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Governor.

3,600..1,315,440..1,631,385..16,164,813

..14,400,507

..Jan.

Term expires. Salary. Revenue. Expendit'es. State Debt. MAINE. ..John Hubbard ...Jan. 1852..$1,500.. $525,688.. $478,802.. $979,000 N. HAMPSHIRE. Samuel Dinsmoor..June, '51.. 1, )0.. 172,056.. 167,011.. VERMONT...... Chas. K. Williams. Oct. 51.750.. 119,386. 111,056.. MASSACHUS'TS. George S. Boutwell Jan. '52.. 2,500..1 9,341.. 1057,407. 6,134,556 RHODE ISLAND. Henry B. Anthony .May, '51.. 400..1,618.. 161,. CONNECTICUT.. Thos. H. Seymour.. May, '51.. 1,100.. 122,347.. 118,392.. NEW YORK Washington Hunt.Jan. '53.. 4,000.. 992,688.. 842,31.24,128,945 NEW JERSEY... George F. Fort....Jan. "55.. 1,600.. 125,691.. 126,552.. PENNSYLVANIA. Wm. F. Johnston ..Jan. '52.. 3,000..4,433,688..4,084,722..40,574,413 DELAWARE William H. Ross...Jan. '55.. 1,333.. 32,503.. 40,242.. MARYLAND Enoch L. Lowe....Jan. 54. VIRGINIA...... John B. Floyd.....Jan. '52..3,333.. N'TH CAROLINA.David S. Reid '53.. 2,002.. 251,717.. 175,402.. S'TH CAROLINA. John H. Means....Jan. '53.. 3,500.. 481,613.. 418,724.. 2.310,996 GEORGIA... Geo. W. Towns... Nov. '51.. 3.000.. 300,000.. 290,000.. 2.023,472 FLORIDA Thomas S. Brown. Oct. '53.. 1,500.. 56,834.. 59,260.. ALABAMA......Henry W. Collier..Dec. '51.. 2,500.. *568,132.. *172,189..11,765,856 ..John A. Quitman...Jan. 52.. 3,000.. 379,402.. 284,999.. 7,271,707 ..Joseph Walker....Jan. '54.. 6,000.. ..12,547,000 .Reuben Wood.....Dec. '52.. 1,200..2,511,119..2,338,136..19,173,223 ..Joseph A. Wright..Dec. '52.. 1,300.. 872,243..1,137,398.. 8,892.937 August's C. French. Jan. '53.. 1,500.. ..16,661,795 MICHIGAN ...John S. Barry .....Jan. '52.. 1,500.. 494,165.. 490,399.. 2,374,733 WISCONSIN ..Nelson Dewey.....Dec. '51.. 1,250.. IOWA ..Steph. Hempstead.. Dec. '54.. 1,000.. 37,884.. 32,514.. 55,000 KENTUCKY.....J. L. Helm (Act'g) ..Aug. '51.. 2,500.. 468,630.. 447,620.. 4,497,152 TENNESSEE William Trousdale. Oct. 51.. 2,000.. *790,693.. *802,436.. 3,337,856 ARKANSAS .John S. Roane.....Nov. '52.. 1,800.. 47,657.. 34,974.. 3,862,172 Peter H. Bell. 97,211.. 116,161.. 7,213,477

OHIO

INDIANA

ILLINOIS.

..Dec. '51.. 2,000..

956,261

..Austin A. King .. Dec. '52.. 2,000..
CALIFORNIA ... Peter H. Burnett... Dec. '51..10,000..1,525,000.. 700,000..
The Governors in italics above are Whigs; the residue Opposition.

*For two years.

States.

MISSISSIPPI

LOUISIANA.

TEXAS..

MISSOURI

IMPORTATIONS UNDER THE TARIFFS OF 42 AND '46. THE following statement exhibits the value of certain articles imported during the years ending on the 30th June, 1844, 45, 49, and '50, (after deducting the re-exportations), and the amount of duty which accrued in each during the same periods respectively.

1844.

1845.

1850.

ARTICLES.

....

VALUE. DUTIES. VALUE. DUTIES. VALUE. DUTIES. VALUE. DUTIES.

9,408,279 3,313,495 10,504,423 3,731,014 13,505,720 3,726,989 16,900,916 4,682,457 13,236,830 4,850,731 13,360,729 4,908.272 15,182,518 3,769,294 19,685,936 4,898,475 865,427 213,861 801,661 198,642 460,335 92,067 520,232 104,046 2,395,860 1,607,113 4,075.142 2,415,003 9,189,743 2,656,923 16,232,013 4,896.604 6,897,245 4,597,093 4,049,708 2,555,075 7,576,303 2,272,891 6,332,068 1,899,620 261,913 101,338 140,372 55,122 478,232 143,470 574,783 172,435 892,112 654,881 883,359 678,069 1,424,529 284,906 1,287,518 245,504 203,681 133,845 187,962 130,221 387,370 116,211 361,855 108,557 Total dollars.... 34,161,247 15,472,358 34,003,356 14,671.418 48,204,750 13,162,751 61,835,321 16,980,698

Woolens
Cottons

Hempen Goods
Iron and manuf. of
Sugar
Hemp unmanuf..
Salt.

Coal

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Years.

EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND TONNAGE OF THE U. S.

