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of Buffalo ....

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Beer Trade in Germany... 382 cotton (Annual) Statement of New
Belgium and Holland, Railways of . 95

Orleans 229
Bonds sold at N. Y. Exchange Board

(

of Mobile 229
79, 166, 244, 322, 398,

(

“ of Charleston 280
Book Trade (Notices)....

408

Trade (Statistics) 1866-67.. 265
Boston Bank Returns, 86, 168. 248,

India railroads & the. 137
328, 407, 479 Course of American Securities at
Dividends, &c..... 390

London (monthly)... 80, 162
Breadstuffs (The) Market..

300

243, 324, 398, 474
Breweries (The) Munich.

883

of Consols (monthly). ....80, 162
Vienpa..
382

243, 324, 398, 474
Browne (J. Ross) on Lower California 226 of Foreigo Exch'ge (monthly) 82
Buffalo, Debt and Finances of...... 196

164, 246, 325, 401, 477

of Gold at N. York (monthly) 81
C.

162, 244, 323, 398, 477
California (Lower), its Character and

of Government Securities at
Resources. By J. Ross Browne.. 226

New York (monthly) .79, 161

244, 323, 399, 475
Capital and Investments, Growth of

140

Crops of 1866 in Europe (Statistics) 388
Canal (A) from the Miseouri to the

D.
Gulf.

388
Debt of Albany.

303
Census of Rboje Island..

196
Certificates, The Three per cent.... 287

of Chicago.
Central Railroad of New Jersey. 63

of Louisville.

177
Charleston Cotton Statement.. 231

of New Jersey

132
Champagne (The) Trade.... 819

of Br oklyn City..

470
Chesapeake and Delaware Canal... 200

(Public) of the United States. 239
Chicago, Debt and Finances of...... 81
and Northwestern Railroad 217 Debte & taxation of our large cities. 107

816, 393, 463
and Burlington and Quincey

Debte Our) and Resources.... 416
Railroad..
889

446
China (North) Trade.

Department Reports....
127

Dominion (Thi ) of Canada and the
Chontales Gold Mines..
181

409
Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton

Reciprocal i'rade.

Donation Claims (Public Lands)..., 277
Railroad....

157
Cities and Towns on the Public
Lands....
210 Egyptian Agriculture...

152
Clearing House (yearly report). 324 Emigration at New York and the
Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati

Emigration Board (Historical and
Railroad.....
134 Statistical)

186
Cleveland and Toledo Railroad. 269 Europe, Crops of 1866 in (statistical) 80
Coal (new) Discoveries...

889 Exchange, (Foreign) at New York.. 82
Coin and Bullion, Imports and ex-

164, 246, 325, 401, 477
ports of...81, 163, 215, 224, 400, 476 Exchanges (our frei) since 1961 371
Coin & Bullion, general movement of 81 Extinguishment of the Pub.ic Debt. 412

163, 245, 324, 400,
Commerce of San Francisco.

87
Commercial Chronicle & Review. 75 Finances (Debt and) of Albany..... 308
169, 240, 320, 394, 473

of Buffalo 196
Law (Insurance) 34, 113, 180

of Chicago 31
Compound Interest Notes (prices).. 80,

of Louisville... 177
:162, 244, 324, 399, 475 Fire Insurance (Law)..

34
Console, Course of (monthly ) 80, 162, Fisheries and Shore Cinsus of Rhode
243, 324, 393, 477
Island

293
Cooke's (Jay) Letter to National Food (Uonsumption ot) in Vienna 230
Bank Officers...

402 Foreign Exchange at New York. ... 82
Co-operative ship building.

149

164, 246, 325, 401, 477
Cotton growing & the cotton tax.... 302 (Our) Exchanges since 1861. 371
movement & crops for 1866-67 264 France, Railways of....

69
(Imports of) at Liverpool.... :68 Frankfort, U. 8.6s (5-20’e) 1862 at. 80
(Prices of) at N. Y. & Liverp. 269

162, 244, 323, 398, 475

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220

34, 113

Fuel, Economy in.......

