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; and in such
and retam a n his or their se my person tav rous or withing, her of them, i
but such per
is apprentice said master in
d arts or trai
of servit ical: id arts and n
large, anti 1 paring
Mathemati ies respective duly served a
Instrume mplemen oresaid,
Work, Material, Tool and Tools, entrusted to him or her to work upon
And be it also Enacted, That from and after the day of no person or persons whatsoever shall export be entered for exor endeavour to export, any Clock or Watch without first making true portation. entry thereof at His Majesty's Custom House, and previous to shipping the same endorsing on the cocket of the said entry a specific declaration of the description, mark and number of every package in which any such 36 Clock or Watch shall be contained, together with a particular account of the number and description of the Clock and Watches therein contained, upon the Penalty of forfeiting and the sum of
Workmen not to be but Money only. paid in Commodities,
Provided always, and be it Enacted, That any Shipowner or Master against whom any such Penalties shall have been levied for such clan destine shipping of such Clock or Watch, not having been privy to the contents of the Package in which the same shall be or have been contained as aforesaid, shall have his or her remedy against the proprietor or other shipper of such Clock or Watch, Clocks or Watches, so clandestinely exported or endeavoured so to be as aforesaid, and shall recover his or her damages and full costs of suit in the recovery thereof.
of lawful money for every offence
And be it also Enacted, That all and every the Penalties, Punish-
Ship Masters, &c.
not to receive any
such on board with
out due entry, &c.
Remedy for the Ship Master, &c. suffering any penalty, and not being party to such contraband Shipping.
Penalties on Persons
&c. on or from Gold and Silver Wares, repealed.
of wrought Gold and Silver, directed to be inflicted upon Persons adjudged
And be it also Enacted, That from and after the no Manufacture, Work or Ware of wrought Gold, London, Edinburgh, which by any Act or Law now in force shall, previous to the sale or
or Dublin only.
exchange of the same by the maker thereof, be required to be touched,
And be it also Enacted, That from and after the
no person or persons whatsoever shall exchange or remove the marks of any Goldsmith's Hall or Assay Office, on, off or from any piece of work or ware, or from any part of any such piece of work or ware of wrought Gold or Silver, that has been lawfully assayed and marked, nor transpose, put or attach the same marks or marked piece of Gold or Silver work or ware, to any other piece of Gold or Silver work or ware, that has not been so lawfully assayed and marked as aforesaid; nor shall any person or persons put or attach the same marks, 41 or Hall-marked piece of work or ware, to any other piece of work or ware of Gold or Silver than the proper work and ware which was or shall have been lawfully assayed and Hall-marked, as and for part of the same work, ware and manufacture, other than and excepting only needful repairs to any old or worn work, ware or manufacture; nor shall any person or persons increase the weight of any piece of work or ware of wrought Gold or Silver, at any time after the same shall have been assayed and Hall-marked as aforesaid, by adding or attaching thereto any 42 other Gold and Silver that has not been so assayed and hall-marked, other than and excepting any needful repairs to any old or worn work, ware or manufacture as aforesaid; upon pain that each and every such person being upon the oath or oaths of any one or more competent witness or witnesses, before any one of His Majesty's justices of the peace as aforesaid, lawfully convicted of any such offence, he or she shall forfeit and pay the sum of for each and every such piece of work and ware, in or upon which or in respect whereof any such transposition or offence as aforesaid shall have been done or committed; and also
And be it also Enacted, That from and after the day of no person or persons whatsoever shall add, put or attach any solder or stuffing to any such plate work or ware of Gold or Silver, after the same shall have been produced at the Assay Office, and examined, assayed and hall-marked, and previous to the sale or exchange thereof; nor shall any person make up or cause to be made up or wrought, any work or ware whatsoever of Gold or Silver inferior to one or other the standards for wrought Gold and Silver respectively, as by the laws now in force are appointed; nor shall any person make up or cause to be wrought, any work or ware, or part or piece of or for any work or ware of Gold or Silver, that by reason of the smallness or delicacy of the workmanship thereof, cannot without damage be assayed and receive the touch and the hall-marks thercon, but he or she shall duly put therein and in every piece and part thereof, a full and lawful proportion of fine Gold or of fine Silver respectively, as the said ware or manufacture shall purport to be, and according to one or other of the standards respectively by law appointed and required to be used in manufactures of wrought Gold and Silver respectively; nor omit to put or stamp upon each and every such piece of work Makers Mark to be or small Gold and Silver wares as aforesaid, a proper distinguishing mark wares. of the initial letters of the christian and surnames of the maker of such small wares and work, and which distinguishing mark shall be duly entered at and in the Assay Office or Goldsmith's Hall nearest unto the place of residence of such maker or worker of small wares as aforesaid; 45 nor shall any person use any fraud or deceit, nor conceal in the internal or other part or parts of any ware of Gold or Silver, any Gold or Silver inferior to the lawful standard for such work or ware; nor any base metal, nor any stuffing, nor more than a proper quantity of solder to attach together the pieces and parts of such work or ware; and which proper quantity of solder shall be judged of and determined by the Wardens of the Company of Goldsmiths respectively nearest unto whose Assay Office any dispute or cause of dispute touching the premises shall be or arise, such Wardens respectively at all times hereafter previous to taking upon them or either of them the said office of Warden, 46 being or having been practical working Goldsmiths or Silversmiths, and
put upon all small
being duly elected, appointed and sworn to the lawful exercise of his and
each and every such Offence.