The following statement exhibits the total value of Imports, and the Imports consumed in the United States, exclusive of Specie, during each fiscal year, from 1841 to 1850, both inclusive; and shows also the value of the Domestic and Foreign Exports, exclusive of Specie, and the Tunnage employed during the same period. [1843 is for 9 months ending June 30.]

Total
Imports.

1841 $127,146,177 100,162,087

1842 1843

64,753,799

1844 108,435,035
1845 117,254,564
1846 121,691,797
1847
1848

146,545,688
154,998,928

1849 147,857,439

1850

178,136,318

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1849.

101,718,042

150,574,844

130,203,709

131,710,081

134,900,232

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THE WHIG ALMANAC FOR 1851.

ASTRONU....CAL CALCULATIONS

FOR THE YEAR 1851 : Being the latter part of the 75th and the beginning of the 76th year of the Independence of the United States of America; the 3d after bissextile or leap-year; the 2604th A. U. C. (according to Var-Jewish Lunar Cycle..... ro), from the building of Rome; the 2598th since the era of Nabonassor, the first day of which is said to have been Wednesday, February 18 (N. S.), 747 B. C.; the 2827th year of the Olympiads, or the latter part of the 2d and beginning of the 3d year of the 657th Olympiad of four years, which began in July 1849; the latter part of 1267th year of the Hegira; the latter part of the 5611th year from the. creation of the world, according to the Jews, or the 5855th according to Usher, but the 7358th according to the Septuagint, which undoubtedly is the best authority for chronology that is known.

Morning and Evening Stars.-Venus (9) will be morning star until Sept. 30th; then evening star until July 21, 1852. MARS () will be morning star the whole of this year, and until Jan. 24, 1852. JUPITER (2) will be morning star until April 8th, then evening star until Oct. 27th, then morning star until May 8th, 1852. SATURN (2) will be evening star until April 14th; then morning star until Oct. 24th; then evening star until April 27th, 1852.

Jewish Calendar.

The 5611th Jewish year of 13 months began Sept. 7, 1850, and ends Sept. 26, 1851. The 5612th year of 12 months begins Sept. 27, 1851.

Months.

5. Sebat..

6. Adar..

7. Nisan.

These calculations are expressed in mean or clock
time, and adapted to the latitudes of PORTLAND, 13. Veadar.....
BOSTON, NEW YORK, PHILADELPHIA, WASHINGTON,
RALEIGH, CHARLESTON, NEW ORLEANS; the UNI-
TED STATES and TERRITORIES, including UPPER
CALIFORNIA.

Prepared expressly for the WHIG ALMANAC, by SAMUEL H. WRIGHT, Dundee, Yates Co., New York.

Motions, Etc., of the Planets.-Venus will not have a retrograde motion this year, except from the 1st to the 5th of Jan. This planet will be visible in the daytime west of the sun, until about the 1st or middle of April. Mars will retrograde from Dec. 16th, to March 4th, 1852. Jupiter will retrograde from Feb. 7th, to June 10th. Saturn will retrograde from Aug. 17th, to Dec. 31st. Uranus will retrograde from Aug. 9th, to Jan. 9th, 1852. The moon will run highest this year, Dec. at which time it will be in the 13th degree of Gemini; and have a declination of 22° 25' 47" north. It will run lowest Dec. 23d, to the 12th degree of Sagittarius; having a declination of 22° 26' 33" south. Declination of Uranus in the middle of this year, 12° 18' 41.6" north. Right Ascension at the same time 2 h. 6 m. 53.7 sec. Longitude of moon's ascending node in the middle of this year 117° 15' True obliquity of the ecliptic at the same time 23°

27' 26" 57.

From the preceding table, it appears that the sun will be on the north side of the equator 7 days 16 hours and 1 minute for ger than on the south side. The cause is, the point of Aphelion is on the north side in the 9th degree of Gemini, where the sun moves slowest.

CYCLES OF TIME.

MOVEABLE FEASTS.

Grecian Lunar Cycle..... 9 Good Friday........ April 18
Epact; Moon's Age, Jan. 1 28 Rogation Sunday
6 Easter Sunday. April 20
Solar Cycle..
- May 25
12 Ascension Day....
Roman Indiction
May 29
9 Pentecost (Whit Su.) June 8
Dominical Letter. E Trinity Sunday......June 15
Dionysian Perk... .180 Corpus Christi June 19
Julian Period ..6564 Advent Sunday...... Nov. 30

The Seasons,
Winter Solstice (1850), Dec. 21.
Vernal Equinox, March 20..
Summer Solstice, June 21.
Autumnal Equinox, Sept. 23.
Winter Solstice, Dec. 22.
Sun in Winter Signs.
Sun in Spring Signs..
Sun in Summer Signs..
Sun in Autumn Signs..
Tropical Year..

.186 10 56

Sun north of the Equator, or the period of
Spring and Summer.
Sun south of the Equator, or the period of
..178 18 55

Autumn and Winter....

4

89 1 17

.92 20 46
.93 14' 10
89 17 38
365 5 51

8. Ijar

9 Sivan
10. Thammus...

Begins. Months.
..Jan. 411. Ab...
.. Feb. 312. Elul
March 4 1. Tisri..

Begins. ..July 30 .Aug. 29

April 3 2. Marchesvan. ...May 3 3. Chisleu.. ...June 1 4. Thebet..........Dec. 24

- Sept. 27 . Oct. 27 Nov. 25

July 11

which the Jews believe to have been 3760 years before The Jewish Era dates from the creation of the world, our era began. The Jewish year is luni-solar, and consists of 12 and sometimes 13 months, which contain 29 or 30 days each. Veadar is the 13th month, and is introduced between

duced 7 times.

