Slike strani

The religion of the C. is pagan. There is a colony of baptized | N of the embouchure of the river of the same naine,
c., to which the Russian government has granted a location in in N lat. 13° 15', W long. 61° 20'.
the Orenburg district of the gov, of Ufa. According to M. Berg-
man, the majority of them profess the religion of Tibet. Their

CALONI, or Kaloni CAPE, a promontory of the priests are treated with great respect; and in all affairs of im- island of Mitylene, Grecian archipelago, at the E portance they are guided by their decision. They have two

side of the entrance of the bay of Pyrrha, or Porto written characters; one of which is esteemed sacred, and is of the highest antiquity. It is only used in such writings as con: Caloni, in N lat. 390 5', E long. 26° 15'. The Porto cern the C. law, and is read from left to right, like the languages Caloni, the Euripus Pyrrhæus of the ancients, inof Europe. The other, which is used in the common concerns of dents the middle of the island. life, is read from top to bottom, and the letters are placed in columns Such of them as possess an idol, place it near the head of

CALONNE, a commune of Belgium, in the prov. their bed, with sınall consecrated cups full of milk or other food of Hainault, 5 m. SE of Tournay, on the Schelde. before it. In festivals it is decorated with garlands, and perfumes Pop. 671. Freestone is wrought in the environs. are burnt in its presence. Among the specimens of C. poetry

CALONNE-SUR-LA-LYS, a commune of France, which Mr. Tooke has published in his valuable work on the Russian empire, is an elegy written upon the occasion of the in the dep. of the Pas-de-Calais, cant. of Lillers. Pop. exodus of the Torgot C. from the Volga, which we present to 1,508. the curiosity of our readers:

CALONNE-RICOUART, a commune of France, "The waters of the vast ocean, When it has raged with all its fury, becalms itself again;

in the dep. of the Pas-de-Calais, cant. of Houdain. This is the course of the world ; and likewise still to forget. Pop. 290. Ye white herds, with the marks of Schäbiner!

CALOPEZZATO, a town of Naples, in the prov.
Thou prince Schereng, in the van as conductor,

of Calabria Citra, on the SW side of the gulf of Ta-
Riding on thy noble reddish bay horse;
The prince Zebek following with his numerous troop, - rento, 9 m. NW of Cariati.
Ah! Ubaschakhan, conduct as now the Torgots!

CALORE, the Calor of the Romans, a river of Na-
There over rocks, over stones, and rough places.

ples, which takes its rise in Monte Terminio, on the The herds drag themselves along, and become lean, By flying over the land all covered with snow and frost.

S confines of the prov. of the Principato Ultra, 2
Ah! how the droves trot over the snow!

m. SW of Montella; runs N to the junction of ile
Now you are got thither, and come to your resting-place, Ufita; thence bends W, receives in the delegation of
Why was there any quarrel between thee and the white Khan?
Ye otherwise peacetui Torgots between the Yaik and the Volya Benevento the Tamaro on the r. and the Sabbato
How far ve now retreat!

on the l., enters the Terri di Lavoro, and after a Ah! the beautiful Volga (Idshel) is abandoned by the Torgots; total conrse of 60 m., falls into the Volturno 5 m. E Ah! thic lovely stream of Mazak is now likewise become an

of Cajazzo. Its upper waters abound with excellent orphan: Ah! thy many excellent young princer,

trout, cray-fish, and horn-beak. On the banks of Ye are now all marched far away over the Yaik.

this river, near Benevento, the Carthaginians were Ah! thou well-arranged troop of Torgots,

defeated by the Roman slaves, B.C. 215. Art now perhaps arrived at the Irtish (Ertschis). Ah! helpless lamentable time!

CALORE, or Petra, a river of Naples, in the
Thou excellent host of warriors marching towards Altai, prov. of Principato Citra, which takes its rise in
Ye have no princely women among you!

Monte Cervati, in the district and 8 m. SW of La
Fare ye well, ye who bring up the rear of the horde,
Princes Aksakal and Kirep!"

