Slike strani

ington recrosses the Delaware with his Troops-The I

Game reversed-The Hessians hunted back through

the Country-Washington made Military Dictator, 320

CHAP. XLVI. Howe hears of the Affair at Trenton-
Cornwallis sent back to the Jerseys-Reconnoitring Ex-
pedition of Reed-His Exploits-Washington in Peril at
Trenton-Reinforced by Troops under Cadwalader and
Millin-Position of his Men-Cornwallis at Trenton-Re-
pulsed at the Assunpink-The American Camp menaced
-Night March of Washington-Affair at Princeton-
Death of Mercer-Rout of British Troops-Pursued by
Washington--Cornwallis at Princeton-Baffled and Per-
plexed-Washington at Morristown-His System of
Annoyance-The Tables turned upon the Eneiny,


CHAPTER I. Burke on the State of Affairs in America-
New Jersey roused to Arms-Washington grants Safe
Conduct to Hessian Convoys-Encampment at Morris-
town-Putnam at Princeton-His Stratagem to Co. ceal
the Weakness of his Camp-Exploit of General Dick-
inso near Somerset Court House-Washington's Coun-
ter Proclamation--Prevalence of the Smallpox-Inocu-
lation of the Army-Contrast of the British and Ameri-
can Commanders and their Camps,

CHAP. II. Negotiations for Exchange of Prisoners-Case

of Colonel Ethan Allen-Of General Lee-Correspond-

ence of Washington with Sir William Howe about

Exchanges of Prisoners-Referees appointed -- Letters

of Lee from New York-Case of Colonel Campbell-

Washington's Advice to Congress on the Subject of Re-

taliation-His Correspondence with Lord Howe about

the Treatment of Prisoners-The Horrors of the Jersey

Prison-Ship and the Sugar-House,


CHAP. III. Exertions to form a New Army-Calls on
the Different States-Insufficiency of the Militia-Wash-
ington's Care for the Yeomanry Dangers in the North-
ern Department-Winter Attack on Ticonderoga ap-
prehended-Exertions to reinforce Schuyler--Precarious
State of Washington's Army-Conjectures as to the
Designs of the Enemy - Expedition of the British
against Peekskill,

ulations of Washington-His Purpose of keeping Sir
William Howe from ascending the Hudson-Orders
George Clinton to call out Militia from Ulster and Orange
Counties-Sends Sullivan towards the Highlands-Moves
his own Camp back to Morristown-Stir among the
Shipping-Their Destination surmised to be Philadel
phia-A Dinner at Head-Quarters-Alexander Hamilton
--Graydon's Rueful Description of the Army-His

Character of Wayne,

CHAP. XVI. Schuyler hears of the Affair of Oriskany-
Applies for Reinforcements-His Appeal to the Patriot-
ism of Stark-Schuyler superseded--His Conduct there-
upon-Relief sent to Fort Stanwix-Ari old volunteers
to conduct it-Change of Encampment-Patriotic De-
termination of Schuyler-Detachiment of the Enemy

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against Bennington-Germans and their Indian Allies-
Baum, the Hess an Leader-Stark in the Field-Muster-
ing of the M lia-A Belligerent Parson-Battle of Ben-
Lington-Breyman to the Rescue-Routed-Reception of
the News in the Rival Camps-Washington urges New
England to follow up the Blow,