Adar and Nisan; the latter of which is the first month of the
ecclesiastical year. In a cycle of 19 years, Veadar is intro-
JEWISH ANNIVERSARIES.
Fast of Esther......
Those marked with a are to be strictly observed.
Purim..

Feb. 13 ... Feb. 16 Feb. 17

Schuscan Purim

Beginning of the Passover.
*Second Feast of

. Adar 11
Adar 14
.Adar 15
Nisan 15....
April 17
Nisan 16. April 18
Nisan 21.
April 23
Nisan 22.,... April 24
Ijar 18..
Sivan 6

*Seventh Feast
*End of Passover.
Lag Beomar..
Feast of Pentecost...
Feast of

Fast: Taking of the Temple..
Fast: Burning of the Temple
Feast for the New Year..

May 20
June 6
Sivan 7......June 7
Thammus 17. July 17
Ab 9... ..Aug. 7
Tisri 1
Tisri 2...
Tiari 4...
Tisri 10

*Second Feast of "
Fast of Expiation
Fast of Gedaljah

Sept. 27
Sept. 28
Sept. 30

Oct. 6

Oct. 11

*Feast of Tabernacles..

10;*Second Feast of Tabernacles

Feast of Palms or Branches

End of the Hut Feast..
*Rejoicing for the Law.
Consecration of the Temple.

Months.
3. Rabia I.
4. Rabia II..
NEW YORK.
5. Jomadhi I.
d. h. m.
6. Jomadhi II...
10 42 ev. 7. Rajeb...

11

59 ev. 8. Shaban....

8 45 ev. 9. Ramadan ........June 30

10

Tisri 15

.Oct. 12

Tisri 16
Tisri 21
..Tisri 22

...Oct. 17
.Oct. 18
Tisri 23......Oct. 19
Chisleu 25...Nov. 22

Mohammedan Calendar.

The 1267th year of the Hegira began Nov. 6, 1850, ard ends Oct. 26, 1851.

The 1268th year begins Oct. 27, 1851.
Begins. Months.
...Jan. 4 10. Schewall....
.. Feb. 3 11. Dsu'l-kadah.
March 4 12. Dsu'l-hejjah
.April 3 1. Moharrem
May 2 2. Saphar

Begins.
..July 30
.Aug. 27

Sept. 27

.Oct. 27
Nov. 26

.June 1 3. Rabia I. ........ Dec. 25

55 mo.

The Mohammedan era began with the day after the flight 33 mo. of Mohammed to Medina; which event occurred in the night of Thursday, July 18 (N. S.), 622 AD. The year consists of 12 months, embracing 12 lunations, or 354 days. The in tercalary, or leap-years, consist of 355 days. In a cycle of 30 years there are 19 common and 1 leap years. Since the Mohammedan year is 11 days less than the tropical year, "it is obvious that in about 83 y ars the above months will correspond with every season ad every part of the Gregorian year." The 9th month is the month of fasting, at the close of which the feast of Batram begins.

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Augusta, Me.
Brunswick Col.
Portland, Me.
Boston, Ms.
Cambridge Col.
Quebec, L. C.
Provid'nce, R.I.
Lowell, Ms.
Newport, R. I.
Concord, N. H.
Montpelier, Vt.
Hartford, Ct.
Springfield, Ms.)
Montreal, L. C.
Troy, N. Y.
Albany, N. Y.
Hudson, N. Y.
New York, N.Y.
Schenectady,
Newburgh,
Po'keepsie, 66
Trenton, N. J.
Philadelphia
Utica, N. Y.
Baltimore, Md.
Auburn, N. Y.

"6
66

PLANETS.

The Sun
Mercury

Venus

Earth..

Mars.

Moor.

Vesta

Iris

Hebe..

Flora..

Astræ

Juno

Ceres.

Pallas

ECLIPSES FOR THE YEAR 1851.

Jupiter. furn

Begin. Mid'le End
mo. 13. mo. 13. mo. 13.
1. m. h. in.

b.

4 13

1 11 2 42
1 9 2.40
2 37

4 11

1 6

4 8

U nus. Ne ne.

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IV. A total eclipse of the Sun, July 28, in the morning, at the time of New Moon. Visible as a partial eclipse only, throughout the United States, except the lower part of Florida. This eclipse first appears on the earth at Santa Fe, in New Mexico, at 5 h. 8 m. in the morning at that place. It leaves the earth entirely in long. 26d. 7m. east, lat. 20d. 28m. north, which point is in the great desert of Sahara. The line of central or total eclipse begins in the Pacific ocean, off Queen Charlotte's island, long. 137d. 48m. west, lat. 53d. 43m. north, and travels a N. E. direction to the Arctic circle, which it crosses in long. 90d. west. It then takes about an easterly course, and passes through the middle of Greenland; after which it takes a S. E.course, and enters Europe at Bergen, in Norway, and finally ends in

4 6

4 2

Annapolis, Md.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Kingston, U. C.
Washing'n, D.C
Geneva, N. Y.
Canandaig'aN.Y
Frederick, Md.
47 Petersburg, Va.)
Richmond, Va.
Rochester, N. Y.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Raleigh, N. C.
Toronto, U. C.
Georget'n, S. c.
Panaina, N. G.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Charleston, S.C.,
Chagres, N. G.
Columbia, S. C.)
Savannah, Ga.
Detroit, Mich.
3 54Columbus, O.
Lansing, Mich.
Cincinnati, O.
Lexington, Ky.
Tallahassee, Fa.