Sala; runs W 'to Laurino, and NNW to Altavilla ;
The commerce of this people consists entirely in the exchange and thence bending WSW, unites, after a total course
of their horses and cattle for corn, woolleu cloths, linens, copper, of 48 m., with the Sele, 6 m. above the embouchure
pewter, kitchen utensils, knives, and spoons; and great numbers of that river, and 8 m. NNW of Capaccio. Its prin-
of them from the interior annually visit Astrakan for this pur: cipal affluents are the Celino, on the r., and the Car-
pose. They are allowed to traffic with China, free of all duty;
but they never deal in slaves, like their neighbours the Mahom- mignano.
medan Tartars. The prisoners taken in war are incorporated CALORE, Tangro, NEGRO, or Sele, a river of
into the nation, and swell the power and revenue of the prince Naples, which issues from Monte Cervaro, near the
See Recueil de Voyages au Nord, tom X., P. 253, &c. --Clarke's
Travels in Russia, Tartary, and Turkey.--Tooke's Account of the SE confines of the prov. of Principato Citra, runs
Nations which compose the Russian Empire, vol. iv.--P. S. Pallas. NNW through the Val di Diana, thence bends
Reisen durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs in den WNW, and forms, with the Bianco, the principal
Jahren, 1768 bis 1773, vol. i. - Bergman, Nomadische Streifereien
unter den Kulmuken, &c. - Grozier Description generale de la tributary of the Sele, with which river it unites 20
Chine, vol. i.-- Histoire generale de la Chine, tom. xi., p. 550. See m. above its entrance into the Mediterranean.
also China and TARTARY.

CALORGUEN, a commune of France, in the dep. CALNE, a parish, market-town, and borough of of the Côtes-du-Nord, cant. of Dinan. Pop. 853. Wilts, 5 m. SE of Chippenham, 6 m. NW of Devizes, CALOS PORT, a bay of the island of Negropont, and 87 m. W of London. Area of p. 9,670 acres, on the channel of Talanda, in N lat. 38° 54', E long. Pop. 5,128. — The town, which consists principally 23° 6'. of one long street, is situated on a small branch of CALOSSO, a village of Piedmont, in the prov. and the Avon; and a branch of the Wilts and Berks | 11 m. SSE of Asti. Pop. 1,900. The environs afcanal is led to it. Its chief trade arises from supply- ford good wine. ing the agricultural population in the vicinity. The CALOTO, a town of New Grenada, in the pror. parl

. borough of C. comprises the whole of the p. of and 50 m. NNE of Popayan, on an affluent of the C., and a great part of the p. of Blackland. Its pop. Canca, and near the W base of the Santa Guanacas. in 1841 was 5,100. It returns one member to par. It was destroyed by the Indians in 1641. In the liament. Number of electors in 1847, 165.

vicinity are several gold-mines. CALOGERO, or CALOGERI (San), a village of CALOVETI, a town of Naples, in the prov. of Sicily, in the prov. and 35 m. NW of Girgenti, on Calabria Citra, on the r. bank of the Trionto, 12 m. the summit of a mountain 2} m. NE of Sciacca. It w of Cariati. contains a church, and thermal, sulphureous, and CALOW, a township in the p. and 24 E of Chessaline baths, supposed to be the same which were terfield, Derbyshire, near the Derby and Leeds railascribed by the ancients to Dædalus.

way. Pop. in 1841, 536. CALONA, a village of the island and 20 m. NW CALOY, a hamlet of France, in the dep. of the of Mitylene, on a small stream which flows into Landes, cant. of Mont-de-Marsan, and com. of SaintPorto Caloni.

Avit. Pop. 8. CALONCHE, a town of New Grenada, in the in- CALPE, a town of Spain, in Valencia, prov. and tendancy and 50 m. NW of Guayaquil, on a river 36 m. NE of Alicante, on the Mediterranean. Pop. which flows into S Elena bay.

1,200. It possesses a small fishing port. See also CALONERY POINT, a promontory of the island | GIBRALTAR. of St. Vincent, West Indies, on the E coast, to the CALPENTYN ISLAND, or Peninsula, a nar

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row neck of land, extending about 9 leagues parallel tachio and hazel-nuts, chestnuts, soda, lint, and fodto the W coast of Ceylon, between 7° 56' to 8° 18' N der. The rearing of cattle forms an important branch lat., and to the Sof the island of Cardiva, from which of industry in some of its localities. it is separated by a channel studded with islands, the CALTASCIBETTA. See CalataSCIBETTA. largest of which, Long island, is close to the N point CALTAVOTURO, or CALATAVATURO, a town of of C. It is low and sandy, and during the NE mon- Sicily, in the prov. and 40 m. ESE of Palermo, dissoon becomes isolated. The cocoa nut is its chief trict of Termini, and 25 m. NNW of Caltanissetta, article of produce, and forms the principal subsistence near the l. bank of the Grande. Pop. 3,408. Jasper of the inhabitants. A small coasting-trade, consist- is found in the environs, which are singularly wild ing in salted fish, fish roes, and rice, is carried on by and romantic. means of canoes.—A fort and village of the same CALTERN, or KALTERN, a town of Tyrol, in the name is situated near the N extremity of the pen- circle and 7 m. SW of Botzen, near a small lake, insula.

