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rate of £210 per annum, but £2 per day for every sitting day exceeding five is deducted on account of absence during the session not due to illness or other unavoidable cause. To be qualified for membership of the House of Representatives a person must be of the male sex, duly registered on the electoral roll, and free from the disabilities mentioned in Section 8 of the Electoral Act of 1893. All contractors to the public service of New Zealand to whom any public money above the sum of £50 is payable, directly or indirectly, in any one financial year, as well as civil servauts of the colony, are incapable of being elected, or of sitting and voting as members.

Every man or woman of the full age of 21 years, who is either a natural-born or naturalised British subject, and resident in the colony one year, and three months in one electoral district, is qualified to be registered as an elector and vote at elections of members for the House of Representatives. In the Maori districts, adult Maoris are entitled to vote without registration. Under the provisions of the Electoral Act of 1893, the franchise is extended to women of both races in accordance with the qualifications specified above, but women may not be elected as members of the House of Representatives. No person may be represented on more than one electoral roll. The Act also provides that the name of every qualified elector who fails to record his vote shall be removed from the roll after the election. Since the passing of the Constitution Act conferring representative institutions upon

the colony of New Zealand there have been thirteen complete Parliaments. The first Parliament was opened on the 27th May, 1854, and dissolved on the 15th September, 1855, and the thirteenth opened on the 7th April, and dissolved on the 24th October, 1899. The first session of the fourteenth Parliament opened on the 22nd June, 1900.

At the general election for the first Parliament, which took place in 1853, the population of the colony numbered 30,000, and the electors on the roll 5,934. At the last general election for the House of Representatives, in December, 1899, the electors on the roll numbered 373,744, of whom 163,215 were females. In the contested districts the male and female electors numbered 202,089 and 157,929 respectively, and the number of male voters was 159,780, or 79 per cent. of males enrolled, while 119,550,

of the female electors recorded their votes.

75.6 per

328

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE FOR AUSTRALIA

AND TASMANIA.

DATES of events following the establishment of a settlement in New

:

1758 N.S.W. First fleet arrives at Botany Bay.-Formal possession taken of

Sydney Cove.--Proclamation of the Colony by Governor
Phillip. --Settlement founded at Norfolk Island; expedition

sent by Phillip. Tas. Bligh visits Van Diemen’s Land in the “Bounty.' 1789 Tas. Cox discovers Oyster Bay. 1790 N.S. W. Second fleet arrives with the New South Wales Corps. 1791 W.A. Vancouver's explorations. - Discovery of King George's Sound. 1792 N.S.W. Resignation of Governor Phillip.

S.A. D'Entrecasteaux visits Fowler's Bay.
Tas. D'Entrecasteaux explores the north-east coast.

W.A. D'Entrecasteaux explores the south-west coast. 1795 N.S.W. Settlement of the Hawkesbury.- Arrival of Captain Hunter. 1797 N.S.W. Discovery of coal at Illawarra and on the Hunter (or Coal) River. 1798 Vic. Discovery of Bass' Strait by Bass and Flinders.-- Bass visits

Western Port. Tas. Circumnavigation of Van Diemen’s Land by Flinders. 1799 N.S.W. Flinders explores the north coast.-- -Wilson penetrates to the

Lachlan River Q'ld. Flinders makes explorations on the east coast. 1800 N.S.W. Governor Hunter recalled, superseded by Philip Gidley King. Vic.

Lieutenant Grant explores the coast.

S.A. Lieutenant Grant sights Cape Northumberland. 1801-2 W.A. The whole of the western coast examined by Baudin. 1801-3

Survey of Australian coasts by Flinders. 1801 W.A. Flinders examines the south coast. 1802 Vic. Discovery of Port Phillip by Murray.- Exploratiou of Port

Phillip by Flinders.
S.A. Flinders explores Spencer's and St. Vincent's Gulfs, and meets

Baudin at Encounter Bay. Tas. Baudin surveys the east coast. 1803 N.S.W. First wool sent to England.

ic. Lieut.-Colonel David Collins founds a settlement at Port Phillip.

Tas. Bowen lands at Risdon. 1804 N.S. W. The Castle Hill convict insurrection.-Abandonment of Norfolk

Island ordered by British Government.
Vic. Collins abandons Port Phillip.
Tas. Foundation of the Van Diemen's Land colonies.-Collins founds

Hobart Town and Paterson founds York Town.-The assign.
ment system established by Governor King.–Fifty friendly
blacks massacred at Risdon, through a mistake of Lieutenant

Moore. 1805 N.S.W. Macarthur starts extensive sheep farming at Camden. Tas. Norfolk Island colonists settled at New Norfolk, Norfolk

Plains, etc.