( 11 )
also shall by such justice of peace, by warrant under his hand and seal,
No Gold or Silver in
ferior to the Standard
to be wrought into any ware.
And be it also Enacted, That from and after the twenty-ninth day of May next ensuing, no person whatsoever shall work or make or cause to be 282. made
Small wares to be wrought of the lawful Standards.
frauds in Gold and
Wardens to determine the quantity of solder.
And to prevent the same from being
used to watch cases until duly Hall marked.
All Pendants made before the 29th day of May next, to be freely sold or exported, whether marked or not.
made or wrought, any Gold or Silver Pendant, or pendant Bow for a Watch- 47
Provided always, and be it Enacted, That nothing in this Act contained shall be construed or taken to prohibit the free sale or exportation of any Watch with a Pendant attached thereto, the cases of which Watch and which Pendant respectively shall have been made before the said twentyninth day of May, notwithstanding such Pendant may not have received any of the marks by this Act or any other law now in force directed to be impressed on Pendants of Gold or Silver for Watchcases.
Gold and Silver in which any concealed fraud is suspected may be cut and assayed.
Work found upon
broken and re-
Owner without other the purpose of such ware being assayed and touched, and upon assay
and trial thereof upon three succeeding working days duly made, the said
And provided always, and be it further Enacted, That whensoever any work, ware or manufacture of wrought Gold or Silver shall be sent to or delivered at any Goldsmith's Hall or Assay Office by law established for
Provided also, and be it Enacted, That it shall and may be lawful to and for the Assayer or other chief officer of the several Companies of Goldsmiths, Wardens of the Touch, and Assayers respectively, at the several Assay offices by law appointed and established for the purpose of assaying and marking of wares and manufactures of wrought Gold and Silver respectively, to cut and examine, or cause to be cut and examined, any piece or parcel of work, ware and manufacture, brought to be 51 assayed as aforesaid, wherein or in the construction whereof such Assayer or other officer shall suspect any concealed fraud, covin or deceit, either in the interior or other parts or construction of such work, ware or manu
If any fraud is found facture; and if upon trial and assay lawfully made, any concealed fraud
shall be found or discovered in such work, ware or manufacture, the
vely tar Pendant rker or
the law xpose to se
the law of Golia ersons in
case of fro
maker thereof shall forfeit and pay the sum of
Provided always, and be it Enacted, That if no fraud or deception be found in such work, ware or manufacture, so cut and examined as afore52 said, the Assayer or other Officer as aforesaid shall, out of the public funds and monies received in the said Assay Office, immediately pay unto the Workman aggrieved, the full value of the workmanship, and all loss and damage by such Workman sustained from and by reason of the cutting and defacing of his said work, ware or manufacture as aforesaid.
And provided always, and be it Enacted, That if any Assayer or other Officer or Person shall act or do contrary to the true intent and meaning of this Act, or shall unlawfully spoil or unnecessarily deface or injure any work, ware or manufacture brought to be assayed at the public Assay Office as aforesaid, there being no fraud or deficiency in the Gold or 53 Silver thereof, such Assay Officer or other Person shall pay to the Person
or Workman thereby aggrieved, his or her especial damage sustained, and
And be it further Enacted, That if any Person or Persons whatsoever
exporter, re-conveyed to His Majesty's warehouse of the Custom House
If no fraud is found
in such work or ware, the Workman
be paid his damage
to sent to be
Assay officers doing unnecessary damage assayed, shall pay the especial damage
to the Person injured
To prevent frauds in drawing back the duties on Gold and
Silver Plate exported, and re-importing and selling the same without duty.