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stitution a consolidated government; denies the right | Honduras, English settlements in, 1. 571.
of the Federal Convention to say " We the people" in- | Hopkins, STEPHEN, I. 296.
stead of “ We the States," 14; object of the convention HOPKINSON, FRANCIS, I. 296.
extended only to amend the old system, 14; encomium HOPKINSON, JOSEPII, i. 872; at the New York Convention,
upon General Lee, 14; objects to the expression “We 1812, 558.
the people," 14; liberty; suspicion a virtue, 15; eulogy | HOTTINGCER, M., his ball in honor of the treaty between
on the confederation, 15; representation, 15, 85; amend- Great Britain and America, 1814, ii. 261.
ments, 16; militia, 17; Virginia Bill of Rights, 17, 19; Howe, LORD, message from, to Congress, 1. 293; will never
the judiciary, 20; tax gatherers, 20, 27; powers of the acknowledge the Independence of America, 295; pro-
President; “squinting towards monarchy," 20; elec- ceedings of Congress in relation to the message of, 296;
tions, 21, 88, 89; expenditures of public money; treaty John Witherspoon's speech on the conference with, i
power, 21; remarks on the confederacy of Switzerland, 293.
22, 25; opposition to the constitution, 22; second speech, Hudibras, quoted, il. 876.
23; remarks on Mr. Randolph's letter, 23; case of Josiah Huguenots, i. 151, 183; ii. 52, 287.
Phillips, 24 ; navigation of the Mississippi, 25; Spanish Hudson River, secret committee, appointed by the New
transactions, 25; the federal convention confined to York Convention, to obstruct the, i. 158.
revision only, 26; remarks on the Government of Hol- Hunt, JAMES, ii. 439.
land, 26; style of “We the people” to oblige those Hunt, William P., 11. 441.
likened to a “herd,” 27; representation by "impli- HUNTER, Jonx, ii. 335.
cation,” 28; “implication ” in England, 28; third HUNTER, William, birth; descent; early education; grad-
speech, 28; navigation of the Mississippi ; danger from uates from Brown's University; studies medicine; en-
France; the ambassador at Paris, 29; Holland, Mary- ters Temple at London as student at law; dintinguished
land, Virginia and Pennsylvania, 29, 30; ratifying and associates; admission to Rhode Island Bar; elected to
non-ratifying States, 31; an American dictator, 32; General Assembly; chosen United States Senator, ii.
Virginia and North Carolina, 83; patriotism and genius 835; his politics; speech on the seizure of East Florida,
of Virginia, 33; checks, 34; sheriffs to be collectors of 836, 853; questions constitutionality of Missouri restrie-
revenue, 85; government, national-federal, 37; State tion; appointed Chargé d'Affaires to Brazil; life at Rio
legislatures shorn of their consequence, 37; Albany

de Janeiro; elevation to position of Minister Pleni.
confederacy, 87; origin of the American revolution, 37; potentiary; returns home; his deceaso; anecdotes, 836.
treaty with France, 88; the absurdity of adopting and

Speech on the proposition for seizing East Florida;
amending afterwards, 88.

importance of the question considered, ii. 837 conse-
Henry's mission to Boston," ii. 267.

quences of a war with Spain, 833; further remarks; the
Helvetic Confederacy, i. 248, 366.

proposition, a presidential measure, 339; debates upon
HEWES, JOSEPH, i, 296.

the theories of a constitution in relation to the obsery.
HEWITT, Joux, murder of, i. 427.

ance of treaties, are idle, 841; the measure is to wage
Hildreth's History of the United States, i. 104.

war against Spain; offensive war, 342 ; Mr. Madison's
HILLHOUSE, JAMES, REV., notice of, ii. 144.

definition of war, 342; there cannot be constitutionally
HILLHOUSE, JAMES ABRAHAM, notice of, ii. 144.

a constructive declaration of war, 843; the measure un.
HILLHOUSE, JAMES, 11. 577; birth and education of; college

constitutional; causes of the measure, 843; treaty of
life; invasion of New Haven, 144; elected to the State 1795, 844; negotiation with Spain considered, 845;
Legislature ; treasurer of Yale College ; chosen to Con-