CHAP. XVII. Stratagem of Arnold to relieve Fort Stan-j
wix-Yan Yost Cuyler-The Siege pressed-Indians
intractable-Success of Arnold's Stratagem-Harassed
Retreat of St. Leger-Moral Effect of the two Blows
given to the Enemy-Brightening Prospects in the
American Camp-Arrival of Gates-Magnanimous Con-
duct of Schuyler-Poorly requited by Gates-Corre-
spondence between Gates and Burgoyne concerning the
Murder of Miss McCrea,
CHAP. XVIII. Landing of Howe's Army on Elk River-
Measures to check it-Exposed Stuation of Washing-
ton in Recoano tring--Alarm of the Country-Procla-
mation of Howe-Arrival of Sullivan-Foreign Officers
in Camp-Deborre-Conway-Fleury-Count Pulaski-
First Appearance in the Army of Light-Horse Harry"
of Virginia Washington's Appeal to the Army-Move-
ments of the Rival Forces - Battle of the Brandywine-
Retreat of the Americans-Halt in Chester-Scenes in
Philadelphia during the Battle-Congress orders out
Militia-Clothes Washington with Extraordinary Pow-
ers-Removes to Lancaster-Rewards to Foreign Of-


CHAP. XIX. General Howe neglects to pursue his Ad-
vantage-Washington retreats to Germantown - Re-
crosses the Schuylkill and prepares for another Action-
Prevented by Storms of Rain-Retreats to French Creek
Wayne detached to fall on the Enemy's Rear- His
Pickets surprised-Massacre of Smallwood's Men-
Manœuvres of Howe on the Schuylkill--Washington
sends for Reinforcements-Howe marches into Phila-

CHAP. XX. Dubious Position of Burgoyne-Collects his
Forces-Ladies of Distinction in his Camp-Lady Har-
riet Ackland-The Baroness de Riedesel-American
Army reinforced-Silent Movements of Burgoyne-
Watched from the Summit of the Hills-His March
along the Hudson-Position of the two Camps-Battle
o the 19th Sept.-Burgoyne eacamps nearer-Fortifies
his Camp-Promised Co-operation by Sir Henry Clinton
-Determines to await it-Quarrel between Gates and
Arnold-Arnold deprived of Command-Burgoyne waits
for Co-operation,
CHAP. XXI. Preparations of Sir Henry Clinton-State of
the Highland Defe.ces-Putnam alarmed -Adva..ce of
the Armament up the Hudson- Plan of Sir Henry Clin-
ton-Peekskill threatened-Putnam deceived- Secret
March of the Enemy through the Mountains-Forts
Montgomery and Clinton overpowered-Narrow Escape
of the Commanders-Co flagration and Explosion of the
American Frigates-Rallying Efforts of Putnam and
Governor Clinton-The Spy and the Silver Bullet-E-0-
pus burnt-Ravaging Progress of the Enemy up the


CHAP. XXII. Scarcity in the British Camp-Gates bides
his Time--Foraging Movement of Burgoyne--Battle of
the 7th October-Rout of the British and Hessians-Sit-
uation of the Baroness de Riedesel and Lady Harriet
Ackland during the Battle-Death of Gen. Fraser-His
Funeral-Night Retreat of the British-Expedition of
Lady Harriet Ackland-Desperate Situation of Bur-
goyne at Saratoga-Capitulation-Surrender-Conduct
of the American troops-Scenes in the Camp-Gallant
Courtesy of Schuyler to the Baroness de Riedesel-Is
Magnanimous Conduct towards Burgoyne-Return of
the British Ships down the Hudson,
CHAP. XXIII. Washington advances to Skippack Creek
-The British Fleet in the Delaware-Foris and Ob-
structions in the River-Washington meditates an At-
tack on the British Camp-Battle of Germantown, 417
CHAP. XXIV. Washington at White Marsh-Measures
to cut off the Enemy's Supplies-The Forts on the Del-
aware reinforced-Colonel Greene of Rhode Island at
Fort Mercer-Attack and Defence of that Fort-Death of
Count Donop,
CHAP. XXV. De Kalb commissioned Major General-
Pretensions of Conway-Thwarted by Washington-
Conway Cabal-Gates remiss in Correspondence-Dil-
atory in forwarding Troops - Mission of Hamilton
to Gates-Wilkinson Bearer of Despatches to Con-
gress-A Tardy Traveller-His Reward-Conway Cor-
respondence detected-Washington's Apology for his

