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rebellion of 1569; but I know of no record rightly or wrongly, already established a
of our Sir Thomas among those implicated. connexion with Hugh Nevill of the Lion,
Two daughters of Sir Thomas are recorded and had used his arms, there was no great
in the Visitation of Essex of 1558: Frances, temptation to discard that in favour of
married to Edmund Lucas, and afterwards an unfounded claim from a well-known
successively to Bingham and Adames; and man who had only been dead a little
married to Sir Humphrey Wingfield, of over a hundred years. Holman, on whose
Brantham (she is called Elizabeth in the researches Morant's history is largely
Suffolk Visitation of 1561). Both are founded, was rector of Halstead about 1710
described as daughters and heiresses.
to 1730, and may have, at this time, made
the discovery that induced John of Ridge-
well to throw over the pedigree and arms
assumed by his great-uncle George of Berk-
hampstead, and carved upon his monument.
I have notes of several generations of other
descendants of John Nevill of Halstead, the
ancestor of the Ridgewell family; from them
it does not seem likely that these branches
died out, as stated in Harl. MS. 3882. I shall
be thankful for any further light upon the
Castlehill, Guildford.

No mention is any where made of the Thomas who was nine in 1545, so that he probably died early.

By a deed in Close Rolls, 2 Eliz, part xii. No. 16 (1559), Sir Thomas made over to Edmund Lucas all his property, including a leasehold house he had bought in Holborn and an estate he had bought at Clifton Reynes, in Bedfordshire. This was for various considerations and in settlement of all claims in dispute According to Morant, Pigott's Ardley was in the hands of the Cardinall family in 1568. It is possible that Sir Thomas meditated taking part with Norton, and took the usual steps to secure his property.

I have not been able to trace his further career, except that he died, aged seventynine, on 2 May, 1582, and was buried at Grantchester, Cambridge, on 14 May; the entry in the register records his descent. By his will (P.C.C. Tirwhite 26) he leaves every thing to his wife Isabel, but there is no mention of any property. Dame Isabel by will (P.C.C 2 Windsor, 1585) leaves various estates, that she had bought, to the children of her former husband Edward Weldon.

Sir Thomas is certain to have followed the custom of the time and married quickly after the death of Maria Tey; it seems certain that Isabel was a wife of his old age, and probably the third wife. It is quite possible that Sir Thomas may have had a family by a second wife, and that the Thomas, ancestor of the Ridgewell family, may have been a son of this marriage.

There did appear in the neighbourhood of Halstead about this time several Nevills who made marriages of some importance, and whom I cannot yet connect with other Essex Nevills, unless in the manner already suggested, which might, indeed, be part of the pedigree from Hugh of the Lion mentioned under the heading of Cromwell Fleetwood already referred to.

The existence of a second family of Sir Thomas, who would have no interest in the Tey estates and little inheritance from their father, would very well account for the Halstead family. As the Ridgewell family had,


IN MR. W. P. COURTNEY'S article on the career of Benson Earle Hill (10th S. iii. 162) the above-mentioned work is quoted among "the works of his [Hill's] composition which are entered under his name in the British Museum Catalogue." I apprehend that Hill edited the Almanack' for the years 1841, 1842, and 1843; at any rate, the work was not first issued in 1841.

The Epicure's Almanack; or. Calendar of Good Living: containing A Directory to the Taverns, Coffee Houses, Inns, Eatinghouses, and other Places of Alimentary Resort in the British Metropolis and its Environs: a Review of Artists who administer to the Wants and Enjoyments of the Table; a survey of the Markets; and a Calendar of the Meats in Season during each Month of the Year,' was first published in 1815. The words "To be continued Annually" occur upon the title-page. The author's name does not appear in any part of the work in my copy; however, written indistinctly in pencil are the words, so far as I can decipher them, "By R. Rylance." The preface states:

"The manual here offered to the public is formed on the Model of a Work published annually at Paris, under the title of Almanach des Gourmands.......It lays great claim to that indulgence which the Public are ever disposed to afford to a new Work on a vast and important subject...... Had the Editor been gifted with the eyes of Argus, and the palate of Apicius Celius; had his organs of vision and taste been multiplied an hundred fold, he must have failed to accomplish the undertaking in a single attempt."

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The work was designed

"to direct any man with a delicate stomach and a full purse, or any man with a keen strong stomach and a lean purse, where he may dine well, and to the best advantage, in London."


