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Page.
Defense, public, Congress to provide for, Equity Cases, testimony, how taken in, N.

12
Y. (1846),

58
Delaware, Constitution of, (1831),

116 Equity jurisdiction may be given to County
Delegates to Congress under Confederation 4

Judges, N, Y. (1846),..

59
Departments of Government, Ala., 74; Erie Canal enlargement, provisions relating
Ark., 85; Cal., 97; Ct., 108; Fla., 129;

to, N. Y. (1846), .

61
Ill., 151 ; Ind., 172; Iowa, 184; La., Errors, Court for Correction of, N. Y. (1777),
225'; Me., 241 ; Mich., 301 ; Minn., 321;

31; (1821),

40
Miss., 336; Mo., 352; Nev., 381; N. J., Escheats to revert to the people, N. Y.
413; Or., 449; R. I., 475; Tenn., 492;

(1846),...

48
Tex., 507; Va...

533 Excise duties, Congress has sole power
Disorderly behavior, Congrese may punish,

over, U. S.,

12
U. S.,...
11 must be uniform, U. S.

12
Disputes between States settled by Con- Executive powers of U. S. government de-
gress, Art. Confed.,.

5
fined, U. S., 13; N. Y. (1846),

54
District Attorneys appointed, N. Y. (1821) Executive department, Ala., 78; Ark., 86,
39; elected, N. Y. (1846),

.65-68

88; Cal., 100; Conn., 109; Del., 119;
Distribution of Powers. (See Departments

Fla., 130; Ga., 146; Ill. 157 ; Ind.,
of Government.)

174; Iowa, 187; Kan., 197; Ky., 213;
Divorces to be granted only by judicial pro-

La., 229; Me., 244; Md., 258; Mass.,
ceedings, N. Y. (1846),.

48

286, Mich., 301; Minn., 323, Miss.,
Dock yards, Congress to have sole care of,

310: Mo., 375; Neb., 373; Nev., 384;
Ú. S..

12

N. H., 405; N. J., 415; N, C., 424 429
Domestic violence, guarantees of protec-

Ohio, 435; Or., 452; Pa., 463; R. I.,
tion from, U. S.,.

16

477; S. C., 484; Tenn., 494; Tex., 512;
Doors of Legislative Chambers to be open,

Vt., 523; Va., 539; W. Va., 551; Wis., 563
N. Y. (1777), 29; (1821), 35; (1846), 53 Expenditures, annual statement of, re-
Duties on trade between states forbid, Art.

quired, U. S.,

13
Confed., 4; U. S.,.

13 Exportation from one State to another free,
Duties, Congress has sole power over, Art.

U. S.....

13
Confed., 4, 5; U. S

.12, 13

Ex post facto laws forbidden, U.S., 13;
must be uniform, U. S.,.

12 Faith of States pledged to certain measures,
tonnage may not be laid by states,

Confed...

7
U, S,

13 given to public acts and records of other
Education, Ark., 92; Cal., 103; Ct., 112; Fla.,

States, U. S...

16
138; Ky., 222; La., 236; Ind., 168; Fees, judicial officers forbidden to receive,
Iowa, 191; Kansas, 202; Md., 274;

N. Y. (1846),...

60
Mass., 290 ; Mich., 310; Minn., 326; certain officers not to receive, N. Y. (1846), 56
Mo., 360; Neb., 376; Nev., 389; N. H., Felonies on the high seas, trial of, Confed.,
409; N. C., 426 ; Ohio, 438; Or., 455;

5; Congress to punish,

12
Pa., 466; R. I., 480 ; Tex., 519; W. fugitives to be surrendered for, Confed,

4
Va., 557; Wis.,

..568 Feudal tenures and incidents abolished,
Elections, States to prescribe and regulate,

N. Y. (1846),.

48
U. S.,..

10 Finance, Ind., 178; Iowa, 196; Kan., 204;
Congress may alter such regulations, U.S., 10 Ark., 93; Ill., 163; Md., 272; Mich.,
Congress has power of determining, rela-

311 ; Minn., 326 ; Neb., 376; Nev., 389;
tive to its own members, U.S.,.... 11

Ohio, 442; Or., 456; W. Va., 556; Pa.,
of President and Vice-President, amend-

471; Wis.,

567
ment of Constitution concerning, U. Fines, excessive, may not be imposed, U.