1806 N.S.W. Severe floods in the Hunter.-Governor King retires and is

succeeded by Captain Bligh. Tas. Launceston founded. 1807 N.S.W. Orders given for final shipment of convicts from Norfolk Island.

Tas. Laycock's overland expedition from Launceston to Hobart. 1808 N.S.W. Deposition of Governor Bligh.

Tas. 254 settlers from Norfolk Island receive grants of land. 1809 N.S.W. Arrival of Colonel Lachlan Macquarie. 1810 Tas. Death of Collins.-Extreme scarcity of provisions; prisoners

released and permitted to roam in search of food, 1811 Tas. Governor Macquarie visits Van Diemen's Land. - Hobart Town

laid out. - Lieut.-Colonel Davey appointed Governor.–Van

Diemen's Land macie a single colony. 1813 N.S. W. Passage across Blue Mountains discovered by Blaxland, Went

worth, and Lawson. 1814

The name of “Australia” given on the recommendation of

Flinders to the great southern continent hitherto knowu as

"New Holland. N.S.W. Creation of Civil Courts.-Hamilton Hume discovers the Berrima

and Goulburn districts. Tas. First Law Courts established ; jurisdiction limited to personal

matters under the value of £50.-Outrages by bushrangers. 1815 N.S.W. Governor Macquarie lays out the town of Bathurst. Tas. Arrival of first immigrant ship with free settlers.-Coastal

explorations of Captain James Kelly.-- First exportation of

wheat to Sydney.
1816 N.S.W. Establishment of Bank of New South Wales.
1817 N.S.W. Oxley explores the interior.

Q'ld. Lieutenant King surveys the eastern coast.
Tas. Lieutenant-Governor Davey retires, and Colonel William Sorell

appointed. 1918-22 W.A. Lieutenant King surveys the whole western coast. 1818 N.S.W. Free immigration stoppel. 1819 N.S.W. Commissioner Bigge inquires into the condition of the colony. Tas. Colonel Paterson introduces 300 pure Merino sheep from

McArthur's flock. 1821 N.S.W. Governor Macquarie recalled. --Sir Thomas Brisbane appointed.

Tas. Governor Macquarie visits Hobart Town. 1823 N.S.W. The first Australian Constitution. ---Explorations by Cunning

ham.—John Dunmore Lang arrives in Sydney. Q'ld. The Brisbane River discovered by Surveyor Oxley.

Tas. Partial separation from New South Wales. 1824 N.S.W. Freedom of the Press proclaimed. — Trial by jury introduced.

First Land Regulations.-Hume and Hovell explore south

ward. Vic. Hume and Hovell travel overland from Sydney to Port Phillip. Q'ld. Expedition to prepare Moreton Bay for the establishment of a

penal settlement. Tas. Outbreak of convicts at Macquarie Harbour.--Governor Sorell

succeeded by Lieut.-Colonel George Arthur, 1825 N.S.W. Sir Ralph Darling succeeds Governor Brisbane.

Q'ld. Captain Logan appointed Superintendent of Moreton Bay.
Tas. Formation of the Van Diemen's Land Company and the Van

Diemen's Land Establishment.–Van Diemen's Land declared
a separate colony.---Initiation of campaign against bush-

rangers. W.A. Military station established at King George's Sound. 1826 N.S.W. Darling River discovered bySturt.—Explorations by Cunningham.

1820

}

1826 Vic. Fort Dumaresq founded at Western Port. Q'ld. Official establishment of penal settlement at Moreton Bay.

Governor Brisbane visits the settlement. 1827 N.S.W. The colony becomes self-supporting.Feverish speculation in

land and stock.
Q’ld. Cunninghani discovers the Darling Downs.
Tas. Explorations of Henry Hellyer.

W.A. Exploration by. Captain Stirling.
1828-30 N.S.W. Severe droughts.
1828 N.S.W. Second Constitution.

Vic. The Western Port settlers return to Sydney.
Q’ld. Cunningham discovers a route from Moreton Bay to the Darling

Downs, and explores the Brisbane River to its source.
Tas. Reformation of the Council. - First land sales.--Reward offered

for the capture of natives.

Sturt explores the Murray.
S.A.
W.A. Founding of the Swan River settlement, Captain Stirling in

command. 1830 N.S.W. Sturt's overland journey to the south.-Rising of convicts near

Bathurst.-The Bushrangers Act passed through all its

stages in one day.
Vic. Explorations by Sturt.
S.A. Sturt discovers Lake Alexandrina.
Q'ld. Logan murdered by convicts.--Captain Clunie succeeds to the

administration of the settlement.
Tas.

Cominission to inquire into condition of natives.-George Robin.

son undertakes to secure the submission of surviving blacks.

