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which the Commons of England, ever jea- on the subject; and he agreed pretty well lous of their own dignity, had found so with the protesters : associations at prerespectful as to admit without opposition. sent he held to be highly dangerous, as He knew the forms of the House would they had a natural tendency to sow the not suffer the protest to be introduced ; seeds of discord and division in the state, and he was sorry for it, as he was greatly when unanimity and concord were so neanxious to see all the protests laid upon cessary. He knew that according to the the table.

forms of the House, the protest could not Lord North found the arguments against be admitted, because it contained no the protest in question to be childish and prayer; he was sorry for it, and would be absurd. One gentleman had said, that glad that it had been worded in a manner care had been taken to word it in such that would have rendered it admissible. a manner, that it might not be admitted. Mr. Fuller said, that when the petition Could that gentleman be serious, when he for Sussex had been agreed to, he was saw that it was addressed to the Commons down at Southampton canvassing for that of Great Britain, and had been trans- honour, which the electors of that town mitted to an hon. member, to be by him had since conferred on him. It was impresented to them? He held it to be much possible for him to be in two places at more probable, that wishing that their The petition was produced ready protest might find its way into the House, framed at the county meeting, and agreed the protesters had worded their sentiments to in one day. When he read the petiin the manner in which they appeared, tion he disapproved of it: was it improper merely because they were uninformed of in hiin to express that disapprobation pubthe order of the House. To argue from licly? was it libellous in him to say that the informality to the intention of men he was not included in that petition which little conversant in parliamentary forms, purported to be from the county at large? was what logic would not justify; but to Was it candid in gentlemen to call him a convert this informality into a libel, was a libeller? Did not those who called him stretch of reasoning that nothing but ex- by so opprobrious a name, for having done travagance could countenance or approve. that in which he was warranted by reason Another gentleman had accused the pro- and the constitution, deserve the appellatesters of disrespect to the House, even

tion of libellers themselves? He knew that while they were rejecting a petition merely many gentlemen were prevented, as he because they thought it disrespectful. had been, from attending the county And he proved they had been wrong, be- meeting; he therefore contended, that he cause the House had not objected to the and they had a just and indisputable right petition. For his part, he could not admit, to disclaim those opinions which the petithat because a petition is suffered to be tion falsely ascribed to them. brought up, it must necessarily follow Mr. Rous begged, that as the protests that it is critically respectful. If the ob- in general asserted some things that it ject of a petition was in itself proper and would be proper to discuss, the House constitutional, he always held the right of would dispense with its standing order, on petitioning so sacred, that he would not so extraordinary an occasion. oppose its introduction because it might

Mr. Adam lamented, that the protest be worded in a more respectful manner. was inadmissible from its informality, and Therefore the gentlemen ought not to could not but condemn the gentlemen who bave made its admission without opposi- reprobated as libellers, those who held astion, a ground for proving that it was reg-sociations in general to be dangerous. pectful. But even if it was so, the pro

The present associations he was not afraid testers in the present case were free from of; but it was because he trusted to the any imputation of intentional disrespect to moderation of the gentlemen engaged in the House, because they had drawn up

them; otherwise he held them to be of so their protest before the petition, against dangerous a tendency, that if they should which it had been levelled, had been pre- become general, they might at last degeseuted to the House. However, if it had nerate into meetings absolutely dictatorial, been made after the admission of the pe- and which, in the end, would render tition, the protest only contained an opi- liament a mere court of record, to register nion, and it was rather unkind to handle their arbitrary dictates. people so severely for an opinion. For The order of the day being called for; his part, he was not without his opinion Mr. Fox's motion fell to the ground.


parCopy of Mr. Burke's Establishment | said office or offices, shall be, and the Bill.] Feb. 23. Mr. Burke presented to same is hereby taken away and abolished. the House his Bill for a general Reform in And be it further enacted by the authothe Public Economy; of which the fol-rity aforesaid, that from and after the lowing is a Copy;

the office commonly known by the A Bill for the better Regulation of his name and description of the Board of Majesty's Civil Establishments, and whereof receive salaries for their attend

Trade and Plantations, the commissioners of certain Public Offices ; for the Limitation of Pensions, and the Supsion, together with the office or offices of

ance in the execution of the said commispression of sundry, useless, expen, the secretary or secretaries, and all other sive, and inconvenient Places ; and for applying the Monies saved thereby the said Board of Trade and Plantations,

offices belonging, or reputed to belong, to to the Public Service.

