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Calhoun, and afterwards by her daughter, Mrs. Clemson, has been contributed by Mr. J. C. Stribling, of Pendleton, S. C.
The pen used by the original seven Life Trustees in accepting the Clemson bequest has also been presented by Mr. J. C. Stribling.
From H. C. Markley, Greenville, S. C., a flint-lock musket, an old iron cotton tester, one pike.
From Dr. P. H. Mell, one of the first cameras manufactured in this country, specimens of old Egyptian cloth.
From H. H. Smith, of the New York World, bark of the lace paper tree from the Barbadoes, cocoa pod from Trinidad, melted links of iron chain from St. Pierre, Trinidad nutmegs.
From Prof. T. S. Keitt, copper ore from North Carolina, rattlesnake skin from North Carolina.
From the State Geologist, collection of minerals and rocks from South Carolina.
From Oren B. Brodie, minerals and specimens of Indian arrow-heads and pottery.
From Miss Trescott, a set of custard cups.
From F. H. H. Calhoun, minerals and rocks from Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Montana and Illinois.
Donations to the Textile Museum
One reel, made by John Verner, a Revolutionary soldier; loaned by Miss Mary R. Shelor, Westminster, S. C.
One hand loom, loaned by Dr. W. B. Noffz, Cross Hill, S. C.
Samples ticking, from the Lexington Mfg. Co., Lexington, S. C.
One copy of "The Cotton Gin. The History of Its Invention," by D. A. Tompkins. Presented by the author
700 mounted cloth samples, from Marshall Field & Co., Chicago, Ill. Complete set of samples of cloth in demand in the Chinese market, showing defects of American goods, from U. S. Department of Commerce and Labor.
Experiment Station and Inspection Work
Clemson College is not only engaged in providing courses of instruction for the youths of the State, but under the laws of South Carolina it is conducting work of great importance to the farmers, fruit growers, and people engaged in animal industry. There are four departments of experimentation and inspection inaugurated by the Board of Trustees:
1. Experiments in Agriculture (State Experiment Station). 2. Inspection of Fertilizers.
3. Veterinary Inspection.
4. Entomological Inspection.
The Experimental Station is devoted to experiments in subjects relating to the chemical composition of plants and soils; rotation experiments; plant breeding; study of forage plants for hay and pasturage; plant diseases; diseases of animals, such as tuberculosis, Texas fever, glanders; feeding of pigs; general dairy experiments; insects injurious and beneficial to plants; studies of varieties of fruits; methods of pruning grape vines, etc.
Bulletins giving the results of these experiments are published at intervals during the year, and are mailed free to every one who applies for them.
Although the Station was established for the benefit of the farmers, students of the College profit by the experiments, in connection with the regular courses of study.
The second division, viz: the inspection of fertilizers, is conducted by the Board of Trustees for the protection of the farmers in the State against the introduction of fraudulent brands of fertilizers. The inspectors are appointed by the Board of Trustees, and the entire work of issuing tags, the analysis of samples and the enforcement of the law, is in the hands of the Board of Trustees of Clemson College. After paying the expenses required for conducting this inspection, all the surplus money is turned over to the College for running expenses and equipment.
On the 19th of February, 1901, the General Assembly passed an Act empowering the Board of Trustees of Clemson College to promulgate and enforce rules and regulations for the guidance of the Veterinarian of the College in the treatment or destruction of animals affected with contagious diseases, and to prescribe the powers of the Veterinarian whenever such diseases appear in any part of the State. In view of the frequent appearance of glanders and other contagious diseases in the State, this law will prove of great benefit to the stock-raising industry.
The Entomologist is required by the State law to inspect all nursery stock coming into the State and to prevent the ravages of insects as far as possible.
On the 19th of February, 1901, the General Assembly passed an Act requiring the Board of Trustees of Clemson College to designate three of their number, to be known as the State Board of ntomology. To the said Board was given all power to adopt rules and regulations governing the inspections relative to the sale and transportation of
trees, plants, shrubs, cuttings, buds, vines, bulbs, or roots that they may deem advisable in order to prevent or remove or destroy any insect pests or plant diseases in the State. The Board was also given power to appoint an Entomologist, who should be askilled Horticulturist, and Assistant Entomologist, if, in their judgment, it would be impossible for the Entomologist to discharge the duties hereby devolved upon him. Such an Entomologist was also given the powers of an inspector, with authority to visit in sections of the State where insects injurious to plants are believed to exist, and to determine whether such plants should or should not be destroyed.
Popular Science Bulletins
In addition to the Experiment Station bulletins setting forth the results of experiments and other investigations in the interest of agricultural industries, the College has inaugurated a series of bulletins on a variety of scientific subjects of interest to the people at large, and written, as far as practicable, in non-technical language. A number of these are now in preparation, including the subjects of road construction and maintenance, protection against lightning, etc. They will be mailed, like the Experiment Station bulletins, free of charge to those who apply for them.
Analyses, Information, Etc.
The various departments of the College and Experiment Station will furnish, free of charge, advice and information on any topic pertaining to general agriculture, horticulture, botany, entomology, veterinary science, dairying, stock breeding, etc.; also, analyses of fertilizers, marls, waters and other substances, assays of ores, determination of rocks and minerals, tests of bricks, cements, building stones, illuminating oils, calibration of electrical instruments, etc.
The departments cannot undertake to analyze stomachs or other parts of poisoned animals, or to make tests for poisons.
All inquiries and requests should be addressed to the President, giving explicit account of conditions, difficulties, etc., as far as possible, and the matter will be referred promptly to the proper department for further correspondence.
