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[971] STATES ADMITTED INTO THE UNION SINCE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION

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9,614 Formed from a portion of the territory of the State of New York.
40,409 Formed from a portion of the territory of the State of Virginia.
42,144 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by North Carolina. Seceded

June 8, 1861. Readmitted to representation by joint resolution of July 24, 1866.
41,330 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the State of Virginia.
47,752 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by France under the treaty of

Paris of Apr. 30, 1803. Seceded Jan. 26, 1861. Readmitted to representation

upon ratifying the fourteenth amendment, July 9, 1868. 36,185 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the State of Virginia. 47,689 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the States of Georgia and

South Carolina. Seceded Jan. 9, 1861. Readmitted to representation by act of

Feb. 23, 1870.
56,345 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the State of Virginia.
51,705 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the States of South

Carolina and Georgia. Seceded Jan. 11, 1861. Readmitted to representation

upon ratifying the fourteenth amendment, July 13, 1868.
33,265 Formed from a portion of the territory of the State of Massachusetts.
69,697 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by France,

under the name of "Louisiana," by the treaty of Paris of 1803.
53,187 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by France,

under the name of "Louisiana," by the treaty of Paris of 1803. Seceded May 6,
1861. Readmitted to representation upon ratifying the fourteenth amendment,

June 22, 1868.
58,527 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the State of Virginia.
58,664 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by Spain by treaty of

Washington of Feb. 22, 1819. Seceded Jan. 11, 1861. Readmitted to representa

tion upon ratifying the fourteenth amendment, June 25, 1868.
266,807 This State was originally a part of the Republic of Mexico, but by a successful

revolt the people established for themselves an independent republican gov.
ernment, and were subsequently annexed to the United States. Seceded Feb. 1,

1861. Readmitted to representation by the act of Mar. 30, 1870.
56,275 Formed from a portion of the Territory of Wisconsin, as the "Territory of Iowa,"

June 12, 1838 56,153 Formed from a portion of the territory of the State of Michigan, as the

"Territory of Wisconsin," Apr. 20, 1836.

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Michigan
Florida.

Iowa

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Wisconsin

May 29, 1848 See footnotes at end of table.

STATES ADMITTED INTO THE UNION SINCE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION-Continued

158,706 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by Mexico by the Treaty of

Guadalupe Hidalgo of Feb. 2, 1848. 84,402 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by France by

the treaty of Apr. 30, 1803. 97,073 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by the treaty with France of

Apr. 30, 1803, the treaty with Spain of Feb. 22, 1819, and the treaty with

Great Britain of June 15, 1846.
82,277 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by France by the treaty of

Apr. 30, 1803, and by the State of Texas, in the settlement of her boundaries,

in 1850.
24,241 Formed from a portion of the territory of the State of Virginia.
110,561 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by Mexico by

the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of Feb. 2, 1848.
77,355 Formed from a petition of the territory ceded to the United States by France by

the treaty of Apr. 30, 1803. 104,091 Formed from portions of the territory ceded to the United States by France by

the treaty of Apr. 30, 1803 and of that ceded by Mexico by the Treaty of

Guadalupe Hidalgo of Feb. 2, 1848.
77,116 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by France by

treaty of Apr. 30, 1803.
70,702 Do.
147,046 Do.
68,139 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by France by treaty of Apr.

30, 1803. The northern boundary of the territory was settled by a treaty with

Great Britain, known as the "Oregon Treaty" of June 15, 1846.
83,564 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by France by

treaty of Apr. 30, 1803.
97,809 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by France by

treaty of Apr. 30, 1803.
84,899 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by Mexico by

the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of Feb. 2, 1848.
69,956 Formed by the union of Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory.
121,593 Formed from a portion of the territory ceded to the United States by Mexico by

the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of Feb. 2, 1848. 114,000 Formed from territory ceded to the United States by Mexico, part by the Treaty

of Guadalupe Hidalgo of Feb. 2, 1848, and part by what is known as the “Gadsden Purchase," Dec. 30, 1853.nu

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State

Date of
admission

Population
at time of
admission

Population

in 1970

Population

in 1980

Area in square miles

Formation

California

Sept. 9, 1850.

107.000

19,971,069

23,668,562

Minnesota

May 11, 1858.

150,042

3,806,103

4,077,148

Oregon.

Feb. 14, 1859

52,465

2,091,533

2,632,663

Kansas.

Jan. 29, 1861

107,206

2,249,071

2,363,208

West Virginia
Nevada

June 19, 1863.
Oct. 31, 1864.

376,683
*40,000

1,744,237

488,738

1,949,644

799,184

Nebraska

Mar. 1, 1867

*60,000

1,485,333

1,570,006

Colorado

Aug. 1, 1876

150,000

2,209,596

2,888,834

South Dakota

Nov. 2. 1889.