143 Mobile Cotton Statement ...
(Consumption of) in Vienna... 238 Money Market, The pinch in the.... 268
Mount Cenis Railway..

305
G.

Tunnel

235
Gold (Exports and imports of) at New

McCulloch's (Mr.) Annual Report... 442
York.81, 163, 246, 324, 400, 476
(Course of) at New York...81, 164

N.
246, 325, 401, 477 National Banks, (Quarterly Reports) 194
Mining in Victoria.
818

361
Movement (general) at New

Reforms in the.... 989
York..81, 163, 245, 824, 400, 476 New Jersey, Debt of....

132
" Premium, Prospects of....... 877 New Orleans Cotton Statement..... 227

Movement since 1860... 489 New York Canal Enlargement, Pro.
Goveroment Securities, (course of) at

posed Financial Poli.
New York 79, 161, 244, 323, 899, 475

cy of the..

169
Grass bopper, Army..

388

City Bank Returns, 85, 167,
Great Britain, Mineral Products of... 360

247, 326, 406
Greece, Progress of (Statistical)

Goveroment and
Greenville & Columbia Railroad.... 803

Finances 120
H.

City and County Debts
of..

238
Holland, Railways of Belgium and

National Banks. 165
Holland

95

and New Haven Rail.
Homestead law, (Public Lands).... 208

road.......... 155
I.

Stocks of Merchandize

389
India Railroads and the Cotton Trade 137

North Carolina Railroad..
70

219
Ireland for 1866..
Insurance, (Law).

North Eastern (S. C) Railroad....
Insurance, (Business of) fur 1866... 111

0.
J.

233

Oysters, Culture of.
Journal of Banking, Currency and
Fidance...82, 165, 247, 326, 402, 478 Perfumery, Manufacture of

222
L.

Persunal Census of Rhode Island....
Petroleum (Public Lands)

216
Land concessions for canals..... 236 Philadelphia Bank Returns, 86, 167,
for Railroads ..... 283

247, 327, 406, 479
Lands, (Public) Condition of, June

Phosphate (Mineral) of Lime....... 236
30, 1865..

282 Political Economy, The Scholars and
Lands, Swamp and ioundated.. 274

the Philistines in ...

355
Legal Tender Certificates, The three

Pope's Essay on Man (Notice).

408
per cent....

287 Population of Rhode Island .... 10
Life Iosurance, (C mmercial Law)113, 180 Population and Taxation of Louis.
in the United States. 198
ville....

178
Lloyd's List of Wrecks and Casualities 73 Precious Metals, The routes of tbe. . 374
Loads and Discounts, 78, 160, 242, 322, Pre Emption Laws (Public Lands).. 207
397 Public Debt, The...

298
Louisviile, Debt and Finances of.... 177

of the United States, 239,
M.

316, 393, 463

Public Lands (30th June, 1865). 282
Mapufactures of Rhode Island...... 294

of ihe United Staies 203, 272
Manufactures, Tariff and Taxation .. 419
Meerschaum, Artificial...

385

R.
Memphis and Charleston Railroa. 3814 | Railroad Accidents, l'he Prevertinn
Vercbandize. (Stocks of, at New York 387 of.....,

66
Mexican silver minea, How worked.. 148 Railroad Earving(mo: toly), i4,
Michigan Central Railroad.

178

131, 1936, 337, 427
Mineral Interests, (Public lands)

27

(quariery), 152 338
Mineral Products of Great Britain.. Brin

Legislation

339
Miping (Our Late) Enterprises.... 47

Expansion, Propogeid pło.
Mississippi Central Railroad. 220 bibition of...

201

P.

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Railroad Progress in the South..... 174 Shares sold at N. Y. Stock Boards,
(Projected) from Oswego to

78, 160, 243, 322, 397, 474
the Niagara River.....

123 Shipbuilding, Co-operative.... 149
Railroad (Our) System...
432 Ship Timber, Traffic in.....

154
Railroad (Analysis of) Reports, viz : Silver Mines (Mexican); how worked 148
Central Railroad of New Jersey.. 63 Southern Railroads...

