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ferruginous sandstone, often so rich in iron that the luster of that metal is developed under the chisel; yet, smelting of this ore does not come under the range of economical probabilities, in consequence of the large amount of silica it contains. They are sometimes more argillaceous and composed of large rectangular blocks, with smooth planes and well-defined edges. Such as are close and fine grained would dress well and would equal the brown-stone fronts of Fifth avenue in the city of New York. Some of these rocks are nearly identical with the material of which the Smithsonian Institution is built.

I can give these rocks none other but a local position. They seem to be “carpet-baggers,” outliers (?). They are, however, often in considerable force and extent. Messrs. Meek and Hayden designate them in their section as No. 1, or lower cretaceous. Professor Haar, a noted German fossil botanist, refers them, from their organic remains, to the tertiary. If the object of this communication was not wholly practical and economical, I think I could produce some good arguments in favor of the latter reference. I will at all events state that these formations often jut down from the west into and partially fill valleys in the same manner as we find the tertiary sediment of the age of the White River basin, only they come further east. In this condition I found these ferruginous sandstones, with their characteristic impressions of leaves, in the valley of Salt Creek, near the salines in Nebraska, while examining the salt basin, under the direction of your office here. There they overlie carboniferous formations at or near the junction of the coal measures and the permian strata.

These rocks have probably been confounded with trias sandstone and another formation at the base of the cretaceous of like lithological appearance. But enough of science.

Among the cretaceous formations extending from Fort Harker mostly to the west boundary of the State, are also found good building stone, and sometimes even elegant. There are many of the strata that resemble the magnesian limestone of the permian, and are quite abundant north of the Arkansas River.

I made a hasty classification of these formations while running the first guide meridian west and five parallels, as you may observe in my report under my contract to your office here.

In concluding this branch of the subject, I hazard nothing in stating that there are but few sections of the Union of the extent of the State of Kansas that are so abundantly supplied with good and elegant building material.

My classification of soils, under the different contracts executed by me under the direction of your office here, was made with care, and is reliable so far as the matter could be determined by the existence of different species of plants, and often by test with a field case.

A word in explanation of the climate of Kansas. Our hottest summers are not correspondingly oppressive. In the past season the thermal range was unusually high. During the month of July, there were here 17 consecutive days in which the mercury marked from 940 to 100%, with an average of these high ranges of 960. However high the temperature of the day might have been, before nine o'clock in the evening the mercury would fall back to 750. These oscillations produced a mean diurnal range of the month of 21°. These great thermal ranges are the results of a dry atmosphere, clear and calm state of the weather during the night, affording the greatest facilities for the radiation of heat, and rarely wind enough to produce refraction in the ascending currents. I have observed that generally when the temperature reaches 91° and 960

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in some of the Atlantic cities, cases of coup de soleil occur. Sun-stroke does not occur here under 103°, and no fatal cases under 1050. By a reference to the meteorological tables of Professor Swallow's geological report, you will observe that the fall of rain during the summer months is much greater than at any other season, much less in the spring and autumn, and but little in the winter. The great advantage of such conditions is appreciated at a glance, particularly by the farmer.

In the progress of time Kansas will become as proverbial for her clear sky, salubrious climate, and the good health of her citizens as Italy now is. We have none of those harassing diseases, such as diphtheria, typhoid and typhus fevers, nor any dangerous thoracic disorders, except those brought here from other climates. Scarlatina sometimes prevails, but generally in a mild form. Contagious diseases have never developed into an epidemic form. The prevalent diseases are malarial and of a periodic type.

But as the country is opened and improved, the soil turned up by the plow, even the malarial diseases vanish under the pure bright sunlight and invigorating air of our plains.

If I can serve you further in any manner, you have but to command me. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

F. HAWN. Hon. JOSEPH S. WILSON,

Commissioner General Land Office.

HELENA, MONTANA TERRITORY, May 18, 1870. SIR: I send herewith three specimens of ore. No. 1. Tin stone from Basin Gulch in Jefferson County, about twenty-five miles southwest from Helena. There are undoubtedly extensive mines of this mineral in that region, as large quantities of this stone are found in all the gulches in that locality, including the head of Ten Mile Creek.

I discovered this mineral in the spring of 1867, while engaged in prospecting for placer mines, and believe that I was the first to call attention to the existence of tin in this Territory. I have taken out quite a number of beautiful cabinet specimens of toads-eye tin stone, but have none on hand now. I have sent over there for specimens to be saved for me, which I will send you as soon as I receive them.

