Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality

Sprednja platnica
Cambridge University Press, 26. okt. 1995 - 277 strani
In this book G.A. Cohen examines the libertarian principle of self-ownership, which says that each person belongs to himself and therefore owes no service or product to anyone else. This principle is used to defend capitalist inequality, which is said to reflect each person's freedom to do as as he wishes with himself. The author argues that self-ownership cannot deliver the freedom it promises to secure, thereby undermining the idea that lovers of freedom should embrace capitalism and the inequality that comes with it. He goes on to show that the standard Marxist condemnation of exploitation implies an endorsement of self-ownership, since, in the Marxist conception, the employer steals from the worker what should belong to her, because she produced it. Thereby a deeply inegalitarian notion has penetrated what is in aspiration an egalitarian theory. Purging that notion from socialist thought, he argues, enables construction of a more consistent egalitarianism.
 

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Vsebina

Preface
ix
Acknowledgements
x
history ethics and Marxism
1
Robert Nozick and Wilt Chamberlain how patterns preserve liberty
19
Justice freedom and market transactions
38
Selfownership worldownership and equality
67
Are freedom and equality compatible?
92
Selfownership communism and equality against the Marxist technological fix
116
Marx and Locke on land and labour
165
Exploitation in Marx what makes it unjust?
195
Selfownership delineating the concept
209
Selfownership assessing the thesis
229
The future of a disillusion
245
Bibliography
266
Index of names
272
Subject index
274

Marxism and contemporary political philosophy or why Nozick exercises some Marxists more than he does any egalitarian liberals
144

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O avtorju (1995)

Eleanor Emmons Maccoby was born Viva Emmons in Tacoma, Washington on May 15, 1917. She received a bachelor's degree from the University of Washington and master's and doctorate degrees in experimental psychology from the University of Michigan. She taught and did research at Harvard University from 1950 to 1957. She taught at Stanford University from 1958 until her mandatory retirement at the age of 70 in 1987. She was the first woman to head the psychology department from 1973 to 1976. She conducted research in child development and gender studies. She wrote or co-wrote several books including Patterns of Child Rearing written with Robert Sears, The Psychology of Sex Differences written with Carol Nagy Jacklin, and The Two Sexes: Growing Up Apart, Coming Together. She died from pneumonia on December 11, 2018 at the age of 101.

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