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extend beyond an adjournment, except by unanimous consent.
PRESENTATION OF CREDENTIALS AND QUESTIONS OF PRIVILEGE
1. The presentation of the credentials of Senators elect or of Senators designate and other questions of privilege shall always be in order, except during the reading and correction of the Journal, while a question of order or a motion to adjourn is pending, or while the Senate is voting or ascertaining the presence of a quorum; and all questions and motions arising or made upon the presentation of such credentials shall be proceeded with until disposed of.
2. The Secretary shall keep a record of the certificates of election and certificates of appointment of Senators by entering in a well-bound book kept for that purpose the date of the election or appointment, the name of the person elected or appointed, the date of the certificate, the name of the governor and the secretary of state signing and counter-signing the same, and the State from which such Senator is elected or appointed.
3. The Secretary of the Senate shall send copies of the following recommended forms to the governor and secretary of state of each State wherein an election is about to take place or an appointment is to be made so that they may use such forms if they see fit. THE RECOMMENDED FORMS FOR CERTIFICATES OF
ELECTION AND CERTIFICATE OF APPOINTMENT
"CERTIFICATE OF ELECTION FOR SIX-YEAR TERM
"To the President of the Senate of the United States: "This is to certify that on the –
19—, A--B-- was duly chosen by the qualified electors of the State of a Senator from said State to represent said State in the Senate of the United States for the term of six years, beginning on the 3d day of January, 19—. "Witness: His excellency our governor
and our seal hereto affixed at
this day of in the year of our Lord 19—.
"By the governor:
"CERTIFICATE OF ELECTION FOR UNEXPIRED TERM
"To the President of the Senate of the United States: "This is to certify that on the day of --, 19—,
A-, B-, was duly chosen by the qualified electors of the State of -- a Senator for the unexpired term ending at noon on the 3d day of January, 19–, to fill the vacancy in the representation from said State in the Senate of the United States caused by the of C-- D-"Witness: His excellency our governor
and our seal hereto affixed at
this day of in the year of our Lord 19—. "By the governor:
“Secretary of State."
“CERTIFICATE OF APPOINTMENT
"To the President of the Senate of the United States:
"This is to certify that, pursuant to the power vested in me by the Constitution of the United States and the laws of the State of --, 1, A--B--, the governor of said State, do hereby appoint C-- D-- a Senator from said State to represent said State in the Senate of the United States until the vacancy therein caused by the of E---F--, is filled by election as provided by law. "Witness: His excellency our governor
and our seal hereto affixed at
day of in the year of our Lord 19—. "By the governor:
"Secretary of State.”
The oaths or affirmations required by the Constitution and prescribed by law shall be taken and subscribed by each Senator, in open Senate, before entering upon his duties.
OATH REQUIRED BY THE CONSTITUTION AND BY LAW TO BE
TAKEN BY SENATORS
I, A B, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter: So help me God. (5 U.S.C. 3331.)
COMMENCEMENT OF DAILY SESSIONS
1. (a) The Presiding Officer having taken the chair, following the prayer by the Chaplain, and a quorum being present, the Journal of the preceding day shall be read, and any mistake made in the entries corrected. Except as provided in subparagraph (b) the reading of the Journal shall not be suspended unless by unanimous consent; and when any motion shall be made to amend or correct the same, it shall be deemed a privileged question, and proceeded with until disposed of.
(b) Whenever the Senate is proceeding under paragraph 2 of rule XXII, the reading of the Journal shall be dispensed with and shall be considered approved to date.
(c) The proceedings of the Senate shall be briefly and accurately stated on the Journal. Messages of the President in full; titles of bills and resolutions, and such parts as shall be affected by proposed amendments; every vote, and a brief statement of the contents of each petition, memorial, or paper presented to the Senate, shall be entered.
(d) The legislative, the executive, the confidential legislative proceedings, and the proceedings when sitting as a
Court of Impeachment, shall each be recorded in a separate book.
2. During a session of the Senate when that body is in 4.2 continuous session, the Presiding Officer shall temporarily suspend the business of the Senate at noon each day for the purpose of having the customary daily prayer by the Chaplain.
SUSPENSION AND AMENDMENT OF THE RULES
1. No motion to suspend, modify, or amend any rule, or 5.1 any part thereof, shall be in order, except on one day's notice in writing, specifying precisely the rule or part proposed to be suspended, modified, or amended, and the purpose thereof. Any rule may be suspended without notice by the unanimous consent of the Senate, except as otherwise provided by the rules.
2. The rules of the Senate shall continue from one Con- 5.2 gress to the next Congress unless they are changed as provided in these rules.
QUORUM-ABSENT SENATORS MAY BE SENT FOR
1. A quorum shall consist of a majority of the Sena- 6.1 tors duly chosen and sworn.
2. No Senator shall absent himself from the service of 6.2 the Senate without leave.
3. If, at any time during the daily sessions of the Senate, 6.3 a question shall be raised by any Senator as to the presence of a quorum, the Presiding Officer shall forthwith direct the Secretary to call the roll and shall announce the result, and these proceedings shall be without debate.
4. Whenever upon such roll call it shall be ascertained 6.4 that a quorum is not present, a majority of the Senators present may direct the Sergeant at Arms to request, and, when necessary, to compel the attendance of the absent Senators, which order shall be determined without debate; and pending its execution, and until a quorum shall be present, no debate nor motion, except to adjourn, or to recess pursuant to a previous order entered by unanimous consent, shall be in order.
1. On each legislative day after the Journal is read, the Presiding Officer on demand of any Senator shall lay before the Senate messages from the President, reports and communications from the heads of Departments, and other communications addressed to the Senate, and such bills, joint resolutions, and other messages from the House of Representatives as may remain upon his table from any previous day's session undisposed of. The Presiding Officer on demand of any Senator shall then call for, in the following order:
The presentation of petitions and memorials.
The submission of other resolutions. All of which shall be received and disposed of in such order, unless unanimous consent shall be otherwise given, with newly offered resolutions being called for before resolutions coming over from a previous legislative day are laid before the Senate.
2. Until the morning business shall have been concluded, and so announced from the Chair, or until one hour after the Senate convenes at the beginning of a new legislative day, no motion to proceed to the consideration of any bill, resolution, report of a committee, or other subject upon the Calendar shall be entertained by the Presiding Officer, unless by unanimous consent: Provided, however, That on Mondays which are the beginning of a legislative day the Calendar shall be called under rule VIII, and until two hours after the Senate convenes no motion shall be entertained to proceed to the consideration of any bill, resolution, or other subject upon the Calendar except the motion to continue the consideration of a bill, resolution, or other subject against objection as provided in rule VIII, or until the call of the Calendar has been completed.
3. The Presiding Officer may at any time lay, and it shall be in order at any time for a Senator to move to lay, before the Senate, any bill or other matter sent to the Senate by the President or the House of Representatives for appropriate action allowed under the rules and any question pending at that time shall be suspended for this