An Essay on the Principle of Population: Or, A View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness; with an Inquiry Into Our Prospects Respecting the Future Removal Or Mitigation of the Evils which it Occasions
Reeves and Turner, 1872 - 551 strani
Druge izdaje - Prikaži vse
An Essay on the Principle of Population: Or, a View of Its Past and Present ...
Thomas Robert Malthus
Predogled ni na voljo - 2015
An Essay On the Principle of Population: Or, a View of Its Past and Present ...
Thomas Robert Malthus
Predogled ni na voljo - 2018
according Adam Smith agriculture annual appear arising average calculated capital Captain Cook causes Charlevoix checks to population China circumstances classes of society consequence considerable considered corn cultivation deaths degree diminished distress effect emigration employment encourage England Europe evil extremely famine foundling hospitals France frequently George Staunton greater number habits human improvement increase of population industry inhabitants land laws Lettres Edif live lower classes manner manufactures marry means of subsistence misery mortality Muret nations nature nearly necessarily necessary Norway number of births number of children observed occasioned Pallas parish particularly perhaps period persons polygamy poor poor-laws poverty present prevail preventive check price of labour principal principle of population probably produce proportion of births quantity reason registers respect Russian Empire savage says scarcity Siberia soil sufficient supply suppose Sussmilch Sweden tion Tobolsk towns tribes Vaud Voyage Weyland whole population women
Stran 45 - Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.
Stran 13 - Population invariably increases where the means of subsistence increase, unless prevented by some very powerful and obvious checks. 3. These checks, and the checks which repress the superior power of population, and keep its effects on a level with the means of subsistence, are all resolvable into moral restraint, vice, and misery.
Stran 8 - The positive checks to population are extremely various, and include every cause, whether arising from vice or misery, which in any degree contributes to shorten the natural duration of human life. Under this head, therefore, may be enumerated all unwholesome occupations, severe labour and exposure to the seasons, extreme poverty, bad nursing of children, great towns, excesses of all kinds, the whole train of common diseases and epidemics...
Stran 305 - ... for setting to work all such persons, married or unmarried, having no means to maintain them, and use no ordinary and daily trade of life to get their living by...
Stran 490 - Several writers had said that it is the tendency of population to increase faster than the means of subsistence.
Stran 11 - It very rarely happens that the nominal price of labour universally falls; but we well know that it frequently remains the same, while the nominal price of provisions has been gradually rising. This, indeed, will generally be the case, if the increase of manufactures and commerce be sufficient to employ the new labourers that are thrown into the market, and to prevent the increased supply from lowering the money price.
Stran 430 - Though to marry, in this case, is in my opinion clearly an immoral act, yet it is not one which society can justly take upon itself to prevent or punish ; because the punishment provided for it by the laws of nature, falls directly, and most severely upon the individual who commits the act, and through him, only more remotely and feebly on the society. When nature will govern and punish for us...
Stran 272 - It is a perfectly just observation of Mr. Godwin, that, "There is a principle in human society, by which population is perpetually kept down to the level of the means of subsistence.
Stran 221 - In those parts of the country where the population has been rather diminished by the introduction of grazing, or an improved system of husbandry which requires fewer hands, this effect has chiefly taken place; and I have little doubt that in estimating the decrease of the population since the end of the last, or the beginning of the present century...