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2. Iron-clad sea-going Shield Ships. A Lecture de-

livered on the 25th March, 1863, at the Royal

United Service Institution, by Captain Cowper

Phipps Coles, R.N. London,

166

VII.-1. Memoirs communicated to the Royal Geographical

Society, June 22nd, 1863. By Captain Speke.

2. Anniversary Address, May 25th, 1863. By Sir

Roderick Impey Murchison, K.C.B., President of

the Royal Geographical Society.

3. Papers communicated to the Ethnological Society,

June 30th, 1863. By Captain Augustus Grant

,. 207

VIII.-1. Les Écossais en France, les Français en Ecosse. Par

Francisque-Michel. 2 vols. 8vo. Londres : 1862.

2. Papiers d'État relatifs à l'Histoire de l'Écosse au

16me Siècle ; tirés des Bibliothèques et des Archives

de France, et publiés pour le Bannatyne Club

d'Edimbourg. 3 vols. 4to. Paris.

3. Papers relative to the Royal Guard of Scottish

Archers in France. (From Original Documents.)

Printed at Edinburgh for the Maitland Club. 1 vol.
4to. 1835,

230

IX.-1. The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man,

with Remarks on Theories of the Origin of Species

by Variation. By Sir Charles Lyell, F.R.S., &c.

8vo. 1863.

2. Antiquités Celtiques et Antédiluviennes. Par

M. Boucher de Perthes. 8vo. Paris, Vol. I. 1847.

Vol. II. 1857.

3. Machoire humaine découverte à Abbeville dans

un terrain non rémanié ; Note de M. Boucher de

Perthes, présentée par M. de Quatrefages (Comptes

Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences). 20 Avril,

1863.

4. Note sur l'authenticité de la découverte d'une

machoire humaine et de hâches de silex dans le

terrain diluvien de Moulin Quignon. Par M. Milne-

Edwards (Comptes Rendus, 18 Mai 1863).

5. On the Occurrence of Flint Implements, asso-

ciated with the Remains of Animals of Extinct

Species, &c. By Joseph Prestwich, Esq., F.R.S.

(Philosophical Transactions, 1860.)

6. Prehistoric Man, Researches into the Origin of

Civilization in the Old and New World. By Daniel

Wilson, LL.D. 8vo. 2 vols. 1862,

254

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Art.I.-1. Queensland highly eligible Field for Emigra-

tion, and the future Cotton-field of Great Britain.

By John Dunmore Lang, D.D., Representative of

the City of Sydney in the Parliament of New South

Wales. London : 1861.

2. Pugh's Queensland Almanac, Directory, and Law

Calendar for 1863. Brisbane : 1862.

3. Statistical Register of Queensland for the years

1860–61-62. Compiled in the Office of the

Registrar-General. Brisbane : 1861-62–63, . 305

II.-Geschichte der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter, vom

fünften Jahrhundert bis zum sechzehnten Jahrhun-

dert. Von Ferdinand Gregorovius. Vols. I.-IV.

Stuttgart : 1859—1862,

342

III.-1. Account of the Principal Triangulation of Great

Britain. London : 1858.

2. Extension of the Triangulation of the Ordnance

Survey into France and Belgium. By Colonel Sir

Henry James, R.E. F.R.S. London : 1862.

3. An Account of the Operations carried on for Ac-

complishing a Trigonometrical Survey of England

and Wales ; from the Commencement, in the Year

1784, to the End of the Year 1794. By Captain

William Mudge and Mr. Isaac Dalby. London: 1799.

4. Report of the Select Committee on the Cadastral

Survey, ordered by the House of Commons to be

printed. 1862.

378

IV.–The Life of Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke,

Secretary of State in the Reign of Queen Anne.

By Thomas Macknight. London: 1863,

404

V.-l. Lectures on Jurisprudence ; being the Sequel to

* The Province of Jurisprudence Determined.' To

which are added Notes and Fragments, now first

published from the Original Manuscripts. By the

late John Austin, Esq., of the Inner Temple, Bar-

rister-at-Law. Two vols. 8vo. London : 1863.

2. On the Uses of the Study of Jurisprudence. By

the late John Austin, Esq., of the Inner Temple,

Barrister-at-Law. Reprinted from the Third

Volume of · Lectures on Jurisprudence.' London :

1863,

439

VI-1. The History of the Royal Academy of Arts from

its Foundation in 1768 to the Present Time, with

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Biographical Notices of all its Members. By

William Sandby. In two volumes. London: 1862.

2. Report from the Council of the Royal Academy to

the General Assembly of Academicians. 1860.

3. Report of the Royal Commission appointed to

enquire into the Present Position of the Royal

Academy in relation to the Fine Arts, together with

Minutes of Evidence, &c. Presented to both Houses

of Parliament by command of Her Majesty. 1863, . 483

VII.-1. Travels in Peru and India, while superintending

the Collection of Chinchona Plants and Seeds in

South America, and their Introduction into India.

By Clements R. Markham, F.S.A., F.R.G.S. 1862.

2. Notes on the Propagation and Cultivation of the

Medical Chinchonas or Peruvian Bark Trees.