3 52

3 46

358

357

3 56

PLACES.

36,814,000

68,787,000

95,103,000

and the Cape of Good Hope. The central and annular eclipse will begin in long. 7d. 44m. east of Greenwich, and lat. 47d. 41m. south, and end in long. 171d. 49m. east, and lat. 28d. 27m, south.

III. A partial eclipse of the Moon, July 12-13, at the Full Moon. Visible. Duration at all places, 3 hours and 2 minutes. Magnitude, 3.47 digits on the southern limb. Visible as follows. Places differing less than 1 minute in longitude are included in a brace. The whole arranged in the order of longitude:

Begin. Mid'le End
mo. 13. mo.13. mo. 13.
h. m. h. m. h. m.
044 215 3 46
3 45

0 43

2 14

0 42

3 44

4,189 144,908,000

2,180
236

0 41

0 40

0 39

0 35

0 33

0 30

2 13

0 26

0 18

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Chicago, Ill.
Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Mobile, Ala.
Madison, Wis.
Springfield, Ill.
New Orleans, La
Jackson, Miss. S
St. Louis, Mo.
Iowa City, Io.
3 35 Natchez, Miss.
Baton Rouge, La
Jeffer'n City,Mo
3 32 Little Rock, Ak.S
Vera Cruz, Mex.
Austin, Tex.
Metamoras,Mx.
Mexico, Mex.
Santa Fe, N. Mex.

3 28

3. 20

3 15

116

584

780

1 13

0 57

0.50

0 45

0 13
0 12

0 17
'er 12
Oregon City, Or. 9 46 11 17 0 48
Monterey, Cal. 9 43 11 14
0 45
San Francisco,Ca. 9 41 11 12 0 43
the Caspian sea, loug. 52d. 50m. east, lat. S9d. 6m.
north.

1 44
43

3 14

In the United States, this eclipse will be from a mere contact of limbs to 4 digits in size. In the middle of the northern states, it will be about 3% digits in size; and in the middle of the southern states, about 2 digits. Size at New York, about 3 digits; at New Orleans, about 1 digit. Middle of eclipse at Boston, 8 h. 40 m. morn.; New York, 8 h. 24 m. morn.; Washington, 8 h. 9 m. morn.; Charleston, 7h. 46 m. morn.; New Orleans, 6 h. 58 m. morn. At San Francisco, and all places in California, the sun will rise eclipsed, the eclipse at that time being on the decrease. In Oregon,the sun will rise eclipsed, the eclipse being on the increase. At the city of Mexico, this eclipse will be invisible.

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PLACES.

504

504

503

486
48132

474

Mean Diameter, Distance from the Sun, Revolutions, &c., of the Planets.
Mean Mean dist'ce Revolution Revolu'n Synodical
diameter. from Sun. round the Sun on axis. revolut'n.
Density.
Days. Decim. Days. Days.

Miles.

Miles. 883,246 3,224

7,687

7,912

95,103,000

25.416
87.96925801 1.0038
224-7007S69 0.9730
365-2563525 1.0000
686-9796458 1-0273
365-2563835 27-32
224,584,000 1,325-4250000)
226,000,000 1,327 9741000)
230,000,000 1,375 nearly.
240,000,000 1,469-7759000
246,000,000 1,512 nearly.
253,874,000 1,593-0670000
160 263,522,000 1,584-7350000
110 263,685,000 1,686-3050000
89,170
79,042

1,425

494,797,000 4,332-5848212 0.4075

907,162,000 10,759-2198174

0:4370

35,112 1,824,290,000 30,686-8208296
35,000 2,850,000,000 60,128-1389100

Frankfort, Ky
Louisville, Ky.
Nashville, Ten.

466%

467

399

378

370

367

Begin. Mid'le End mo.13.mo.13. mo.13.

h. m. h. m. h. m. 012 1 43 3 14 08 1 39 316 1 34 3 5

0 3 ev. 12.

12 0

11 59

11 57

11 52

Volume,
or size.

11 50

11 49 111 43 11 45

11 42
11 26
11 19

11 14
10 46

Weight

at surface

1 31

1 30
1 28

1 23

1 412,921 101:
28.19
0-054 1.22
0.890 0.96
1.000 1.00

0.136 0.50

0.020

0.18

121

1 20

1 14

1 16

1,455-984 2.70
770-650 1.25

80-399

1.06

80.000

0.256

3.244

0-994

3 2 3 1

2.59

251

1.000

0.973
0.665

252

2 51

2 45 2 44

0-232

0-132

0-246

2 47 2 28 2 21 216 1 48

Light: heat.

6.680 1.911

1.000

*431

1.000 *180 80 *170 *160

*15€

*140

130

130

037

011

003

001

Tide Table.-To find the time of high-water and the Star table, observe that more than 12 hours at any of the following places, ada to or subtract and less than 24, from midnight or the beginning from the time of high-water, morning or evening, of morning, is afternoon of the same day: and that at New York, the quantity of time affixed to such more than 12 hours and less than 24, from noon, is place in this table. In using the quantities in this morning of the next day.

Fiaces.

H.M.

Places.

H.M.

