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Representatives, how cho


Qualification of Representatives

Apportionment of Representatives and direct tax


Section. 2. The House of Repre= sentatives shall be composed of Mem= bers chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the

Electors in each State shall have the

Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representa= tive who shall not have attained to the


Age of twenty five Years, and been Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which be included within may this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of

free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and ex= cluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enu= meration shall be made within three

ery ten years.

Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten of ten Constser. Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representa= tive; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hamp= shire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations Con= necticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Del= aware one, Maryland six, Virginia


Vacancies, how filled.


choose officers and bring impeachments.

Senate, how cho




ten, North Carolina five, South Ca=
rolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the Roe=
presentation from any State, the Exe=
cutive Authority thereof shall issue
Writs of Election to fill such Vacan=


The House of Representatives shall

chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

Section. 3. The Senate of the Uni= ted States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first

Class shall be vacated at the Expira=
tion of the second Year, of the second
Class at the Expiration of the fourth
Year, and of the third Class at the
Expiration of the sixth Year, so that


be chosen





Year; and if Vacancies happen by otherwise, during the State,


Recess of the Legislature of any
the Executive thereof may make tempo=
rary Appointments until the next
Meeting of the Legislature, which
shall then fill such Vacancies.

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an In= habitant of that State for which he

shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United

Vacancies, how filled.

Qualifications of Senators.

Vice President to preside.

Officers of theSenate.


on im

Trial of


impeach- The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be victed without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeach= ment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualifica=


States shall be President of the Sen= ate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tem= pore, in the Absence of the Vice Pres= ident, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

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