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accidents adopted American amount application associations banks become benefits bill burden called carried cause cent charity claims collected Commission common companies compensation compulsory insurance constitutional contributions cost course court death dependent economic effect employed employers employment established existing expenses experience fact fault funds German give hand increase individual industrial injured insurance companies interest invalid Italy justice labor legislation less liability loss matter means ment method negligence old age operation organization paid payment pension persons poor possible practice premiums present principle problem protection question reason received relief Report risks savings scheme sickness social society statistics surance tion trade unemployed unions United voluntary wages week whole workers workingmen workmen Workmen's Compensation York
Stran 169 - Nevertheless, notwithstanding the logical form of the objection, there are more powerful considerations on the other side. In the first place, it is established by a series of cases that an ulterior public advantage may justify a comparatively insignificant taking of private property for what, in its immediate purpose, is a private use.
Stran 164 - It is therefore of necessity left to the discretion of the national legislature, to pronounce upon the objects which concern the general welfare, and for which, under that description, an appropriation of money is requisite and proper. And there seems to be no room for a doubt, that whatever concerns the general interests of learning, of agriculture, of manufactures, and of commerce, are within the sphere of the national councils, as far as regards an application of money.
Stran 164 - And there seems no reason for doubt that whatever concerns the general interests of learning, of agriculture, of manufactures, and of commerce, are within the sphere of the national councils, so far as regards an application of money. The only qualification of the generality of the phrase in question which seems to be admissible is this: That the object to which an appropriation of money is to be made must be general and not local — its operation extending in fact, or by possibility, throughout...
Stran 164 - No objection ought to arise to this construction, from a supposition that it would imply a power to do whatever else should appear to Congress conducive to the general welfare. A power to appropriate money with this latitude, which is granted, too, in express terms, would not carry a power to do any other thing not authorized in the Constitution, either expressly or by fair implication.
Stran 45 - ... insurance company undertakes to pay to each member of a class the average amount (regarding the chances of life and death) ; so that those who do not reach the average age get more than they have deposited, that is, paid in premiums (including interest) and those who exceed the average age less than they deposited (including interest).
Stran 164 - To lay taxes to provide for the general welfare of the United States, that is to say, "to lay taxes for the purpose of providing for the general welfare.
Stran 165 - We hold that the police power of a state embraces regulations designed to promote the public convenience or the general prosperity, as well as regulations designed to promote the public health, the public morals or the public safety.
Stran 183 - It is perfectly evident to-day that we have secured higher efficiency in our industries, due to increased workers' efficiency, all brought about by relieving our workers from worries and distress on account of sickness, injury, superannuation and invalidity.
Stran 164 - to lay taxes for the purpose of providing for the general welfare;" for the laying of taxes is the power, and the general welfare the purpose for which the power is to be exercised. Congress are not to lay taxes ad libitum for any purpose they please; but only to pay the debts or provide for the welfare of the Union. In like manner, they are not to do anything they please to, provide for the general welfare, but only to lay taxes for that purpose.
Stran 173 - The principle embodied in the statutes is, however, the same ; and it must be conceded that the case is direct authority against the position we have here taken. We shall offer no criticism of the opinion. We will only say that, notwithstanding the decision comes from the highest court of the first state of the Union, and is supported by a most persuasive argument, we have not been able to yield our consent to the views there taken.