20
S., 19; N. Y. (1846),.

47
on adoption of Constitution, N. Y. (1816),. 67 and other'alienations of land, voia, N. Y.
time of, fixed, N. Y. (1821), 37; (1846),.. 53, 68 (1846),

48
of county officers, N. Y. (1846),
65 Florida, Constitution of (1865),..

128
city, town and village officers, N. Y. Forfeiture, not to extend beyond life of
(1846),

65
person attainted, U. S.,

16
qualification of voters at, N. Y. (1846), 40 of lands, W. Va.,

556
betting at, to disqualify voters, N. Y. Forts, Congress to have sole care of, U. S., 12
(1846),
50 Frame of Government, Vt.,.

522
of militia officers, N. Y. (1821),

38, 39
Freedmen, article relating to, Tex.

518
Elections, Ala., 82; Ark., 97; Cal., 98; Freedom of speech and of press, N.Y. (1821), 42

Conn., 114, 115; Del., 120; Fla., 135; Fugitives from justice excluded from civil
Ga., 149; Ill., 162; Ind., 171 ; Kan.,

rights, Confed,

3
201 ; Me., 240; Md., 256; Mass., 298

to be surrendered by States, U. S...

16
Iowa, 184; Ky., 210; La., 227; Mich., Fulton county united with Hamilton for
307; Minn., 325; Mo., 348; Neb., 371:

election purposes, N. Y. (1846),

53
Nev., 380; N. H., 403; N. J., 413; N. General Court, N. H.

401
C., 424; Ohio, 438; Or.,448; Pa., 464; Genesee Valley Canal, provisions relating
R. I., 474-478; S. C., 486; Tenn., 495;

to, N. Y. (1846),

61
Tex., 507; Vt., 525; Va., 533; W. Va., Georgia, Constitution of, 1865,

142
547; Wis.,.

561 Governor, executive power vested in, N. Y.
Electors, former mode of choosing, U. S., 14

(1777), 29; (1821), 37; (1846),

54
qualifications of, U. S.,.

14 when and how elected, N. Y. (1777), 29;
Congress to fix times of choosing, U. S.,. 14 (1821), 37; (1846),...

54, 68
census of, N. Y. (1777)

27 Legislature to decide on equal vote for,
qualification of. (See Elections).

N. Y. (1846),..

54
Emancipation, La.,..

225 qualifications and powers of, N. Y. (1777),
Embassies of States forbidden, Confed., 41

29; (1821), 37, 38; (1846),...
Eminent domain, Wis.,
568 general duties of, N. 'Y. (1846),..,

54
Congress alone may send and receive, Con- to be commander-in-chief, N. Y. (1777),
fed....

5

29; (1821), 39; (1846),.
Enacting clause of bills, N. Y. (1846),

54 to communicate by message to the Legis-
England, common law of, continued, N. Y,

lature, N. Y. (1777), 29; (1821), 38;
(1777), 31, 32; (1821),..

43
(1846),

54

[graphic]

S.,

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

54

39, 40

9

Page.
Governor, may grant pardons, etc., N. Y.

(1777), 29; (1821), 38; (1846),
pardoning power in treason limited, N.
Y. (1821), 38; (1846),

55
to report pardons annually, N. Y. (1846), 55
duties of, in case of vacancy how filled,

N. Y. (1777), 29; (1821), 38; (1846),..,
when to retain powers ont of State, N.

Y. (1846),
to approve bills, N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846), 55
veto power, described and limited, N. Y.
(1821), 36; (1846),...

55
may convene, Legislature, N. Y. (1777),
29; (1821), 38; (1846),

54
compensation of, N. Y. (1821), 38; (1846), 54
may suspend from office the Treasurer,
N. Y. (1846),

56
power of removal of certain officers, N. Y.
(1846),

65
duties in removal of judges, N. Y. (1846), 58
may fill vacancies of judges, N. Y.
(1846),

59
to appoint certain militia officers, N. Y.
(1821), 38; (1846),..

66
staff officers of, N. Y. (1846),..

66
veto powers of, N. Y. (1821). .

36
Great Britain, oppressive acts recited, N. Y.
(1777),

22
certain grants valid, N. Y.,
Habeas Corpus writ 'not to be suspended

except in certain cases, U, S., 13;
N. Y. (1821), 43; (1846),..