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CHAP. XXVI. Further Hostilities on the Delaware-Fort
Mifflin attacked-Bravely defended - Reduced -- Mis-
sion of Hamilton to Gates-Visits the Camps of Gov-
ernor Clinton ad Put am on the Hudson-Putnam on
his Hobby-Horse-Difficulties in procuring Reinforce-


ments-Intrigues of the Cabal-Letters of Lovell and
Millin to Gates-The Works at Red Bank destroyed-
The Enemy in Possession of the Delaware, .
CHAP. XXVII. Question of an Attack on Philadelphia--
General Reed at Head-Quarters Enemy's Works re-
connoitred-Opinions in a Council of War-Exploit of
Lafayette-Receives Command of a Division-Modifica
tion of the Board of War-Gates to preside-Letter of
Lovell-Sally Forth of General Howe-Evolutions and
Skirmishes-Conway I. spetor-ge. eral-Consultation
about Winter Quarters-Dreary March to Valley Forge
-Hutting-Washington's Vindicatory Letters-Retro-
spect of the Year,


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CHAP. XXVIII. Gates on the Ascendant-The Conway
Letter Suspicions-Consequent Correspo; dence be-
tween Gates and Washington-Warning Letter from Dr.
Craik Anonymous Letters-Projected Expedition to
Canada-Lafayette, Gates, and the Board of War,
CHAP. XXIX. Gates undertakes to explain the Conway
Correspondence-Washington's Searching Analysis of
the Explanation-Close of the Correspondence-Spuri-
ous Letters published-Lafayette and the Canada Expe-
dition-His Perplexities-Counsels of Washi: gton,
CHAP. XXX. More Trouble about the Conway Letter-
Correspondence between Lord Stirling and Wilkinson-
Wilkinson's Honor wounded-- His Passage at Arms
with General Gates-His Seat at the Board of War u-
comfortable-Determines that Lord Stirling shall bleed
-His Wounded Honor healed-Is Interviews with
Washington-Sees the Correspondence of Gates-De-
nounces Gates and gives up the Secretaryship-Is
thrown out of Employ-Closing Remarks on the Conway

CHAP. XXXI. Committee of Arrangement-Reforms in
the Army-Scarcity in the Camp-The Enemy revel in
Philadelphia-Attempt to surprise Light-Horse Harry
-His Gallant Defence-Praised by Washington-Pro-
moted-Letter from General Lee-Burgoyne returns to
England-Mrs. Washington at Valley Forge--Bryan
Fairfax visits the Camp-Arrival of the Baron Steuben
-His Character-Disciplines the Army-Greene made



CHAP. XXXII. Fortifications of the Hudson-Project to
surprise Sir Henry Clinton-General Howe forages the
Jerseys-Ships and Stores burnt at Bordentown-Plans
for the next Campaign-Gates and Mifflin under Wash-
ington's Command-Downfall of Conway-Lord North's
Conciliatory Bills-Sent to Washington by Governor
Tryon--Resolves of Congress-Letter of Washington to
Tryon-Rejoicing at Valley Forge-The Mischianza, 453
CHAP. XXXIII. Lafayette detached to keep Watch on
Philadelphia-His Position at Barren Hill-Plan of Sir
Heary to entrap him- Washington alarmed for his
Safety-Stratagem of the Marquis-Exchange of General
Lee and Colonel Ethan Allen-Allen at Valley Forge-
Washington's Opinion of him-Preparations in Phila-
delphia to evacuate-Washington's Measures in Conse-
quence-Arrival of Commissioners from England --Their
Disappointment--Their Proceedings-Their Failure-
Their Manifesto,


