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For expenses of students at Mt. Hamilton, see page 152.

Board and Lodging may be obtained in private families in Berkeley and Oakland at from eighteen to thirty dollars a month. They may occasionally be had in return for various personal services in the household. The hours of recitation are such that many students reside in Oakland and San Francisco. The journey from San Francisco to the University requires from an hour to an hour and a quarter.

The Dining Hall, recently established within the University grounds, provides board at cost price.

The Students' Aid Society is an organization which seeks to help needy students by making it possible for them to help themselves. To this end it acts as a free employment agency, putting such students in communication with persons in the University or the neighborhood who desire such services as students can render. Communications should be addressed to the MANAGER OF THE STUDENTS' AID SOCIETY, BERKELEY. A circular concerning the work of the Society is sent free to those who desire it.


The Frank J. Walton Memorial Loan Fund, established by the graduates of the Class of 1883 in memory of a classmate, deceased. The income of this fund, amounting at present to about $125, may be loaned each year to some undergraduate student of the academic department at Berkeley who is studying for a degree, and who has completed half of his undergraduate course. Application for a loan from this fund should be addressed, through the Recorder's office, to the committee in charge of the fund.

The Class of 1886 has established a Loan Fund, which may be drawn upon for the purpose of aiding undergraduate students in good standing in the Sophomore, Junior, or Senior class, students in the higher classes having precedence. Application for a loan from this fund should be addressed to the Dean of the Faculty of Letters.

Friends of the University in San Francisco have contributed funds which may be drawn upon in small amounts for loans to students in cases of urgency.


The University Medal, by direction of its founders, is bestowed upon the most distinguished scholar of the graduating class of each year.

The Early English Text Society and the New Shakespeare Society offer an Annual Prize of certain of their publications, for the encouragement of studies in English. The prize is open to all regular students, and is awarded upon written examination under the direction of the Professor of English Literature.

The Le Conte Memorial Fellowship has been established by the Alumni Association of the University, in honor of Professors JOHN and JOSEPH LE

CONTE. Its value is $500, and it is awarded annually by a Board of Administration elected by the Alumni Association. It is limited to graduates of the University of California of not more than three years' standing at the time of the award; the sole test is superior excellence, as determined at its discretion by the Board; and the recipient is to pursue his studies either at the University of California or elsewhere, as the Board may determine.

Six University Fellowships have been established by the Regents-two in Philosophy, one in History and Political Science, and two in Mathematics, each yielding $600 annually; and one in Mineralogy, yielding $500. During 1894-5 there has been, in addition, an Honorary Fellowship in Palæontology. The appointees devote their attention to graduate study, and assist in the work of their department.

Harvard Club Scholarships. The Harvard Club of San Francisco has awarded annually since 1887 a sum of not less than $200 to some graduate of the University of California, the money to be used by the recipient in the pursuit of graduate study at Harvard University.

The Phebe Hearst Scholarships for Women. Eight scholarships in the University of California have been established by MRS. PHEBE A. HEARST, of San Francisco, for worthy young women, each scholarship yielding $300. The award is made by the Faculties of the University, but any school officer of this State may recommend candidates. In accordance with the express desire of the founder, the qualifications are noble character and high aims; further, the award is not to be made as a prize for honors in entrance examinations, and it is understood that without this assistance a University course would in each case be impossible.

Applications for Phebe Hearst Scholarships, in order to be considered by the appropriate committee, must be filed with the Recorder on or before the first of May of the year in which the award is made.

Hearst Fellowships in Astronomy. MRS. PHEBE A. HEARST has provided a fund to be used in aid of scientific work at the Lick Observatory. A portion of this fund may be set aside for the purpose of defraying a part of the necessary expenses of such advanced students as may be appointed to be Hearst Fellows in Astronomy by the Board of Regents, on the recommendation of the President of the University and of the Director of the Observatory. Such recommendation will not be made except in the case of students who have already made decided progress in their work, and candidates for the higher degrees of the University will be preferred, in general.

The Hinckley Scholarship of $300 is awarded each year by the trustees of the WILLIAM AND ALICE HINCKLEY FUND to some young man in the University of the State, or in some other school.



During the year 1892-3 a new College of Natural Sciences was founded, and changes in existing colleges were made, resulting in a reclassification of colleges and a reorganization of instruction in Berkeley. As newly constituted, the Colleges of General Culture are the following:

1. The College of Letters.

2. The College of Social Sciences.

3. The College of Natural Sciences.

The courses of study hitherto designated as the Classical Course, the Literary Course, and the Course in Letters and Political Science, are merged in the College of Letters and the College of Social Sciences.

