The Nile Mosaic of Palestrina: Early Evidence of Egyptian Religion in Italy

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BRILL, 1995 - 409 strani
The famous Nile Mosaic of Palestrina, ancient Praeneste in central Italy, dating to c. 100 BC, is one of the earliest large mosaics which have been preserved from the classical world. It presents a unique, comprehensive picture of Egypt and Nubia. The interpretation of the mosaic is disputed, suggestions ranging from an exotic decoration to a topographical picture or a religious allegory.
The present study demonstrates that the mosaic depicts rituals connected with Isis and Osiris and the yearly Nile flood. The presence of these Egyptian religious scenes at Praeneste can be explained by the assimilation of Isis and Fortuna, the tutelary goddess of Praeneste, and by the interpretation of the mosaic as a symbol of divine providence.
 

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Vsebina

Chapter TV Interpretation
43
The function of the Nile Mosaic
80
The workshop
91
Appendices
109
The omokentaura
111
The thoantes
115
The nabous
119
The tigris
122
The feasts of the Nile flood and the new year in the Canopus decree and the Assuan stele
147
Pygmies and dwarfs in Nilotic scenes
150
The use of Egyptian motifs as control marks on Roman Republican coins
155
The mysterious goddess on the denarius of M Plaetorius Cestianus of 67 B C
159
Relations between Ptolemaic Egypt and Rome
164
The owners of the Casa del Fauno at Pompeii
167
Pompeian and related fish mosaics
173
Illustrated papyrus scrolls
177

The choiropithekos
125
The murmekoleon
127
The symbolism of the eagle in connection with Osiris and the Nile flood
129
Representations of the tomb of Osiris in the reliefs of Hadrians gate at Philae
132
The geography of the temple and tomb of Osiris in relation to the rituals
136
The representations of the funeral procession of Osiris and Sokaris at Dendera
141
The funeral procession of Osiris in the Nile Mosaic
144
The rendering of landscape and spatial depth in Greek art
181
Chorography and topography as pictorial genres
186
Notes to Chapters IVII
191
AbbreviationsBibliography
383
Index
399
Illustrations 411
403
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O avtorju (1995)

P. G. P. Meyboom is assistant professor of Classical Archaeology at Leiden University.

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