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1. Thomas Jefferson

Do. 2. Edmund Randolph 3. Timothy Pickering

Do.. 4. John Marshall 5. James Madison

Do... 6. Robert Smith 7. James Monroe

Do 8. John Quincy Adams

Do.. 9. Henry Clay 10. Martin Van Buren 11. Edward Livingston 12. Louis McLane. 13. John Forsyth.

Do. 14. Daniel Webster

Do.. 15. Abel P. Upshur. 16. John C. Calhoun 17. James Buchanan 18. John M. Clayton 19. Daniel Webster 20. Edward Everett. 21. William L. Marcy 22. Lewis Cass ..... 23. Jeremiah S. Black 24. William H. Seward

Do

Do 25. Elihu B. Washburne 26. Hamilton Fish

Do 27. William M. Evarts 28. James G. Blaine 29. Frederick T. Frelinghuysen 30. Thomas F. Bayard. 31. James G. Blaine 32. John W. Foster 33. Walter Q. Gresham 34. Richard Olney. 35. John Sherman. 36. William R. Day 37. John Hay

Do

Do 38. Elihu Root. 39. Robert Bacon 40. Philander C. Knox 41. William Jennings Bryan. 42. Robert Lansing 43. Bainbridge Colby 44. Charles Evans Hughes

Do

Sept. 26, 1789 George Washington. Mar. 4, 1793

Do.
Jan. 2, 1794

Do.
Dec. 10, 1795 Do.
Mar. 4, 1797 John Adams.
May 13, 1800 Do.
Mar. 5, 1801 Thomas Jefferson.
Mar. 4, 1805

Do.
Mar. 6. 1809 James Madison.
Apr. 2, 1811

Do.
Feb. 28, 1815 Do.
Mar. 5, 1817 James Monroe.
Mar. 5, 1821

Do.
Mar. 7, 1825 John Quincy Adams.
Mar. 6. 1829 Andrew Jackson.
May 24, 1831 Do.
May 29, 1833 Do.
June 27, 1834 Do.
Mar. 4, 1837 Martin Van Buren.
Mar. 5, 1841 William H. Harrison.
Apr. 6, 1841

John Tyler.
July 24, 1843 Do.
Mar. 6, 1844

Do.
Mar. 6, 1845 James K. Polk.
Mar. 7, 1849 Zachary Taylor
July 22, 1850 Millard Fillmore.
Nov. 6, 1852.

Do
Mar. 7, 1853 Franklin Pierce.
Mar. 6, 1857 James Buchanan.
Dec. 17, 1860 Do.
Mar. 5, 1861 Abraham Lincoln.
Mar. 4, 1865

Do.
Apr. 15, 1865 Andrew Johnson.
Mar. 5, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant.
Mar. 11, 1869 Do.
Mar. 17, 1873 Do.
Mar. 12. 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes.
Mar. 5, 1881 James A. Garfield.
Dec. 12, 1881 Chester A. Arthur.
Mar. 6, 1885 Grover Cleveland,
Mar. 5, 1889 Benjamin Harrison.
June 29, 1892 Do.
Mar. 6, 1893 Grover Cleveland.
June 8, 1895

Do.
Mar. 5, 1897 William McKinley.
Apr. 26, 1898 Do.
Sept. 20, 1898 Do.
Mar. 5, 1901

Do.
Mar. 6, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt.
July 7, 1905

Do. Jan. 27, 1909 Mar. 5, 1909 William H. Taft. Mar. 5, 1913 Woodrow Wilson. June 23, 1915 Do. Mar. 22, 1920 Do. Mar. 4. 1921 Warren G. Harding.

Calvin Coolidge.

Do.

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1. Alexander Hamilton.

Do 2. Oliver Wolcott, Jr

Do 3. Samuel Dexter

Do. 4. Albert Gallatin

Do.

Do 5. George W. Campbell 6. Alexander J. Dallas 7. William H. Crawford

Do

Sept. 11, 1789 Mar. 4, 1793 Feb. 2, 1795 Mar. 4, 1797 Jan 1801 Mar. 4, 1801 May 14, 1801 Mar. 4, 1805 Mar. 4, 1809 Feb. 9, 1814 Oct. 6, 1814 Oct. 22, 1816 Mar. 5, 1817 Mar. 5, 1821 Mar. 7, 1825 Mar. 6, 1829 Aug. 8, 1831 May 29, 1833 Sept. 23, 1833 June 27, 1834 Mar. 4, 1837 Mar. 5, 1841 Apr. 6, 1841 Sept. 13, 1841 Mar. 3, 1843 June 15, 1844

George Washington.

Do.

Do
John Adams.

Do.
Thomas Jefferson.

Do.

Do.
James Madison.

Do.
Do

Do.
James Monroe.

Do.
John Quincy Adams.
Andrew Jackson.

Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Martin Van Buren.
William H. Harrison.
John Tyler.

Do.
Do.

Do.
James K. Polk.

Do.
Zachary Taylor.
Millard Fillmore.