Any Add 6 34 Cape Split.. Add 2 0 Antzpolis, Md. S. 1 51 Eastport... Add 2 9 Do. N. S. Add 1 49 Halifax, N.S.Sub. 2 15 Amboy....Sub. 0 39 Holmes' Hole. A. 1 4 Baltimore.. Add 5 7 Kennebec.. Add 1 39 Bridgeport. Add 20Marblehead. Add 1 49

Table.-To ascertain when any star or subtract the number in the second column of figconstellation found in this table will be on the Me-ures from its Meridian passage. For its SETTING, ridian, apply the numbers in the first column of fig- add the same number to its Meridian passage. ures to the Meridian passage of the 7 Stars found Those marked (-) do not rise or set in the United in the calendar pages. For the RISING of a Star, States, being for ever above the horizon.

Constellation.

Constellation.

The Horse...Subtract
Perseus......Subtract
The Bull..

Hercules.
Hydra

The Crow..

The Dipper

Bootes.

The Eagle.
The 7 Stars
Scorpion.....
Orion

Orion

Name of Star.

Algenib

Algol...
Aldebaran

Algethi.

Alphard
Algorab

Alioth..

Arcturus

Altair

Alcyone.

Antares

Belatrix

Betelguse
Benetnaзch.. ....The Dipper.

Places.

H.M. Places. H.M. Places. IH M. Machias.... Add 1 54 Norfolk....Sub. 0 41 Richmond..Sub. 2 25 Mobile Point Add 1 54 Plymouth.. Add 2 19 Salem...... Add 2 19 N. Bedford. Sub. 1 40 Portland ... Add 1 39 Sandy Hook.Sub. 2 45 New Haven. Add 2 4 Portsmouth. Add 2 9 St.John, N.B. Ad. 2 49 N. London..Sub. 0 21 Providence. Sub. 0 41 Sunbury....Acd 0 19 Newport...Sub. 1 55||Quebec.....Add 8 49 Windsor ... Add 2 49

In Mer. R. & S.)
3 32 6 49
0.40 9 8
6 58
6 52
5 32
4 36

Adell 0 49
Subt. 10 28
.Adil 541
Add 8 42
Add 9 7
Add 10 29 7 13
.Subt. 7 50 6 30
0 00 7 28
Subt. 11 16 4 19
.Add 1 38 6 21
Add 28 6 25
Ad 19 I

ww

Name of Star.
Castor
Capella.
Deneb..

Mirach.

Menkar
Procyon.
Pollux.
Regulus.
Rigel.
Sirius

Spica..
Vega.
Fomalbaut
North Star

gether; Quadrature, or 90° apart; & Opposition, or 180° apart. Nodes. Ascending Node; & Descending Node.

In Mer. R. & S. Add 3 46 8 9 Add 1 27 10 11 9 34 8 26

Subt.

7 1

Subt.

2 37

Subt.

0 44

3 52

6 12 6 19 7 50 645

3 57 621

1 29

3 0

The Twins
Auriga..
The Swan...
Andromeda.

The Whale
Canis Minor
The Twins

The Lion....
Orion....
Canis Minor....
The Virgin
The Lyre........Subt.
Southern Fish...Subt.
Ursa Minor...... Subt.

Add

Add

..Add

Add

Add

Add

Explanatory Notes.

Atlantic to the Pacific; and hence are suited to all the Uni

Characters. - Zodiacal
Aries; Taurus; Gemini;
Leo; Virgo; Libra;
Sagittarius; VS Capricornus;
rius; Pisces. Planetary.
(Moon; Mercury; 9 Venus;
Jupiter; h Saturn; H Herschel, or

Signs.. ရာ
Cancer; The tables of the rising and setting of the Sun and Moon
Scorpio; are adapted to eight parallels of latitude, running from the
Aqua-ted States and Territories. The column of "Sun on Meri-
Sun; dian" is for general use through the whole United States.
Mars; when they are on the Meridian, is designed to facilitate the
The table of the 7 Stars, or Pleiades, showing the time
Ura-computation of the rising, setting, and meridian passage, of

nus. Aspects. Conjunction, or near to- the brightest fixed stars, by using the numbers opposite the hoped, will be interesting, particularly to children, who, same, in the Star table. This part of the Almanac, it is with no further knowledge of Arithmetic than Addition and Subtraction, may readily foretell the rising and setting of a

9 37

9 5
4.48
2 33

5 30 5 0

5 23

8 54

4 0

star.

The Sun's Declination, though inserted, is of little use. Aries, Taurus, Gemini, &c., are here, as usual, Navigators look for it in the Nautical Almanac, in which it considered the 1st, 2d, and 3d signs, respectively, is given for mean and apparent noon, with the hourly varifrom the Vernal Equinox; but in maps, and in reali-ations. ty, they are the 2d, 3d, and 4th, and Pisces is the 1st.

Directions for keeping true Time.-The column of Sun on Meridian shows the minutes and seconds, before or after 12 o'clock, that the Sun is on the Meridian. The Sun is seldom on the Meridian at 12 o'clock; indeed, this is the case only on four days during the year, namely: April 15, June 15, Sept. 1, and Dec. 24. Consequently, when the Sun is on the Meridian, or when its shadow strikes the well. made noon-mark, the clock must be set as many minutes and seconds, before or after 12, as the Almanac shows.