47
Hamilton county united with Fulton for
election purposes, N. Y. (1846),

53
Heirs, failures of, causes reversion to the
people, N. Y. (1846),..

48
House of Representatives, how composed,

U. S...
Idaho Territory,

Page.
290; Mich., 310; Minn., 326 ; Mo., 360;
Neb, 376; Nev., 391; N. H., 409 ;
Ohio,

439
Invasions and insurrections, militia may be
called to suppress, U. S.,.

12
guaranty of protection from, U. S., 16
debts may be incurred to repel, N. Y.
(1846),

03
Iowa, Constitution of (1857).

182
Journals of Congress, shall be kept, U. S., 11
of Senate and Assembly to be kept, N. Y.
(1777), 29; (1821), 35; (1846),.

53
Judges to be appointed by President and
Senate, U. S..

15
of Court of Appeals, N. Y. (1846),

57
certain, of Supreme Court to serve as,
N. Y. (1846),

57
Judges of Supreme Court, N. Y. (1777), 30
appointment of, N. Y. (1821),

39, 40
elected, N. Y. (1846),

68
tenure of office of, N. Y. (1821), ..40, 41
limited to the age of sixty years, N. Y.
(1821),

40
removal of, from office, N. Y. (1821). , 41
may hold no other office, N. Y. (1821),... 41
compensation of, N. Y. (1846),

58
not to hold other offices, N. Y. (1816), 58
removal of, N. Y. (1846),..

58
Judgment in cases of impeachment, N. Y.
(1846),

: 57
Judicial decisions free for publication, N. Y.
(1846),

60
Judicial districts, N. Y. (1821), 41 ; (1846),
57 ; may be reorganized,

59
Judicial officers, appointment of, N. Y.

(1777), 30; (1821),..
to be elected, N. Y. (1846),

60
except justices, to receive no fees, N. Y.
(1846),

60
when to take office, N. Y: (1846),.

69
removal of, N. Y. (1821), 46; (1846), 58

may not serve in Legislature, N. Y. (1846), 53
Judicial powers of U. S., how vested, U.S.,
15; limited..

19
Judicial proceedings, faith to be given to,
Art. Confed., 4; U. S.,

16
Judiciary of other States, Ala., 80; Ark., 90

Cal., 101 ; Ct., 111; Del., 121 ; Fla., 133;
Ga., 148, Ill., 159; Ind., 176; Iowa,
189; Kan., 200; Ky., 214; La. 231;
Me., 246 ; Md., 265 ; Mich., 305 ; Minn.,
324; Miss., 338; Mo., 357; Neb., 375;
Nev., 386; N. H., 408; N. J., 417;
N. C., 425, Ohio, 436, 442, 443; Or.,
454; Pa., 464, 470; R. I., 479; S. C.,
486; Tenn., 496 ; Texas, 510; Va., 541;
W. Va., 552 ; Wis.

565
Jurisdiction of Supreme Court defined,
U. S.,

15
of soil to be ceded for forts, arsenals,
etc., U. S......

12
Jury trials for crimes (except in impeach-

ments) secured, U. S.,
to be held in the State where crimes were
committed, U.S.,.

16
Jury trials secured, N. Y. (1777), 33; (1821),
42; (1846),

47
for estimating private damages, N. Y.
(1846),

48
Justice of Supreme Court, provision in case
of vacancy of, N. Y. (1846),

69
office abolished under former Constitu-
tion, N. Y. (1846),

69
election of (1846),

57
Justices of Peace, appointment of, N. Y.
(1821),

39, 40
amendment relating to, N. Y. (1821), 44
to be elected, N. Y. (1846),

59
powers of, N. Y. (1846),.

59
removal of, N. Y. (1846),

59
to serve in Courts of Sessions, N. Y.
(1846),

59
Kansas, Constitution of, 1859,

196

[graphic]

..16, 18
65, 66

576
Illinois Constitution of 1847-48,

151
Impeachments, House has sole power of, U.

10
Assembly has sole power, N. Y. (1777), 31
(1821), 40; (1846),.

57
Senate has sole power to try charges of,

N. Y. (1777), 31 ; (1821), 40; U. S.,... 10
limitations of judgment in, U. S.,

10
provisions in case of, N. Y. (1777), 29, 30;
(1821), 38; (1816),..