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CHAP. XXXVI. Arrival of a French Fleet-Correspond-
ence of Washingto and the Count D'Estaing-Pians
of the Count-Perturbation at New York-Excitement
in the French Fleet-Expedition against Rhode Island-
Operations by Sea and Land-Failure of the Expedition
-Irritation between the Allied Forces-Considerate
Letter of Washington to the Count D'Estaing,
CHAP. XXXVII. Indian Warfare-Desolation of the
Valley of Wyoming-Movements in New York-Coun
ter Movements of Washington-Foraging Parties of the
Enemy-Baylor's Dragoons massacred at Old Tappan-
British Expedition against Little Egg Harbor-Massacre
of Pulaski's Infantry-Retaliation on Do op's Rangers
--Arrival of Admiral Byron--Endeavors to entrap
D'Estaing, but is disappointed-Expedition against St.
Lucia-Expedition against Georgia-Capture of Savan-
nah-Georgia subdued-General Lincoln sent to com-
mand in the South,


CHAP. XXXVIII. Winter Cantonments of the American
Army-Washington at Middlebrook- Plan of Alarm
Signals for the Jerseys-Lafayette's Project for an Inva-

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CHAP IV. Evils of the Continental Currency-Military

Reforms proposed by Washington-Congress Jealous of

Military Power-Committee of Three sent to confer

with Washington-Losses by Depreciation of the Cur-

rency to be made good to the Troops-Arrival of Lafay

ette-Scheme for a Combined Attack upon New York-

Arnold has Debts and Difficulties-His Proposals to the

French Minister-Auxious to return to the Army-

Mutis y of the Connecticut Troops-Washington writes

to Reed for Aid from Pennsylvania-Good Effects of his



CHAP. V. Siege of Charleston continued-British Ships
enter the Harbor-British Troops march from Savannah
-Tarleton and his Dragoons-His Brush with Colonel
Washington-Charleston reinforced by Woodford—
Tarleton's Exploits at Monk's Corner-At Laneau's
Ferry-Sir Henry Clinton reinforced-Charleston ca-
pitulates-Affair of Tarleton and Buford on the Wax-
haw-Sir Henry Clinton embarks for New York,
CHAP. VI. Knyphausen marands the Jerseys-Sacking
of Connecticut Farms-Murder of Mrs. Caldwell—Ar-
rival and Movements of Sir Henry Clinton-Springfield
Burnt-The Jerseys evacuated,


CHAP. VII. Washington applies to the State Legislatures
for Aid-Subscriptions of the Ladies of Philadelphia--
Gates appointed to command the Southern Department
-French Fleet arrives at Newport-Preparations for a
Combined Movement against New York-Arnold ob
tains Command at West Point-Greene resigns the
Office of Quartermaster-general,

CHAP. VIII. North Carolina-Difficulties of its Invasion

-Character of the People and Country-Sumter, his

Character and Story-Rocky Mount-Hanging Rock-

Slow Advance of De Kalb-Gates takes Command-

Desolate March-Battle of Camden-Flight of Gates-

Sumter surprised by Tarleton at the Waxhaws-Wash-
ington's Opinion of Militia-His Letter to Gates,


CHAP. IX. Treason of Arnold-His Correspondence with
the Enemy-His Negotiations with André-Parting
Scene with Washington Midnight Conference on the
Banks of the Hudson-Return of André by Land-Cir-
cumstances of his Capture,


CHAP. X. Interview of Washington with the French Of
ficers at Hartford-Plan of Attack disconcerted-Wash-
ingto's Return-Scenes at Arnold's Head-quarters in
the Highlands-Tidings of Andrés Capture-Flight of
Arnold-Letters from the Traitor-Washington's Pre-
cautions-Situation of Mrs. Arnold,


CHAP. XI. André's Conduct as a Prisoner-His Conver-
sations with Colonel Tallmadge Story of Nathan Hale
-Andrés Prison et Tappan-Correspondence on his
behalf His Trial-Execution-Reward of the Captors
-Reward of Arnold-His Proclamation-After Fortunes
of Mrs. Arnold,


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CHAP. XIII. The Marquis Lafayette and his Light-In-
fantry-Proposes a Brilliant Stroke-Preparations for an
Attack on the British Posts on New York Island-Visit
of the Marquis of Chastellux to the American Camp--
Washington at Head quarters-Attack on the British
Posts given up- Stark forages Westchester County-
Exploit of Tallmadge on Long Island,



CHAP. XIV. Rigorous Measures of Cornwallis in South
Carolina-Ferguson sent to scour the Mountain Country
between the Catawba and the Yadkin- Cornwallis in a
Hornet's Nest-Movements of Ferguson-Mountain Men
and Fierce Men from Kentucky-Battle of King's Mou: -
Aain-Retrograde March of Cornwallis,.