666,257

690,178

*460,000

North Dakota
Montana
Washington

Nov. 2, 1889.
Nov. 8, 1889.
Nov. 11, 1889

112,000
*273,000

617,792

694,409
3,413,244

652,695

786,690
4,130,163

Idaho.

July 3, 1890.

84,385

713,010

943,935

Wyoming

July 10, 1890

60,705

332,416

470,816

Utah

Jan. 4, 1896

*241,000

1,059,273

1,461,037

Oklahoma
New Mexico

Nov. 16, 1907
Jan. 6, 1912

*1,414,177

*338,470

2,559,463
1,017,055

3,025,266
1,299,968

Arizona

Feb. 14, 1912

*216,639

1,775,399

2,717,866

See footnotes at end of table.

STATES ADMITTED INTO THE UNION SINCE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION-Continued

State

Date of
admisa ion

Population
at time of
admission

Population

Population

Area in
square
miles

in 1980

Formation

in 1970

Alaska

Jan. 3, 1959

*211.000

302,583

400.481

591,004 Formed from territory coded to the United States by Russia by treaty of Mar.

30, 1867. 6,471 | Formed from the territory of the Republic of Hawaii, annexed to the United

Stales by act of Congreas of July 7, 1898.

Huwau.

Aug. 21, 1959

*505,000

769,913

965.000

.

1

• Estimated

By Public LW 204 of the 8ild Cong , approved Aug. 7. 1953 (67 Stat. 407), Congreus corrected an oversight of one and a half centuries and formally admitted the State of Ohio to the Union, wetting Mar. 1, 1803, as the effective date of admission.

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Territory

Date of
establishment of

territorial
government

Population

in 1970

District of Columbia

756,668

637,651

69 Established under Art. I, sec. 8, clause 17 of Constitution. Territory originally ceded by

Maryland (legislative act of Dec. 23, 1788) and Virginia (legislative act of Dec. 3, 1789).
Cessions accepted by Congress by act of July 16, 1790; lines and bounds established by
proclamation of President Washington, Mar. 30, 1791. Virginia's cession retroceded by act
of Congress July 9, 1846. The government of the District is administered by a Mayor and
a 13-member Council, all of whom are elected by the citizens of the District of Columbia.
All acts of the council are reviewable by Congress. (Dec. 24, 1973, Pub. L. 93-198.)
Pursuant tr the District of Columbia Delegate Act the District of Columbia now has a
non-voting Delegate to the House of Representatives. (Sept. 22, 1970, Pub. L. 91-405,
88 201-206, 84 Stat. 848.)

(973)

COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO, THE INSULAR POSSESSIONS, AND TRUST TERRITORY OF THE

PACIFIC ISLANDS

Area in
square
miles

Acquisition

3,421 Ceded to United States by Spain by Treaty of Paris, Dec. 10, 1898. The

constitution of the Commonwealth was approved July 3, 1952.
362 Under the terms of the Isthmian Canal Convention of Nov. 18, 1903, the United

States acquired from the Republic of Panama a perpetual right of occupation,
use, and control of and over a zone of land 10 miles in width. For the
privilege the United States paid the Republic of Panama $10,000,000. The

United States also pays Panama $250,000 annually, dating from Feb. 26, 1913.
209 Ceded to the United States by Spain by Treaty of Paris, Dec. 10, 1898.
76 Acquired by the United States Feb. 16, 1900, under terms of tripartite treaty

Dec. 2, 1899. Full sovereignty accepted from native chiefs by United States

Feb. 20, 1929.
132 By purchase from Denmark, Mar. 3, 1917, for $25,000,000. The Revised Organic

Act of 1954 is the basis for the present territorial government.
585 Occupied during World War II. Placed under the United Nations Trusteeship

system in 1947 by agreement with the Security Council of the United Nations.
182 Concluded future political status negotiations in 1975 which will establish a

commonwealth relationship with the U.S. at termination of the trusteeship.
Covenant providing this relationship passed by Congress in March 1976 (P.L.
94-241).

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Insular possession

Date of
establishment of
insular government

Estimated
population

in 1980

Population July 1, 1973

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

July 25, 1952

3,200,000

2,951,000

Canal Zone

Aug. 24, 1912

40,000

41,000

Guam
American Samoa

Aug. 1, 1950

100,000
30,300

100,000
28,300

Virgin Islands.

June 22, 1936

100,000

82,600

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

(')

116,960

107,500

Northern Mariana Islands

Jan. 9, 1978

16,840

14,220

* Administered under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior, with a locally drafted constitution and elected governor and legislature.

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