Louisiana convention with France, 844; Presideat
gress; remarks on the ratio of representation; elected Jefferson's message, 1808, considered, 845; mission of
to the Senate; propositions to amend the Federal Con- Don Onis, 845; Mr. Ross's resolutions; Spanish spoli.
stitution ;-Chief Justice Marshall's letter on the sub- ations, actual sufferers from, 846 ; further remarks ;
ject, 145; William H. Crawford's opinion; opinions of the necessity of the measure, 847 ; Spaniards will es-
James Madison and Chancellor Kent; elected com-

cite the Indians ; black troops, 843; insurrections; war
missioner of the Connecticut School Fund; his success,

with Spain will ruin the war with England; case of
146; the Farmington and Hampshire Canal; his last

Mathews, 349; Louis XIV., and Frederick of Prussia ;
days and death, 147.

seizure of the Danish fleet by England considered,
Speech in the case of John Smith, for participation in 350; political consequences resulting from the measure,
the conspiracy of Aaron Burr; reply to Mr. Adams, of

852.
Mass., 147; case of William Blount, referred to; Ken-HUNTINGTON, MR., ii. 878.
tucky memorial, 148; case of Mr. Marshall considered, Huston, GENERAL Felix, il. 579.
149; Elias Glover; Aaron Burr, 150; Smith's intimacy HUTCHINSON, Tuomas, opinion of writs of assistance, L. 8;
with Aaron Burr; case of, compared with that of Com- notice of, ii. 247.
modore Truxton, 151; deposition of General Eaton con-

Hyperion," Josiah Quincy's essays, under the signature
sidered, 152: Washita settlement; conduct of Mr. Smith of, 1. 384.
reviewed, 158; testimony of Colonel James Taylor; the
“Querist ; " secret societies, 154; remarks on tho Brit-

I
ish treaty, il. 140.
HILLHOUSE, WILLIAM, notice of, ii. 144.

Increase of the Nary, Henry Clay's speech on an, ti. 261.
HOFFMAN, OG DEN, in the case of the Neriede, ii. 96.

Indian Corn, amount exported from the United States in
Holland, government of, i. 26, 29.

1803, il. 299.
HOLLAND, LORD, ii. 84.

Indians, the American, i. 470; Samuel G. Drake's history
HOLMES, A., his memoir of the French Protestants who of the, ii. 355 ; fate of the, 438.
settled at Oxford, Mass., ii. 287.

INGERSOLL, JARED, ii. 52, 606.
HOLMES, MR., of Massachusetts, remarks on the Seminole Imports, for protection, uncorstitational, ii. 488.
war, ii. 279, 284.

Inaugural Address, of John Adams, 1797, 1. 248; of George
Holt's New York Gazette, i. 850, 454.

Washington, 1789, 252.

Independent Reflector, account of the, 1. 83.

1775, 43; his opinion of the “Address to the inhabitants
Internal Improvement, system of; originated with James of Great Britain," 152; trial of Harry Croswell, for a

Monroe, ii. 168; Henry Clay's speech on, 1824, 286; Mr. libel on, 204; death of, i. 235 ; tribute to, by T. A.
McDuffie's speech on, 382; John Caldwell Calhoun's Emmet, i. 536; ii. 41, 218, 308, 312, 345, 360, 436, 442; his
speech on,
479.

first election to the Presidency described, 53 ; his ad-
Ireland, the condition of, in 1791, 99 ; i. 625; Letter from ministration, 75; his opinion of John Q. Adams, 243;

Congress to the people of, 153; History of, by T. A. tribute to, by Henry Clay, 266; William Wirt's discourse
Emmet, 527.

on the life and character of, 433; the character of, by Wil-
Irishmen, Societies of United, i. 526.

liam Wirt, 449; " resistance to tyrants is obedience to
IRVING, WASHINGTON, his Life of Washington, i. 251.

God;" a summary view of the rights of British Amer-
ica, by, 450; his Notes on Virginia, 454; as Vice-Presi-
dent;

his administration, 456; his house at Monticello,
J

458; protest for the Virginia Legislaturo prepared by
JACKMAN, trlal of, " for the Goodridge robbery," li. 401.

him, 576; letter to William B. Giles, on Consolidation,
JACKSON, GEN. Andrew, i. 126; ii. 262, 274, 836, 681; at

577.
the battle of New Orleans, 219.

JEFFERSON AND ADAMS, Wirt's Discourse on the Lives and
JACKSON, MR., i. 443, 476.