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CHAP. XVI. Hostile Embarkations to the South-Arnold
in Command-Necessitous State of the Country-Wash-
ington urges a Foreign Loan-Mission of Colonel Lau-
rens in France to seek Aid in Men and Money-Griev
ances of the Pennsylvania Line-Mutiny-Negotiations
with the Mutineers Articles of Accommodatio-Policy
doubted by Washington-Rigorous Course adopted by
him with other Malcontents-Successful-Ratification
of the Articles of Confederation of the States,

CHAP. XVII. Expedition of Arnold into Virginia-Buc-

caneering Ravages-Checked by Steuben-Arnold at

Portsmouth-Congress resolves to form Heads of De.

partments-Hamilton suggested by Sullivan for Depart-

ment of Finance-High Opinion of him expressed by

Washington-Misunderstanding between Hamilton and

the Commander-in-chief, .


CHAP. XVIII. Cornwallis prepares to invade North

Carolina-Tarleton sent against Morgan-Battle at Cow-

pens-Morgan pushes for the Catawba with Spoils and

Prisoners-Cornwallis endeavors to intercept him-The

Rising of the River-Cornwallis at Ramsour's Mills, 571

CHAP. XIX. Greene joins Morgan on the Catawba-

Adopts the Fabian Policy-Movement of Cornwalli to

cross the Catawba-Aflair at McGowan's Ford-Militia

surprised by Tarleton at Tarrant's Tavern - Cornwallis

checked by the Rising of the Yadkin-Contest of Skill

and Speed of the two Armies in a March to the Banks

of the Dan,.


CHAP. XX. Cornwallis takes Post at Hillsborough-His
Proclamation--Greene recrosses the Dan--Country
Scoured by Lee and Pickens-Affair with Color el Pyle
-Manoeuvres of Cornwallis to bring Greene to Action-
Battle of Guilford Court-House-Greene Retreats to
Troublesome Creek-Cornwallis marches towards Cape
Fear-Greene pursues him-Is brought to a Stand at
Deep River-Determines to face about and carry the
War into South Carolina-Cornwallis Marches for Vir-
CHAP. XXI. Arnold at Portsmouth, in Virginia-Expe- \
ditions sent against him-Instructions to Lafayette-
Washington at Newport-Consultations with De Ro-

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CHAP. XXII. Inefficient State of the Army-Maraud of
Delancey- Death of Colonel Greene-Arrival of the
Count De Barras-French Naval Force expected-In-
terview of Washington and De Rochambeau at Weath-
ersfield-Plan of Combined Operations-Financial Ar-
rangement of Robert Morris-Scheme to attack the
Works on New York Island and capture Delancey's
Corps-Encampments of American and French Armies
in Westchester County--Reconnoitring Expeditions, 591