57
limitation of pardoning power in case

of, U. S., 15; N. Y. (1821), 38; (1846),. 55
limitation of judgment, N. Y. (1846),. 57
second trial allowed, N. Y. (1846),

47
to disqualify from holding office, N. Y.
(1846),

57
in other States, Ala., 76; Ct., 113; Cal.,

98; Del., 121 ; Fla., 135; Ark., 90 ; Ky.
218; La., 232; Ga., 144; Mich., 309;
Minn., 329 ; Miss., 342; Mo.,

359; Nev.,
388; Pa., 464; R. I., 480 ; Tenn., 495;
Tex., 518; W. Va., 548; Ill., 153; Ind.,
175; Iowa, 186; Kan., 200: Me., 243;
Md., 262; Mass., 285; Neb., 373; N.
H., 405; Ohio, 434; Pa., 464; Va., 537;
Wis.,

564
Importation of persons, may be prohibited
after 1808, U. S..

13
tax on may be imposed until prohibited,
U. S.,

13
Indiana, Constitution of (1851),

160
Indian affairs, Congress has sole charge of,
Confed. U. S...

12
wars, power of States in case of, Confed. 5
Indians, purchase of lands from, forbidden,

N. Y. (1777) 32; (1821) 43; (1846),..... 48
Inferior courts may be established in cities,
N. Y. (1846),

59
Inspectors, office of abolished, N. Y. (1846), 57
of State Prisons, elections of, N. Y.

(1846),
Institutions, Public, Cal., 103; Conn., 112;

Ind., 178; Iowa, 192; Kan., 203; Ky.,
222; La., 235, 236; Md., 274; Mass.,

S.,

.56, 68

12

35

Page.
Kentucky, Constitution of, 1850,

209
Labor on public works, La.,..

235
Land, British grants of, confirmed, N. Y.
(1846),

49
Lands, purchase of, from Indians forbidden,

N. Y. (1777), 32; (1821), 43; (1846), 48
tenure of, N. Y. (1777), 32; (1821), 43;
(1846),

48
reserved for school fund, N. Y. (1821), 42
ultimate right of, in the people, N. Y.
(1846),

48
leases of, limited, N. Y. (1846),

48
Land office, Commissioners of the, N. Y.
(1846),

56
Larceny, conviction of, to disqualify from
voting, N. Y. (1846),..

50
Law, the common, continued, N. Y. (1846), 48, 49
Laws, needful for exercise of powers of

Congress allowed, U. S.,
style of enactment of, N. Y. (1777),

31
ex post facto, prohibited, U. S., ...

13
Legislature, to provide for publication of,
N. Y., (1846),.

60
free for publication, N. Y., (1846),

60
League of States, under confederation... 3
Leases, limitation of agricultural, N. Y.,
(1846),...

48
Legal tender, States may not make other
than coin, U. S.,..

13
Legislative Department, Ala., 75; Ark., 85;

Cal., 97; Ct., 108; Del. 117, 126; Fla.,
132, 137; Ga., 143; Ill., 151 ; Ind., 172;
Iowa, 185; Kansas, 198, 204; Ky., 209;
La., 225;' Me.. 241, 243; Md., 260;
Mass., 282; Mich., 301 ; Minn., 321;
Mo., 352; Neb,, 371; Nev., 381; N. H.,
401; N. J., 413, N. C., 424, 427; Ohio,
433; Or., 449; Pa., 461; R. I., 475; S.
C., 482 ; Tenn., 492 ; Tex., 507; Vt.,

523; Va., 533; W. Va., 549; Wis., 562
Legislative power, how vested, N. Y. (1777),
26; (1821), 35; (1846),.

50
Legislature, members not to have pay in-
creased, N. Y. (1821),

36
to receive no civil appointments during
term, N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846),.

53
no member of Congress to hold seat in,
N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846),.

53
members to receive no civil appointment,
N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846),

53
quorum of, N. Y. (1846),

53
each House to judge of qualifications of

members, N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846), 53
to choose its own officers, N. Y. (1821),
36; (1846),

53
to keep à journal, N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846),. 53
to sit with open doors, N. Y. (1826), 36 ;
(1846),

53
freedom of speech secured in, N. Y.
(1821), 36; (1846),

53
may grant powers to Supervisors, N. Y.
(1846),

54
two-thirds to assent to appropriation
bills, N. Y. (1846),..

48
compensation of members, N. Y. (1821),
38; (1846),..

53
may decide on an equal vote for Governor,
N. Y. (1846),...

54
may be convened by Governor, N. Y.