No. 2. Quartz containing gold and tellurium from the Granite Mountain, a patented lode at the head of Tucker Gulch, section 7, township 9 north, range 3 west, and section 12, township 9 north, range 4 west.

No. 3. Specimens of ore from the Try lode in section 32, township 10 north, range 3 west, land returned on township plat as agricultural. The proprietors of this lode are now making arrangements to apply for patent. Only small quantities of this kind of ore are found in the lode. The vein is about thirty feet in width, runs nearly northeast and southwest, dips southeast at an angle of about eighty degrees. The rock from this lode, taken from the dump without assorting, yields an average of nearly $40 per ton in gold, by a mill test of about seven tons. Men working in the lode during the past winter for the proprietors, have made more than their wages by pounding picked specimens in a hand mortar. This lode has only lately been recorded, on account of the great width preventing a proper development of one wall, as required by the terri. torial law. I would like to have an assay made of this piece of ore, so

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that I can embody it in my report when the final survey of the lot is made.

If I could have special authority from your office to obtain and send specimens, I could undoubtedly send you many valuable specimens from this Territory: I remain, yours, truly,

GEO. B. FOOTE, District Deputy United States Mineral Surveyor. Hon. JOSEPH S. WILSON,

Commissioner of the General Land Office, Washington, D. 0.

No. 1.— Tabular statement showing the number of acres of public lands surveyed in the fol

lowing land States and Territories up to June 30, 1869, during the last fiscal year, and the total of the public lands surreyed up to June 30, 1870; also, the total arca of the public domain remaining unsurveyed within the same.

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Wisconsin.
Iowa
Minnesota.
Kansas.
Nebraska
California
Nevada
Oregon.
Washington Tery..
Colorado Territory.
Utah Territory
Arizona Territory.
New Mexico Tery.
Dakota Territory..
Idlaho Territory.
Montana Territory.
Wyoming Territory.
Missouri
Alabama
Mississippi
Lonisiana
Arkansas
Florida.
Ohio
Indiana
Michigan..
Illinois.
Indian Territory
Alaska..

34, 511, 360 33, 228, 400 53, 459, 810 52, 043, 520 48, 636, 800 120, 947, 810 71, 737, 741 60, 975, 360 44,796, 160 66, 880,000 54, 065, 075 72,906, 304 77, 362, 640 94, 395, 840 55, 229, 160 .92, 016, 640 62, 645, 120 41, 821,000 32, 462, 080 30, 179, 840 26, 461, 410 33, 406, 720 37, 931, 520 23, 576, 960 21, 637, 760 36, 129, 640 35, 462, 400 44, 154, 2.10 369, 529, 600

53, 924 34, 511, 360 55, 045 33, 228, 800 83, 531 25, 095, 386 81, 318 26, 061, 589 75, 995 16, 864, 145 188, 931 30,878, 784 112, 090 2,963, 127 95, 274 8,368, 564 69, 994 5,063, 775 101, 500 4,356, 832

84, 476 2, 525, 872 113, 916 C86, 028 121, 201 2,982, 753 150, 932 4,878, 948

86,291 510, 973
143, 776

819, 372
97,883
65, 350 41, 824, 000
50, 722 32, 462, 080
47, 156 30, 179, 840
41,346 23, 461, 440
52, 198 33, 406, 720
59, 268 20, 631, 520
39, 964 25, 576, 960
33, 809 21, 637, 760
56, 451 36, 128 640
55, 410 33, 462, 400
6, 991
577, 390

34,511, 360

35, 208, 800 21, 161 903, 192

26,019, 739 436, 126 2,671, 948 29, 100, 603

2, 455, 362 19, 313, 507 372, 518 1,087, 076 32, 338, 378

858, 703 3, 821, 890 1,094, 694 9, 463, 25€

304, 484 5,36", 239 3, 269, 195

7, 026, 327
683, 636 3, 211, 508
69, 134 1,006, 621 *1,761, 783

1,258, 106 +4, 240, 859
1, 165, 316 46,011, 264
383, 538

894, 511
186, 152

5€0,021 1,585, 545

27, 440, 101 22, 873, 837 29, 237, 293 88, 603, 462 67, 915, 851 51, 512, 102 39, 427, 901 59, 233, 673 50, 853, 507 71, 144, 521 73, 3:27, 781 90, 551, 576 54, 333, 619 90. 431, 095 62, 645, 120

