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V. Dental Pathology and Therapeutics: Lectures. General Pathology, in which are discussed the general aspects and causes of disease, its symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, the pathology of anaesthetics, etc. Special Pathology, in which a critical examination is made into the special cause of dental decay, as manifested in the various diseases peculiar to the teeth and mouth. Neuralgia and other nervous affections receive such attention as their importance demands. Thirty-five lectures, Tuesdays, at 5 P. M.; and thirty-five clinics, Mondays, at 9 A. M. Professor SULLIVAN.
VI. Orthodontia and Dental Metallurgy. The correction of irregularities of the natural teeth, as well as the causes, will be treated at length and illustrated by means of drawings and numerous casts of practical cases. Much more attention is paid to this subject by the profession than formerly, and an endeavor will be made to keep the classes posted in regard to all new and valuable methods.
The instruction in Dental Metallurgy, including the properties and uses of gold, silver, platinum, aluminum, zinc, lead, tin, and their alloys, and of iron and steel, will be made more complete than heretofore. Special attention will be paid to refining and alloying gold, and to estimating its fineness. Practical laboratory instruction will be given in working of the metals, and each student will be required to conduct all the usual operations in dental metallurgy, as well as to make experiments in new compounds and alloys. Considerable attention will be paid to the analysis and compounding of amalgam alloys. Thirty-five lectures and demonstrations; Wednesdays, from 4 to 6 P. M. Professor GODDARD.
VII. Histology and Pathology. A special course of ten or fifteen lectures on Embryology and Pathology, embracing a comparative study of blood corpuscles. The lectures on Embryology will be illustrated by a full series of the developing chicks and other embryos, showing the development of the blastoderm and products of the epiblast, including the development of the skin, mucous membrane, hair, nails, horns, and the enamel organ. The products of the mesoblast, including the development of bone, dentine and cement; also a comparative study of the development of the teeth; and a comparative study of their anatomy. The lectures on Pathology will embrace the following subjects: Lesions of the dental pulp, including tissues developed thereby; secondary dentine, pulp nodules, and a full series of lesions found in the tusks of elephants. General Bacteriology, including a series of photo-micrographs of the micro-organisms most commonly found in the mouth. Decay of the teeth, with photo-micrographs of the bacteria, found in natural and artificial decay. Oral tumors. These lectures will be delivered in the evening, and illustrated by the oxy-hydrogen lantern. This course will be open to all the students of the College, and to friends invited by the Faculty. For the Senior Class, Professor SUDDUTH will give three days of each week, during his stay of six weeks, to a practical course in microscopic technic, including the preparation and mounting of specimens for the microscope. For this course the Faculty has imported from Europe fifteen microscopes, and all the necessary accessories. Dr. SUDDUTH.
VIII. Anatomy. The lectures are illustrated by the cadaver, by both wet and dry preparations and by models, manikins and drawings; they include general,
special, and topographical anatomy. The dissecting-room is open throughout the year, under the superintendence of the Professor of Anatomy and the Demonstrator of Anatomy. A supply of material is always provided at small cost. The course includes a series of dissections by each student. When the dissections are conducted in a diligent manner, the student receives a certificate stating the amount and part dissected. Sixty-four lectures; Mondays and Fridays, at 4 P. M. Extra lectures on Wednesdays, at 4 P. M. Professor LEWITT and Dr. WILLIAMSON.
IX. Physiology and Microscopy. General and special physiology, with attention to the most recent developments in the subject, illustrated by a complete series of colored drawings, prepared exclusively for these lectures. The large collection of preparations and drawings at Berkeley, belonging to the University, are at the command of the professor. Vivisections are practiced when necessary, and the use of the microscope is fully taught. Sixty-four lectures; Mondays and Thursdays, at 3 P. M. Extra lectures on Tuesdays, at 3 P. M. Professor D'ANCONA,
X. Materia Medica and Medical Chemistry. The course comprises the history, method of preparation, and medicinal action, of the different substances forming the materia medica. Particular emphasis is given to that part of the subject which pertains to practical medicine and pharmacy, and for this purpose all the necessary physical, chemical and pharmaceutical apparatus is supplied. Careful attention is given to prescription-writing; to the nature, origin and properties, physical and chemical, of the various remedies officinal in the United States Pharmacopoeia; and to toxicology. Urine analysis is carefully taught. Attention is also paid to salivary analysis and to the chemical action of foods and medicines on the teeth, etc., for the benefit of students in dentistry. Sixty-four lectures; Mondays, at 10 A. M., and Wednesdays, at 11 A. M. Professor LENGFeld.
The lectures are supplemented by laboratory investigation, including qualitative analysis, with recitations at least three times a week, under the charge of Dr. WINTON.
XI. Theory and Practice of Surgery. Principles of surgical practice, and drill in the use of instruments and surgical dressings. The more recent views on the management of surgical conditions, and the appliances devised for their relief, are dwelt upon, and illustrated by drawings and models. The course includes a series of lectures upon operative surgery, with demonstrations on the cadaver. Sixty-four lectures; Mondays and Fridays, at 11 A. M. Professor TAYLOR. Extra lectures on oral surgery one Wednesday in each month, at 2 P. M. Dr. ASAY.
XII. Biology. A series of lectures on biological subjects, varied from year to year. Professor JOSEPH LE CONTE,
Outline of Studies.
FIRST YEAR.-Anatomy, Physiology, Mechanical Dentistry (both didactic and practical), Histology, Chemistry, Dissections.
SECOND YEAR.--Anatomy, Physiology, Mechanical Dentistry (didactic and practical), Orthodontia, Operative Dentistry (didactic and practical), Dental Pathology and Therapeutics, Surgery, Dissections. Final examination in any three of the following subjects, viz.: Anatomy, Physiology, Chemistry, Histology, Mechanical Dentistry.