and about 3 m. from the r. bank of the Adige. CALPI, or KALPI, a town of Hindostan, in the CALTHORPE, a parish of Norfolk, 3 m. N of prof. and 125 m. SE of Agra, and 95 m. SW of Aylsham, near the post-road. Area 850 acres. Pop. Lucknow, on the r. bank of the Jumna. It is large in 1841, 214. and populous, and is enclosed on the 8 and E by a CALTHWAITE, a township in the p. of Hesketwall. The fort occupies a strong position command in-the-Forest, Cumberland, 7 m. NNW of Penrith, ing the river, but is inadequately defended on the E. on the Petterill, and near the post-road. Pop. in It possesses a considerable transit-trade in cotton, 1841, 206. and is noted for its manufactories of sugar-candy and CALTIGNANA, a town of Piedmont, in the prov. paper. This town, formerly the cap. of a small state, and 5 m. NNW of Novara, near the I. bank of the originally stood in a plain at some distance from the Agogna. Jamna, but in consequence of repeated incursions of CALTON, a chapelry, partly in the p. of Blore, the Maharattas, its inhabitants removed to its present Crowden, Mayfield, and Waterfall

, Staffordshire, 5 more defensible position. In 1765, the chief of C., m. WNW of Ashborne, and 2} m. W of the river conjoined with the Maharattas, sustained a defeat by Dove. Area 2,480 acres. Pop. in 1841, 244.--Also the British; and in 1806 the district was permanently a township in the p. of Kirkby-in-Malham-Dale, ceded to the government of Bengal.

W. R. of Yorkshire, 7 m. ESE of Settle, on a branch CALPUTY. See AUCUTTA.

of the Aire. Area 1,730 acres. Pop. 79. CALRY, a parish in co. Sligo, adjoining the town CALTON-HILL, a rounded eminence in the city of Sligo. Area 11,510 acres, of which 3,400 are of Edinburgh, rising abruptly from the termination rough land and mountain. Pop. 6,045.

of the ridge on which Prince's-street is built, and CALSTOCK, a parish of Cornwall, 41 m. E of forming, on the SW side, the continuation of the N Callington, on the N bank of the Tamar. Area side of the valley by which the ridge of the High5,450 acres. Pop. in 1841, 2,553.

street, in the Old town, is separated from that of the CALSTONE, à tything in the p. of Calne, Wilts. New town. Between it and the Prince's-street ridge, Pop. in 1841, 219.

a deep and narrow hollow is formed, which winds CALSTONE-WELLINGTON, a parish of Wilts, eastwards round the base of the hill, and is lost in 24 m. SE of Calne, N of the Roman road. Area the plain that extends to Leith. From the summit, 1,130 acres. Pop. in 1841, 31.

it slopes gently toward the SE. To the NW it exCALT, or Talt, a lake in the p. of Kilmacteigue, hibits an abrupt and rounded face, in the same man60. Sligo. Its length is 14 m.; its area about 300 ner as the Castle-rock. Its elevation above sea-level acres; and its surface-elevation above sea-level 455 at Leith is 344 ft. Its great mass is composed of ft. It lies near the W boundary of the county, and claystone - porphyry and trap- tufa. According to sends off its waters by the Aclassa to the Moy. Professor Henderson, the latitude of the Calton-hill

CALTANAZOR, or CALATANAZOR, a town of observatory is 55° 57' 33" N; but in the Calton-hill Spain, in Old Castile, prov. and 15 m. WSW of So- observations (Vol. I., Introd., p. xxxviii] it is stated ria, on a hill, the foot of which is bathed by the Mi- at 55° 57' 23' 2 N. The lat. of Greenwich observalanos. Pop. 1,500.

tory is, according to Mr. Airy, 51° 28' 38" N. CALTADO (San), a canton and village of Sicily, ČALTRAGH, a village in the p. of Killosolan, co. in the district and 5 m. WSW of Caltanissetta. Galway, 1} m. E of Castle Blakeney. Pop. 164.

CALTANISSETTA, CALATANISSETTA, or Cal- CALTRANO, a town of Venetian Lombardy, in TANICETTA, a town of Sicily, cap. of the administra- the prov. and 17 m. NNW of Vicenza, on the l. bank tire province and district of the same name, near the of the Astico. r. bank of the Salso, 30 m. NE of Girgenti, and 65 CALTURA, a town and small fort of the island m. ESE of Palermo. Pop. 16,500. It occupies the · Ceylon, the cap. of a small district, situate supposed site of the Nissa of the Romans, in an ex- SW coast, at the mouth of the Kaluganga, 26 m. S

tensive and fertile plain, and is defended by a strong of Colombo, and 70 m. SW of Kandy, in N lat. 6° i castle. It is well-built, its streets are broad and straight, 38', E long. 80° 3'. Its principal street is planted

and it contains a fine square. At Terra Pilata, in the with fine trees. It possesses considerable distilleenvirons, are several jets of petroleum and hydrogen ries of arrack and rum, and has an active commerce gas, and extensive sulphur-works. - The prov. of with the interior. In the environs are extensive

