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President

Woodrow Wilson,

Do.
Warren G. Harding.
Calvin Coolidge.

Do.
Herbert C. Hoover.

Do.
Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Do.
Do.

Do.
Harry S. Truman.

Do.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Do.

Do.
John F. Kennedy,
Lyndon B. Johnson.

Do.

Do
Richard M. Nixon.

Do.

Do.
Gerald R. Ford.

Do
Do.

Name

When appointed

Mar. 5, 1913
Dec. 11, 1919
Mar. 5, 1921

1. William C. Redfield.
2. Joshua Wills Alexander
3. Herbert C. Hoover..

Do
4. William F Whiting.
5. Robert Patterson Lamont
6. Roy Dikeman Chapin
7. Daniel C. Roper
8. Harry L. Hopkins.
9. Jesse H. Jones.
10. Henry A. Wallace...
11. W. Averell Harriman
12. Charles Sawyer.
13. Sinclair Weeks.
14. Lewis L. Strauss
15. Frederick Henry Mueller
16. Luther H. Hodges...
17. John T. Connor
18. Alexander B. Trowbridge
19. CR Smith
20. Maurice H. Stans
21. Peter G. Peterson
22. Frederick B. Dent.

Do 23. Rogers C. B. Morton 24. Elliot L. Richardson

See footnotes at end of table.

Aug. 21, 1928
Mar. 5, 1929
Aug. 8, 1932
Mar. 4, 1933
Dec. 24, 1938
Sept. 16, 1940
Mar. 1, 1945
Sept. 28, 1946
May 6, 1948
Jan. 21, 1953
Nov. 13, 1958
Aug. 6, 1959
Jan. 21, 1961
Jan. 18, 1965
June 14, 1967
Mar. 6, 1968
Jan. 21. 1969
Feb. 29, 1972
Feb. 2, 1973

May 1, 1975
Feb. 1, 1976

68-880 0 - 82 - 50

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Recess appointment. Nomination not confirmed by the Senate (June 18, 1959).

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When appointed

President

Apr. 10, 1953
Aug. 1, 1955
Aug. 1, 1958
Jan. 21, 1961
July 30, 1962
Aug. 18, 1965
May 16, 1968
Jan. 21, 1969
June 24, 1970
Feb. 8, 1973

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Do.

Do.
John F. Kennedy

Do.
Lyndon B. Johnson.

Do.
Richard M. Nixon.

Do.

Do.

Aug. 8, 1975
Jan. 25, 1977
Aug. 3, 1979
Jan. 22, 1981

Gerald R. Ford.

Do. Jimmy Carter

Do. Ronald Reagan.

Name

1. Oveta Culp Hobby. 2. Marion Folsom. 3. Arthur S. Flemming 4. Abraham Ribicoff. 5. Anthony J. Celebrezze. 6. John W. Gardner.. 7. Wilbur J. Cohen 8. Robert H. Finch, 9. Elliot L. Richardson 10. Caspar W. Weinberger

Do.. 11. Forrest David Mathews 12. Joseph A. Califano, Jr. 13. Patricia Roberts Harris 14. Richard S. Schweiker

*The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was created by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953, approved Apr. 1, 1953 (67 Stat. 18; 5 U.S.C. 623), which, effective Apr. 11, 1953, abolished the Federal Security Agency and transferred its functions to the new Department Name changed from Department of Health, Education, and Welfare effective May 4, 1980, pursuant to Executive Order 12212 of May 2, 1980.

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Recess appointment.

*The Department of Housing and Urban Development was created by Public Law 89-174, approved Sept. 9, 1965.

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*The Department of Transportation was created by Public Law 89-670, approved Oct. 15, 1966.

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*The Department of Energy was created by Public Law 95-91, approved Aug. 4, 1977.

967

SECRETARIES OF EDUCATION*

Name

When appointed

President

1. Shirley Mount Hufstedler
2. T. H. Bell

Dec. 6. 1979
Jan. 23, 1981

Jimmy Carter.
Ronald Reagan.

*The Department of Education was created by Public Law 96-88, approved Oct. 17, 1979, and became effective May 4, 1980, pursuant to Executive Order 12212 of May 2, 1980.

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2.044
45,308

7,787
58,910 Seceded Jan. 19, 1861. Readmitted to representation by the

act of July 15, 1870.
5,018
8,284
10,460
31,113 Seceded Dec. 20, 1860. Readmitted to representation upon

ratifying the fourteenth amendment, July 9, 1868.
9,279
40,767 Seceded Apr. 17, 1861. Readmitted to representation by the

act of Jan. 26, 1870.
49,108
52,669 Seceded May 21, 1861. Readmitted to representation upon

ratifying the fourteenth amendment, July 4, 1868.
1,212

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'The Constitution was adopted by convention of the States Sept. 17, 1787, and was subsequently ratified by the several States in the order listed. 2 Unanimous.

3 The area of Virginia at the date of ratification was 61,352 square miles, but Dec. 31, 1862, a portion of its territory was set off and admitted into the Union as a free and independent State under the name of West Virginia.

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