Do.
Franklin Pierce.
James Buchanan.

Do.

Do. Abraham Lincoln.

Do.

Do
Andrew Johnson.
Ulysses S. Grant.

Do.
Do.
Do.

Mar. 6, 1845 Mar. 8. 1849

July 23, 1850 Mar. 7, 1853 Mar. 6, 1857 Dec. 12, 1860 Jan. 11, 1861 Mar. 5, 1861 July 1, 1864 Mar. 7, 1865 Apr. 15, 1865 Mar. 11, 1869 Mar. 17, 1873 June 2, 1874 June 21, 1876

Do 8. Richard Rush 9. Samuel D. Ingham 10. Louis McLane.. 11. William J. Duane 12. Roger B. Taney 13. Levi Woodbury

Do 14. Thomas Ewing

Do 15. Walter Forward 16. John C. Spencer. 17. George M. Bibb

Do... 18. Robert J. Walker 19. William M. Meredith.

Do 20. Thomas Corwin 21. James Guthrie 22. Howell Cobb 23. Phillip F. Thomas 24. John A. Dix 25. Salmon P. Chase.. 26. William Pitt Fessenden 27. Hugh McCulloch

Do......

28 George S. Boutwell. 29. William A. Richardson. 30. Benjamin H. Bristow 31. Lot M. Morrill.

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June 21, 1876
Mar. 8, 1877
Mar. 5, 1881
Oct. 27, 1881
Sept. 24, 1884
Oct. 28, 1884

Mar. 6, 1885
Apr. 1, 1887

Mar. 5, 1889
Feb. 24, 1891

Mar. 6, 1893

Lot M. Morrill 32. John Sherman.. 33. William Windom 34. Charles J. Folger. 35. Walter Q. Gresham. 36. Hugh McCulloch.

Do 37. Daniel Manning.. 38. Charles S. Fairchild

Do 39. William Windom 40. Charles Foster.

Do 41. John G. Carlisle.

Do 42. Lyman J. Gage.

Do 43. Leslie M. Shaw

Do 44. George B. Cortelyou. 45. Franklin MacVeagh. 46. William G. McAdoo 47. Carter Glass 48. David Franklin Houston 49. Andrew W. Mellon..

Do

Do 50. Ogden L. Mills 51. William H. Woodin 52. Henry Morgenthau, Jr

Do 53. Fred M. Vinson. 54. John W. Snyder 55. George M. Humphrey. 56. Robert B. Anderson 57. Douglas Dillon 58. Henry H. Fowler 59. Joseph W. Barri 60. David M. Kennedy 61. John B. Connally. 62. George P. Shultz. 63. William E. Simon

Do 64. W. Michael Blumenthal 65. G. William Miller 66. Donald T. Regan.

Mar. 5, 1897
Mar. 5, 1901
Jan. 9, 1902
Mar. 6, 1905
Mar. 4, 1907
Mar. 5, 1909
Mar. 5, 1913
Dec. 6, 1918
Jan. 31, 1920
Mar. 4, 1921

Rutherford B. Hayes.

Do.
James A. Garfield.
Chester A. Arthur.

Do.

Do.
Grover Cleveland.

Do.

Do.
Benjamin Harrison.

Do.

Do.
Grover Cleveland,

Do.
William McKinley.

Do.

Do.
Theodore Roosevelt.

Do.

Do.
William H. Taft.
Woodrow Wilson.

Do.

Do.
Warren G. Harding.
Calvin Coolidge.
Herbert C. Hoover.

Do.
Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Do.
Harry S. Truman.

Do.

Do.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Do.
John F. Kennedy.
Lyndon B. Johnson.

Do.
Richard M. Nixon.

Do.
Do.

Do.
Gerald R. Ford.
Jimmy Carter.

Do.
Ronald Reagan.

Feb. 10, 1932
Mar. 4, 1933
Jan. 1, 1934

July 18, 1945
June 12, 1946
Jan. 21, 1953
July 29, 1957
Jan. 21, 1961
Apr. 1, 1965
Dec. 21, 1968
Jan. 21, 1969
Feb. 11, 1971
June 12, 1972
May 7, 1974

Jan. 21, 1977
Aug. 6, 1979
Jan. 22, 1981

1 Recess appointment. Received new commission Jan. 9, 1969, upon confirmation by the Senate.

SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE*

953

President

Harry S. Truman.

Do.
Do.

Do.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Do.

Do.
John F. Kennedy.
Lyndon B. Johnson.

Do.
Richard M. Nixon.

Do.
Do.

Name

When appointed

1. James V. Forrestal..
2. Louis A. Johnson
3. George C. Marshall
4. Robert A. Lovett.
5. Charles E. Wilson
6. Neil Hosler McElroy.
7. Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr.
8. Robert S. McNamara.

Do
9. Clark M. Clifford
10. Melvin R. Laird.
11. Elliot L. Richardson...
12. James R. Schlesinger.

*See footnote at end of table.