Caltanissetta (Valle) consists of the E part of the sugar plantations. The Kaluganga is navigable from . Val di Mazzara, and comprises an area of 1,140 Nea- this to Ratnapura; and there is a canal from C. to

politan sq. m. It is bounded on the N by the prov. Colombo. of Palermo; on the NE and E by that of Catania; CALUIRE, a commune of France, in the dep. of on the SE by the prov. of Syracuse; and on the Sthe Rhone, cant. of Neuville-sur-Saone. Pop. 4,000, by the Mediterranean. Pop. in 1831, 168,529. It CALUJA, an island of the Asiatic archipelago, in contains 3 districts, viz., Caltanissetta, Piazza, and the Mindoro sea, in N lat. 9° 30', E long. 121° 2'. Terranova, subdivided into 16 circondario, and 31 CALULE POINT, a promontory of the island of communes. The surface is covered by ramifications Luzon, on the NW coast, in N lat. 18° 3', E long. of the Neptunian chain, and watered by the Salso, 120° 30'. Dirillo, Terranovo, Manfria, and Platina. Its prin- CALUMET, or CALLUMIT (GRAND), an extencipal productions are grain, wine, oil, almonds, pis- sive island in the Ottawa river, in Bathurst district,

on the

Upper Canada, insulated on the W by Rochefendu | reous, are sometimes laid out in artificial meadows; channel, and separated from Lower Canada on the but are generally, especially in the neighbourhood of E by Calumet channel.

Caen, appropriated to the cultivation of grain, linCALUMET, a county in the state of Wisconsin, seed, hemp, &c. The colza, woad, and rape-seed U. S., comprising an area of 300 sq. m., bounded on are cultivated in some parts. Apples and pears are the W by Winnebago lake, and drained by the head abundant, furnishing excellent cyder for exportation. branches of Manitowoc river. Pop. in 1840, 275.- The forests extend over 39,795 hectares; orchards Also a township of Pike co., in the state of Missouri, and gardens occupy a surface of 46,325 hect. The Pop. 2,743.

extent of arable land is estimated at 316,523 hect.; CALUMET VILLAGE, a village in Calumet co., of meadows, at 123,059 hect.; the surface occupied in the state of Wisconsin, U. S., on the E side of by rivers and lakes, at 2,793 hect.-Cattle, horses, Winnebago lake.

sheep, and pigs are reared in great numbers in this CALUNGA, a river of South Guinea, in the king- dep., which is likewise celebrated for its poultry, and dom of Benguela, which takes its rise 120 m. WSW its turkeys in particular. Mackerel and herring are of Fort Caconda, runs N, and after a course of 90 m., taken on the coast, on which also lie extensive oyster falls into the Copororo.

beds. Iron and coal are wrought; turf is also abunCALUSCO, a village of Venetian Lombardy, in dant, and a most valuable stone used for building is the gov. of Milan, prov. and 11 m. W of Bergamo, obtained in immense quantities in the vicinity of and 6 m. WSW of Ponte S. Pietro, near the l. bank Caen. Marbles of various colours are likewise of the Adda. Pop. 1,200.

found, and clay-pits are numerous.—The manufacCALUSO, or CalUSSO, a town of Piedmont, cap. tures are chiefly hardware, pottery, linen, cotton of a mandemento, in the prov. and 11 m. S of Ivrea. cloth, lace, paper, woollen cloth, and oil.* The laces Pop. 3,000. It contains a communal college. of Bayeux, the silk laces or blondes of Caen, and

CALVA MOUNT, a summit of the island of Cor- the flannels of Lisieux, are of leading repute in the sica, NNW of Porto Vecchio, which rises to the manufactures of this dep; and there are extensive height of 1,710 ft.