The itinerary commences with London "
its highest ground, in Pannier Court, between
Paternoster Row and Newgate Street."

In Queen's Head Passage, close to Pannier
Court, the reader is directed to "Dolly's
Chop House," in which

"that native dish, the beef steak, so much envied by the French, and classed by them among their assiettes dressed in the best style...... At this house the ingenious anatomist and chemical lecturer, Dr. George Fordyce, dined every day, for more than twenty years......At four o'clock, his accus

tomed hour of dining, he entered, and took his seat at a table always reserved for him, on which was instantly placed a silver tankard full of strong ale; a bottle of port wine, and a measure containing a quarter of a pint of brandy. The moment the waiter announced him, the cook put a pound and a half of rump steak on the gridiron, and on the table some delicate trifle as a bonne bouche, to serve until the steak was ready. This morsel was sometimes half a broiled chicken, sometimes a plate of fish: when he had eaten this, he took one glass of

his brandy, and then proceeded to devour his steak. We say devour, because he always ate so rapidly that one might imagine he was hurrying away to a patient, to deprive death of a dinner......He thus daily spent an hour and a half of his time, and then returned to his house in Essex Street, to give his six-o-clock lecture on chemistry. He made no other meal until his return next day at four o'clock

to Dolly's."

Upon our arrival at Threadneedle Street we are told that

"Let us not pass Alderman Birch's unique refec. tory.....without a tribute to the talents, literary as well as culinary, of the worthy Alderman, who, having written and published on the theory of National Defence, has here illustrated his system practically, by providing a variety of superior soups, wherewith to fortify the stomachs, and stimulate the courage of all his Majesty's liege


"The Bank of England seems to be the magna
parens of coffee houses and taverns......Let them
Lour enemies] send some spy to inspect the Bank
of England and the avenues about it; John Bull
may there be seen daily, waddling out of the front
gate, and into one of the nearest places of replenish-
ment, there to convert his paper into solid sup-
plies for the service of the current day. Thus, while
each new tax adds another feather to his load, he

continues to widen and strengthen his shoulders to
bear it, and now he looks like the fat alderman, on
the back of whose coat a wag pinned a ticket, copied
from the inscription at the corner of Old Jewry,
Widened at the expense of the Corporation of

The few extracts I have made from 'The
Epicure's Almanack' will, I think, justify
Mr. Courtney's opinion to the effect that
"these volumes are still worth turning




AN EARLIER CHARLES LAMB.-An American correspondent has directed my attention to a most curious reference to a Charles Lamb, as presumably a champion of chimneysweepers, a hundred years and more before the Charles Lamb whom we know came forward to write those black imps' praise. The book is The Scourge: in Vindication of the Church of England,' by T. L. (Thomas Lewis), first published in 1717, and again in 1720. On p. 271 of the 1717 edition, and on P. 205 of the 1720 edition, as a corroborative search at the British Museum reveals, is this sentence in a letter dated "Button's, Sunday,



When St. Paul's Churchyard is reached, there is a description of "that well-known and long-established house the Chapter Coffee House." September 1":This place, described as situated in a passage which looks into Paternoster Row," appears to have been well supplied with files of all the British news papers, also magazines, reviews, &c., "together with all the most popular pamphlets." There were compartments or boxes, and two of these appear to have been whimsically denominated "Hell," owing, probably, to reports as to the conversation sometimes heard within them :

"In this house the magnificent and munificent booksellers of London hold their conclave. Whether or not there be also a board of grey-bearded reviewers, we have not hitherto discovered." At Cornhill

"Well, I shall live to be reveng'd of all the Lamb, I do love that dear Fellow, I did not care if Chimney Sweepers in England, and only for Charles they were all hang'd and damn'd.""

One can simply rub one's eyes in the presence of so odd an anticipation.