CHAP. XXIII. Movements and Counter-movements of

Cornwallis and Lafayette in Virginia-Tarleton and his

Troopers scour the Country-A Dash at the State Legis-

lature Attempt to surprise the Governor at Monticello

-Retreat of Jefferson to Carter's Mountain-Steuben

outwitted by Simcoe-Lafayette joined by Wayne and

Steuben-Acts on the Aggressive-Desperate Mélée of

Macpherson and Simcoe-Cornwallis pursued to James-

town Island -Mad Anthony in a Morass-His Impetuous

Valor-Alertness of Lafayette-Washington's Opinion

of the Virginia Campaign,

CHAP. XXIV. Greene's Retrograde Operation in South

Carolina-Appears before Camden-Affair at Hobkirk's

Hill-Rawdon abandons Camden-Rapid Successes of

the Americans-Greene's Attack on the Fortress of

Ninety-Six-Operations against Lord Rawdon-Greene

on the High Hills of Santée-Sumter scours the Lower

Country-Dash of Colonel Wade Hampton at the Gates

of Charleston-Exploits of Lee and Hampton-Of Cap-

tain Armstrong at Quimby Bridge-Action in the Neigh-

borhood-End of the Campaign,

CHAP. XXV. Washington disappointed as to Reinforce-

ments-French Armament destined for the Chesapeake

-Attempts on New York postponed-March of the

Armies to the Chesapeake-Stratagems to deceive the

Enemy-Arnold ravages New London-Washington at

Philadelphia-March of the two Armies through the

City-Cornwalls at Yorktown-Preparations to proceed

against him-Visit to Mount Vernon,

CHAP. XXVI. Cornwallis aroused to his Danger-His

Retreat to the Carolinas cut off-Strengthens his Works

-Action between the French and British Fleets-Wash-

ington and De Rochambeau visit the French Fleet-Ope-

rations before Yorktown,

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CHAP. XXXI. Discontents of the Army at Newburg-
Memorial of the Officers to Congress-Anonymous Pa-
pers circulated in the Camp-Meeting of Officers called
Address of Washington-Resolutions in Consequence
-Letters of Washington to the President-- His Opinion
of the Anonymous Addresses and their Author,

CHAP. XXXII. News of Peace-Letter of Washington in

Behalf of the Army-Cessation of Hostilities proclaimed

-Order of the Cincinnati formed-Letter of Washing-

ton to the State Governors-Mutiny in the Pennsylvania

Line-Letter of Washington on the Subject-Tour to the

Northern Posts,

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CHAP. XXXIII. The Army to be discharged-Parting
Address of Wash gton-Evacuation of New York-
Parting Scene of Washington with his Officers at New
York-Washington resigns his Commission to Congress
-Retires to Mount Vernon,
CHAP. XXXIV. Washington at Mount Vernon-A Sol-
dier's Repose-Plans of Domestic Life-Kind Offer of
the Council of Pennsylvania-Historical Applications-
News of Jacob Van Braam-Opening of Spring-Agri-
cultural Life resumed-Recollections of the Fairfaxes-
Meeting of the Order of Cincinnati-Tour of Washington

and Dr. Craik to the West-Ideas of Internal Improve-
ment-Parting with Lafayette,
CHAP. XXXV. Scheme of Inland Navigation-Shares of
Stock offered to Washington-Declined-Rural Improve-
ments-The Tax of Letter-writing-The Tax of Sitting
for Likenesses--Ornamental Gardening-Management
of the Estate--Domestic Life-Visit of Mr. Watson-
Reverential Awe inspired by Washington-Irksome to
him-Instances of his Festive Gayety-Of his Laughing
--Passion for Hunting revived-Death of Gen. Greene-
His Character-Washington's Regrets and Eucomiums
--Letters to the French Noblemen,

CHAP. XXXVI. Washington doubts the Solidity of the

Confederation-Correspondence with John Jay on the

Subject-Plan of a Convention of all the States to revise

the Federal System--Washington heads the Virginia

Delegation-Insurrection in Massachusetts-The Con-

vention-A Federal Constitution organized-Rati-


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CHAP. VI. Washington's Journey through the Eastern
States-John Hancock-Clashing between the Civil and
Municipal Authorities on the President's Entry into Bos-
ton-A Contest of Etiquette-Washington's account of
his Entry-His Reception--A new Punctilio-Address
of the Cincinnati Society-Return to New York, 677
CHAP. VII. Col. John Trumbull-Message to Washing-
ton from Lafayette--Jefferson's Embarkation for Amer-
ica--Washington forwards his Commission as Secretary
of State-His Acceptance,