Before sending samples of any kind for examination or analysis, it is best to write for instructions, and thus avoid trouble and delay.
Analyses for State Geologist
In addition to the work referred to above, analyses are made for the State Geologist of the various materials collected by him. These analyses are made as provided for in paragraph 14, section 1, Act of the General Assembly No. 605, approved February 22, 1902.
During the year farmers' institutes are held, under the management of the College, in many counties of the State. The President and professors of agriculture, chemistry, horticulture, dairying, veterinary science, botany, and other members of the Faculty, take part in these
institutes. The effort is made to bring practical information to the farmer, and to give him the results of scientific investigation in the interest of agriculture. The success thus far attained is most encouraging, and these institutions have become a permanent feature in the work of the College.
Farmers wishing an institute held in their county or community should write to the President.
The State Farmers' Institute, of four days' duration, is held annually at the College during the month of August. Besides the College Faculty, a number of prominent speakers from this and other States attend this institute and participate in the lectures and dis
During the fall and winter months, the College had the use of a vestibule car loaned it by the Southern Railway. This car was transported free of cost to thirty-two different towns along the Southern and Atlantic Coast Line railways. A number of lecturers from the College, and experts in various lines from outside the State, accompanied the car to give lectures on subjects relating to agriculture.
This car was used as an exhibit car, illustrating the work done at Clemson by students in the various departments. It contained dairy apparatus, material to show best the methods of pruning grapes, fruit trees, methods of building, etc. Forty-five varieties of cowpeas, twenty varieties of corn, thirty varieties of wheat, samples of fertilizer constituents, geological specimens of valuable minerals found in the State, were also to be seen in this car. The car was also fitted with a magic lantern to give illustrated lectures on various subjects.
The Southern Railway has kindly granted the College the use of the car again this summer.
Thomas G. Clemson's Will
The following paragraphs are extracts from Mr. Clemson's will relating to the establishment of the College:
Whereas, I, Thomas G. Clemson, of the County and State aforesaid, did on the 14th of August, 1883, execute my last will and testament, wherein I sought to provide for the establishment of a scientific institution upon the Fort Hill place, and therein provided what sciences should be taught in said institution; and whereas, I am now satisfied that my intention and purpose therein may be misunderstood as intending that no other studies or sciences should be taught in said institution than those mentioned in said will, which was not my purpose or intention: Now, desiring to make my purpose plain, as well as to make some other changes in the disposition of my property than made in said will, I do now make, publish and declare this instrument as and for my last will and testament, hereby revoking all previous wills and codicils by me made, especially the will above referred to, dated August 14th, 1883. Feeling a great sympathy for the farmers of this State, and the difficulties with which they have to contend in their efforts to establish the business of agriculture upon a proper basis, and believing there can be no permanent improvement in agriculture without a knowledge of those sciences which pertain particularly thereto, I have determined to devote the bulk of my property
to the establishment of an Agricultural College upon the Fort Hill place. My purpose is to establish an Agricultural College which will afford useful information to the farmers and mechanics; therefore it should afford thorough instruction in agriculture and the natural sciences connected therewith; it should combine, if practicable, physical with intellectual education, and should be a high seminary of learning in which the graduate of the common schools can commence, pursue and finish a course of studies terminating in thorough theoretic and practical instruction in those sciences and arts which bear directly upon agriculture. But I deside to state plainly, that I wish the Trustees of said institution to have full authority and power to regulate all matters pertaining to said institution, to fix the course of studies, to make rules for the government of the same, and to change them, as in their judgment experience may prove necessary; but to always bear in mind that the benefits herein sought to be bestowed are intended to benefit agricultural and mechanical industries. I trust I do not exaggerate the importance of such an institution for developing the material resources of the State, by affording its youth the advantage of scientific culture, and that I do not over-rate the intelligence of the Legislature of South Carolina, ever distinguished for liberality, in assuming that such appropriations will be made as will be necessary to supplement the fund resulting from the bequest herein made.
ITEM 1.-I therefore give and devise to my executor hereinafter named, the aforesaid Fort Hill place, where I now reside, formerly the house of my father-in-law, John C. Calhoun, consisting of eight hundred and fourteen acres, more or less, in trust that whenever the State of South Carolina may accept said property as a donation from me, for the purpose of thereupon founding an Agricultural College, in accordance with the views I have hereinbefore expressed (of which the Chief Justice of South Carolina shall be the Judge), then my executor shall execute a deed of the said property to the said State and turn over to the same all property hereinafter given as an endowment of said institution, to be held as such by the said State so long as it in good faith devotes said property to the purpose of the donation: Provided, however, That this acceptance by the State shall be signified, and a practical carrying out be commenced, within three years from the date of the probate of this my will. During this term of three years, or as much thereof as may elapse before the acceptance or refusal of this donation, my executor shall invest the net produce of the land and other property, such invested fund awaiting the action of the Legislature, and to form a part of the endowment of said institution, if accepted, or to form a part of the endowment of the college or school hereinafter provided for, should the donation not be accepted by the State.
ITEM 2.-The following named gentlemen, seven in number, shall be seven of the Board of Trustees, to wit: R. W. Simpson, D. K. Norris, M. L. Donaldson, R. E. Bowen, B. R. Tillman, J. E. Wannamaker, and J. E. Bradley; and the State if it accepts the donation shall never increase the Board of Trustees to a number greater than thirteen in all, nor shall the duties of said Board be taken away or conferred upon any other men or body of men. The seven Trustees