(1821), 38; (1846),
governor to communicate to, N. Y. (1821),
38; (1846),

54
pardoning power of, N. Y. (1821), 38;
(1846),

54
to pass general laws, N. Y. (1846),

64
must consent to sale of lands by Indians,

N. Y. (1777), 32; (1821), 43; (1846), 48
powers of relating to taxes, N. Y.
(1846),

63
may order removal of Court of Records

to Court of Appeals, N. Y. (1846), 60
to provide for publication of laws, N. Y.
(1846),

60

Page
Legislature, to appoint Commissioners to
revise rules, etc., N. Y. (1846),.

60
to provide for organization of Court of
Appeals, N. Y. (1846),.

60
may regulate Supreme Court, N. Y. (1846), 58
may confer equity jurisdiction on county
judge, N. Y. (1846),

59
to direct election of certain officers, N.
Y. (1846),

65
to provide for vacancies in office, N. Y.

(1846),
may reorganize judicial districts, N. Y.
(1846),

59
may not grant special bank charters, N.
Y. (1846),..

64
may not sanction suspension of specie
payments, N. Y. (1846),

61
shall provide for registry of bills, N. Y.
(1846),

64
to provide for organization of cities and
villages, N. Y. (1846), -

64
may not sell or lease canals, N. Y. (1816,) 62
salt springs, N. Y. (1821), 43; (1816),. 62
to provide for elections in militia, N. Y.
(1846),...

66
may modify militia laws N. Y. (1821), 38;
(1846),

66
members to take oath of office, N. Y.
(1821), 41 ; (1846),

66
duty in constitutional amendments, N. Y.
(1821), 43; (1846),

67
elections for, when to be held, N. Y.
(1821), 36; (1846),

67
adjournments of, N. Y. (1777), 28; (1821),
Libels, truths may be proved in, N. Y.
(1821), 42; (1816),..

48
Liberty of conscience secured, but not to be

taken as license, N. Y. (1777), 32;
(1821), 41; (1846), .

37
Licentiousness not tolerated under the

name of liberty, N. Y. (1777), 32; (1821),
41 ; (1846),

47
Lieutenant-Governor, when to act as Gov-

ernor, N. Y. (1777), 29; (1821), 38;
(1846)

54
qualifications of, N. Y. (1777), 29, 30;

(1821), 38; (1846),.
duties of, N. Y. (1821), 38; (1846),
presiding officer in absence of, N. Y.
(1846),

53
a commissioner of canal fund, N.Y.(1846), 56
compensation of, N. Y. (1846),.
when elected, N. Y. (1821), 37; (1846), 68

a commissioner of land office, (1846), 56
Life, liberty, or property not to be taken

except by due process of law, U. S.
19; (1821), 42; (1846),.

47
Literature. (See Education).
Loans to be applied for specific uses, N. Y.
(1846),

63
Governor to appoint certain officers,
N. Y. (1821), 38; (1846),.

66
how commissioned, N.Y. (1777), 30;(1821),
38; (1846),

66
to be kept armed and disciplined, N. Y.
(1821), 38; (1846),..

66
those having religious scruples to be ex-

cused from serving in, N. Y. (1821),
38 ; (1846),

66
officers, how chosen, N. Y. (1821), 38;
(1846),

66
of other States, Ala., 79; Ark., 90 ; Cal.,

192; Fla., 137; Ill., 163; Ind., 1795
Iowa, 190; Kan., 203; Ky., 219; Me.,
246 ; Md., 275; Mich,, 313; Minn., 328;
Miss., 342; Mo., 361, 365 ; Nev., 391 ;
N.J., 418; Ohio, 440 ; Or., 456; Tenn.,
497; Tex., 514; Va.,

540
Loan officers, how appointed, N. Y. (1777), 31
Local officers, may be elected in certain
cases, N. Y. (1846),.

59
Lotteries prohibited, N. Y. (1821), 43, 44
(1846), .

48

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Page.

Page.
Louisiana, Constitution of, (1864),..

225 New York City, election of Mayor, N. Y.
Magazines, Congress to have sole care of,

(1821),....

45
U. S.,..

12 appointment of certain offices in, N. Y.
of war to be kept, N. Y. (1777)

33
(1821),

39, 40
Maine, Constitution of (1820),.