THIRD YEAR.-Operative Dentistry (didactic and practical), Mechanical Dentistry (practical), Dental Pathology and Therapeutics, Materia Medica, Surgery, Orthodontia (didactic and practical), Dental Metallurgy (didactic and practical).
The following books will be needed during the course of study. Students are advised to procure at least the first six at the beginning of the Freshman year, and to add the others before the Senior year:
1. DENTAL DICTIONARY-Harris; or MEDICAL DICTIONARY-Dunglison or Thomas.
2. ANATOMY-Gray or Holden.
3. PHYSIOLOGY-Dalton or Flint.
4. MECHANICAL DENTISTRY-Richardson or Harris.
5. OPERATIVE DENTISTRY-Taft or Harris.
6. DENTAL CHEMISTRY-Mitchel.
7. DENTAL ANATOMY-Tomes.
8. ORAL DEFORMITIES-Kingsley and Talbot.
9. DENTAL METALLURGY-Essig.
10. DENTAL MATERIA MEDICA AND THERAPEUTICS-Gorgas or Stockens. 11. SURGERY-Ashurst or Bryant.
12. THERAPEUTICS-Wood, Biddle or Bartholow.
13. DENTAL PATHOLOGY-Wedl.
Additional Books for Reference.
AMERICAN SYSTEM OF DENTISTRY.
HISTOLOGY-Stricker, Frey, Beal, or Wythe.
MATERIA MEDICA-United States Pharmacopoeia.
CHEMISTRY-Lloyd or Barclay.
OPERATING-ROOMS AND LABORATORY.
The Dental Laboratory is in charge of the Superintendent of Infirmary, who will assign patients to students, and, with the Demonstrators of Mechanical Dentistry, will give practical instruction in preparing the mouth for the insertion of artificial teeth, and the construction of artificial dentures on bases
of vulcanite, celluloid, silver, gold, etc.; also, in alloying, refining and preparing the metals for use. Special attention will be given to continuous-gum work. On account of the length of the term, the opportunities for practice in correcting irregularities of the teeth will be unsurpassed, and will receive their share of attention.
The Operating Department will be under the immediate supervision of the Superintendent of Infirmary, who will have entire charge.
The rooms will be open during the forenoon of Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and during the afternoon of each day except Saturday, until four o'clock, when all practical matters pertaining to Operative Dentistry will be fully dealt with by the Demonstrators, one of whom will always be present. The Infirmary will be open throughout the entire year, thus affording a practical course for first and second year students unsurpassed by any similar institution. As there is always an excess of clinical material on hand, and there are six hundred and forty-eight hours per term (including three hours each Wednesday afternoon) devoted to practical consideration of diseases of the teeth, and the adjacent parts, it is not difficult to estimate the advantages the students have in this department.
Students of dentistry will have all the facilities and opportunities in hospital practice and observation enjoyed by the medical students. They will have access to the City and County Hospital, the City Receiving Hospital and the San Francisco Female Hospital.
Clinical lectures, medical and surgical, are given at the City and County Hospital by the professors of the College of Medicine, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, from 9 A. M. to 12 M.
For further particulars on this subject, see Clinical Instruction under Medical Department.
LIBRARY AND MUSEUM.
A nucleus has been formed from which it is hoped a large library and museum will grow. All members and friends of the dental profession are invited to contribute books, pamphlets, journals, charts; anatomical, physiological, and pathological specimens; casts of deformities and irregularities of the teeth and associate parts; or anything that will be useful or instructive. These contributions will be placed in the library or museum, and marked with the name of the donor, if this is desired.
CONDITIONS OF GRADUATION.
I. The candidate for the degree of DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY must have attained the age of twenty-one years, and be of good moral character.
II. He must have passed a satisfactory examination, both oral and written. The written examination is required in lieu of a thesis.
III. He must have studied dentistry three years, including the time spent in attending lectures.
IV. He must have attended two full courses of lectures and clinics in the College of Dentistry in the University of California; or one year in some other reputable dental college, and the second, or last, in this College.
V. He must again subscribe to Article II., Section 3, of the Code of Ethics of the American Dental Association.
VI. He must have dissected at least two parts. The dissecting ticket ($10) is good for the whole year, from January 1 to December 31, inclusive. (See Course VII.)
VII. He must have thoroughly treated some patient requiring all the usual dental operations, and must bring such patient before the Professor of Operative Dentistry and the Professor of Dental Pathology and Therapeutics.
VIII. He must take up at least one case of artifical dentures, and after it is completed bring the patient before the Professor of Mechanical Dentistry, at least thirty days before the close of the term; and must prepare a specimen case to be deposited in the college collection, and present the same to the Professor of Mechanical Dentistry before the first of November. He must insert at least one crown or piece of bridge work, treat one case of irregularity, and, after the cases are completed, bring his patient before the Professor of Mechanical Dentistry. The operating must be performed, and the work on the artificial case done, at the college building, and exclusively by the applicant for the degree.
Graduates in medicine may apply for the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery after having had two full years of practical instruction or experience in dentistry; one year of which, including one course of lectures, must be spent at the College of Dentistry in the University of California.
After these requirements have been complied with, the candidate will be recommended to the Board of Regents for the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery.
Students who have had no office instruction before attending lectures are advised to attend three courses. No fees will be required for the third course, except that of the Demonstrator of Anatomy.
Good board, with room, at a convenient distance from the college building, may be procured at the low rate of $5 per week. Students from a distance may learn the addresses of these boarding-houses, and other information, by calling on the Dean of the Faculty, 500 Sutter Street.