shall be, and the same is hereby taken Whereas the large aids which have been away and abolished. given and granted to his Majesty in sup- And be it further enacted by the authoport of the present war, have caused a rity aforesaid, that the duty now done by very considerable increase of the public the third secretary of state, or secretary debt, and have subjected the good people of state for the colonies, shall be done and of this realm to many burthens and inconi performed by one or both of the other seveniences :

cretaries of state, according as his MaAnd whereas further grants of his Ma- jesty, in his wisdom, shall from time to jesty's faithful Commons, and further bur time direct and appoint. thens on the subject, may be still neces- And be it also enacted by the authority sary, and it the bounden duty of the re- aforesaid, that the duty or business done, presentatives of the Commons of this land, or which ought legally to be done, by the as well as most agreeable to his Majesty's commissioners, commonly called the Board fatherly love to his people, who have of Trade and Plantations, shall be perloyally and dutifully borne several new formed in the manner in which the same impositions in support of the honour of his was done or performed by his Majesty's crown, that all due care shall be taken, by privy council, or any committee or coma reduction of unnecessary charges, by in- mittees thereof, before the particular introducing a better order into the manage- stitution of the said board, or in any other ment of the expences of his Majesty's civil manner which his Majesty shall hereafter establishments, by rendering the public in the said council direct and appoint to accounts more easy, by a further security be by the said council, or any committee for the independence of parliament, and thereof, done and exercised. by applying monies which are not now so And be it hereby enacted by the authoprofitably husbanded to the public service, rity aforesaid, that all authorities, powers, to afford all possible relief and comfort to and duties, which by an act or acts of parthe said deserving people, adding thereby liament are directed to be exercised and strength to his Majesty's government, and performed by the said commissioners of giving the greater effect to his exertions trade and plantations, shall be transferred against the ancient enemies and rivals of to the said privy council, or any comhis crown and kingdoms : in order, there- mittee of the same, in the like manner, and fore, to make some provision towards the with the same directions, powers, and said good purposes, be it enacted by the trusts, as by the said acts of parliament, King's most excellent Majesty, by and or any of them, is or are vested in the with the advice and consent of the Lords commissioners of trade aforesaid. spiritual and temporal, and Commons, in And whereas the constitution of certain this present parliament assembled, and by offices of the court, and of his Majesty's the authority of the same, that from and houshold, hath been framed, in many parafter the the office commonly called ticulars, upon usages and customs which or known by the name of third secretary are long since discontinued, and the keepof state, or secretary of state for the colo- ing up the same is inconvenient, and haih nies (the same not being necessary) toge- a tendency to create expence, and to prether with the offices of the under secre- vent the superintendence necessary for tary, or under secretary of state, for the establishing good order, and the frugal said department, and the places of all administration of his Majesty's Civil List elerks or others employed in or under the Revenues, and the proportioning the se

veral parts thereof to the necessary charges so tabled; and shall contract for the keepof his Majesty's government; be it enacted ing up the same, and all things to the by the authority aforesaid, that from and same appertaining, at a fixed sum by the after the the offices of the treasurer head; which contract or contracts shall be of the chamber, the treasurer of the house- previously examined by the Board of Treahold, the cofferer of the houshold, the sury, and shall, on due examination, and comptroller of the houshold, the offices calling before them persons experienced commonly called the master of the house in such matters, be approved or disaphold, and clerks of the green cloth, and proved by the same, in the whole or any the deputies, clerks, and assistants of any part thereof; and the sum which after of them, and all inferior offices appertain such examination shall have been agreed ing to the said above-named offices, or re- to be paid to the contractors, shall be puted or taken to belong to the said of- paid and discharged at the exchequer, fices, or reputed offices, or any of them, and not elsewhere, by order from the lord be abolished and taken away, together high treasurer, or the lords commissioners with all the offices, or reputed offices, be of the treasury, for the time being ; which longing to or depending on the same. order shall not be given until a certificate

Provided always, and be it further en- shall be produced from the lord steward acted, that nothing herein contained shall of the houshold, that the said contract extend, or be construed to extend, to take hath been faithfully performed, according away or in any respect derogate from the to the true intent, ineaning, and full effect jurisdiction which now may be lawfully thereof: provided, that nothing in this act exercised by the court commonly called shall extend, or be construed to extend, the Green Cloth ; but that the same may to restrain his Majesty from adding to, or be held and exercised, and it is hereby diminishing the number and quality of the enacted that the same shall be held and tables of his houshold, at his pleasure, exercised, with all the accustomed lawful provided that such new, as well as the old jurisdiction, powers, and privileges, be establishments, shall be kept by contract, longing to the same, by the chamberlain with the regulations and conditions herein