219
Chesapeake & Delaware Canal... 200 Statistical (Central) Commission of
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy RR. 389 Austria...

329
Chicago and Northwestern RR... 217 Suez capal.

252
Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Swamp and inundated Lands.. ... 274
Railroad..

157
Cleveland, Columbus & Cincinnati

T.
Railroad..

134 | Tariff (On the) and the Principle of
Cleveland & Toledo Railroad.. 249 Taxation....

421
Greenville & Columbia Railroad.. 806 Tasable Property in San Francisco.. 472
Memphis & Charleston Railroad.. 380 limber on the Public Lands....... 276
Michigan Central Railroad...... 158

(Ship) Trade in..

154
New York & New Haven Railroad 155 Titles, (Foreign) Public Lands. 279
North Carolina Railroad.... 219 Toledo, Wabash & Western railroad. 41
Northeastern (S. Car.) Railroad.. 220 Three per cent. Legal-Tender Certifi-
Rensselaer & Saratoga Railroad.. 376 cates...

287
Toledo, Wabash & Western RR.. 41 | Trade of Great Britain and the Uni-
Western North Carolina Railroad. 38. ted States...

366
Railroads and Canals for Freight.. 261 Treasurer's (Assistant) Statement... 392
(India) and the Cotton

Typography and Type-setting Ma-
Trade
137 chiues...

144
Railrcade of the World.

69
Railway Extension and its results. .44, 89

U.
(Future).... 104 United Kingdom, Railways of... .. 45
Report of India.... 153 Uniced States, Historical and Statisti-
Railways and Free Trade..

99

cal Table of the..... 280
compared with area and

Mint of...

892
population

104

Public Debt of.. 239, 313,
Railways and National Debts.. 102

393, 463
Rensselaer and Saratoga Railroad 376

Lands of.......203, 272
Revenue, Collection of the........ 15

Railw
ilways of

46
Rhode Island, Census of .. ..9,261

Trade of Great Brit-
Agriculture of.
291

aiu and the....... 366
Fisheries of..

293
Man factures of 294

V.
Population of.
10 Victoria, Gold Mining in...

313
Russia, Prussia, Persia and India in Vienna, Consumption of Coal in.... 233
telegraphs
... 167

of Food in....

230

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W.

San Francisco, Commerce of....... 87

Branch Mint of 232 Western North Carolina Railroad... 384
Builion Movement... :87

Trade, ons quence and di-
Seven Thirties, Counterfeit......321, 30-4

vergence of.

386
Liability for the Coun Vrecks and Casualities, Lloyd's List
terfeit

13

of ..

... 369

THE

MERCHANTS MAGAZINE

AND

COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

JULY, 18 6 7. UNř:: 77

CENSUS OF RHODE ISLAND, 1865.*

46

12.5

19.4

" 3,377

By the settlement of the boundary question with Massachusetts in 1862, the profit and loss to Rhode Island in territory and population was as fol. lows: la Pawtucket, Rhode Island gained.

6.939 miles and 4,200 inhabitants. in East Providence “

1,700 Total gain..

miles and 5,900 inhabitants. In Fall River, Rhode Island lost.

:1.12 Net gain to Rhode Island..

miles and 2,523 inhabitants. It need scarcely be repeated that Rhode Island, the smallest State in the Union, is only 50 miles long and 35 miles in width, and that a large portion of this width is taken up by the waters of Narragansett Bay, which, extending inland for some 30 miles, divides the state into two unequal parts, leaving a land territory of only 1.054.6 square miles, with a shore washed by tide-water of 350 miles.

8.2

1. PERSONAL CENSUS.

The State is divided into five counties, and these contain thirty-three townships, five of which are situated on islands. The smallest town

* Report upon the census of Rhode Island, 1865; with statistics of the population, agriculture, fisheries and manufactures of the State prepared under the direction of the Secretary of State, by Edwin M. Snow, M. D. Superintendent of the census. 1 vol. 800 p. 112

VOL, LVII-NO. I,

(Warren) has only 4.7 square miles, the largest (South Kingstown) bas 77.9 square miles. Below we give a table showing the area and population of the State by towns and counties;

Pop. to !