--The Black Line. W.A. Constitution of first Executive Council. 1831 N.S.W. Governor Darling superseded by Sir Richard Bourke. -Lord

Ripon's Land Regulations.--Sir Thomas Mitchell's explora

tions to the north of Liverpool Plains.
S.A. Wakefield's first colonisation committee formed.-Captain Collet

Barker killed by blacks at St. Vincent's Gulf.
Tas, Minimum price of land fixed at 59. per acre by Lord Ripon's

regulations.
W.A. Route from Perth to King George's Sound discovered by

Bannister.-Lord Ripon's land regulations. 1832 W.A. Captain Irwin undertakes the Administration of the Settlement. 1833 W.A. Captain Richard Daniell succeeds Captain Irwin. 1834 N.S.W. Trouble at Norfolk Island.

Vic, Settlement of the brothers Henty at Portland Bay.
S.A. South Australian Association founded. -The South Australian

Act passed.
W.A. The Battle of “ Pinjarrah."-Sir James Stirling appointed

Governor, with full rank. 1835 N.S.W. Mitchell, on his second expedition, establishes the depôt of

Fort Bourke on the Darling,
Vic, Expeditions of Batman and Fawkner to Port Phillip.
Q'ld. Captain Fyans succeeds Captain Clunie.---First ship enters

Moreton Bay.
Tas. Native settlement formerl at Flinders' Island.
W.A. The Western Australian Association formed in London.-

Memorial against Lord Ripon's regulations addressed to 1836 Vic. Proclamation of Port Phillip District as open for settlement.

the British Government. 1836 N.S.W. Mitchell explores the South.-Squatting formally recognised.

Captain W. Lonsdale first Resident Magistrate.—Sir Thomas

Mitchell discovers “Australia Felix."
S.A. Founding of South Australia, with Captai, Hindmarsh as first

Governor.
Q'ld. Visit of Backhouse and Walker.

Tas. Governor Arthur recalled. 1837 N.S.W. Governor Bourke resigns. -Select Committee on Transportation

appointed in London.
Vic. Sites of Melbourne and Williamstown laid out by Governor

Bourke. — First sale of land.
S.A. First newspaper published in the colony.--Eyre drives a mob of

cattle from New South Wales to Adelaide.
Q’ld. Major Cotton supersedes Captain Fyans.

Tas. The Governorship assumed by Sir John Franklin.

W.A. Explorations by Grey and Lushington in the north-west. 1838 N.S. W. Discontinuance of the assignment system.- Arrival of Governor

Gipps.--Speculative mania sets in.
Vic. First census of the settlement (population, 3,511).
S.A. Governor Hindmarsh, recalled, is succeeded by Colonel Gawler.--

Cattle brought overland from New South Wales, along the

Murray route, by Hawden and Bonney.
Q'ld. Abolition of assignment system.--Explorations of the Petries.-

Lieutenant Gravatt succeeds Major Cotton, and a little later

gives place to Lieutenant Gorman. 1839 N.S.W. Execution of seven stockmen for participation in a massacre of

blacks.-Count Strzelecki finds traces of gold near Hartley. Vic. Appointment of Superintendent La Trobe. -First wool ship

leaves for England. W.A. Governor Stirling succeeded by John Hutt. -Grey's second

exploring expedition in the north. 1840 N.S.W. Abolition of transportation to New South Wales.-Important

Land Regulations (proceeds of land sales to be regarded as a Trust for the benefit of the colony which produces them, and to be expended in the maintenance of its public works,

and the encouragement of immigration). Vic. First Land Regulations ; soon mullified at Port Phillip by

Gipps. --The northern boundary of the Port Phillip District fixed at the Murrumbidgee. ---Exploration of Gippsland by

Angus McMillan.--Port Phillip petitions for separation. S.A. Eyre starts on his overland journey from Adelaide to King

George's Sound. - Wreck of the Maria," and murder of

the survivors by the blacks. Q'ld. Suspension of transportation.—Break-up of the Penal Settle

ment at Moreton Bay.-Leslie takes up runs on the Darling

Downs --Murder of Surveyor Stapleton and his assistants. Tas. Assignment ceases. 1810-51 N.S.W. Depression of varying intensity. 1841 N.S.W. Rev. W. B. Clarke finds grains of alluvial gold near Bathurst. S.A. Gawler recalled in disgrace and succeeded by Captain George

Grey.--Galena discovered in the Mount Lofty Ranges.

Hostilities with natives on the Murray.
Q'ld. Explorations by the Russells.
Tas,

Transportation, which had been discontinued for some time, now

renewed on a large scale. W.A. Eyre completes his journey overland from Adelaide to King

George's Sound.

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