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Adam Smith advance advantage agricultural allowed authority became Book caused chapter classes close cloth coin common Company continued Crown 8vo direction duties earlier early economic Edward effect eighteenth century Elizabethan England English existence export fact factory favoured followed forces foreign fresh gained gild given greater growth Henry important improvement inclosures increase individual industry influence interests King labour land later least less London lord manor manufacture Master material means measure Mercantile merchants natural Norman Notes object origin passed payment period political position possessed possible practice principles produced raised reasons regulation reign restrictions result Roman rules School secure seems separate shillings shown Statute success supplied taken tenants tion took towns trade various village villeins wages wealth whole wool
Stran 3 - Thus it is on the one side a study of wealth, and on the other, and more important side, a part of the study of man. For man's character has been moulded by his everyday work, and the material resources which he thereby procures, more than by any other influence unless it be that of his religious ideals; and the two great forming agencies of the world's history have been the religious and the economic.
Stran 173 - For if we only behold the actions of the husbandman in the seed-time when he casteth away much good corn into the ground, we will rather accompt him a mad man than a husbandman: but when we consider his labours in the harvest which is the end of his endeavours, we find the worth and plentiful encrease of his actions.
Stran 118 - The paths trodden by the footsteps of ages were broken up ; old things were passing away, and the faith and the life of ten centuries were dissolving like a dream. Chivalry was dying ; the abbey and the castle were soon together to crumble into ruins ; and all the forms, desires, beliefs, convictions of the old world were passing away, never to return.
Stran 3 - Political Economy or economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it examines that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with the use of the material requisites of well-being. Thus it is on the one side a study of wealth; and on the other, and more important side, a part of the study of man.
Stran 74 - And further, it is commanded that highways leading from one market town to another shall be enlarged, whereas bushes, woods, or dykes be, so that there be neither dyke, tree, nor bush whereby a man may lurk to do hurt within two hundred foot of the one side and two hundred foot on the other side of the way...
Stran 118 - And now it is all gone — like an unsubstantial pageant faded ; and between us and the old English there lies a gulf of mystery which the prose of the historian will never adequately bridge.
Stran 209 - In all cases in which Trade Unions arose, the great bulk of the workers had ceased to be independent producers, themselves controlling the processes, and owning the materials and the product of their labour, and had passed into the condition of lifelong wage-earners, possessing neither the instruments, of production nor the commodity in its finished...
Stran 223 - To expect, indeed, that the freedom of trade should ever be entirely restored in Great Britain is as absurd as to expect that an Oceana or Utopia should ever be established in it.
Stran 4 - ... have nowhere been displaced from the front rank even for a time ; and they have nearly always been more important than all others put together. Religious motives are more intense than economic ; but their direct action seldom extends over so large a part of life.
Stran 164 - It is not impossible, therefore, that some of the regulations of this famous act may have proceeded from national animosity. They are as wise, however, as if they had all been dictated by the most deliberate wisdom. National animosity at that particular time aimed at the very same object which the most deliberate wisdom would have recommended, the diminution of the naval power of Holland, the only naval power which could endanger the security of England.