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STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE
[The 1979 general revision of the rules was accomplished by the adoption
of S. Res. 274 on Nov. 14, 1979, a resolution submitted by Mr. Robert C. Byrd for himself and Mr. Baker; the preparation of the proposed revision was pursuant to the adoption of S. Res. 156 on May 10, 1976, a resolution by Mr. Robert C. Byrd; the general revision of the rules set forth in S. Res. 274 was somewhat altered in form by the adoption of S. Res. 389 on Mar. 25, 1980, to consolidate and renumber certain
standing rules of the Senate. [For the origin of various changes in Senate procedure since 1884 as set
forth in rules changes, adopted resolutions, and Legislative Reorganization Acts, see Standing Rules of the U.S. Senate and Statutory Provisions Relating to Operation of the Senate, dated Apr. 10, 1979, and Rules and Manual, United States Senate, 1977 edition.]
APPOINTMENT OF A SENATOR TO THE CHAIR
1. In the absence of the Vice President, the Senate shall 1.1 choose a President pro tempore, who shall hold the office and execute the duties thereof during the pleasure of the Senate and until another is elected or his term of office as a Senator expires.
2. In the absence of the Vice President, and pending the 1.2 election of a President pro tempore, the Acting President pro tempore or the Secretary of the Senate, or in his absence the Assistant Secretary, shall perform the duties of the Chair.
3. The President pro tempore shall have the right to 1.3 name in open Senate or, if absent, in writing, a Senator to perform the duties of the Chair, including the signing of duly enrolled bills and joint resolutions but such substitution shall not extend beyond an adjournment, except by unanimous consent; and the Senator so named shall have the right to name in open session, or, if absent, in writing, a Senator to perform the duties of the Chair, but not to