239 to form one judicial district, N. Y.
Majorities of States requisite in important

(1846),
measures, Confed.,
7 courts in, N. Y. (1846),

.59, 68
Mariners, right of voting. (See Elections.) register and clerk, how chosen, N. Y.
Maryland, Constitution of, (1864),

253
(1846),

60
Marque and reprisal, letters of, Confed.,.. Nobility, titles of forbidden, Confed.,
Congress has sole power to grant, U. Š.,.12, 13 persons holding, not to, U. S.,

13
Massachusetts, Constitution of, (1780), - 279 proposed amendment concerning, U. S.,. 21
Mayors of cities, appointment of, Ñ. Y. North Carolina, Constitution of (1776),...... 421
(1821),...
Oath of President, U. S.,.

14
Measures, office of, abolished, N. Y. (1846),. 57 to be required of all officers, U. S., 17
Merchandise, Inspectors, etc., of, abolished, of allegiance required of electors, N. Y.
N. Y. (1846),

(1777),

27
Michigan, Constitution of, (1850),
300 of office, N. Y. (1821), 41 ; (1846),.

67
Mileage of members of Legislature, N. Y. Offenses against the law of nations, Con-
(1846),

53
gress to punish, U. S.,

12
Military officers, how appointed, N. Y. Office, vacancies to be provided for, N. Y.
(1777),..

30
(1846),

65
Congress to provide for arming and disci- removals to be provided for, N. Y. (1846), 66

plining while in service of U. S.,.. 12 beginning of term of, N. Y. (1821), 37;
Militia to be maintained by States, Confed., 4

(1846),

65
Congress may call forth, U. S.,.

12 tenure of, when not specified, N. Y.
declared necessary, U. S.,

(1846),

65
be maintained, N. Y. (1777), 33; (1821),. Offices of profit, not to be held by members
elections of, N. Y. (1821),...

38, 39
of Congress, U. S.,..

11
Legislature may modify laws relating to, what abolished, and when to take effect,
N. Y. (1846),

66
N. Y. (1846),

69
powers under, Art. of Confed.

other States, Ala., 81; Ark., 92; Del., 125;
Cong
Congress to provide for calling forth,

Fla., 135'; Ind., 176; Ky., 218; Mass.,
U. S.,.

12

290, 291 ; Md., 273; Mich., 308; N. J.,
to provide for organizing and disciplin-

418, 419; Cal.,101 ; Ct., 111; Ill., 161;
ing U. S.,..

12

La., 231; Me., 244; Miss., 342; Mo.,
Appointment of officers reserved to

356; Nev, 385; N. H., 408; N. C., 426;
States, U. S.

12

Or., 453; Pa., 465; S. C., 487; Tenn.,
training of, according to the discipline

495; Tex., 513; Vt., 525; Va., 540 ; W.
prescribed by Congress, U. S.,.

12
Va., 552; Wis., .

565
provisions relating to N. Y. (1777), 30; Officers, removal of, N. Y. (1821) 36; (1846) 65
(1821) 38; (1846),

66 militia, election and appointment of,
Ministers of religion incapable of office,

N. Y (1821), 38, 39; (1846),.

66
N. Y. (1777), 33; (1821),

41 of rank of Colonel and under, appointed
Minnesota, Constitution of, (1857-8),

319

by States, Art. Confed.,
Miscellaneous provisions, Ala., 75, Ark., Ohio, Constitution of (1851),

432
92; Cal., 104; Ct., 113; Fla., 140; Ordinance for organizing N. Y. government,
Ind., 180; Iowa, 193 ; Kan., 206; Ky.,

(note), .

22
219; La., 232; Ma., 265 ; Me., 247

of Convention, Ark., 95; Fla., 170; Kan.,
Mass., 291; Mich., 314 ; Minn., 329;

196; La., 237; Mo., 364, 365, 368, 369
Neb., 377; Nev., 391 ; N. J., 419; 0.

,

Miss., 345 ; Nev., 396; S. C., 488;
443 ; Or., 458 ; Tenn., 499; Tex., 514;

Tenn., 500 ; Va.,

.544, 545
Va., 538; W. Va., 542; Wis.,.
570 Oregon, Constitution of_(1857),

447
Missouri, Constitution of, (1865),.

341 Orphans' Courts. (See Judiciary.)
Money, may be borrowed by committee of Oyer and Terminer. (See Judiciary.)
States, Confed.,.
6 Pardons, President may grant, U. S.,

15
must be appropriated before paid, U. S., 13 power of granting, vested in Governor,
Congress has sole power to borrow, U.S., 12 N. Y. (1777), 29; (1821), 38; (1846),... 54
to be paid only under laws, N. Y. (1846),.. 62 conditions of, may be attached, N. Y.
not to be paid after two years beyond date

(1846),
of law, N. Y. (1846),

62 Patents for inventions and writings, Con-
two-third votes necessary for, N. Y.(1821),

gress to regulate, U. S.

