« PrejšnjaNaprej »
COPYRIGHT, 1914 AND 1916, BY
JOHN R. SUTTON.
COPYRIGHT, 1914, IN GREAT BRITAIN.
CIVIL GOV, IN CAL.
W. P. II
It is the purpose of this work to present in brief form something of the theory and practice of civil government in California. The scope of governmental activity widens from year to year, coming nearer and nearer the life of every individual; and, on the other hand, the intelligence of the individual and his general attitude toward public affairs, react more and more upon the government. The influence of the citizen is vital in the selection of public officials, and in the attitude assumed toward them after they are selected. His power has been tremendously augmented in recent years by the widespread adoption of the direct primary, the initiative, the referendum, and the recall; and his intelligence must keep pace with his political power, or the commonwealth will suffer. The following chapters are intended to place in convenient form the most important features of the information which every responsible citizen should possess if his influence is to count for the common good.
The author hopes especially that this book may be of service to students of civil government in colleges and high schools. It is intended to be a book of information, and many details are given which may be omitted in class work. No attempt is made to present a complete exposition of the principles of government, or to discuss problems of good citizenship. These are important matters, and it is assumed that teachers will give them proper attention in connection with the various topics found in the text.
The author desires to express his appreciation of the assistance given him in the preparation of this work by the late Mr. Haven W. Edwards of the Oakland High School, and Mr. F. H. Clark of the Lowell High School, San Francisco, who have read the manuscript and have given invaluable criticisms and suggestions. Thanks are due to Professor Orrin Kip McMurray, of the University of California, who has read and criticised the chapter on the state judicial system ; and to Messrs. H. A. Masoul and William J. Locke, of San Francisco, specialists in municipal corporation law, and Secretary and Assistant Secretary of the League of California Municipalities, who have made valuable suggestions on the chapters on municipal government. Valuable assistance has also been given by many public officials, especially by Mr. William C. Clark, Assemblyman from Oakland; Mr. Walter J. Burpee, Assistant District Attorney of Alameda county; and Mr. Edward Hyatt, Superintendent of Public Instruction.
J. R. S. Since the publication of this text, some changes have been made in the public law of California. The most important of these will be found in the Supplement at page 465.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. THE SCOPE OF GOVERNMENT
CHAPTER III. THE POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS OF
16. Importance of State and Local Government
17. The Subdivisions of California Classified
26. The New England Plan
27. The Southern Plan
28. Rural Local Government in the Middle Atlantic States
29. Rural Local Government in the Middle South and West
30. Rural Local Government in the Middle North
SECTION 2. RURAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN CALIFORNIA
31. The County Type in Use in California
32. Judicial Townships
33. The Formation of Counties
34. The Relation between a County and the State
COUNTY GOVERNMENT — COUNTY
COUNTY OFFICERS, TERMS OF OFFICE, AND
35. County Officers
36. Terms of Office
37. Official Bonds
38.. Vacancies and Salaries
39. The Consolidation of County Offices .
40. The Uniformity of County Government