CHAP. VIII. Reassembling of Congress-Financial Con-
dition of the Country-Its Debt at Home and Abroad-
Debts of the States-Hamilto:'s Report-Opposition to
it-Dr. Stuart's warning Letter to Washington-is
Reply Jefferson's arrival at the Seat of Gover: ment-
New York at that Period-Jefferson apprehends Monar-
chical Designs,


CHAP. IX. The Assumption of the State Debts discussed
-Washington in Favor-A Majority of Two against it-
Hamilton's Appeal to Jefferson on the Subject-The lat-
ter arranges for a Compromise-His Account of it-Ad-
justment about the Seat of Government-Assumption
carried-Treaty of Peace with the Creeks-Cavillings
about Presidential Etiquette-Washington's Defence-
Adjournment of Congress-Fancied Harmony of the
Cal net-Jefferson suspects Hamilton of Finesse in pro-
curing his Agency in the Assumption,

CHAP. X. Lafayette at the Head of the Revolution in
France-His Letter to Washington-Gouverneur Mor-


ris's Opinion of his Position-Washington's dubious and
anxious Views-Presented by Lafayette with the Key

of the Bastille-Visits Rhode Island and Mount Ver-


CHAP. XI. Frontier Difficulties with the Indians-Gen-
eral Harmer's Expedition against them-Ambuscade of
Col. Hardin's Detachment-Escape of Capt. Armstrong
-A second Detachment of Col. Hardin compelled to re-
treat-Washington's long Anxiety as to the Result of
the Enterprise-Final Tidings,



CHAP. XII. Congress reassembles at Philadelphia-Resi-
dence of Washington at the new Seat of Government-
The State Carriage-Hamilton's Financial Arrangements
-Impost and Excise Bili-Passage of a Bill for a Na-
tional Bank-Jefferson's Objections-Formation of two
Political Parties under Hamilton and Jefferson-Their
different Views-Dissatisfaction of Congress at the Re-
port of Harmer's Expedition-Washington's Address to
the Seneca Chiefs-His Desire to civilize the Savages-
Kentucky and Vermont admitted into the Union-First
Congress expires-A new Expedition projected against
the Hostile Tribes under General St. Clair-Washing-
ton's Solemn Warning on taking Leave of him,
CHAP. XIII. Washington's Tour through the Southern
States-Letter to Lafayette-Gloomy Picture of French
Affairs by Gouverneur Morris- His Allusion to Lafayette
-Lafayette depicts the Troubles of a Patriot Leader-
Washington's Reply-Jefferson's ardent Views of the
French Revolution-Distrust of John Adams-His Con-
tributions to Fenno's Gazette-Reprint of Paine's Rights
of Man-Flight and Recapture of Louis XVI.-Jefferson
communicates the News to Washington-His Satisfac-
tion when the King accepts the Constitution,

CHAP. XIV. Rural Hours at Mount Vernon-Assem-

bling of Second Congress - Washington's opening

Speech-Two Expeditions organized against the Indians,

under Scott and Wilkinson-Their feeble Result-Third

Expedition under St. Clair-His disastrous Contest and

dismal Retreat-How Washington received the Intelli-


CHAP. XV. The Apportionment Bill-Washington's Veto
-His Concern at the growing Asperities of Congress-
Intended Retirement-Jefferson's determination to re-
tire at the same Time-Remonstrance of Washington-
His Request to Madison to prepare Valedictory-Wayne
appointed to succeed St. Clair-Congress adjourns-
Washington at Mount Vernon-Suggests Topics for his
Farewell Address-Madison's Draft-Jefferson urges
his continuance,

CHAP. XVI. Jefferson's Suspicions-Contemned by Ham-
ilton-Washington's Expostulation-Complains of the
Conduct of Frencau's Paper-Hamilton and Randolph
urge him to a Re-election-A warring Cabinet-Haniil-
ton's attack on Jefferson-Washington's healing Admo-
nition-Replies of the two Secretaries-Continued Hos-
tility to the Excise Law-Washington's Proclamation
-Renewed Effort to allay the Discord in his Cabinet, 703