Characters of, ii. 443, 460.
Jackson, Fort, treaty of, 1814, il. 274; compared with that Jones, Sie WILLIAX, lernishes the motto for the alliance
of Ghent, 275.

medal, i. 3.
Jacksonburgh, S. C., Legislature meets at, i. 309.

JONES, SAMUEL, I. 565.
JAMES THE SECOND compared with George the Third, 1. 53. JOHNSON, SAMUEL, D. D., President of King's College, New
JAQUITH, Miss.-See Knapp's trial.

York, i. 151.
JAY, AUGUSTUS, i. 151.

JOHNSON, THOMAS, I. 286.
Jar, Joun, ancestry and birth of; education and tutor; Johnson, Sie WILLIAM, 1. 428.

enters King's College; college life; intimacy with Pres. Jonson, Ben, i. 168.
ident Johnson; graduates and commences the study of Judiciary, Uriah Tracy's speech on the, 1802, s. 442 ; speech
law with Benjamin Kissam; enters on practice, i. 151 ;

of Gouverneur Morris on the, 1802, i. 457 ; William B.
partnership with R. R. Livingston; marries; Boston Giles, speech on the, il. 205.
Port Bill; minutes of the committee appointed to con- Judiciary Act, Mr. Bayard's speech on the, 11. 55; Tristam
sider the Boston Port Bill; appointed to the Continent Burges' speech on, 320, 322.
al Congress ; " address to the inhabitants of Great Brito | Judiciary Committee, Sergeant 8. Prentiss, chairman of, ii.
ain;" the “Committee of Observation;" the “Commit-

581.
tee of Association ;" letter to the Lord Mayor and Jurisprudence, improvements in, ii. 429.
Magistrates of London; elected to the second Con.
gress; battle of Lexington; Congress raises militia;
rules and regulations of the American army adopt-
ed; General Sullivan proposed by Mr. Jay, 152 ; let- KEITH, Maby, mother of Chief Justice Marshall, ií. 7.
ters to the inhabitants of Canada and Ireland; ap- KENNEDY, J. P., his life of William Wirt, i. 490, ii. 441, 443.
pointed colonel of the New York militia; singular inter- KENT, JAMES, Chancellor, his opinion of James Hillhouse's
view with a French officer; elected to the colonial Con propositions to amend the Federal Constitution, ii. 146.
gress of New York; Declaration of Independence ; ap- Kentucky, powers of the district judges of, under the old
pointed on a secret committee to obstruct the Hudson establishment, ii. 77; Colonization Society of, Henry
river; visits Connecticut, 153; Constitution of the State Clay's address before, 262.
of New York; appointed chief justice, and member of KILEN, WILLIAM, Chancellor of Delaware, i. 273.
the Council of Safety; charge to the grand jury; Bur- Killala, Ireland, French troops land at, i. 526.
goyne's campaign, 154; delegate to Congress on a Kixg, Sir PETER, account of, i. 7.
special occasion; elected President of Congress; ap-King, RICHARD, ii. 33.
pointed minister to Spain; arrival at Madrid; difficulty King, Rufus, ancestry and birth of; Byfield Academy; enters
in negotiating loans; treaty of peace, 156; arrives at Harvard College; his career; his early powers of oratory;
New York ; receives the freedom of the city; re-elected the study of law and admission to the bar, ii. 33; ac-
to Congress; secretary of Foreign Affairs ; "the Federa companies General Sullivan to Rhode Island; success
list;" member of the Federal Convention of New York; at the bar; his first cause ; elected to the Massachusetts
appointed Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Legislature; speech on commercial regulations, 1784;
Court; letter from President Washington; treaty with chosen to the Continental Congress; slavery restriction,
Great Britain; letter to President Washington; Jay's 83 ; Federal Constitution; Massachusetts Convention;
life and writings quoted, 157 ; opposition to his treaty; labors in the difficulties in the adoption of the constitu-
anecdote of the King of England; Hamilton's " Camil tion, 34; removes to New York; elected to Congress;
lus;" Fisher Ames' speech; elected Governor of New advocates the British Treaty; essays under the title of
York; declines a re-election; nominated for the Chief “ Camillus"; eligibility of Albert Gallatin; his speech
Justiceship of the Supreme Court; retirement from in opposition to the right of taking his seat, 34; appoint-
public life, and death; William Sullivan's estimate of ed minister to Great Britain; his great personal in-
bis character; letter to Richard Hatfield, quoted, 158 ; fluence abroad, 85; removal to Long Island; re-elected to
Address to the people of Great Britain, 159 ; speech of the United States Senate; the War of 1812; his position;
Fisher Ames on the Treaty of, 104; list of the papers speech on the destruction of Washington; nominated
contributed to the Federalist, by, 126; notices of, i. 43, for governor; defeated; again elected to the Senate;
120, 286, 565.