The practice of setting timepieces by the rising or setting of the Sun or Moon, is not strictly correct; as the unevenness of the earth's surface and intervening objects, such as hills and forests, near the points of rising and setting, occasion a deviation, in every place, from the time expressed in the Almanacs, which time is adapted to a smooth, level horison. The only means of keeping correct time, is by the use of a noon-mark, or a meridian-line.

Local or Relative Time.-Local time is that which is shown by our common clocks. It indicates the time at any given place, the meridian of that place being the standard from which it is reckoned; therefore, the time or the clocks at any two places will differ by the dif ference of their meridians. Thus, when it is noon at New York, or when the Sun is on its meridian, the Sun at that instant at Washington is east of the meridian of that place; because the meridian of New York is east of Washington. Therefore, the clocks at Washington will be earlier or slower than those in New York, by the time the Sun takes to go from the meridian of New York to the meridian of Wash ington-namely, 12 minutes 2 seconds. Hence, when it is 12 o'clock M. at New Orleans and St. Louis, it is 1 o'clock P. M. at Philadelphia, which is a difference of one hour for every 15 degrees of longitude. By this regulation, the Sun is made to come to the meridian of every place about 12 o'clock. It is incomprehensible to many how it can be true that the Sun rises and sets at the same time at all places on the same latitude around the world. The difference of local time will account for this. It is not to be understood, that To make a Noon-Mark.-About noon, when the Sun (the when the Sun rises at Boston at 6 o'clock, that it is then-centre) crosses the meridian-line, let another person make at that instant of absolute time-rising at every place on the the mark in some firm place, where the shadow of the Sun same latitude; but, that wherever the Sun rises on that latis cast by a perpendicular object. Then set the clock as itude, it will be 6 o'clock by the timepieces at those places. above directed, and it will be exactly right.

The Sun will go from the horizon of Philadelphia, west to the horizon of St. Louis, in an hour.

SATURN'S RING will be visible the whole of this year, with a telescope of moderate power.

make a Meridian-Line.-Ascertain when the North Star will be on the Meridian, by reference to the Star tanie; and at that time range two cords (suspended four or five feet apart), with weights attached to the ends) with said star, and a meridian-line is made.

Moon's Phases. Portland Boston. | N. York. Philad'a. Wash'n. | Raleigh. Charles'n N.Ort'ns.

D

5

New Moon 2 6 3 mo 6 0 mo 5 48 mo! 5 43 mo
First Quar. 1011 40 mo 11 37 mo 11 25 mol11 21 mo 11
Full Moon 17 0 1 ev.11 58 mo11 46 mo11 41 mol
Last Quar. 24 3 35 mo 3 32 mo 3 21 mo 3 16 mo 3

Week.

Day of the Montu

the

of

Day

5

High water . w. H. w. H. w. Sua Sun's Moon 7 St's]
at N. York. Bost. Phil. Ch'n. meri Dec. meri. meri.
morn even. morn morn morn after, south. morn even.
h. in. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. m. in. s. d. m. h. m. h. m.
8 11 8 34 10 311 31 6 31 3 50 23 211 26 8 54
856 9 16 11 162 16 7 16 4 18 22 57 ev. 16 8 50
37 9 57 11 57 2 57 7 57 4 46 22 52 1 5 8 46
10 13 10 33 ev. 33 3 338 33 14 22 46 1 53 8 43
10 49 11 51 949 9 9 41 22 39 2 398 39
11 24 11 40 1 44 4 44 9 44 8 22 32 3 23 835
11 56
2 16 5 16 10 16 34 22 25 4 6 8 31
2 56 5 56 10 56 6 59 22 17 4 49 8 27
3 29
5 31 8 23
6 15 8 19
7 18 15
7 498 11
8 41 8

5

6

6

0 16 0 33
0 51 1 9
1 29 1 49
2 11 2 36
3 13 36

9

8 13 21

6 29 11 29
4 9 7 9 ev.
4 56 7 56 0 56
5 56 8 561 56
4 11 4 44 7 410 4 3 4
5 19 5 54 8 1411 14 4 14

8 36 21

7

8 59 21
9 21 21

9 37 8 3
6 30 7 3 9 23 morn 5 23 9 43 21 1130 37 7 59
16 Th 7 30 7 55 10 15 23 6 15 10 421 011 39 7 55
17 Fr
8 22 8 48 11 8 1 15 7 810 24 20 48 morn 7 51
18 Sa 9 12 9 36 11 66 2 8 7 56 10 43 20 36 0 42 7 47
19 E 10 1 10 25 morn 2 56 8 45 11 120 24 1 43 7 44
20 M 10 49 11 12 0 45 3 45 9 32 11 1920 11 2 41 7 40
21 Tu 11 36 11 59 1 32 4 32 10 1911 36 19 58 3 367 36
... 0 23 2 19 5 1911 811 53 19 45 4 28 7 32
0 48 1 11 3 8 6 811 54 12 819 31 5 18 7 28
1 34 1 59 3 54 6 54 morn 12 2319 17 6 7 7 24
2 24 2 52 4 447 44 0 44 12 37 19 2 6 55 7 20
3 21 3 57 5 418 411 4112 50 18 47 7 44 7 16

22 W

23 Th

24 Fr

25 Sa

4 33 5 6 6 53 9 53 2 53 13 318 32 8 33 7 12

8

Tu 5 45 6 22 8 511 5 4 513 1518 16 9 23 7 W 6 59 7 30 9 19 ev. 19 5 1913 26 18 0 10 12 7 4 30 Th 7 57 8 23 10 171 17 6 17 13 37 17 44 11 1 7 0 31 Fr 8 45 9 5 11 513 45 17 28 11 491 6 56||

5 2 5 7

2d Winter Month.]