Washington unanimously re-elected-

Opening of Session of Congress-Topics of the Presi-

dent's Speech-Abortive attack upon the Secretary


of the Treasury-Washington installed for his Second


CHAP. XVIII. Gouverneur Morris Minister at the French

Court--His Representations of the State of Affairs-

Washington's Concern for Lafayette-Jefferson annoyed

at his Forebodings-Overthrow of the French Mon-

archy Imprisonment of Lafayette-Jefferson con-

cerned, but not discouraged at the Republican Massacres

---Washington shocked-His Letter to the Marchioness


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mination communicated to Genet-The Vessel sails in
Defiance of it-Formation of the Democratic Society-
The Recall of Genet determined on-The Ribald Lam-
poon-Washington's Outburst,

CHAP. XXII. Threatened Dissolution of the Cabinet-
Action between the Ambuscade and Boston-Trium.
phant return of the former to New York-A French
Fleet arrives same Day-Excitement of the People-
Genet arrives in the midst of it-His enthusiastic Re
ception-Is informed by Jefferson of the Measures for

his Recall-His Rage and Reply-Decline of his Popu


CHAP. XXIII. Neutrality endangered by Great Brit
ain-Her Ill-advised Measures-Detention of Vessels
bound for France-Impressment of American Seamen
-Persistence in holding the Western Posts-Congrese
assembles in December-The President's opening Speech
-His Censure of Genet-The Vice-President's Allusion
to it-The Administration in a Minority in the House-
Proclamation of Neutrality sustained-Jefferson's Re-
port-Retires from the Cabinet-His parting Rebuke to
Genet-His Character of Washington,

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Washington's Anxiety about the Pro-

gress of the Negotiation with England-Jay's Treaty

arrives for Ratification-Predisposition to condemn-

Return of Jay-Adet succeeds Fauchet as Minister from

France-The Treaty laid before the Senate-Ratified

with a Qualification-A Novel Question-Popular Dis


content-Abstract of the Treaty published-Violent Op-

position to it-Washington resolved to ratify

Resolution suspended-Goes to Mount Vernon-Reply

to an Address from Boston-Increasing Clamor,

Washington recalled to the Seat of


Government-Conduct of Randolph brought in question

-Treaty signed-Resignation of Randolph-His Corre-

spondence with Washington-Unlimited Disclosure per-

mitted-Appearance of his Vindication-Pickering

transferred to the Department of State-M'Henry ap

pointed Secretary of War-Arrival of George Washing-

ton Lafayette,

Meeting of Congress - Washington's


Official Summary of the Events of the Year-Cordial

Response of the Senate-Partial Demur of the House-

Washington's Position and Feelings with regard to Eng-

land, as shown by himself-Mr. Adet presents the

Colors of France-The Treaty returned-Proceedings

thereupon-Thomas Pinckney resigns as Minister at

London-Rufus King appointed in his place-Washing-

ton's View of the Political Campaign-Jefferson's Fears

of an Attempt to sow Dissension between him and Wash-


ington-Mr Monroe recalled, and C. C. Pinckney ap-

pointed in his Stead-Resentful Policy of France,

Washington's Farewell Address-Meets


the two Houses of Congress for the last Time-His

Speech-Replies of the Senate and House-Mr. Giles-

Andrew Jackson-Offensive Publication of the French

Minister-John Adams declared President-Washing-

ton's Letter to Knox on the Eve of his Retirement-The

Spurious Letters-H's Farewell Dinner-John Adams


takes the Oath of Office-Greetings of Washington at
the close of the Ceremony,

CHAP. XXXI. Washington at Mount Vernon-Influx of
strange Faces-Lawrence Lewis-Miss Nelly Custis-

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