the public lands and navigation system ; appointed
JAY, PIEBRE, 1. 151.

minister to Great Britain ; ill health and death, 85; at
JEFFERSON, Thomas, i. 6, 92, 126, 150, 153, 286, 350, 429, 489, Philadelphia, il. 9; New York Convention, 1812, 558,

657; appointed to fill the place of R. H. Lee, in Congress, notice of, 270.

Speech on the Navigation Act; agriculture; manufac- | LECHLER, JOHN, execution of, ii. 227.
tures and commerce the true source of the wealth of LEE, ABTUUR, I. 275; biographical skotch of, 42.
nations, 85; assistance to be derived from Davigation; LEE, CHARLES, I. 50; Brackenridge's strictures on, 1. 856.
the value and importance of national shipping and sea- LEE, GENERAL, Patrick Henry's encomium on, 1. 14.
men; the Colonial system; navigators of the sixteenth LEE, HENRY, Il. 555; birth and parentage; college life, and
and seventeenth centuries; Navigation Act of England, graduation; enters the Virginia line, and joins the Amer.
of the seventeenth century; its object, 36; commercial ican army, 1777; account of one of his earliest military
aggrandizement of England; the commercial system of exploits, i. 447; bravery at the battle of Germantown;
the United States; tonnage and seamen of the United promotion; attack on Paulus Hook ; appointed Lien-
States before the revolution, 37; loss in freights; the tenant-colonel commandant; his memoirs of the War in
importance of an efficient navy, 88; timber and lumber the Southern Department; retires to private life; elected
trade, 39; reciprocity; Jay's treaty; Mr. Pitt's bill; poli- to the Legislature of Virginia, and to Congress; member
cy of the treaty of peace, 1783, 40; account of the peace; of the Federal Convention; elected governor; the
negotiations with England, after the revolution, 42; bill " Whiskey Insurrection," 448; elected to Congress;
before the Senate not unfriendly to England; the charac- selected to pronounce an oration in memory of Presje
ter of England; Americans and Englishmen; the fisher. dent Washington; injured in a political riot at Balti-
les, 43 ; speech on the Missouri bill; powers of Congress, more; visit to the West Indies; death; his literary
respecting the territory and property of the United productions, 449; eulogy on Washington, 449; defeat
States; Missouri; admission of new States, 44; slavery of Braddock; Washington at Trenton, Morristown
in the old thirteen States; slave trade; the Confederation; Brandywine, and Monmouth ; Gates and Greene, 450;
the ratification of, 44; influence of the small States upon the administration of Washington; the pacification
the large ones; the ordinance of 1787; Louisiana; the of the Indians; neutrality, 451; “ First in war, first in
population of in 1804; Stato rights, 46; the term “prop- peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen," 452
erty," 47; introduction of slaves not imputable to the LEE, RICHARD, I. 40.
present generation; equalization of taxes; dispute bo- LEE, RICHARD HENRY, ancestry of; birth and oducation, 1 40;
tween England and the Colonies, considered ; slave death of his father, 40; takes command of a volunteer
representation, 48; property in slaves; equal rights a company; tenders his services to General Braddock
vital principle in a free government; slavery impairs 40; appointed a justice of the peace; made President of
industry, 49; the consequence of the exclusion of slavery the court, 41; elocted to the House of Burgesses ; ns-
from Missouri; condition of slaves in the United States, tural diffidence ; speech in opposition to the importation
1818, 50.

of slaves, 41 ; joins the “Republican" party; opposition
King William School, at Annapolis, Md., ii. 93.

to, and exposure of Robinson; supports Patrick Henry's
KIRKLAND), Dr., his sketch of the life of Fisher Ames, l. 92; Stamp Act resolutions, 41; lotter to John Dickinson, in
his sketch of the life of George Cabot, 558.

reference to the declaratory act, 41; a member of the
KISSAM, BENJAMIN, i. 151.