12
42; (1846),

48 Paupers, excluded from rights of citizens,
Montana Territory,

576
Confed..

3
Municipal debts, provisions relating to, N. excluded from representation, N. Y.
Y. (1846),..

64
(1821),

36
Naturalization of foreigners, Congress has Pay of legislators not be increased during
sole power over, U. S.,.

12

their term, N. Y. (1821), 36; (1846),... 53
of aliens allowed, N. Y. (1777),

Pennsylvania, Constitution of (1838),

461
Navy, right of raising, reserved to Con- People, sovereign right resides in, N. Y.
gress, Confed...

6
(1846),

48
Congress to provide, U. S.,

12 Petition, right of, secured, U. S., 18; N. Y.
Nebraska, Constitution of (1867),

370

(1846),
Negroes and mulattoes, Ind., the,

179 Pirates, powers of States in regard to, Art.
other States (see Slavery).

Confed,.

5
Nevada, Constitution of (1864),

379 Piracies, courts for trial of, Art. Confed, 5
New Hampshire, Constitution of (1792), 398 Congress to punish, U. S.,.

12
New Jersey, Constitution of (1844),.

411 Political year, when to begin, N. Y. (1846). 65
New Mexico Territory,

576 Post-Offices, Congress has sole charge of,
New Orleans, corporation of, La.

235
Art. Confed., 6; U. S.,.

12
New York, 1st Constitution (1777),

22 Powers not delegated to U. 'S. by Constitu-
2d Constitution (1821),

35

tion, reserved to States or the people,
3d Constitution (1846),

47
U. S.,

19

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33

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22

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U. S.,.

Page.

Page.
Powers of government. (See Distribution Rebel debts, repudiation of, amendments
of Powers.)

pending, U.S.,

21
Power, resides in people alone, n. Y. (1777), 26 Rebellion, disqualifications acquired by,
Practice in courts, rules to be revised, N. Y.,

proposed amendments concerning,
1846,

60
U. S.,.

21
Preamble to N. Y. Constitution (1777),.

Habeas corpus, privilege may be sus-
of Constitution of States, Ala., 72; Ark.,

pended in, U. S., 13; N. Y. (1821),..

42
83; Ct., 107; Del. 116; Fla., 128; Gang Receipts, annual statement of, required,
142; Ill., 151; Ind., 169; Iowa, 182;

U. S..

13
Kan., 187; La., 225 ; Minn., 319; Me., Records of States to be received, U.S.,. 16
239; Mass., 279; Mo., 346 ; Neb., 370; Regimental officers, appointed by States,
Nev. 379; N. J., 411; N. C., 421; O.,

Art, Confed.,

6
422; Or., 447;

Pa., 461; S. C., 482 Register of New York city, how chosen, N.
Texas, 505 ; Tenn., 490; Va., 532

Y. (1846),

65
Wis.,..
559 Religious tests not allowed, U. S.,.

17
Preferences in trade or privileges prohib- Religion, Congress may not make laws con-
ited, U. S.,

13
cerning, U.S.

18
President, powers and duties of, U, S., 13 to be free, N. Y. (1777). 32; (1821), 41;
former mode of choosing, U. S.

(1846),..

47
qualifications of, U, S.,
14 State not to maintain. N. Y. (1777),

32
successor of, in case of vacancy, U.S.,. 14 Removal from office, N. Y.(1821), 36; (1846), 66
compensation of, U.S.,..

14

of Judges and Justices of Supreme Court,
oath required before entering upon

N. Y. (1846),

58
duties, U.S.,

14
of Justices of Peace, N. Y. (1821),

39
commander-in-chief of army and navy,

Rents of feudal tenures, reserved, N. Y.
U. S...

14
(1846),

48
duties with regard to bills, U. S.,
11 Representatives in Congress, U. S.

9
must approve of concurrent resolutions,

qualifications of, U. S.