Calendar for Calendar for BOSTON, MS., N.YORK City, R. Island, Connorth part of N. necticut,middle Jersey, Pennand south part sylvania, Ohio, N. York, Mich., Indiana, and Milwaukee, W. Illinois; Iowa.ifornia. Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon ris's sets rises. ris's sets rises. ris's sets rises.

IW 2 TE

SFI 4 Sa 5E 6M

7T

8 W

9 Th

10 Fr

11 Sa

12 E

13 M

14 Tu

15 W

I Day of the Month.

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29

30

31

7 29 4 45 11 45

7 29 4 46 morn

7 294 470 47

7 284 48 50

7 284 49 2 54

7 27 4 50 4 3

7 25 22
7 49 22

7 234 58 8 51 7 195 7 22 4 59 10 37 185 111 13 7 185 2 morn 7 175

7 22 5 7 215

7 205 30 20 7 16 5

7 195 4 1 21

7 16 5

25 26

7 195 5 2 30 7 15 5

27

7 18 5

28 7 185 8

9

0

h.m. h.m. h. m.

h.m. h.m. b. m. h.m. h.m. h. m.

h.m. h.m.

7 304 38 6 347 25 4 43 6 297 22 4 46 6 277 194 49

sets 7 194 50
6

7 7 194 51
27 194 52

7 224 48 7

7 30 4 39 sets 7 254 44 sets 7 224 46
7 304 40 6 0 7 25 4 45 6 5 7 224 47
7 304 41 6 56 7 25 4 45 7 0
7 304 41 7 53 7 25 4 46 7 56
7 30 4 42 8 50 7 25 4 47 8 53
7 30 4 43 9 49

7 254 48 9 50

7 22 4 51 9 51

7 30 4 44 10 47

7 254 49 10 48 7 22 4 52 10 48

51

42

32

22

7 3 31 7 145 11

4 30 7 13 5 12

JANUARY, 1851.

Calendar for Calendar for PHILADEL., WASHING'N so.pt.N.Jersey, D.C., Maryl'nd Pennsylvania, Del'e, Virginia, and Ohio; San Kentucky, so. Francisco, Cal-pt. Ind'a & Illi. nois; Missouri. Sun Sun Moon ris's sets rises.

7 224 49
7 224 50

7 254 50 11 457 22 4 5311 45

7 244 51 morn 7 224 54 morn

h.m. h.m. h. m.
7 10 4 58 6 17
7 104 59 sets 7
9 7 105 06 16 7
47 105 17 117
07 10 5 2 8 57
2 8 59 7
3 9 55 7
410 507
511 45 7
6 morn 7

7 244 52 0 467 214 55 0 45 7 184 58 0 457 105

7 24+ 53 1 487 214 56 1 47 7 18 4 59

1 467

h.m. h.m. h. m. h.m. h.m. h. m. 7 35 5 6 10 6 595 11 6 3 35 6 sets 6 595 12 sets 35 7 6 23 6 595 13 6 30 35 8 7 17 6 585 13 7 23 35 8 8 10 6 585 14 8 15 35 9903 6 585 15 9 7 35 10 9 576 585 15 10 0 35 1110 51 6 58 5 16 10 52 35 12 11 456 58 5 17 11 44 35 13 morn 6 585 18 morn 25 14 0 41 6 585 19 0 39 25 15 1 39 6 585 19 1 36 25 15 2 39 6 585 20 2 34 25 16 3 43 6 585 21 3 37 25 17 4 47 6 57 5 22 4 40 25 18 5 52 6 57 5 22 5 44 25 19 rises 6 57 5 23 rises 15 19 6 40 6 57 5 246 46 15 20 7 51 6 57 24 7 55 15 21 8 59 6 56 5 25 9 2 15 21 10 6 6 565 26 10 7 15 22 11 10 6 565 27 11 9 05 23 morn 6 555 28 morn 05 24 0 13 6 545 29 0 10 45 21 1 117 05 25 1 7 6 545 301 3 2 27 7 145 12 2 26 7 105 14 2 24 7 4 5 22 2 18 6 59 5 26 2 13 6 545 31 2 8 3 26 7 95 15 3 23 7 35 23 3 17 6 595 27 3 11 6 535 32 34 4 25 7 126 14 4 23 7 9 5 16 4 20 7 25 24 4 13 6 585 28 8 5 17 5 12 7 25 25 5 46 585 29 4 58 6 52 5 34 4 50 75 19 6 07 15 26 5 52 6 57 5 30 5 46 6 52 5 35 5 38 75.20 6 437 05 27 6 366 575 31 6 306 515 36 6 23

7 0 43 7 95 8 1 42 7 2 48 7 95 9 2 44 7 3 55 7 95 10 3 49 7 85 11 4 54 7 85 12 5 58 7 85 13 rises 7 75 14 6 35 7 75 15 7 47