. hold, the vice chamberlain of the house - And be it enacted by the authority hold, the groom of the stole, and the aforesaid, that the said contractors shalt master of the horse (without any trea- be, for all matters relating to the due exesurer or clerks of the Green Cloth) any cution of the aforesaid contracts, under thing in the present act, or any other sta- the constant and immediate direction and tute, law, or usage, to the contrary not. inspection of the said lord steward of the withstanding

houshold. And whereas his Majesty's loyal sub- Provided also, that every person who jects are interested that his Majesty's shall make or execute such contracts with houshold should be kept up and main- the lord steward of the houshold, shall tained with due dignity, and at the same really and bona fide be such as is at the time that his Majesty's establishments time of making such contracts or has been should not be encumbered with debt; and within years before the time of conforasmuch as the reducing all standing ex- tracting, engaged in the trade and occupences to certainty, contributes much to pation in which he makes the said congood order and magnificence, as well as tract, and no other; and that no person to the prevention of all delays of pay- shall have or enjoy the profit of the said ment, dishonourable to the crown, and contracts, or any share or part of the beþurthensome in the event to the public; nefit thereof, except the immediate person be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, or persons who shall have contracted for that the lord steward of his Majesty's fulồlling and executing the same, under houshold

may and shall take an account of the penalty of for every offence conall persons who now are maintained, or trary to the true intent and meaning of whom his Majesty shall order to be main- this provision, to be recovered by action tained, at board, during his Majesty's plea of debt, bill, plaint, or information, in any sure, in his Majesty's houshold, and may of his Majesty's courts of record at Westand shall distribute the same into a cer- minster, in which no essoign, protection, tain number of tables, for a certain num privilege, or wager of law, or more than ber of persons, according to the quality one imparlance, shall be allowed; nor shall and condition of the persons who shall be any person having a contract be, during (VOL. XXI.]


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the time of his holding thereof, capable may authorize the said surveyor, architect, of being elected, or of sitting and voting or builder, to execute the same; and if as a member of parliament.

the costs and expences of the said work And be it further enacted, by the au- shall be likely to exceed the sum of thority aforesaid, that the office of the in the whole, they shall and may direct great wardrobe, the office of the removing the said surveyor to contract for the exewardrobe, the office of master of the robes, cution of the said work; who may and the office called the jewel office, and all shall report upon, and controul the execu. the places and charges, whether of per- tion thereof, in all its parts, and at all sons presiding in or dependent on them, times, during the progress thereof. or any of them, of what nature soever, ex- Provided always, that it shall not be cept those of one house-keeper, and one lawful for the said surveyor, architect, or wardrobe-keeper (the said places to be builder, to make any contract as aforesaid united after the possession of the present conclusively, until the same is approved occupiers) in each of his Majesty's palaces by the commissioners of the treasury, or and houses, shall be, and the same are to make any addition in the expence exhereby abolished.

ceeding above the plan or estimate, And it is hereby enacted by the autho- until the same shall be approved by the rity aforesaid, from and after the said commissioners of the treasury ; nor

the office commonly called the shall the said commissioners be authorized board of works shall be abolished, toge- to make any payment, or part of payment, ther with all the offices thereof and there. by virtue of the said contracts, which in on dependent.

the whole shall exceed the sum of And be it enacted by the authority until the same shall be surveyed by a aforesaid, that all the King's buildings shall builder of credit, not concerned in any be under the direction of some one person of the public works; who shall be called who shall be constituted and appointed by in, and allowed per day for his trouhis Majesty, during his royal pleasure, ble, and shall certify to the said commissurveyor or comptroller of his Majesty's sioners of the treasury, upon oath (which works; and all the royal gardens shall be oath the said commissioners of the treasury under a person who shall also be appoint- are hereby authorized and required to ad. ed by his Majesty, during his Majesty's minister) that the work hath been exepleasure, surveyor or comptroller of the cuted, as far as the same hath proceeded, King's gardens, at such salaries as his in a workmanlike and durable manner, Majesty shall please to appoint; the said and with the best materials; provided that surveyor or comptroller of such works, the same builder shall not be twice succes. being bona fide by profession an architect sively employed in the said survey. or builder; and the said surveyor of gar

And be it enacted by the authority dens, in like manner, a gardener, or im- aforesaid, that no new works in his Majes. prover of grounds; and the said persons, ty's parks or gardens, the expence of during the holding of the said offices, shall which may exceed in the whole the sum be, and they are hereby declared to be of above the ordinary charge (an incapable of being elected into, or of sitting estimate of which ordinary charge is hereand voting in parliament.