dye - works. — The export trade consists in cattle, CALVADOS, a department in the N of France, horses, poultry, butter, eggs, cyder, brandy, linen, deriving its name from a chain of rocks upon its lace, leather, stone for building, wood, and oil. coast. It includes Bessin, Caen, the Pays d'Auge, The import trade consists chiefly of cast-iron, wool, Lieuvain and the Bocage, -districts previous to 1790 cotton, and colonial produce. The most important included in Lower Normandy; and is bounded on fairs are those of Caen and Guibray. Above 450 m. the N by the English channel; on the E by the dep. of good carriage-road traverse this dep., the princiof the Eure; on the S by that of the Orne; and on pal routes being that from Paris to Cherbourg and the W and SW by that of La Manche. It lies be- that from Caen to Tours.—The arrondissements are tween the parallels of 48° 45' and 49° 27' N lat.; is six in number: Caen, Bayeux, Falaise, Lisieux, Pont in form nearly rectangular; measures from E to W l'Eveque, and Vire. These are subdivided into 37 178 m., from N to S 39 m.; and comprises an area cantons, and 809 communes.-- The dep. forms the of 562,093 hectares. The slope of the surface is diocese of the bishop of Bayeaux, and a part of the from S to N; and amongst the rivers which have 14th military division; and returned under the late their rise in the hills on the southern limits are the regime 7 members to the chamber-of-deputies, who, Dive, the Tocques, the Orne, and the Seule, all emp- in 1834, were chosen by 4,113 electors. Its pop. in tying themselves into the channel. Its NE angle 1801 was 451,836; in 1821, 492,613; in 1831, 494,702; belongs to the basin of the Seine. The coast stretches in 1836, 501,775; and in 1846, 498,385. The amount 75 m. from Honfleur, at the mouth of the Seine, on of public revenue raised from this dep. in 1839 was the E, to the estuary of the Vire on the W. It is | 20,119,344 francs. The communal budget in 1833 tolerably straight, but dangerous on account of the showed an expenditure of 2,645,849 francs. rocks and shoals by which it is skirted. Several CALVADOS, a chain of rocks in the English small ports present themselves along this line of channel, extending about 20 m. from E to W along coast, as Isigny, Port-en-Bessin, Courseulles, Dives, the coast of the French dep. of Calvados, between Tocques or Touques, Trouville, and Honfleur; but the mouths of the Orne and the Vire. none of them, with the exception of Caen, have ex- CALVANICO, a village of Naples, in the prov. tensive communication with the interior of the dep., of the Principato Citra, district and 10 m. NE of Sathe rivers not being navigable for more than 12 m., | lerno, and 12 m. E of S. Severino, on a hill. Pop. and there are no canals to assist the navigation.- 1,500. The prevailing winds are from the N, and from NW CALVARRAS, a town of Spain, in Leon, prov. round to SW. Fogs are frequent, but the climate is and 9 m. SE of Salamanca. not considered insalubrious.-The soil in the plains CALVARY, a township of Franklin co., in the is argillaceous; that of the hills, sandy; in the val- state of Missouri, U. S. Pop. in 1840, 779. leys much of it is alluvial. These different soils rest, CALVATONE, a town of Venetian Lombardy, in the W districts, upon clay and marl; in the SE, in the prov. and 20 m. E of Cremona, district and upon granite and freestone; and in almost every 4 m. E of Piadina, near the r. bank of the Oglio. other part, upon sand and chalk. The valleys are Pop. 1,259. the richest portion of this dep., especially that of CALVELLO, a town of Naples, cap. of a circonTrevieres, between the Dromme and the Vire, and dario in the prov. of Basilicato, dist. and 15 m. S of Saint Pierre on the Dive; those of Corbon and Potenza. Pop. 6,550. It is situated on a hill, the Saint Samson, watered by the Tocques, which gives base of which is washed by an affluent of the Baname to a beautiful valley; and the valley of the sento, and contains a handsome church and two conAuge. All these districts afford excellent pasturage vents. A fair is held once a year. for the cattle brought from the dep. of Finistere, CALVELY, a township in the p. of Bunbury, Cotes-de-Nord, Sarthe, La Mayne, and La Vendee, Cheshire, 6 m. NNW of Nantwich, near the Birmingto be fattened for the markets of Poissy and Beau- ham and Chester canal. Area 1,916 acres. Pop. in mont. The cows of Trévières and d'Isigny, so fa- | 1841, 190. mous for their butter, graze in these valleys; and CALVENTURA ISLES, a group of islets in the the finest horses of the Norman breed are reared in bay of Bengal, near the W coast of Burmah, in N them. The plains, where the soil is deep or calca- I lat. 16° 51', E long. 94° 15'.


CALVER, a township in the p. and 4 m. NE of CALVIA, a town of the island of Majorca, 8 m. Bakewell, Derbyshire, on the E bank of the Der-W of Palma. went. Pop. in 1841, 573. It contains extensive cot- CALVISANO, a town of Venetian Lombardy, in ton-mills and lime-quarries.

the gov. of Milan, prov. and 15 m. SSE of Brescia. CALVERA, a town of Naples, in the prov. of Pop. 3,000. It was formerly a populous and flourishBasilicate, dist. and 23 m. ENÉ of Lagonegro, and | ing town. 40 m. SSE of Potenza Pop. 1,780.