Congress of 1774, 42, 449; notices of, 159, 350 ; denies the
KNAPP, John F., trial of, for the murder of Joseph Whito; right of England to bind the Colonies, 42; commands
Daniel Webster's argument in, ii. 399.

the Virginia militia, i. 43; advocates the payment of
KNAPP, JOSEPH J., arrested for the murder of Joseph White, debts due England; the establishment of a paper cur..
ii. 899.

rency and taxation for the support of the clergy, 49;
KNAPP, N. P.-Seo Knapp's trial.

prepares the address of the colonies to Great Britain ;
KNAPP, SAMUEL H.-See Knapp's trial.

elected to Congress, 1784; death of in 1794; compared
KNAPP, SAMUEL L., his address on the deaths of Adams and with Patrick Henry, 43 ; preface to the Farmer's letters,
Jefferson, ii. 446.

274; speech attributed to, by Botta, il. 452.
Knickerbocker Magazine, sketches of the American bar, ii. Leeward Islands, a hurricane at, i. 183.
858.

LEIGOTOX, ME., testimony in the trial of J. F. Knapp, il.
KNIGIIT, Franklin, his fac simile of General Washington's 406.
accounts, i. 254.

LEIPER, THOMAS. See “ Fort Wilson"
Knox, Dr., Alexander Hamilton's tutor, i. 183.

Lexxox, MAJOR. See “Fort Wilson."
Knox, ELIZABETH, daughter of John Knox, i. 290.

Leopard, attack of the, on the Chesapeake, il. 86.
Knox, Joun, Mary Queen of Scots' opinion of the prayers Letters to Dudley, John Randolph's, il. 135.
of, i. 290.

LEVERETT, Joux, i 7.
KUHN, ADAM, DR., 1. 346.

LAWIS, CAPT., of the “ Miranda Expedition," i. 532.

Lexington, Battle of, i. 152; ii. 319, 365.
L

Lexington, Kentucky, ii. 259; Henry Clay's speech at, Jane

6, 1842, 260.
LACTANTIU8, quoted, i. 265.

Liberty, Patrick Henry's remarks on, i. 15.
LAFAYETTE, GENERAL, ii. 681 ; at the battle of Monmouth, “ Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and insepara

i. 183; John Q. Adams' oration on the life and character ble," ii. 399.
of, ii. 257; Henry Clay's address to, 1824, 317.

Liberty Song," the, i. 275.
LAKE, GENERAL, at Vinegar Hill, i. 526.

LINCOLN, Levi, ii. 237.
Lansdown, MARQUIS OF, commercial treaty of, i. 99. Lixx, MR., of New Jersey, at Jefferson's election, il. 75
LA PLACE, the astronomer, ii. 430.

LINNEN, William, assassinates Dr. David Ramsay, i. 310
Las Casas, his life of Napoleon, ii. 314.

Lisbon, minister to, i. 511.
Latin Prosody, the rudiments of, by James Otis, i. 2. Liston, MR., British Minister, i. 481.
LAURENCE, THOMAS. - See “ Fort Wilson."

Literature, the dangers which beset, ii. 433.
LAURENS, HENEY, I. 802; ii. 184; in England ; President of | LIVERPOOL, LORD, anecdote of, ii. 262.

Congress, resignation of, i. 156; in the Tower of London, LIVINGSTON, BROCKHOLST, judge, i. 429.
ii. 453.

LIVINGSTON, EDWARD, il. 75; birth and education ; destrne-
Lar, the study of, by James Otis, 1. 7.

tion of Esopus; removal to Hurley; graduates st

on, ii. 35.

Princeton College; law studies, ii. 218; commences account of attempt to seize him; scurrilous titles and
practice; New York Federal Convention; election to epithets applied to him by James Rivington, 86; his
Congress; his career; opposes the British treaty, 218; services during the Revolution; his correspondence;
appointed United States Attorney for New York; confidence of Washington in his abilities; elected a
elected Mayor; the yellow fever in New York, 219; re councillor of the American Philosophical Society; re-
moval to New Orleans; the laws of Louisiana; attack tires to private life; writes the “ Primitive Whig;" ap-
on New Orleans, 1812; appointed aid to General Jack pointed a delegato to the Federal Convention; Mr.
son; penal code of Louisiana, 219; election to Congress; Madison's opinion of his influence ; patron of Alex-
speech in the Senate on Mr. Foot's resolution; appoint ander Hamilton, i. 183; Governor of New Jersey ;
ed Secretary of State and minister to France; his last his death, 87; speech to the New Jersey Legislature,
Illness and death, 220.