ZOUAVE UNIFORM. What M. P. says of
German duelling (10th S. iv. 388) reminds me
of the military uniform of the Zouaves-the

light infantry in the French army. They
wore baggy trousers, which were drawn in
at and tied about the ankles; and at the
bottom they were joined together so near the
ankles that they did not allow a man to
take the regimental stride. It immediately
occurred to the new man that he must slit
them up a bit so that he could walk properly.
His older comrades told him he would get
"huit jours "if he did. On the other hand,
if he wanted to walk there was nothing to
be done but slit them up a few inches, which
he accordingly did. The officer came along

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for the usual inspection, and at once detected after this portion of the line had been opened. what he knew must take place. Nevertheless After leaving Bishop's Road

the usual question was asked, What have". you done this for? and the usual reply was given, but without avail. The expected sentence was pronounced, "huit jours de prison." Having served his term, the man was not required to sew the parts up again, but was allowed to keep his bags in walkable condition. I was told this many years ago by a Zouave who had won 4,000/. in a State lottery, and had consequently given up soldiering. Perhaps the authorities are more reasonable RALPH THOMAS.

we were no longer in the dark, but in a clear and healthy atmosphere, travelling in comfort, and even luxuriously. The line traverses an extremely pleasant country. At first we had brickfields on our left, and new-mown hay and broad green meadows on our right. The change from underground' to daylight and sunshine, from impure air into a sweet-scented and invigorating atmosphere, was really delightful...... We were left alone in our lofty and spacious carriage, and had the privilege of walking about in it and viewing the country; and it was all country, and looked charming."


"PRETTY MAIDS' MONEY."-The following extract from The Cornish and Devon Post (Launceston) of 15 July, 1905, records a ceremony which seems worth noting:

"This money, amounting to 27. 10s., which, left by the Rev. Mr. Meyrick, is known as the Pretty Maids' Money, and which is given to a pretty maid of good character and regular attendance at Church, on the first day of the Fair each year, was on Tuesday received by Miss Elsie Back. The legacy was left to promote peace on earth and goodwill among men.' There was a good attendance at the church porch on the occasion, among them being the rector, Rev. T. S. Kendall, Mr. Horace Higgs, C.C., Mrs. Kendall, sen., Mrs. Kendall, jun., and other ladies and gentlemen. As soon as the clock struck twelve, Mr. Higgs handed Miss Back the money, heartily congratulating her. Miss Back returned thanks, after which she received the congratulations of those present."

Evidently the "privilege of walking about"
was not restricted by the necessity of having
to hang on to a strap. ALECK ABRAHAMS.
39, Hillmarton Road.

THE METROPOLITAN RAILWAY.-The recent important changes on this much-abused railway afford a pleasant contrast with its many years of perennial grime and smokesaturated tunnels. There is an excellent description of its earliest years in a little collection of papers on London subjects, entitled Trifles,' by Edwin Utley, London,


The writer on 18 June travelled from Farringdon Street to Hammersmith five days

BIRDS OF EAST FINMARK.-It may be of use to students of Northern languages to record in your pages that in The Zoologist, Second Series, vol. ii. pp. 697-700 (1867), there is a list of the native names of the birds of East Finmark, compiled by Ch. Sommerfeldt, parish priest of Næsseby.

EDWARD PEACOCK. CECIL FAMILY. (See 6th S. vii. 384; viii. 69; xi. 69; 7th S. xii. 144.)-At the above places the descent of the great Lord Burghley from the Sitsilts of Alterynnys, believed in by himself-see the document reproduced in Nares's Memoirs,' vol. i. p. 8-is disputed, and it is suggested that he was descended from a Yorkshire family named Cecill. Stress is laid (6th S. vii. 384) on the use of the spelling "Cecill" by Lord Burghley and his father and grandfather. I think some


DUNHEVED. "HOOSHTAH."-This word seems to be one of the most recent importations into English. A friend who has lately returned from Westralia uses it upon every possible occasion, both as interjection and verb. He tells light is thrown on the question by the_will me it is really a cry of the Afghan camel-(P.C.C. 13 Adeane) of Sir David Philipp, Knt., drivers, of whom there are many on the gold- dated 25 September, and proved 10 December, fields. I have just come upon the following 1506. The testator is buried at Stamford, quotation in an Australian novel, True but he mentions "Dewles," to the rood of Eyes,' by Randolph Bedford, 1903, p. 295: which he gives a legacy; and this may be "So the camel was 'hooshtahed' down and Dulas, Dewlas, or Dulace, a few miles from strapped, after she had ground the dust Alterynnys. But a more certain point is under her chest pad into the shape of that Lord Burghley's grandfather David is comfort, and so left to the enjoyment of the named an executor, being the only quandong." JAS. PLATT, Jun. executor who proved; and a legacy is left to is, of course, possible) the godson was David's him as a godson of the testator, unless (which son David. In all cases the name is spelt Seysyll, Scisseld, or Scissilde, never Cecill. Agnes Scisseld is also mentioned, and the following clearly Welsh names occur: Jane ap Rosser (legacy), Hugh Edwards (executor), Sir John Landaff (witness). Some conclusion might be drawn from the provenance of Sir David Philipp himself, if that be known. If he lived in early life near Alterynnys, and if David Cecill, senior, was


