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The letter goes on :
“ Second. It is not true that in ecclesiastical discussions, subsequent to this time, the weight of his heavy hand has always been felt against the Slave.' The Cincinnati Presbytery, of which he, and my husband, and the other professors were leading members, actually have taken higher AntiSlavery ground, and used more vigorous Anti-Slavery action, than any ecclesiastical body in the United States, except the Quakers; and this was done with my father's concurrence and consent. This ground was the deposing of Mr. GRAHAM from the ministry, for defending Slavery from the Bible. This was the almost unanimous vote of the Cincinnati Presbytery, and it was confirmed by the Cincinnati Synod. Mr. GRAHAM appealed to the General Assembly, and the Assembly reversed the action, and recommended to the Presbytery to restore him. Prof. ALLEN, of Lane Seminary, who was on the floor of the Assembly at the time, told the General Assembly they might rely upon it that the Cincinnati Presbytery would never retrace their steps; and so it proved. Mr. GRAHAM was obliged to go to the Old School Church. You will observe, that an important principle was established here, which, had it been observed, would have kept the Church free from complicity with Slaveholders.
“ Your remark with regard to blood is certainly true. If I have had any Anti-Slavery proclivities, I got them very early in life from my father's sermons and prayers, at the time of the discussion of the Missouri question. I shall never forget the deep feeling he showed when he heard of the admission of Missouri. It was as if he had sustained some great personal calamity.
“ These facts I lay before you. You can make any use you please of them.”
I joyfully accord to Dr. BEECHER all the merit which concurrence in the movement against Mr. GRAHAM deserves. How low must the general Church have fallen, when we are glad to confess that the stand made by that Presbytery was a noble one, and does them great honor; while it was only to forbid a clergyman to defend Slavery from the Bible! If, however, he is to be praised for “ concurring" in the good deed of that Presbytery, of which he was but a simple member, surely, he is still more to be held accountable for the evil decree of the Trustees of Lane Seminary, to which he not only gave, in public, his “concurrence,” but, as President of the Faculty, carried it into execution. · If my language, as quoted, is too strong, I should willingly qualify it. But Dr. BEECHER has, for twenty-five years, occupied a very prominent position, and exerted a most commanding influence. During that time, there have been, in fact, but two parties on this question. The Pro-Slavery world, Church and State, is one: the AntiSlavery body is the other. I can appeal to every laborer in the Anti-Slavery cause to say, whether, during those years, Dr. BEECHER's influence has ever been distinctly felt on the Slave's side? Whether it has not always been thrown into the scale of a Church, then and now a Pro-Slavery body? I think I do not misrepresent when I say, that his first public, explicit word in behalf of the Anti-Slavery cause is yet to be uttered.
Boston, March 4, 1853.
In enumerating essays on the practical working of the Slave system, I ought to have named a very full and valuable one — "Slavery and the Internal Slave Trade in the United States,” prepared for the WORLD's CONVENTION, by T. D. Weld and others, and published, at London, in 1841.
The Anti-Slavery construction of the Constitution was ably argued in 1836, two years earlier than I have dated it, in the “ Anti-Slavery Magazine," by SAMUEL J. MAY; one of the very first to seek the side of Mr. GARRISON, and pledge to the Slave his life and efforts a pledge which more than twenty years of devoted labors have nobly redeemed.
The allusion on page 28, to the Free Soil press of Ohio, should be erased, as it is incorrect. On page 12, Dr. CHANNING should be quoted as pronouncing Mr. WELD's Essay one of the ablest pamphlets from the American press.” My request to have the words “ unworthy trick,” struck out from the paragraph relating to Mr. Mann, page 25, reached the printer too late. I intended to say only that the disclaimer was unworthy of Mr. Mann. On page 6, fourteenth line from the top, for dull, read dumb.
PREAMBLE. Whereas, we believe that Slavery is contrary to the precepts of Christianity, dangerous to the liberties of the country, and ought immediately to be abolished; and whereas, we believe that the citizens of New England not only have the right to protest against it, but are under the highest obligations to seek its removal by a moral influence; and whereas we believe that the free people of color are unrighteously oppressed, and stand in need of our sympathy and benevolent co-operation; therefore, recognizing the inspired declaration that God “hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth," and in obedience to our Saviour's golden rule, “ All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them;" we agree to form oursevles into a Society, and to be governed by the following
CONSTITUTION. ARTICLE 1. This Society shall be called the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, and shall be auxiliary to the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Art. 2. The object of the Society shall be, to endeavor by all means sanctioned by law, humanity, and religion, to effect the abolition of Slavery in the United States; to improve the character and condition of the free people of color, to inform and correct public opinion in relation to their situation and rights, and obtain for them equal civil and political rights and privileges with the whites.
ART. 3. Any person by signing the Constitution, and paying to the Treasurer fifteen dollars as a life subscription, or one dollar annually, shall be considered a member of the Society, and entitled to a copy of all its oficial publications.
Art. 4. The officers of the Society shall be a President, Vice Presidents, a Corresponding Secretary, a Recording Secretary, a Treasurer, an Auditor, and twelve Counsellors, who shall be elected annually, by ballot, on the fourth Wednesday of January, or subsequently by adjournment, and shall hold their respective offices until others are chosen.
ART. 5. The foregoing officers shall constitute a Board of Managers, to whom shall be entrusted the disposition of the funds, and the management of the concerns of the Society. They shall have power to make their own by-laws, to fill any vacancy which may occur in their Board, and to employ agents to promote the objects of the Society.
Art. 6. There shall be a public meeting of the Society annually, on the fourth of January, at which the Board of Managers shall make a Report of their doings for the past year, and of the income, expenditures, and funds of the Society.
Art. 7. The President shall preside at all meetings of the Society, and of the Board of Managers, or in his absence, one of the Vice Presidents, or in their absence a President pro tem.
ART. 8. The Corresponding Secretary shall receive and keep all communications or publications directed to the Society, and transmit those issued by them, and shall correspond with the agents or any other bodies or individuals, according to the directions of the Society or the Managers.
ART. 9. The Recording Secretary shall notify all meetings of the Society and of the Board of Managers, and keep the records of the same.
ART. 10. The Treasurer shall collect the subscriptions and donations to the Society, hold all its funds, and make payments according to the directions of the Managers; he shall keep a true account of the same, and render a statement to accompany the Annual Report of the Society.
Art. 11. Any Anti-Slavery Society, or any association founded on kindred principles, may become auxiliary to this Society, by contributing to its funds, and may communicate with us by letter or delegation.
ART. 12. The Society shall hold meetings on the last Monday of March, June, and September, for the transaction of any business which may be presented by the Board of Managers, or for addresses, or for discussion of any subject connected with the objects of the Society. Special meetings may be called by the Board of Managers, or by the Recording Secretary, on application from ten members of the Society.
ART. 13. This Constitution may be altered at the Annual Meeting for the choice of officers, provided the amendments proposed to be made have been submitted to the Board of Managers, in writing, previously.