by directed to be laid quarterly before the And be it enacted by the authority commissioners of the treasury) shall be aforesaid, that if any building, or any undertaken or performed without an esti. repair, shall be thought fit to be erected, mate, which shall be approved and ordered made, or done, about any public building, to be executed by the said commissioners or if any public work or works for his Ma- of the treasury; who shall issue, or cause jesty's service shall be undertaken, or any to be issued, the money for the execution sum or sums of money shall be directed of the same, as well as for the said ordinary to be laid out for the said purposes, or any charge, which is hereby directed to be of them, above the sum of to be in- paid monthly to the surveyor of his Macurred within the surveyor or comp- jesty's gardens. troller of his Majesty's works, shall present And be it further enacted by the authoa plan (if a plan should be necessary or rity aforesaid, that the several duties perusual in such works) and an estimate of formed in certain departments and offices the same to the lord chamberlain, who but by this act suppressed, shall be hereshall certify the same to the commissioners after performed by the persons and in the of his Majesty's treasury, which board manner following; (that is to say) that the payment of all salaries, and other charges And, for the better regulation of certain

whatsoever, which were heretofore paid or places about the court, and the making : payable by the treasurer of the household, the same of more advantage, and more

treasurer of the chamber, or cofferer of suitable to the purposes of their instituthe household, shall be hereafter paid at tion, it is hereby enacted and declared, the exchequer, upon the certificate of the that the places of lieutenant and ensign, lord chamberlain, vice chamberlain, or and all other inferior officers of or belong. steward of the household, within their re- ing to the body of the yeoman of the spective departments, to the commissioners guard, after the determination of the ofof his Majesty's treasury, that the same is fices respectively in the present possessors due.

thereof, and also that all commission and And it is hereby enacted, that the furni- other offices belonging to the band of ture, pictures, jewels, plate, and all other gentlemen pensioners, under the captain moveables whatsoever, formerly under the of the band, as also the vacancies in the care and management of the office of great band of gentlemen pensioners, shall not wardrobe, or other wardrobe, or jewel be sold, but shall be filled only by offioffice, or any of them, shall be hereafter cers of the army or navy upon


pay, committed to the care and management of of fifteen years service from the date of the lord chamberlain or vice chamberlain; their first commission. and it is hereby provided, that all furniture, And it is enacted, that the holding the and other moveables, to be purchased for said offices, or any of them, shall not the use of his Majesty's household, ex- disable the said officers from holding and ceeding in value the sum of shall be receiving also their half pay. contracted for by the lord chamberlain, in And, as the pension lists are excessive, the manner, and with the like limitations, and not properly regulated; be it enacted with which contracts are by this act di- by the authority aforesaid, that from and rected to be made, with regard to the after the the office of paymaster maintenance of his Majesty's houshold, of the pensions shall be, and the same is and the public works.

hereby abolished ; and that no pension And it is hereby enacted, that the office whatsoever on the civil establishment shall of master of the robes, and all things hereafter be paid but at the exchequer, thereto belonging, shall be executed and and along with those pensions which are done by the groom of the stole.

now paid and entered in the exchequer And, for the better regulation of the under the head, title, or description of department of the master of the horse, it pensions ; and that those which are transis hereby provided and enacted, that all ferred thither by this act, shall be subexpences attendant on the royal stables ject only to their present fees and taxes. (except the buying in of horses) be per- And it is hereby further enacted by the formed by contract, in the manner and authority aforesaid, that no pensions shall with the provisions and limitations herein be granted on the said establishment, ex. before expressed, with regard to other cept on the address of either House of Parcontracts; and that the several offices of liament, until the whole of the said list, master of the buck-hounds, fox-bounds, made according to the directions of this and harriers, be abolished and taken away; act, shall be reduced to yearly; and that whatever relates to the expences which sum it shall not be lawful by any of such last-mentioned offices, shall be grants, except as above excepted, to ex. provided for, as much as may be, by con. ceed; and that no pension hereafter to tract, by the senior equerry or gentleman be granted to any one person, except as of the horse; and the payments for the before excepted, shall amount to more same, on their accounts being allowed by than the sum of yearly. the master of the horse, are to be made at And whereas a custom hath prevailed of the exchequer, along with the other granting pensions on a private list during charges of his Majesty's stables, by an his Majesty's pleasure, under colour, that order from the commissioners of the trea in some cases it may not be expedient for sury.

the public good to divulge the names of And it is hereby enacted, that every the persons on the said list, or that it may office to the said stables belonging, which, be disagreeable to the persons receiving by the making of the contracts aforesaid, such payments to have it known that their shall be rendered useless, shall be and is distresses are so relieved, or under a hereby abolished.

pretence of saving the expence of fees

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