The curriculum of the College of Letters is essentially the so-called Classical Course of the leading American colleges, and leads to the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

The curriculum of the College of Social Sciences follows the more modern lines of a liberal culture, including language, literature, history and political science, and diverges from that of the College of Letters mainly in that it omits Greek and does not insist upon Latin, except in the requirement for entrance. It leads to the degree of Bachelor of Letters.

The curriculum of the College of Natural Sciences embraces the broad field of general science, together with the languages and arts necessary to the student and investigator. It leads to the degree of Bachelor of Science.

In each of these colleges about one half of the curriculum is prescribed, with a view to the information, discipline, and culture requisite for the pursuit of advanced studies. The Prescribed Courses fall, with certain exceptions, within the first two years of the curriculum. At least one quarter of the curriculum consists of an Elective Group of advanced courses, dealing with one subject or not more than two cognate subjects, in the direction of the study and research which the student desires especially to pursue. The election of this special subject, or group, must be made by the student after he has completed the courses prescribed in his college, and before he has begun his fourth, or Senior, year. The remainder of the curriculum consists of Free Electives chosen from any of the courses offered at Berkeley, and pursued at any time during the undergraduate period, subject, however, to any sequence of studies required by the department concerned.

This reorganization of the curriculum secures a division into general or fundamental courses, on the one hand, and special or advanced courses on

the other. With his entrance upon the Elective Group the student is introduced to aims and methods of study which obtain not only for higher undergraduate courses, but for graduate work. The reorganization secures, also, the regulation of the purely elective element by the restriction of at least one half of it to a group chosen in a special department of scholarship. It is believed that this adjustment of courses is preferable both to the system of rigid prescription and to that of unrestricted freedom in election, since it provides not only for liberal culture, but for concentrated and systematic study in the direction of the student's preference, and for training in methods of original investigation.

In these three colleges the requirements for graduation consist of:

A. Prescribed Studies.-Sixty-five units,* as distributed in the following table:

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B. Group Electives.-Thirty units of advanced studies in one subject, or not more than two cognate subjects, chosen from the groups indicated in the descriptions of the various colleges.

C. Free Electives.-Thirty units, to be chosen at any period during the undergraduate course, subject, however, to any sequence of studies required and announced by any department.




*A unit is a credit of one hour per week for one term.

Not less than two nor more than three of these subjects; but the French or German, if chosen, must be pursued two years.


The requirements for admission to this college are: (1) English, (3) Algebra, (4) Geometry, (5) Government of the United States, (6) and (7) Latin, (8) and (9) Greek, (10) Ancient History.

The undergraduate course in this college corresponds to the classical course of the leading American colleges, the prescribed study of Greek and Latin forming its distinguishing feature. It is designed to furnish a liberal education, and to afford preparation for professional studies. For details regarding the studies pursued, consult the statements made under the several courses of instruction in this Register and in the Annual Announcement.

The requirements for the degree of A.B. consist of one hundred and twentyfive units, distributed as follows:

A. Prescribed Studies.-Sixty-five units, as distributed in the following scheme:

Greek and Latin, 18 units-so chosen from Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 in Greek, and Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 in Latin, as to include not less than six units of each.

English, 8 units-Course 1 (a).

French or German, 14 units-Courses 1, 2, and 3 in French, or Courses 1 and 2 in German.

Mathematics, 10 units-so chosen from Courses 1-8 as to include either Course 1 (a), or Course 1 (b), or Course 8; and Course 2, or Courses 4 and 5; and, if the student has not passed the entrance examination in Solid Geometry, Course 6.

Natural Sciences, 10 units-chosen from the general list, exclusive of Chemistry 1.

Military Science, 5 units-Courses 1 and 2. Students excused from the exercises in Military Science are required to make up the deficiency in hours in other departments of study.

B. Group Electives.-Thirty units of advanced studies in one subject, or not more than two cognate subjects, chosen from one of the following groups: 1. Philosophy: either alone or together with one subject from Group 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.

2. Economics and Politics (including History and Law).

3. The Greek, Latin, French, Spanish, Italian, German, and English languages and literatures, or any other languages or literatures that may at any time be announced among the courses of instruction; Comparative Philology, Archæology, Art, etc.

4. Pedagogy, together with one subject from Group 1, 2, 3, 5, or 6.

5. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Astronomy.

6. Physics, Chemistry, Geology (including Palæontology, Mineralogy, and Petrography), the Biological Sciences (including Botany and Zoology).

C. Free Electives.-Thirty units, chosen from the entire list of courses, subject, however, to any sequence of studies required and announced by any department.

*A unit is a credit of one hour of work per week for one term.

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