July 28, 1947
Mar. 23, 1949
Sept. 20, 1950
Sept. 14, 1951
Jan. 26, 1953
Oct. 4, 1957
Dec. 1, 1959
Jan. 21, 1961

Mar. 1, 1968
Jan. 21, 1969
Feb. 2, 1973
June 29, 1973

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• The National Security Act of 1947, Public Law 253, 80th Cong., approved July 26, 1947, created the office of Secretary of Defense and merged the War and Navy Departments into the National Military Establishment.

SECRETARIES OF WAR*

954

Name

When appointed

President

1. Harry Knox

Do

2. Timothy Pickering
3. James McHenry.

Do
4. Samuel Dexter
5. Roger Griswold
6. Henry Dearborn

Do.
7. William Eustis
8. John Armstrong

Do 9. James Monroe. 10. William H. Crawford 11. George Graham 12. John C. Calhoun

Do. 13. James Barbour. 14. Peter B. Porter 15. John H. Eaton. 16. Lewis Cass

Do. 17. Joel R. Poinsett 18. John Bell

Do 19. John McLean 20. John C. Spencer. 21. James M. Porter 22. William Wilkins 23. William L. Marcy 24. George W. Crawford 25. Charles M. Conard 26. Jefferson Davis 27. John B. Floyd. 28. Joseph Holt 29. Simon Cameron 30. Edwin M. Stanton

Do

Do 31. Ulysses S. Grant. 32. Lorenzo Thomas 33. John M. Schofield 34. John A. Rawlins

William T. Sherman 35. William W. Belknap

Do 36. Alphonso Taft 37. James D. Cameron 38. George W. McCrary 39. Alexander Ramsey 40. Robert T. Lincoln

Do 41. William C. Endicott 42. Redfield Proctor. 43. Stephen B. Elkins 44. Daniel S. Lamont 45. Russell A. Alger 46. Elihu Root..

Sept. 12, 1789 Mar. 4, 1793 Jan. 2, 1795 Jan. 27, 1796 Mar. 4, 1797 May 13, 1800 Feb. 3, 1801 Mar. 5, 1801 Mar. 4, 1805 Mar. 7, 1809 Jan. 13, 1813 Mar. 4, 1813 Sept. 27, 1814 Aug. 1, 1815 Apr. 7, 1817 Oct. 8, 1817 Mar. 5, 1821 Mar. 7, 1825 May 26, 1828 Mar. 9, 1829 Aug. 1, 1831 Mar. 4, 1833 Mar. 7, 1837 Mar. 5, 1841 Apr. 6, 1841 Sept. 13, 1841 Oct. 12, 1841 Mar. 8. 1843 Feb. 15, 1844 Mar. 6, 1845 Mar. 8, 1849 Aug. 15, 1850 Mar. 17, 1853 Mar. 6, 1857 Jan. 18, 1861 Mar. 5, 1861 Jan. 15, 1862 Mar. 4, 1865 Apr. 15, 1865 Aug. 12, 1867 Feb. 21, 1868 May 28, 1868 Mar. 11, 1869 Sept. 9. 1869 Oct. 25, 1869 Mar. 17, 1873 Mar. 8, 1876 May 22, 1876 Mar. 12, 1877 Dec. 10, 1879 Mar. 5, 1881 Sept. 20, 1881 Mar. 6, 1885 Mar. 5, 1889 Dec. 22, 1891 Mar. 6, 1893 Mar. 5, 1897 Aug. 1, 1899 Mar. 5, 1901 Feb. 1, 1904 Mar. 6, 1905 June 29, 1908 Mar. 5, 1909 May 16, 1911 Mar. 5, 1913 Mar. 7, 1916 Mar. 5, 1921

George Washington.

Do.
Do.

Do.
John Adams.

Do.

Do.
Thomas Jefferson.

Do.
James Madison.

Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
James Monroe.

Do.

Do.
John Quincy Adams.

Do.
Andrew Jackson.

Do.

Do.
Martin Van Buren.
William H. Harrison.
John Tyler

Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
James K. Polk.
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore.
Franklin Pierce.
James Buchanan.

Do.
Abraham Lincoln.

Do.

Do.
Andrew Johnson.

Do.
Do.

Do.
Ulysses S. Grant.

Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.

Do. Rutherford B. Hayes.

Do.
James A. Garfield.
Chester A. Arthur.
Grover Cleveland.
Benjamin Harrison,

Do.
Grover Cleveland.
William McKinley.

Do.

Do

Do.

47. William H. Taft

Do 48. Luke E. Wright.. 49. Jacob M. Dickinson 50. Henry Lewis Stimson 51. Lindley M. Garrison 52. Newton D. Baker. 53. John Wingate Weeks.

Do 54. Dwight F. Davis. See footnote at end of table.

Theodore Roosevelt.

Do.

Do.
William H. Taft.

Do.
Woodrow Wilson.

Do. Warren G. Harding. Calvin Coolidge.

Do.

Oct. 13, 1925

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