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the godchild, then the latter was probably born there, for Sir David Philipp's connexion with Stamford seems to have been due to marriage, and David Cecill, senior, must have been thirty to forty years old in 1506. L. W. H. BEN JONSON'S WORKS, 1616.-Old errors die hard, and among them is the belief that the 1616 folio of Ben Jonson contained the portrait of the poet by Vaughan. I am reminded of this by the words "no portrait" added to the record of a sale of this volume, together with the posthumous second volume, in The Athenæum of 9 December. On this subject the late Mr. George Bullen, of the British Museum, wrote to me in 1879 as follows:"We have two copies of Ben Jonson, 1616, fol.: one in the General Library, and one in the Grenville. The former has no portrait: the latter has one by Vaughan, the same that appears in the 1640 edition. Mr. Grenville in a note states 'I have added to my copy the head by Vaughan.' Now Vaughan, according to Nagler, Künstler Lexikon,' was born in 1600, so that it is scarcely, probable he could have done this portrait in 1616. H. A. EVANS.



We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

CARDINALS' PILLARS.-In Nares's 'Glos sary,' edited by Halliwell and Wright, occurs the statement:

"Ornamented pillars were formerly carried before a cardinal, and Wolsey was remarkable for keeping up this piece of state. In the stage directions for his solemn entry in the play of Henry VIII,' it is said, then two gentlemen bearing two great silver pillars. This was from authentic history. He is so described by Holingshed and other historians. Cavendish, his biographer, speaks of these silver pillars, and of his cross-bearers and pillar-bearers. Skelton satirically describes him as going preceded

by two cross-bearers :

After them followe two laye-men secular And eche of theym holdyng a pillar In their handes, steade of a mace. These pillars were supposed to be emblematical of the support given by the cardinals to the Church." This account of Nares is responsible for a sense of the word pillar introduced in some modern dictionaries (chiefly of American authorship), "a portable ornamental column formerly carried before cardinals,, as emblematic of his support to the Church."

No authority, however, is cited for this general use, nor have I as yet found any refer ence to pillars borne before cardinals, except in this case of Wolsey. Can any reader of


N. & Q.'direct me to any other source in which the alleged practice is referred to or described? A historical student to whom I have applied is unable to answer the question, but says that it is the practice at Rome (in "correct" or Black households) for a cardinal to be received by two manservants bearing torches, and to be preceded by them to the reception-room. He suggests that the two pillars borne before Wolsey were merely two silver candlesticks. But this would evidently be quite at variance with the notion of Nares as to what the "pillars" symbolized. I should be very glad of any communications bearing upon the subject, and if writers will, to save time, send them to me direct (address Dr. Murray, Oxford), I will forward them to the Editor of' N. & Q.' J. A. H. MURRAY. [Is it possibly derived from the lictors?] ENNOBLED ANIMALS.-Can any readers of N. & Q' help me to cases of animals which have been ennobled in a similar way to Caligula's horse, which was made Consul of Rome? If any artist has treated the subject, I shall be very grateful for information about the picture. RUDOLPH DE Cordova. 2, Pump Court, Middle Temple, E.C.


SCOTT AND CAREY: SCOTT IN IRELAND.— Can any reader remind me where Sir W. Scott quotes the first two lines of Carey's play :Aldiborontephoscophornio,


Where left you Chrononhononthologos? That he was familiar with the play we know from the motto prefixed to the first chapter of The Antiquary,' and by his nicknames for the two Ballantynes (Lockhart, vol. ii. chap. vi., near beginning). But I think he also somewhere quotes the above lines.