9
U. S.,..
11 how to be apportioned, U. S.,

9
may require opinions of heads of depart- number of, U. S.,

9
ments, U. S.

14 vacancies of, how filled, U. S.,
may .grant reprieves and pardons, U. S., 14 to elect their speaker and officers, U. S.,. 10
appointing power of, U. S.,

15

to have power of impeachment, U. S.,.. 10
to fill vacancies in recess of Senate, U. S., 15 amendments pending for adoption, U.S., 21
to communicate information to Congress, Representative Districts. (See Legislative

15

Department.)
may convene Congress on emergencies, Reprieves, President may grant, U. S.,.... 15
U, S.,..
15 Governor may grant, N, Y. (1846),

54
to receive foreign embassadors, U. S.,.. 15 Republican forms of government guaran-
to see that the laws are faithfully execu-

teed to States, U. S.,...

16
ted, U.S.,..

15 Requisitions may be made by committee of
to commission all officers of the U. S., 15

States, Confed.,.

6
shall be removed on impeachment, U. S., 15 Responsibility of stockholders, N. Y. (1846), 64
electors of, amended article, U. S.,

20 Restraints upon alienation of lands, void,
Press, freedom of secured, N. Y. (1821), 42

N. Y. (1846),

48
(1846),..

48 Revenue bills to originate in House of Rep-
Printer, State,

457
resentatives, U. S.,..

11
Private purposes, bills appropriating mon- of canals, provisions relating to, N. Y.
ey for, to be two-thirds, N. Y. (1846), 48

(1846),

.60, 61, 62
privileges of Delegates in Congress, Con- canal, amendment to Constitution, N. 'Y.
fed.....

4
(1846),

70
of members of Congress, U. S,

11 Revenue, Ark., 93; Fla., 137; Ill., 163; Ind.,
of Legislature, N. Y. (1777), 29; (1821), 36 ;

179; Iowa, 190 ; Kan., 204; Mich.,
(1846),

53

311; Minn., 326; Nev., 389; Ohio,
Prizes, laws relating to, Art. Confed.,

5

442; Or., 456 ; W. Va., 556; Wis.,.... 567
proceedings, how tested, N. Y. (1777),.... 31 Review of records in Court of Appeals,
of courts, rules of to be revised, N.Y.(1846), 60 N. Y. (1846),

60
Property, ultimate right in the people, N. Y. Revision of the Constitution, vote for in
(1846),...

48
1866, N. Y. (1846),...

67
private, may not be illegally taken, U. S. 19 Rerision of Constitution of States. (See
for public use may not be taken without

Amendments.)
compensation, U. S., 19; N. Y. (1846), 47 of rules of courts, N. Y. (1846),.

60
qualification for office removed, N. Y. Rhode Island, Constitution of (1842),

472
(1821),

46 Rights, bill of. (See Declaration of Rights.)
Provincial Congress of N. Y. noticed,

Rights named in Constitution not to deny
Public works, Ohio, 439; Or...

457

or disparage others retained by peo-
Punishments unusual, may not be inflicted,

ple, U. S.,

19
U. S. 19; N. Y. (1846),..

47 Roads, private, may be opened, N. Y.(1846), 48
Quakers may commute militia service, N. Rules, each House of Congress to fix, U.S., 11
Y:(1777), 33; 1821,..

41 each House in Legislature to make, N. Y.
Qualifications of members, Congress may

(1777), 28; (1821), 36; (1846),

53
determine. U. S.,

11 for army and navy, Congress to make,
Quartering soldiers in houses without con-

U. S.,

12
sent, forbid, U. S., 18. (See Bill of Sailors, where entitled to vote, N. Y. (1846), 50
Rights).

Salt duties, given to canal fund, N. Y., 1821,
Quarter sales of land declared void, N. Y.

42; 1846,

62
(1846),

48 amendment relative to, N. Y., 1821 45
Quorums in Congress fixed for important Salt springs forever reserved, N. Y., 1821,
measures, Confed.

77
43; 1816,

62
Quotas of war expenses, how fixed, Confed.. 5,7 may not be sold, N. Y., 1846,-

62
Railroads, State credit lent to, N. Y., lands around, may be sold, N. Y., 1846, 62
(1846),

61 Schedule to Constitution, Ark., 94; Cal.,
Ratification of Constitution, dates of, U.S., 17 105; Del., 126; Fla., 140'; 111., 167

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