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948

ELECTION FOR THE FORTY-EIGHTH TERM, 1977-1981

JIMMY CARTER, President; WALTER F. MONDALE, Vice President

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Alabama. Alaska. Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut. Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia. Hawaii Idaho Nlinois. Indiana Iowa.. Kansas. Kentucky. Louisiana Maine. Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire. New Jersey New Mexico New York. North Carolina North Dakota Ohio... Oklahoma... Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee. Texas. Utah Vermont Virginia Washington. West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

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(950)

JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT, 1789 TO 1981 '

1

950

Name 2

Date of commission 3

Date service terminated

Years

of service

CHIEF JUSTICES

1. John Jay 2. John Rutledge 3. Oliver Ellsworth 4. John Marshall 5. Roger Brooke Taney 6. Salmon Portland Chase 7. Morrison Remick Waite 8. Melville Weston Fuller. 9. Edward Douglas White 10. William Howard Taft 11. Charles Evans Hughes. 12. Harlan Fiske Stone 13. Frederick Moore Vinson 14. Earl Warren. 15. Warren E. Burger.

Sept. 26, 1789 June 29, 1795 July 1, 1795 Dec. 15, 1795 Mar. 4, 1796 Dec. 15, 1800 Jan. 31, 1801 July 6, 1835 Mar. 15, 1836 Oct. 12, 1864 Dec. 6. 1864 May 7, 1873 Jan. 21, 1874 Mar. 23, 1888 July 20, 1888 July 4, 1910 Dec. 12, 1910 May 19, 1921 June 30, 1921 Feb. 3, 1930 Feb. 13, 1930 June 30, 1941 July 3, 1941 Apr. 22, 1946 June 21, 1946 Sept. 8, 1953 Oct. 2, 1953 June 23, 1969 June 23, 1969

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4 34 28

8 14 21 510

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54

7 15

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES

20 8 5 9 1 13 15 30

3 30 16 18 23 33 20

2 31 14 32

......do

1. John Rutledge... 2. William Cushing 3. James Wilson 4. John Blair 5. James Iredell 6. Thomas Johnson 7. William Paterson 8. Samuel Chase 9. Bushrod Washington 10. Alfred Moore.. 11. William Johnson 12. Henry B. Livingston 13. Thomas Todd 14. Gabriel Duvall 15. Joseph Story 16. Smith Thompson. 17. Robert Trimble. 18. John McLean 19. Henry Baldwin. 20. James Moore Wayne. 21. Philip Pendleton Barbour 22. John Catron 23. John McKinley 24. Peter Vivian Daniel 25. Samuel Nelson.... 26. Levi Woodbury 27. Robert Cooper Grier. 28. Benjamin Robbins Curtis 29. John Archibald Campbell 30. Nathan Clifford. 31. Noah Haynes Swayne 32. Samuel Freeman Miller 33. David Davis 34. Stephen Johnson Field 35. William Strong 36. Joseph P. Bradley 37. Ward Hunt 38. John Marshall Harlan 39. William Burnham Woods 40. Stanley Matthews.

Sept. 26, 1789 Mar. 5, 1791 Sept. 27, 1789 Sept 13, 1810 Sept. 29, 1789 Aug. 21, 1798 Sept. 30, 1789 Jan. 27, 1796 Feb. 10, 1790 Oct. 20, 1799 Nov. 7, 1791 Feb. 1, 1793 Mar. 4, 1793

Sept. 9, 1806 Jan. 27, 1796 June 19, 1811 Dec. 20, 1798 Nov. 26, 1829 Dec. 10, 1799 Jan. 26, 1804 Mar. 26, 1804 Aug. 4, 1834 Nov. 10, 1806 Mar. 18, 1823 Mar. 3, 1807 Feb. 7, 1826 Nov. 18, 1811 Jan. 14, 1835

Sept. 10, 1845 Dec. 9, 1823 Dec. 18, 1843 May 9, 1826 Aug. 25, 1828 Mar. 7. 1829 Apr. 4, 1861 Jan. 6, 1830 Apr. 21, 1844 Jan. 9, 1835 July 5, 1867 Mar. 15, 1836 Feb. 25, 1841 Mar. 8, 1837 May 30, 1865 Sept. 25, 1837 July 19, 1852 Mar. 3, 1841

May 31, 1860 Feb. 13, 1845 Nov. 28, 1872 Sept. 20, 1845 Sept. 4, 1851 Aug. 4, 1846 Jan. 31, 1870 Sept. 22, 1851 Sept. 30, 1857 Mar. 22, 1853 Apr. 30, 1861 Jan. 12, 1858 July 25, 1881 Jan. 24, 1862 Jan. 24, 1881 July 16, 1862 Oct. 13, 1890 Dec. 8, 1862 Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 10, 1863 Dec. 1, 1897 Feb. 18, 1870 Dec. 14, 1880 Mar. 21, 1870

Jan. 22, 1892 Dec. 11, 1872 Jan. 27. 1882 Nov. 29, 1877 Oct. 14, 1911 Dec. 21. 1880 May 14, 1887 May 12, 1881 Mar. 22, 1889

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State whence

appointed

New York
South Carolina
Connecticut
Virginia
Maryland
Ohio

...do.
Illinois
Louisiana
Connecticut
New York

....do..
Kentucky
California
Virginia

See footnotes at end of table.

South Carolina
Massachusetts.
Pennsylvania
Virginia
North Carolina
Maryland
New Jersey
Maryland
Virginia..
North Carolina
South Carolina
New York
Kentucky
Maryland
Massachusetts
New York
Kentucky
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Georgia
Virginia
Tennessee
Alabama.
Virginia
New York
New Hampshire
Pennsylvania
Massachusetts.
Alabama
Maine
Ohio
Iowa
Illinois
California
Pennsylvania.
New Jersey
New York
Kentucky
Georgia
Ohio

9 33 6 7

JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT, 1789 TO 1981 <Continued

Name 2

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ASSOCIATE JUSTICES_con.