88
Speech on the Alien Bill; provisions of the, consid- LIVINGSTONE, JOHN, 1. 82.
ered, 220; at war with the fundamental principles of LLOYD, Dr. James, i. 57.
Government; constitutional objections to, 222; conse- LLOYD, EDWARD, Gov. of Maryland, ii. 185.
quences of its operation, 223; a system of espionage, Loan Bill, 1814, William Gaston's speech on the, il. 535.
224,

Loan Office Certificates, John Witherspoon's speech on, i.
Argument against capital punishment, 225 is the 803.
punishment of death in any civilized society necessary ? LOCKE, Joun, 1. 7.
Egypt, Rome, Tuscany, and Russia, proofs to the con- | London, Address to the Lord Mayor and Magistrates of, i.
trary, 226; punishment of the knout, anecdote of, 227; 152.
capital punishment demoralizing and heart-hardening, Long Island, N. Y., Battle of, i. 293; Rufus King's residenco
227; the execution of John Lechler, 227; ease of the
Irish forger, 228; Bentham's Theory of rewards and LORING, Mr., his "Boston Orators," L. 559.
punishments, 230; advantages of capital punishment Loring, MR.-See Knapp's trial.
considered, 231; Dr. Franklin's opinion of, 283; fero- Louisiana, the aborigines of; an extract from David Ram-
cious character impressed on the people, 284; D'Agues say's oration on the cession of, i. 318; the purchase of;
seau quoted, 235; Cicero quoted, 286.

John Randolph's remarks on, ii. 156; convention with
LIVINGSTON, GILBERT, Hamilton's opposition to his amend France respecting, ii. 344; the cession of to the United
ment of the Federal Constitution, i. 195.

States; the population of in 1804, 46; laws of reformod
Livingston Manor, Clermont, New York, ii. 218.

by Edward Livingston, 219; penal code of, 219; the ad-
Livingston, Philip, i. 82.

mission of, 515.
Livingston, Robert, account of him, i. 82.

Louis XIV. in the Netherlands, ii. 850.
LIVINGSTON, R. P.., father of the Chancellor, 1. 850.

Louis XVI., anecdote of the daughter of, i. 501.
Livingston, R. R., Chancellor, i. 43, 159, 296, 841; ancestry of; LOVELL, JAMES, 1. 60.

birth and education; college life and graduation; studies LOVELL, MASTER Joux, biographical sketch of, i. 224, 319,
law; partnership with John Jay, 1. 152; appointed Record 410.
er of New York; hostile to the crown officers; ejected from LOWE, Sir Hudson, the jailer of Napoleon, i. 526.
office; elected to Congress; the Declaration of Inde- | LOWELL, JOHN, i. 410, 557.
pendence, 850; Secretary of Foreign Affairs; appointed | LOWELL, JUDGE, I. 410.
Chancellor of New York; Federal Convention; admin. LOWNDES, WILLIA, ii. 382.
isters the oath of office to Washington; appointed | LOWBIE, ME., of Pa., ii. 122.
minister to France; Louisiana treaty; Robert Fulton; Lucius Junius Brutus."-See Fisher, Amos.
steam navigation; return from France; his literary and Lyox, MB., of Vermont, ii. 75.
scientific character; his death, 351; Dr. John W. Fran-
cis' sketch of, 351; oration before the Cincinnati, 332;
the Purse and the Sword, 355.