CALVISSON, a commune and town of France, in CALVERHALL, or CORRA, a township in the p. the dep. of Gard, cant. of Sommieres, and 11 m. of Prees, Salop, 44 m. SE of Whitchurch. Pop. in SW of Nimes. Pop. 2,692. It contains a Calvinistic 1841, 151. The chapelry of C. includes Millenheath consistorial church, and has manufactories of cream and Williston. Pop. 262.

of tartar, and a considerable commerce in wineCALVERLEIGH, a parish of Devon, 2 m. NW chiefly claret--the produce of the locality. of Tiverton, near the Western canal, and 7 m. from CALVIZZANO, a village of Naples, in the prov. the Exeter railway. Area 550 acres. Pop. in and 6 m. NW of the cap., on the brow of Monte1841, 81.

Marano, in the district of Casoria. Pop. 2,036. It CALVERLEY, a parish in the W. R. of York- possesses a handsome parish church, adorned with shire, 6 m. NW of Leeds, and S of the river Aire. works of Dominico and Nicolas Vaccaro. Area 8,390 acres. Pop. in 1841, 21,039. See also CALVORDE, or KaLVORDE, a town of BrunsCALVELY.

wick, on the Ohra, 22 m. NNW of Magdeburg, and CALVERLEY-WITH-FARSLEY, a township 40 m. ENE of Brunswick. Pop. 1,400. in the p. of Calverley, W. R. of Yorkshire. Area CALW, a village of Wurtemburg, in the circle of 3,640 acres. Pop. in 1841, 4,142.

the Schwarzwald. CALVERSTOWN, a village in the p. of Davids- CALWICH, a township in the p. of Ellastone, town, co. Kildare, 1 m. NE of Ballytore. Pop. Staffordshire, 3} m. SW of Ashborne, W of the 150.

river Dove. Pop. in 1841, 131. CALVERT, a county in the state of Maryland, CALZADA, a town of Spain, in New Castile, in U.S., comprising a superficies of 264 sq. m., bounded the prov. and 15 m. SSE of Ciudad Real.-- Also a on the E by Chesapeake bay. It is rather hilly. I town in the prov. and 25 m. WSW of Leon.—Also Pop. in 1830, 8,899; in 1840, 9,229, of whom 3,585 | a town in the prov. and 10 m. NNW of Salamanca. were whites, 4,270 slaves, and 1,474 free coloured. CALZADA (LA), a town of Spain, in EstremaCap. Prince Frederick Town.

dura, in the prov. and 68 m. ENE of Badajoz, and CALVERTON, a parish of Buckinghamshire, 1 38 m. NE of Merida. Pop. 2,500.-Also a town of m. S of Stony-Stratford, S of the Yare and near the Old Castile, in the prov. of Burgos, 7 m. NNE of Backingham canal. Area 1,980 acres. Pop. in Briviesca. 1841, 493.-Also a parish of Nottinghamshire, 6} m. CALZADA DE OROPESA, a town of Spain, in NNE of Nottingham, near a branch of the Trent. New Castile, in the prov. and 70 m. W of Toledo, Area 3,320 acres. Pop., inclusive of the manor of and 4 m. SW of Oropesa. Satterford, 1,339.

CALZADILLA, a town of Spain, in Estremadura, CALVERTS ISLAND, an island of the N Pa- in the prov. and 50 m. SSE of Badajoz, and 15 m. cific, in the New Hanover archipelago, in N lat. 51° WNW of Llerena. – Also towns in the prov. and 21', W long. 127° 54'.

20 m. NW and 12 m. SW of Salamanca. CALVERT'S or KAWEN ISLANDS, a group

CALZADILLA DE CORIA, a town of Spain, in in the N Pacific, in Marshall archipelago, in N lat. Estremadura, in the prov. of Caures. 8° 55', E long. 171°.

CALZARELLO, a hamlet of the island of Corsica, CALVI, an arrondissement, canton, commune, cant. of Luri, on the E coast. It possesses a small and town of the island of Corsica. The arrond. con- port. tains an area of 100,293 hectares, comprising the CAM, a parish of Gloucestershire, 1 m. N of cant. of Algajola, Belgodere, Calenzana, Calvi, Ile- Dursley. Area 3,430 acres. Pop. in 1841, 1,851. Rousse, and Olmi-et-Capella. Pop. in 1831, 20,441; CAM, or GRANTA, a river of Cambridgeshire, in 1836, 21,469; in 1846, 24,335. The cant. con- which rises in several small streams in Essex, flows tains the com. of Calvi only. The town is situated NE, passes Cambridge, and falls into the Ouse, at on a lofty peninsula, and on the S side of the Stratham-mere, about 3 m. S of Ely, after a course gulf of the same name, on the NW side of the of nearly 40 m. island. Pop. in 1789, 1,151; in 1836, 1,457. It is CAMĀ, a town of Switzerland, in the cant. of the strongly fortified, and possesses a good harbour and Grisons, in the Val Misocco, near the r. bank of the extensive roadstead. It has a communal college, Moesa, 3 m. ENE of Roveredo, and 10 m. ENE of and maintains an active commerce in timber, wine, Bellinzona. oil , almonds, citron, oranges, wax, leather, and goat