I have a further question to ask. In Carey's play the above lines are spoken by RigdumFunnidos (so spelt by Carey), and the pompous gentleman, whom for shortness we may call Ald., thus replies :

Fatigu'd with the tremendous toils of war, Within his tent, on downy couch succumbent, Himself he unfatigues with gentle slumbers. Now, in a family closely connected with Scott's early friends John and Alexander Irving, the following lines have been handed down orally :

Fatigued in his tent by the toils of war,
On a downy couch reposing,
Rigdum-Funnidos watching by,

While the prince lay dozing. Where do these lines come from? They are evidently a burlesque version of Ald.'s reply (itself a burlesque), couched in different metre, and certainly forming no


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part of the play. Did Scott invent them? who are on the chart as sons of William Family tradition says that the three friends Mawbey? GERALD FOTHERGILL. were in the habit of making up and 11, Brussels Road, New Wandsworth, S.W. "spouting" queer rimes of all kinds, and I incline to think that this was one of them. Unless another origin can be pointed out for these lines, I shall conclude that we have in them a trouvaille from Scott's young days, probably made by him, and at any rate often on his lips.

I may add that the same family tradition tells that Scott and his two friends, in their college days, made a trip to the north of Ireland, crossing from Galloway; that there Scott usually rode while his companions walked; that the trip was cut short for some unknown reason; and that a riming account of it was preserved by John Irving, though it has long since disappeared. This excursion is not mentioned by Lockhart, nor, so far as I know, by any other chronicler of Scott's life. To many of us every trifle connected with the Great Magician is of value, so I make no apology for mentioning these. T. S. OMOND. 14, Calverley Park, Tunbridge Wells. THOMAS BARRY, the son of Spranger Barry, the famous actor, by his first wife, was admitted on the foundation at Westminster School in 1758. I should be glad to learn the maiden name of his mother, and any parG. B.

ticulars of his career.


-a common

NED: "TO RAISE NED."-Can any one give an explanation of the origin and early meaning of the phrase "to raise Ned' expression applied to an active fellow who creates disturbances out of a pure love of mischief? That is to say, it was common enough in New England half a century, or more, ago. It signified a sort of harmless, yet provoking disorder in conduct. Is the expression current in England to-day? or has it ever obtained there?

FRANK WARREN HACKETT. 1418, M Street, Washington, D.C.

MALTBY: MAWBEY.-Miss Maltby, of 58, Grove Street, New Haven, Connecticut, has asked me to send the following to N. & Q.'

Parentage is wanted of William Maltby, born 1645, and of his brother John; they emigrated to America about 1670. A Robert Maltbye witnesses a deed of land for William in 1673; the relationship of this Robert is unknown, as this is the only time he appears upon the records. In Betham's 'Baronetage,' vol. iii. p. 322, is to be found the pedigree of the Mawbeys of Botleys, Surrey. Can any one tell what became of the John and William

PENN AND MEAD JURY, 1670.-Mr. Horace J. Smith, of Philadelphia, has started a movement to provide a memorial commemorating the jurymen who in 1670 refused to convict William Penn and William Mead for preaching in Gracechurch Street. As chairinan of the committee I shall be glad if readers of N. & Q.' can supply me with any information about these jurymen or their letters or JOHN HENRY LLOYD. portraits. Edgbaston Grove, Birmingham.

MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN THE MEYRICK COLLECTION. Sawbridgeworth Church, in common with many others in Hertfordshire, has suffered the loss of many monumental brasses, some of which are in the Saffron Walden Museum, and others, apparently, were in the Meyrick collection.

Haines informs us (under Sawbridgeworth) that "a brass of a man in armour, about 1480, is at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire." This probably represents John Chauncy, whose effigy is missing from its matrix.

chancel of Sawbridgeworth Church containCussans, referring to an altar-tomb in the ing matrices of a knight and his two wives Trinity, states: "These brasses are said to kneeling before a representation of the have been in the collection of Sir Samuel Meyrick at Goodrich Castle [Court?]."

I am informed that the Meyrick collection is now entirely dispersed, and no references to these brasses is to be found in the sale catalogues. Is it possible to ascertain their whereabouts at the present time?


Bishop's Stortford.

BORN WITH TEETH.-I am presently issuing a work to be called 'Dental Jottings,' and shall be obliged if any readers of N. & Q can send me the names of any distinguished persons of whom it is undoubtedly on record that they were born with teeth.

CHAS. F. FORSHAW, LL D. Baltimore House, Bradford.

[Is it not stated that Richard III. was so endowed at birth?]

FRANCIS PRIOR: ANNABELLA BEAUMONT.-I am anxious to learn if Foster's 'London Marriage Licences' records the marriage of Francis Prior and Annabella Beaumont between 1700 and 1720. If it does not, is there any similar publication that does? F. O. HOPKINS. 39, City Councillors Street, Montreal.

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