M
LIVINGSTON, WILLIAM, I. 152, 286; birth and parentage of;

graduates at Yale College ; studios law; contributes an MACKINTOSH, SIR JAMES, at Edinburgh, i. 525.
essay on the study of law, to the New York Post Boy, Maclay, MR., resolution of, concerning the British treaty,
under the signature of Tyro Philolegix, 1. 82; difficulty 1794, i. 144.
with his law teacher; marries and settles at New York; Madison, JAMES, Bishop, ii. 8.
publishes the poem, Philosophic Solitude; admitted Madison, JAMES, birth and early education; graduates at
to practise; assists William Smith in the publication of Princeton, New Jersey; ill health; advocates religious
the Digest of the Colonial Laws; commenced the public and civil liberty; defence of the Baptists; commences
cation of the Independent Reflector; it is denounced his political career; chosen to the Virginia legislature,
by the pulpit, and is discontinued; aids in the estab i. 9; appointed a councillor; takes bis scat in the Con-
lishment of the New York Society Library; writes tinental Congress; reform of the federal system; dele-
the essays entitled tho Watch Tower, 83; literary pro gate to Annapolis, 1786; member of the Federal Con-
ductions; " The Sontinel ;" “A Now Sermon to an Old vention; his services and roports of the debates, 1. 125;
Text;" letter to the Bishop of Llandaff on the estab a member of the Virginia Convention; his oratory;
lishment of an episcopate in America; “ A Soliloquy," “The Federalist;" list of the numbers contributed by
84; elected president of the Moot; retires to New Jer. him; congressional career; elected to the Virginia legisla-
sey; elected to the Continental Congress; takes com ture; opposes the Alien and Sedition laws; appointed Scc-
mand of the New Jersey militia; elected Governor; retary of State; elected President of the United States;
acquires the name of "Dr. Flint;" contributes to the war with Great Britain; treaty of Ghent; success of his
New Jersey Gazette, under the signature of Horten adıninistration; his death; tribute to his memory by
8ius; essays on the “Conquest of America," 85; con John Quincy Adams, i. 126; Fisher Ames' speech on
tributes to the United States Magazine; acquires the the resolutions of, 1794, 92; estimate of the services
hatred of the British; attempts to make him prisoner; of Gouverneur Morris in the Federal Convention, 453 ;

his opinion of James Hillhouse's proposition to amend regulated, idolized; reply to Mr. Henry, 10; taxation,
the Federal Constitution, ii. 146; his report of, 1799, 11; reference to Governor Randolph's remarks; govern.
11. 575; notices of, i. 558, 565, ii. 54, 239, 249, 261, 812, ment should have that power in peace necessary in war;
842, 890.

confederation, 12; objects of taxation, 13; peuplo's affec-
Speech on the Federal Constitution; replies to Patrick tions the best support of government, 14; advocates
Henry, i. 127: Rhode Island; exclusive legislation; the adoption; equal taxes, 15; judicial system-its benefits,
militia, 128; the army, 129; religion free and unshackled; 16; erroneous principle on which objections are founded;
amendments, 130; taxation; senators and representa- examination of them; cognizance, 16; State courts;
tives, 181; taxes ; Amphictyonic League resembled our protection from infringements on the Constitution;
confederation; the Achæan League; the Germanic sys appeals; disputes between States and the citizens of
tem without energy, 132; Swiss, Holland, unstable, other States, 17; contracts; trial by jury, 18; challeng.
produce anarchy; weakness; merit of the war not at. ing jurors; Lord Fairfax's title, 19; bill of rights merely
tributable to the confederation; object of the con- recommendatory, 20.
federacy, 133, 134: a change necessary, 134; taxation- Speech in the Robbins case, 20; the case of Thomas
is it necessary ? 135; how far practicable, 187; how far Nash, alias Jonathan Robbins, stated ; jurisdiction of a
it may be safe, as well with the public liberty at large nation over its members; jurisdiction of nations over
as to the State legislutures, 189; with respect to econ- offenves committed at sea; principle of the American
omy; powers of general government compared with government, 21; pirates and piracy, 22; reply to Mr.
that of the States; requisitions unfriendly to currency, Nicholas, 23; treason, 24; executive and judicial deci.
140; concurrent collection of taxes, 141; uniformity of sion, cases for, 26; consular connection with France, 26;
Laxes; a navy a security against insults; prospects of case of the ship William, 27; trial of crimes by jury;
population in twenty-five years, 142; Holland not a re- power of the president, 29; independent of judicial aid,
public; the Mississippi ; its navigation, 143; carrying 30; impressed seamen, 31; his opinion of James Hill-
and non-importing States, 144.