CAMAGUAN, a town of Venezuela, in the gov. skins. The total tonnage which entered the port in of Apure, on the l. bank of the Portuguesa, 15 m. 1840 amounted to 5,248 tons, of which 2,313 tons above the junction of that river with the Apure, and were foreign. About 30 boats, of a total tonnage of 20 m. NNW of S. Fernando. 322 tons, belong to this port. The environs afford good CAMAIRAGO, a village of Venetian Lombardy, wine. This town was taken by the English in 1794, in the prov. of Lodi and Crema, district and 5 m. after a regular siege of 51 days.-Also a town of ENE of Casal-Pusterlengo, and 14 m. SE of Lodi. Naples, in the Terre-di-Lavoro, district and 15 m. Pop. 1,147. NW of Caserta, and 7 m. NNW of Capua. Pop. 50. CAMAJORE-DI- VERSILIA, a town in the It is the seat of the united bishopric of Calvi and duchy, and 12 m. NW of Lucca, on a small river of Teano; and contains an episcopal palace, a cathe- the same name. Pop. in 1838, 2,242. It possesses dral, and a seminary. A fair is held once 8-year. some manufactories of linen. Lint and silk are culIn the environs is a royal castle. This town, the tivated in the environs. Cales of the Romans, was formerly celebrated for its CAMALDOLI, or CAMPOMALDOJI, a monastery baths and its vineyards. The insalubrity of its si- or hermitage of Tuscany, in the comp. of Arezzo, tnation and the frequency of earthquakes have ren- and parish of Moggiona, on a spur of the Apennines, dered it nearly depopulated. Also a town in the of the same name, 9 m. N of Scia, at an alt. of about States of the Church, 15 m. W of Rieti.

1,200 ft. above gea-level. This monastery, called the Sacro Erema, was founded about the year 1018, takes its rise in the mountains of Kong, to the ESE by Saint Romualdo, and was the cradle of the order of the supposed source of the Niger, runs W along of the Camaldoli, or Camaldolensis. In the vicinity the N confines of the territory of the Korankos, is the abbey of the same name, the chief seat of the bends WSW, and separates into three branches. order. The hill of C. is altogether composed of CAMARASA, a town of Spain, in Catalonia, volcanic ashes, and rises above a volcanic plain. prov. and 20 m. NE of Lerida, and 6 m. NNE of

CAMALIVES, a group of islands in the estuary Balaguer, near the confluence of the Noguera Palloof the Amazon, near the N coast of the island of resa with the Segre. Joannes, or Marajo, in N lat. 0° 15', and W long 49o. CAMARATIBA, a river of Brazil, in the prov. of

CAMAMU, a town of Brazil, in the prov. of Parahiba, which falls into the sea three leagues to Bahia, comarca of Ilheos, on the l. bank and near the N of the bay of Tricano. the mouth of the Acarahi, by which it carries on an CAMARET, a commune of France, in the dep. of active trade with Bahia in coffee, rice, mandioca, Finistère, cant. of Crozon, on the r. bank of the and cacao. The district contains about 2,000 inha- Aulne, and near the extremity of the peninsula bitants. The Acarahi flows into a bay known as which lies between the roadstead of Brest on the N, the bay of C., on which there is a small island which and the bay of Donarnenez on the S. Pop. 1,003. also bears the name of the town.