7 25 4 54 rises 7 214 59 rises 7 195 1 rises 7 16 5

4 rises 7

3 6 26 7 16 5

6

6 287

7 244 56 6 217 205
7 24 4 57 7 36 7 205

16 25 7 195
2 7 39 7 18 5

4 7 40 7 15 5

7

7 42 7

7

5

75 16 8 57

3 8 52 7 18 5
410 37 175
511 12 7 175
6 morn 7 165
7 0 19 7 155

8 53 7 14 5 8 8 54 7
7
610 4 7 14 5 9 10 47 65 17 10 5 7
711 12 7 135 1011 11 7 65 1811 11 7
8 morn 7 125 11 morn 7 5 5 19 morn 7
9 0 18 7 125 12 0 17 7 55 20 0 15 7

8

1 17 7 155 11 1 16 7 115 13 1 15 7

9

3 27 7 135 13

4 6 6 535 33 3 59

Calendar for PORTLAND, 36 mo 5 29 mo 5 24 mo 4 43 mo Me., N.H., Ver3 no 11 6 mo 11 2 mo 10 21 monont, Roches'r 34 mo 11 27 mo 11 22 mo 10 42 mo N.Y., Gr'n Bay, 9 mo 3 1 mo 2 57 mo 2 16 mo Wis., Toronto, U.C..& Oregon

PHENOMENA, CALENDAR, &c.

[Spica. Union Gt. Brit. & Ireland, 1801.
Mars lowest; conj. moon. Jupiter conj.
Mcon low. Jupiter dec. 7 deg. 2 m. south.
Mercury conj. moon. High tides.
Uranus stationary. Venus N. E. Antares. 7 364 35 6 53
Saturn quad. sun. Venus stationary. 7 364 36 7 50
Mercury 19 deg. 9 m. E. sun. Epiphany. 7 364 37 8 48
Mercury visible; sets 6 16 ev. [1815 7 354 38 9 48
Saturn in merid. 5 46. Bat. N. Oricans, 7 354 39 10 46
Saturn conj. moon. Moon on equator. 7 354 40 11 46
Uranus conj. m'n. Venus dec. 17d. 30 m. S. 7 35 4 41 morn
Mars in Sagitta. Low tides. Dr. Dwight 7 344 420 48
Jupi. quad. sun. Mer'y stationary. [d.'17.
Venus in perigee. Jupiter in Aph.
Mercury in perigee. Moon in Tau. horn.
Jupiter in Virgo. Venus in Scorpio.
Uranus quad. sun. Moon high. [1706.
Moon eclipsed invis. Dr. Franklin born,
Moon in Perigee. High tides.
Mercury invisible. Saturn in Pisces.
Venus brightest; in meri. 9 23 ev.
Sun ent. Capricorn. Jupi. meri 5 25 mo.
Mercury inf, conj. sun. Moon on equator
Jupiter conj. moon. Venus in Virgo.
Saturn in Pisces. Jupiter in Virgo.
Low tides. Conversion of St. Paul.
Moon N. E. Antares. Bonap. esc. Elba.
Mars 22 deg. in Sagitta. [Great d 1725.
Venus conj. moon. Moon low. Peter the
Mercury conj. Mars; 4 deg. apart. 7 21 5
Mercury and Mars conj. moon. Charles I. 7 20 5
Venus in meri. 9 h. 9 m. mo. [beh'd, 1643.7 195

7 344 43 1 52
7 344 45 2 57
7 334 46 4 6
7 33 4 47 6 14
7 32 4 48 6 20
7 314 50 rises

7 314 51 6 18 7 304 52 7 34

7 29 4 53 8 49

7 294 55 10 2

7 284 56 11 13

7 27 4 57 morn

7 264 59 0 21

7 255 0 1 22
7 245 12 33
7 23 5 3 3 35
7 22 5 4
6

4 33

5 26

[31 Days.

7 234 542 51 7 214 57

2 50 7 18 5

7 234 55 3 597 214 58 3 58 7 17 5

7 27 4 52 5 10

7 22 4 57 5 5 7 204 59 5 4 7 17 5

7 26 4 53 6 16 7 224 58 6 11 7 205 0 6 9 7 16 5

7 58 7 194 52 8

8 54 7 19 4 53

h. m.
6 25
sets

0

1

6

7

8 55 7 10 5

7 19 4 54 9 52 7 105
7 19 4 55 10 48 7 105
7 19 4 56 11 45 7 10 5
7 194 57 morn 7 105

Calendar for
RALEIGH,
N. Carolina;
Tennessee,
Arkansas, and
Santa Fe,
New Mexico.
Sun Sun Moon
ris's sets rises.

Sun Sun Moon ris's sets rises.

2 5 17

3 6 67

h.m. h.m. b. 7 364 32 6 36 7 364 33 sets 7 364 34 5 56

7 6 13 86 55

Calendar for
Calendar for
CHARLES'N,N ORLEANS,
S. C., Georgia, La., Florida,
Alabama, Miss., middle & south-
N. pt. Louisiana ern part of Lou-
and Texas; San isiana and Tex-
Diego, Calif'a. as; Austin.
Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon
ris's sets rises. ris's sets rises.

7 175 9 5 22 7 135 13 5 17 7 115 15

5 15 7

7 165 11 6 9 7 12 5 15 6 5 7 115 17 6 3 7 7 15 5 12 6 527 11 5 16 6 487 105 18 6 467 Abbreviations.-H. w., high water; sun meri., sun in meridian; moon meri., moon in do. ; 7 st's meri., 7 stars in do.; h.m., hour, minutes; m.s., minutes, seconds; d.m., degrees, minutes; mo., morning; ev., evening; sun's dec., sun's declination So.

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