house's proposition to amend the Federal Constitution,
Speech on the British treaty, i. 189; treaty of 1783, ii. 145.
144; western posts; negroes carried off during the war; MARSHALL, THOMAS, father of John Marshall, ii. 7.
compensation for, 145; navigation of the Mississippi, Martin, FRANCIS XAVIER, il. 534.
146; " free ships make free goods; ” merchandise not MARTIN, LUTHER, birth and parentage; childhood and early
contraband; Jefferson's letter to Mr. Pinckney, 1798, education ; graduates at Princeton; teaches school;
147, 148; sequestration of British property prohibited; law studies; enters upon the practice of law at Wil.
evils of the treaty; non-exhibition of sea papers; West liamsburg, Virginia; his cotemporaries and associates;
India trade, 148; nation may prohibit all trade between his success, i. 871; early political life; his writings;
a colony and a foreign country, 149; consequence of re- appointed attorney-general of Maryland; the Federal
fusing to carry the treaty into effect, 150.

Constitution ; defence of Judge Chase; notices of, 489,
Madison's Resolutions, operations of, on different nations, ii. 468, 483; President Jefferson ; trial of Aaron Burr;
i. 100; Fisher Ames' speech on, i. 92.

appointed judge; district attorneyship; ill health and
MALBONE, GODFREY, ii. 335.

death, i. 372; estimate of his character and oratory, 872.
MALLORY, DANIEL, his life and speeches of Henry Clay, Remarks on the proceedings of the Federal Conven.
ii. 260.

tion; diversity of powers among the members from the
"Marcellus," John Q. Adams's essays, ii. 249.

several States; the object of Virginia and the large
MARCH, C. W., reminiscences of Congress by, ii. 358.

States, 373; propositions originally submitted to the con-
Marion, GENERAL, tribute to, i. 122.

vent n, 874; acceded to by majority; position of
Marsh, JOSEPH, tutor of Josiah Quincy, Jr., I. 831.

Washington, 375; parties in the convention, 876; the
MARSIALL, John, ii. 359, 580; birth of; early education ; dif- Jersey resolutions; suffrage; the rights of individuals,

ficulties between Great Britain and the American colo- 877; representation, 879; checks; Adams, 382; the
nies; relinquishes his studies and enters the service, ii. 7; Senate; State governments to be annihilated, 883; seat
chosen lieutenant, and marches against Lord Dunmore, of government, 384; representation and direct taxation,
7; account of the action at Great Bridge; appointed 384; blaves--the number of freemen and, 355; eligibil.
first lientenant in the Continental army; promoted to ity of senators and representatives, 886; the veto power;
a captaincy; battles of Germantown, Brandywine, and powers of Congress to collect a revenue, 887; loans, 389;
Monmouth; winter at Valley Forge; acts as deputy the army; militia, 391; slave trade; position of Georgia
judge advocate; Generals Washington and Hamilton; and South Carolina, 390; navigation act; slavery a nation-
enters the College of William and Mary ; law studies; al crime, 891; suspension of the habeas corpus act, in
returns to the army; Arnold's invasion; commences cases of rebellion; state ports ; currency, 892; States
the practice of law; elected to the legislature and the

prohibited from laying imposts, 393; the election of
executive council; marriage, and settlement at Ricb-

president-his powers and term of oflice, 393; vice-pres-
mond; services in the legislature, 8; the Virginia Fede. ident; president-when to be impeached, 894; the
ral Convention; election to the State legislature; return Supreme Court, 895; jury trials; treason defined, 896;
to practice ; Jay's treaty ; visits Philadelphia ; meets erection of States within States, 897 ; religious tests;
the celebrated men of the north; his opinion of them; ratification of the constitution, 898.
appointed attorney-general of the United States, but Maryland, the position of, respecting the Federal Constitu-
declines ; appointed minister to France-declines; the tions, i. 30; Huguenots settled in, li. 52.
commission to France; visits the Continent; return to Maryland Gazette, ii. 35.
the United States; elected to Congress; his speeches ; | Maryland Federal Convention, ii. 98.
appointed Secretary of War and State ; appointed to the Mary, QUEEN OF Scots, opinion of the prayers of John
Supreme Court, 9; his judicial career; his death ; Knox, i. 290.
Justice Story's sketch of his life delivered before the Mason, GEORGE, 1. 33, 126, 178.
Suffolk Bar, at Boston, 10.

Massachusetts, House of Representatives of; their answer
Speech on the Federal Constitution; democracy, well to Governor Eustis's Message, 1828, il. 569; measures

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