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41. Horace Gray... 42. Samuel Blatchford 43. Lucius Quintus C. Lamar 44. David Josiah Brewer 45. Henry Billings Brown 46. George Shiras, Jr .... 47. Howell Edmunds Jackson 48. Edward Douglas White 49. Rufus Wheeler Peckham 50. Joseph McKenna.... 51. Oliver Wendell Holmes 52. William Rufus Day. 53. William Henry Moody 54. Horace Harmon Lurton. 55. Charles Evans Hughes. 56. Willis Van Devanter 57. Joseph Rucker Lamar 58. Mahlon Pitney.. 59. James Clark McReynolds 60. Louis Dembitz Brandeis 61. John Hessin Clarke 62. George Sutherland. 63. Pierce Butler. 64. Edward Terry Sanford 65. Harlan Fiske Stone 66. Owen Josephus Roberts. 67. Benjamin Nathan Cardozo. 68. Hugo Lafayette Black 69. Stanley Forman Reed 70. Felix Frankfurter.. 71. William Orville Douglas. 72. Frank Murphy.. 73. James Francis Byrnes.... 74. Robert Houghwout Jackson 75. Wiley Blount Rutledge 76. Harold Hitz Burton 77. Thomas Campbell Clark 78. Sherman Minton.. 79. John Marshall Harlan 80. William J. Brennan, Jr 81. Charles Evans Whittaker 82. Potter Stewart 83. Byron R White 84. Arthur J. Goldberg 85. Abe Fortas 86. Thurgood Marshall 87. Harry A. Blackmun. 88. Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr 89. William Hubbs Rehnquist. 90. John Paul Stevens 91. Sandra Day O'Connor

State whence

appointed

Massachusetts New York Mississippi Kansas Michigan.. Pennsylvania Tennessee Louisiana New York California Massachusetts Ohio Massachusetts Tennessee New York Wyoming.. Georgia New Jersey. Tennessee Massachusetts Ohio Utah... Minnesota Tennessee New York Pennsylvania.. New York Alabama.. Kentucky Massachusetts Connecticut Michigan South Carolina New York Iowa Ohio Texas Indiana New York New Jersey Missouri Ohio Colorado Ilinois Tennessee New York Minnesota Virginia Arizona. Illinois Arizona

Dec. 20, 1881 Sept. 15, 1902 Mar. 22, 1882 July 7, 1893 Jan. 16, 1888 Jan. 23, 1893 Dec. 18, 1889 Mar. 28, 1910 Dec. 29, 1890 May 28, 1906 July 26, 1892 Feb. 23, 1903 Feb. 18, 1893 Aug. 8, 1895 Feb. 19, 1894 Dec. 18, 1910 Dec. 9, 1895 Oct. 24, 1909 Jan. 21, 1898 Jan. 5, 1925 Dec. 4, 1902 Jan. 12, 1932 Feb. 23, 1903 Nov. 13, 1922 Dec. 12, 1906 Nov. 20, 1910 Dec. 20, 1909 July 12, 1914 May 2, 1910 June 10, 1916 Dec. 16, 1910 June 2, 1937 Dec. 17, 1910 Jan, 2, 1916 Mar. 13, 1912 Dec. 31, 1922 Aug. 29, 1914

Jan. 31, 1941 June 1, 1916 Feb. 13, 1939 July 24, 1916 Sept. 18, 1922 Sept. 5, 1922 Jan. 17, 1938 Dec. 21, 1922 Nov. 16, 1939 Jan. 29, 1923 Mar. 8, 1930 Feb. 5, 1925 July 2, 1941 May 20, 1930 July 31, 1945 Mar. 2, 1932 July 9, 1938 Aug. 18, 1937 Sept. 17, 1971 Jan. 27, 1938 Feb. 25, 1957 Jan 20, 1939 Aug. 28, 1962 Apr. 15, 1939 Nov. 12, 1975 Jan. 18, 1940 July 19, 1949 June 25, 1941 Oct. 3, 1942 July 11, 1941 Oct. 9, 1954 Feb. 11, 1943 Sept. 10, 1949 Sept. 22, 1945 Oct. 13, 1958 Aug 19, 1949 June 12, 1967 Oct. 5, 1949 Oct. 15, 1956 Mar. 17, 1955 Sept. 23, 1971 Oct. 15, 1956 Mar. 22, 1957 Mar. 31, 1962 Oct. 14, 1958 July 3, 1981 Apr. 12, 1962 Sept. 28, 1962 July 25, 1965 Aug. 11, 1965 May 14, 1969 Aug 30, 1967 May 14, 1970 Dec. 9, 1971 Dec. 15, 1971 Dec. 17, 1975 Sept. 22, 1981

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SOURCE: Marshal, Supreme Court of the United States. ? The acceptance of the appointment and commission by the appointee, as evidenced by the taking of the prescribed oaths, is here implied, otherwise the individual is not carried on this list of the Members of the Court Examples: Robert Hanson Harrison is not carried, as a letter from President Washington of February 9, 1790, states Harrison declined to serve; neither is Edwin M Stanton, who died before he could take the necessary steps toward becoming a Member of the Court. Chief Justice Rutledge is included because he took his oaths and presided over the August term of 1795, his name appearing on two opinions of the Court for that term.

3 Where a Member received two commissions the one entered on the Court's Minutes is here used

* Commissioned July 1, 1795 (during adjournment of Congress); presided at August term, 1795 Nomination rejected by the Senate Dec. 15, 1795.

Also served as Associate Justice

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