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41, 824, 000 32, 462, 050 30, 179, 8-10 23, 465, 133 33, 406, 720 27, 103, 768 25, 576, 960 21, 637, 700 36, 123, 610 35, 462, 400

10, €27, 752

44, 154, 240 369, 523, C00

Total,

1,834, 998, 100, 2, 667, 185 508, 567, 668 1, 130, 00G 18, 165, 276 527, 682, 9521, 307, 115, 418 No. 2.--Statement of public lands sold, of cash and bounty land scrip received therefor, num

* Of the surveys in Arizona Territory 960,504.74 acres are Navajo Indian lands, reserved by the second article of the treaty of June 1, 1868, (United States Laws, vol. 15, p. 668.)

for the surveys in New Mexico Territory 959,810.56 acres aro Navajo Indian lands, reserved by the second article of the treaty of June 1, 1868, (United States Laws, vol. 15, p. 668.)

of the surveys in Dakota Territory 918,352.70 acres are lands of tho Sisseton and Wabpeton bands of Dakota or Sioux Indians, reserved by the third article, treaty of February 19, 1867, (United States Laws, vol. 15, p. 506.)

JOS. S. WILSON, Commissioner. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

General Land Office, October 27, 1870.

sixth section of said act; also, of land located with scrip under the agricultural college and thereof, and statement of incidental expenses thereon, in the first half year of the fiscal year

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98 170, 719 98

Total

105, 398. 67

Wisconsin

Do..
Do.
Do.
Do..
Do...

Menasha
Falls of St. Croix
Stevens' Point
La Crosse..
Bayfield.
Eau Claire.

12, 897.93

8,544.25 10, 573. 39

4, 711, 08
18, 902. 47
22, 894. 60

170, 719 98
16, 273 53
18, 904 16
13, 266 89

6, 052 30
33, 542 61
29, 825 25

16, 273 53
18, 904 16
13, 266 89

6, 052 30
33, 542 61
29, 193 57
117, 235 06

629 68 629 68

Total

78,523.72

117, 864 74

* Ex 'ess 25, 800. 27

ber of acres entered under the homestead lau of May 20, 1862, of commissions received under mechanic act of July 2, 1862, and commissions received by registers and receivers on the value commencing July 1, 1869, and ending June 30, 1870.

Quantity of land entered nnder homestead

acts of May 20, 1862, and June 21, 1966, Aggregate disposed of
with aggregate of $5 and $10 payments ro-
quired by section 2 of the acts; and also

for cash; also bounty with aggregate of registers' and receivers'

land scrip, and of

cash under home. commissions under section 6 of said act,

stead act of 1862, and and of act approved March 21, 1864, amend. atory thereof, for the first half of the tiscal

acts amendatory. year ending December 31, 1869.

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155, 085.80

1,599 33

4,543 46
1, 032 00

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14, 183 50
3,721 49

3, 737 00

25, 800. 27

5:20 72

826. 69

760.00 26, 610.95 57, 121.04

85 100 3, 060 6,005

38 79

98 70 1, 452 87 2, 428 00

123 79

198 70 4,512 87 8, 433 (0

803 42

503 2 1, 154 10 3,239 95

16, 317.64

408 00

85, 318. 67

9, 250

4,018 36

13, 268 36

16, 317. 64

408 00

5, 716 59

1, 069. 59 440 23

913. 19 391 50 34, 880.04 21, 599 80 153, 854.52 157, 538 45 190, 717. 34 179, 969 98 17, 168. 82 16, 028 53 32, 713. 30 20,794 16 14, 338. 42 13, 576 89 35, 298. 34 8, 347 30 18, 902. 47 33, 542 61 44, 423. 89 31, 515 25

4, 270.89 24, 169.05

3, 765, 03 30, 587. 26

335 1, E90

310 2,295

157 23 793 65

114 28 1, 154 98

512 23 2, 68, 65

494 28 3, 4 19 98

8.33 22 1, 040 70

830 32

620 06 1,969 74 1,358 08

21, 529. 29

1,690

698 60

2, 388 60

84, 321. 52

6, 540

2, 918 74

9 458 74

162, 845. 24

124, 404 74

6, 674 12

payments.

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