Pop. to Square Pop-square !

Square Pop- equare miles. ula'n. miles.

miles. ola'n, miles. Barrington, 9.3 1,028 110.5 | Burrrillville,

(53.2 4,861 91.4 Bristol, Bristol Co 10.3 4,649 451.3 | Cranston.

33.7 9,177 272.3 Warren,

1 4.7
2,792 694.0 | Cumberland,

43.6 8,216 244.5 East Prov.,

12.5 2,172 173.7 Coventry, 58.6 3,995 68.2 Foster,

48.8 1,873 29.4 East Green

Glocester,
Provi. 58.2

2,286
wich, Kent Co. (17.1

2,400

140.3 Johston, dence Co.) 24.1 3,436 142.5 W. G'wich,

49.1 1,228 25.0 North Provi. Warwick,

144.2 7,696

174.1 |
dence,

15.0 14,553 968.8 i Pawtucket,

6.9 5,000 724.6 Jamestown, 9.5 349 36.7 | Scituate,

| 53.3 3,528 67 4 Little Comp

Smithfield,

73.3 12,315 169.0 ton, 21.4 1,197 55.9 i Charlestown

89.8 1,134 29.6 Middletown, 12.5 1,019 81.5 | Exeter,

54.0 1,498 25.8 Newport, Newport 7.0 12,683 1812.6 | Hopkinton,

43.6 2,512 57.6 New Shore County. 1

Nort: Kings. Washing-1
ham,
| 10.5 1,308 124.5 town,

ton Co. {42.6 3,166 74.3 Portsmouth,

23 4 2,153 92.0 | Sout' Kinge.
Tivertou,

31.8
1,973 62.0
town,

77.9 4,513 57.9 Richmond,

138.9 1,830

47.0 Providence City, 6.7 54,595 8148.5 / Westerly,

( 31.1 3,815 122 4

The area and population by counties is as follows:

Area, eguare
Counties.

miles.
Bristol..

24.3 Kent.

169.0 Newport.

116.1 Providence (including city).

413.3 Washington....

Pop. to sg. Pop. miles. 8.469 349.5 15.319 90.6 20.687 178 2 122.022 235.2 18.468 55.6

:

331.9

1

Total of State..

1.054.6

184.965

175.4

The density of population in Rhode Island (175.4 to the square mile) is higher than in any other of the United States. In 1865 the population of Massachusetts was 1,267,239, which gives 162.4 to the square mile. In the same year New York had 81.5, and New Jersey 92.9, to the square mile; but between these and Massachusetts, Connecticut bavabout 110 to the square mile, fi.ds its position. The density of population in France is about ihe same as in Rhode Island. Prussia, Bavaria, Austria, Denmark, Scotland, Sweden and Norway are less densely populated.

The distribution of the population of course varies the density. The cities of Providence and Newport and the six towns, Bristol, Warren, Cranston, Cumberland, North Providence and Pawtucket containing only 117.9 square miles, but a population of 111,670 persons--11 per cent of the area, and 60 per cent. of the population of the State. If we deduct these from the total area and population, we find in the remainder of the State 936.7 square miles, with 73,295 inhabitants, or only 78 persons to each square mile. The seats of manufactures and commerce are denoted by their superior density.

The progress of the State in population is given in the following table :
Census of
Population. Change. Census of Population. Change.

69,122 + (10 years)
17,935 +(22 years) 10,754 | 1810.
32,713 +(18 years) 14,888 | 1820.

... 83,059 +
40,414 + 7 years) 7,611 1830.

14,151 59,707 + (19 years) 19,293 / 1810.

109, $30 +(

11,620 1776. 55,011 - 2 years) 4,696 | 1850.

38,715 52,347 - 6 years) 2,661 1960.

27,075 63,825 + 8 years) 16,478 | 1865.

.184,965 + 5 years) 10,345

7,181

1800.

77,031 + (

1709.. 11730, 1748 1755. 1774.

7,909 6,028

97,210 +

147,545 + ( .174.620 +

1782

1790.

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