one hundred and six coloured persons, 45 of whom were liberated slaves; and the brig Volador, in which embarked Dr. George P. Todsen, Physician, and eightyone emigrants, about forty of which were freed, with a view to their colonization in Africa. Much disease and suffering have heretofore been experienced, which might have been prevented by good medical advice, and the Managers have deemed it a duty, therefore, by the employment of two respectable physicians, to do all in their power to preserve the lives and health of the Colonists..
The entire expense of the transportation of the liberated slaves by the Carolinian and Volador, is defrayed by the. Pennsylvania Society, which has, in repeated instances, exhibited a noble spirit of resolution and liberality, in promoting the design of this Institution. Nor can the Managers forget with what untiring zeal and energy, Mr. Elliot Cresson, one of the members of that Society, has directed his endeavours to excite favourable sentiments, and secure funds for the African cause. Three hundred and fifty pounds sterling have been received by the Pennsylvania Society from benevolent individuals in England. One hundred pounds of this sum was given by a widow Friend, who is represented as "only rich by the few ness of her own wants, and the readiness with which she ministers to the wants of others."
The hearts and hands of many ladies in our own land have become engaged in this work of mercy, and their influence and charity are regarded by the Board as among the most cheering omens of its final and complete success.
The disposition of the free people of colour to emigrate to Liberia, in the lower part of Virginia, and especially in North Carolina, is becoming strong and prevalent, and many stand ready to embark by the earliest opportunity.
A bill is at this time before the Legislature of the State of North Carolina, which proposes that a tax should be laid upon all the Coloured population of the State for the pur