(Printed and published by order of the Government

of Madras.) By William Graham M'Ivor. Madras:

1863.

3. Two Letters from W. G. M'Ivor, Esq., to J. D.

Sim, Esq., Secretary to Government. Madras:

1863.

4. Report on the Bark and Leaves of Chinchona

Succiruba, grown in India. By J. E. Howard, Esq.

1863.

5. Memorandum on the Indigenous Cotton Plant of

the Coast of Peru, and on the Proposed Introduction

of its Cultivation into India. By Clements R.

Markham, Esq. 1862.

6. Memorandum by Dr. Wight on the Introduction of

the Cotton Plants of the Peruvian Coast Valleys into

the Madras Presidency. 1863,

. 507

VIII.—History of England during the Reign of George the

Third. By John George Phillimore. London:

523

IX.-Tara: A Mahratta Tale. By Captain Meadows

Taylor. Author of The Confessions of a Thug.'

3 vols. Edinburgh : 1863,

542

X.-1. Report of the Incorporated Society for the Pro-

pagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 1863.

2. Documents relative to the Erection and Endowment

of additional Bishoprics in the Colonies, with an

Historical Preface. By the Rev. Ernest Hawkins.

Fourth Edition. 1855.

3. Judgment of the Lords of the Judicial Committee of

the Privy Council on the Appeal of the Rev. W.

Long v. the Right Rev. Robert Gray, D.D., Bishop

of Cape Town, from the Supreme Court of the Cape

of Good Hope. 1863, .

552

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THE

EDINBURGH REVIEW,

JULY, 1863.

N. CCXLI.

ART. I. - 1. Memorials and Letters illustrative of the Life and

Times of John Graham, of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee.

By MARK NAPIER. 3 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh : 1859-62. 2. The Case for the Crown in re the Wigton Martyrs proved to

be Myths versus Wodrow and Lord Macaulay, Patrick the Pedler and Principal Tulloch. By MARK NAPIER. Edinburgh: 1863. 'HE first volume of the Memorials of the Viscount Dundee'

was given to the public three years ago; and as the two concluding volumes have appeared more recently, we have now the work before us as a whole, and are able to judge fairly of its merits. It is confessedly designed as a sequel to the author's * Life and Times of Montrose,' a compilation of a Protean kind, which appeared at different times under four different titles and as many different sizes, reminding us, by the ingenuity with which the same materials were made to assume a great variety of shapes, of the transformations of the kaleidoscope. The two works embrace the fifty troublous years stretching from 1640 to 1690, and they are designed not merely to clear the fame of the two Scotch Royalist leaders from the mists of prejudice and passion, but to throw a new light upon the history of events in Scotland prior to the Revolution. According to Mr. Napier, all previous histories of these times have been written wrong: Charles I. was a saintly martyr, Charles II. a perfect gentleman, James II. a good-natured, kindly man; and the Covenanters, who were hunted, hanged, drawn, and quartered, got

VOL. CXVIII. NO. CCXLI.

B

· only what they deserved. These opinions, conspicuous enough in the Life of Montrose, are stated with double energy in the Memorials of Dundee; and Mr. Napier, as we shall presently see, is at all times peculiarly energetic in his manner of speaking, excelling almost all living authors in his rich vocabulary of complimentary epithets.

As Mr. Napier differs from all previous historians of these times regarding historic truth, so does he differ from all previous bookmakers in the art of making his book. He is eminently original in his manner as well as his matter. Order and arrangement he has evidently regarded as beneath the notice of a man who has brought forth old documents from charter chests, and published them for the first time to the world. His volumes are à chaos, without form and void. We can trace no plan in them; and, in the midst of the confusion with which he envelopes us, it is only at distant intervals we can get a hold of the thread of his narrative. More than half of the first volume is devoted to lavish abuse of Wodrow, Lord Macaulay, and even Sir Walter Scott, which he speaks of as clearing the way for the advent of his hero in unclouded glory; and when at last the history is begun, it is so often interrupted that the author may indulge his peculiar instincts, that it seems like a slender stream of water slowly finding its way through waste land, and constantly hid from view by the useless sedges and thickets which grow upon its brink. He has no dread of redundancy or repetition. He will print the same letter three times at full length, and tell the same story half a dozen times, and allude to it again as many times more. It is thus that a life containing very few memorable incidents is swollen out into three volumes; and it requires a patience that will fag without hope of reward to read through them all. If we might venture to compare his method, or rather want of it, with that of any one else, it would be with Wodrow's, a writer whom he cordially hates, but whom he has nevertheless carefully studied; and in doing so may have become infected with his faults, as a man may catch contagion from an enemy

But Mr. Napier has high pretensions as a historian. He is no retailer of other men's goods,- no parrot repeating other men's tales,— no vendor of old fables, embellished and fitted for the modern market by a tinsel eloquence. He has dug for himself into the depths of antiquity, and disclosed its treasures. He has ransacked the archives of noble families, where no meaner scribe would be allowed to enter, and brought hidden things to light. Forty letters of Claverhouse has he rescued from oblivion, and from these, it is his proud boast, posterity will

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