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of the College property. It is a thoroughly modern structure from the standpoint of both convenience and sanitary conditions. It has a concrete floor, is lighted by electricity, and contains water in all parts of the building for washing floors, mixing food, etc. It is fitted with 38 Taylor steel stanchions, which are both strong and comfortable. At one end of the building are four 50-ton silos, and the second floor, which has a capacity of 50 tons of loose hay, is equipped with a hay carrier that will elevate a load of hay at a time.
A smaller barn, 50 feet in the rear, provides hospital stalls for sick cows, and also stalls and pens for young calves.
A number of paddocks and pastures have been provided to facilitate the management and to furnish sufficient pasturage for the stock.
FARM BUILDINGS.-The College farm is provided with commodious barns and other farm buildings of modern design, which are described more fully in connection with the equipment for instruction in agriculture.
Mechanical and Electrical Buildings
THE MECHANICAL BUILDING is a substantial brick structure containing about 30,000 square feet of floor space. On the first floor are the mechanical laboratory, machine shop, forge shop, foundry, and the power and light station. On the second floor are the offices and recitation rooms, while the wood shop occupies the whole of a two-story wing, 45 by 100 feet. The third floor is entirely occupied by the division of drawing.
THE ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENT LABORATORY is a brick building of special design, arranged especially for delicate instrument work.
THE DYNAMO LABORATORY is a modern brick structure, 37 by 80 feet. Besides containing the dynamo electric machinery for instructional use, it also contains the electrical engineering lecture room.
THE CHEMICAL DEPARTMENT occupies two buildings. One is a two-story brick structure, 50 by 80 feet, covered with slate, and finished inside with Southern pine. Overlapping this at one corner, and connected with it, is a new and somewhat similar building, 53 by 86 feet, of modern
style and handsome design. This double building constitutes a commodious structure adequate to all the needs of the department. In one wing of the building is located the office of the Secretary of the Board of Fertilizer Control.
THE TEXTILE BUILDING is a two-story brick structure, with basement, of modern cotton mill design and construction. The first floor is occupied by a recitation room, picker, carding and spinning rooms, and an office. On the second floor are the designing and weaving rooms, a laboratory for experimental dyeing, and two offices. In the basement is located the dyeing, bleaching and printing machinery.
Residences and Hotel
THE CALHOUN MANSION, the former residence of John C. Calhoun, is kept in honor of his memory, in accordance with the provisions of Mr. Clemson's will.
RESIDENCES. Ten two-story brick buildings, nine sixroom cottages, and thirty smaller houses, all situated on the campus, furnish residences for professors and other officers of the College.
CLEMSON CLUB HOTEL.-The College Hotel, a frame building, situated on a hill overlooking the campus, is operated as a club by several members of the Faculty. In addition to furnishing a home for the members of the club, it is open the entire year to a limited number of transients.
Water, Light and Heat
THE GENERAL WATER SUPPLY is collected from springs through iron pipes into a reservoir, from which it is pumped into a standpipe one hundred feet high. From this it is distributed through mains to the various College buildings and to all parts of the campus.
THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY is pumped from a bold soring directly into barracks, in a continuous stream. It is thus furnished fresh, pure and cold. This and all sources of water supply are kept under constant and strict surveillance and the waters are frequently analyzed as a precaution against contamination.
THE SEWER SYSTEM.-All of the larger buildings and a number of residences are connected with an adequate sewer
system, which empties into Seneca River more than half a mile from the campus.
LIGHT AND HEAT.-All of the College buildings and most of the residences on the campus are lighted by electricity furnished from the central power station in the Mechanical building. The seven principal College buildings are heated by steam.
Equipment for Practical Instruction
The class room, laboratory and office of the agricultural division are located on the first floor of Agricultural Hall, rooms 11, 12 and 13. The laboratory is supplied with the necessary equipment, for familiarizing students with the more important economic plant seed.
The College farm has a large storage barn provided with silos, a cow barn furnished with various forms of stanchions, a mule barn provided with the most improved forms of stalls and feed-racks, implement and wagon sheds for storage of tools, etc., compost building for making compost in large quantities, and two large cribs for storage of corn.
Among agricultural machinery and implements may be mentioned the following: Self-binder, corn-harvester, Deering ball-bearing mower, Osborne mower, self-dumping rake, check-row corn planter, Buckeye cultivator, B. F. Avery cultivator, Tower cultivator, disc-cultivator, spring-toothed harrow, smoothing harrows, various forms of pulverizers, manure-spreading machines, fertilizer and grain drill, various forms of small fertilizer drills, Planet Jr. drill, two Planet Jr. plows, scientific mill, stone grist mill, Tornado ensilage cutter, small thresher, hand-gin, rock-crusher, road machine, three terrace levels, and a 10-kw. electric motor.
Geology and Mineralogy
The division of geology and mineralogy occupies three rooms on the second floor of the new agricultural building. The systematic collections contain about 1,800 labeled snecimens of rocks, minerals and fossils. These are exhibited in glass cases in the laboratory, and are available to students and public. A collection of the minerals and rocks of South Carolina is a prominent feature of the exhibit. There is also an unlabeled collection of minerals for practice in identifying the more important species at sight, and unlabeled collections of the most important minerals are provided for determinative work in the laboratory.
The laboratory is supplied with water and gas and all
apparatus and reagents necessary for the determination of minerals by means of their chemical and physical properties. A chemical balance, a petrographic microscope, a photomicrographic camera, and all important accessories, are also provided.
The class-room is supplied with large physical wall maps of the world and of all the continents, a complete series of topographic contour-maps furnished by the United States Geological Survey, an 18-inch terrestrial globe, a 20-inch relief globe, a set of geological and geographical relief models, and several hundred lantern slides.
The geological department of the College library contains the principal standard works of reference in geology and mineralogy, and receives all publications of the United States Geological Survey as issued, including annual reports, monographs, geologic folios, and bulletins.
The soil physics laboratory is located on the ground floor of Agricultural Hall and is provided with apparatus necessary for the determination of water content, absorptive capacity, water-holding power, and other physical properties of soils, and for performing experiments in evaporation, percolation, capillarity, etc., and making mechanical analyses. Veterinary Science
The veterinary hospital has been described in the account of "Grounds and Buildings" on the preceding pages.
The class room, laboratory and office of the Veterinary division are located in Agricultural Hall, the laboratory and office on the first floor, rooms 15 and 16, and the class room on the ground floor. The laboratory is supplied with microscopes, microtome, incubators, sterilizers, chemicals, skeletons, anatomical specimens, plaster casts, and other equipment for technical work. The lecture room has a concrete floor, elevated seats, and is so arranged that the largest domestic animal may at any time be used before the classes for demonstration purposes.
The veterinary hospital is a frame structure of modern design, 48 by 65 feet, containing rooms for office, drugs and dissecting, besides stalls, feed-bins, water supply and electric lights, and a revolving operating table.