It possesses a small port. Extensive fisheries of CAMANA, a prov. and town of Peru, in the in- pilchard are carried on in the adjacent sea.--Also a tendancy or dep. of Arequipa. The prov. is bounded commune in the dep. of Vaucluse, cant. of Orange. on the N and NW by the prov. of Ica; on the E by Pop. 2,216. those of Parinacochas and Condesuyos; on the SE CAMARIS, or Pont - DE - CAMARIS, a canton, by the prov. of Collahuas; and on the S and W by commune, and town of France, in the dep. of Aveythe Pacific. It is 75 m. in length, and 42 m. in ron, arrond. of Saint-Affrique. The cant. comprises breadt!; and consists of valleys the greater number 9 com., and in 1831 contained a pop. of 10,118. of which run towards the coast, and form the chan- The town is situated at the foot of a mountain on nels of considerable streams. Excepting in the the r. bank of the Dourdon, by which river it is three first months of the year, rain rarely occurs, separated from the faubourg of Cloque, 15 m. S of and the temperature of the climate seldom exceeds Saint-Affrique, and 44 m. SSE of Rhodez. Pop. 28° R., or 95° F. The principal productions of the 2,679. It contains a Protestant church, and posdistrict are pimento, figs and other fruits, grain, oil, sesses manufactories of cloth, hosiery, and other wine, and brandy. Gold exists in considerable woollen articles. It has also two mineral springs. quantities, but is little wrought. There are also CAMARGA, a town of Mexico, in the prov. of some copper-mines in the lofty mountain of Huan- Tamaulipas, on the r. bank of the Rio Bravo del tiapa; and rock-crystals of different colours abound. Norte, 80 m. WNW of the entrance of that river The inbabitants are divided into 14 tribes, distin- into the gulf of Mexico, and 70 m. WNW of El guished by the name of the valleys in which they Refrigio. dwell. They are extremely poor, and subsist chiefly CAMARGOS, a town of Brazil, in the prov. of on dried figs and fish.—The town of C., the cap. of Minas-Geraes, 2 leagues N of Marianna. the above prov., is situated in a fertile plain, near CAMARGUE (LA), an island, or rather a group the entrance of the river of the same name into the of islands, separated from each other by canals, bePacific, and 90 m. WNW of Arequipa. It was for- longing to the French dep. of the mouths of the merly of considerable importance. Pop. 1,500.- Rhone, arrond, of Arles, partly in the cant. of The river rises in the S extremity of the Cordillera Saintes Maries, partly in that of Arles. It is formed de Huambo, and finds its way to the Pacific through by the two principal mouths of the Rhone, of which the Val de Majes.

the Petit Rhone, forming its N and W side, has a CAMANAHU, a village of Brazil, in the prov. of length of 144 metres from the bridge of Fourques Para, on the 1. bank of the Rio Negro, 30 leagues near Arles, and the Vieux Rhone or main stream, above the fall of Maracabi.

forming the E side, has a length of 149 metres; and CAMANCHE, a village, the cap. of Clinton co., from its fertility has been called the Delta of France. in the state and 60 m. E of Iowa, on the W side of Its length from N to S is 27 m.; its breadth from E the Mississippi.

to W varies from 6 to 21 m.; and it comprises a surCAMAPOAN. See CABAPUANA.

face of 74,200 hectares, of which, in 1826, 12,600 CAMAPUAN, a river of Brazil, in the prov. of were under cultivation, 31,300 in natural pasture, Mato-Grosso; rising to the S of the Serro-do-Sacco, 10,400 in marshes, and 19,900 in lakes and salt pits. and flowing 18 leagues through the district of C. to the It is divided into 9 communes, comprising a number of Rio Coxim. It is navigable by canoes to some ex- villages. The land in cultivation lies chiefly along the tent; and its banks are chiefly inhabited by Caiapos coast, the interior being marshy waste ground, much Indians. The district of C., which is very extensive, impregnated with salt, but fertile, and yielding good lies to the S of Paraguay, on the Chechuhe and the pasturage, on which cattle, sheep to the extentof40,000, Iguarahi rivers. A great portion of the W half is and horses roam at liberty. During winter, nearly annually submerged by the inundations of the Para- 34,000 hectares are more or less under water. The guay. The Serra Anambahy, running from N to S, southern part of the island is occupied by vast gravel divides the district into two parts. A considerable beds. The sea has likewise thrown up large deponumber of its streams appear to carry down aurifer- sits of shells which alternate with sand, and rest upon ous sand, and likewise yield precious stones. It is a strong clayey soil. The Rhone, in its rapid prochiefly inhabited by Caiapos and Guiacurus. The gress, daily dislodges large boulder stones, which facenda of C. is situated in S. lat. 19° 36'.

being cast on the beach of the Camargue by the waves, CAMARADE, a commune of France, in the dep. have considerably extended its boundaries towards of Ariége, cant. of Le-Mas-d'Azil, on the r. bank of the SE. In this quarter especially the ground is so the Lezères. Pop. 1,252. It contains a saline impregnated with salt, as to be covered in summer spring which becomes fresh in summer.

with a saline efflorescence like a coating of snow. CAMARAGIBA, a river of Brazil, in the prov. of In the arable districts of the C. corn and wine are Alagoas, rising in the Serra Marambaia, and falling cultivated, the former in considerable quantities. into the sea 4 leagues to the S of Porto-das-Pedras. The cattle fed in the interior are small, but remark.

CAMARANÇA, a river of Upper Guinea, which I ably strong. The horses of this district have some

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