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1873 Vic. Departure of Viscount Canterbury.-Sir George Bowen assumes

office as Governor.- Education Act passed.
S.A. Governor Sir James Fergusson succeeded by Mr. (afterwards Sir)

Anthony Musgrave.
W.A. Colonel Warburton crosses from the trans-continental telegraph

line to the head of the De Grey River.

Australian Customs Duties Act passed. 1874 N.S.W. Triennial Parliaments Act passed.

S.A. The Boucaut Policy first advocated.
Q'ld. Dalrymple extends his researches on the north-eastern seaboard..
Tas. Departure of Governor Du ('ane.

W.A. Explorations of E. Giles. -Departure of Governor Weld. 1875 S. A. Wreck of the "Gothenburg,” involving the death of Judge

Wearing and other well-known Adelaide citizens. -Sudden
death of Sir Richard Hanson.- Education Act passed. —

Explorations by Giles, Gosse, and Warburton.
Q'ld. Mr. (afterwards Sir) W. W. Cairns succeeds the Marquis of

Normanby in the Government.--The Port Albany Settle

ment transferred to Thursday Island. Tas. Mr. Frederick A. Weld assumes the Government. W.A. Arrival of Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson to assume

office as Governor. -Jolin and Alexander Forrest cross the

colony from west to east. Intercolonial conference at Hobart to secure uniformity of

statistical collection and compilation. 1876 X.S.W. Completion of telegraphic cable between Sydney and Wellington.

Vic.

Number of members of the Legislative Assembly increased to

eighty-six. Tas. Railway opened from Hobart to Launceston.- Death of

Truganini, the last Tasmanian black. W.A. Giles crosses the colony from east to west. 1877 Vic. Deadlock on the question of payment of members. S.A. Governor Musgrave succeeded by Sir W. W. Cairns.- Inaugli

ration of the Senate of the University of Adelaide. -
Resignation of Governor Cairns after two months of
government. --Sir W. F. D. Jervois appointed Governor.

Completion of the telegraph line from Adelaide to Perth.
Q'ld. Sir Arthur Kennedy appointed Governor.
Tas. Discoveries of gold.
W.A. Governor Sir William Robinson succeeded by Sir Harry St.

George Ord. 1878 N.S W. Unveiling of Woolner's Statue of Captain Cook in Sydney. Vic. “ Black Wednesday"; wholesale dismissal of civil servants.

Recall of Sir George Bowen,
S.A. New Crown Lands Act. — Founding of the University of

Adelaidle. --Rifle Companies Act passed. -- First sod of the

Trans-continental Railway turned by Sir William Jervois. Q'ld. Restriction of Chinese immigration.

W.A. Agitation for self-government. 1879 N.S.W. Sir Hercules Robinson succeeded in the Government by Lord

Loftus. -Electoral Act, 1879, passed. - International Exhi.

bition held at the Garden Palace, Sydney. Vic. The Marquis of Normauby assumes otfice as Governor. 1880 N.S.W. Public Instruction Act abolishes State aid to denominational

education.
Vic. An International Exhibitinn held in Melbourne.
Tae. (Governor Weld succeeded by Sir J. H. Lefroy.
Y

1880 W.A. Departure of Sir Harry Ord. --Sir William Robinson enters upon

his second term of office as Governor.

Federal Conference at Melbourne and Sydney. 1881 N.S. W. Further restriction of Chinese immigration. Vic.

Further reduction of property qualification of members and

electors of the Legislative Council, and increase in number

of members.
Tas. Governor Lefroy succeeded by Sir George Cumine Strahan.

Prince Albert Victor and Prince George of Wales visit Australia.

First simultaneous census of the Australasian colonies. 1$$2 N.S. IV. Destruction by fire of the Garden Palace.- Death of the poet

Henry Kendall.
S.A. Departure of Sir William Jervois.
1883 N.S.W. Discovery of silver at Broken Hill.
Vic.

Completion of railway between Sydney and Melbourne.
S.A. Sir William Robinson appointed Governor.
Q'ld. Avnexation of New Guinea (repudiated by British Government).

Departure of Governor Kennedy, whose place is taken by

Sir Anthony Musgrave.
Tas. Period of rash mining speculations.
W.A. Sir Frederick Napier Broome appointed Governor.

Federal Conference held at Sydney. 1984 N. S. W. Land Act passed, involving restriction of sales by auction, &c. Vic. Sir Henry Loch succeeds Lord Normanby in the Government.

Appointment of the Public Service Board,
W.A. Explorations by Harry Stockdale.

A Federation Bill passeil in Victoria.--A similar Bill rejected

in New South Wales. 1885 N.S.W. Military contingent sent to take part in the Soudan Campaign.

Opening of the Broken Hill silver mines.-Governor Loftus

succeeded by the Right Hon. Baron Carrington.
Q'ld. Agitation for a division of the colony.
Tas.

Mount Zeehan silver-lead mines discovered.
W.A. New Land Act passed.

Formation of the Federal Council of Australia. 1886 N.S. W'. Industrial depression.

Q’ld. Discovery of Mount Morgan gold mine.
Tas, Gold and copper discovered at Mount Lyell.—Retirement of Sir

George Strahan.--Extension of the franchise.
W.A.

Agitation for self-government.

The Federal Council meets at Hobart. 1887 N.S.W. The Bulli mining disaster. S.A. The English Government claims £15,516 as interest on an old

loan.- Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition. Tas. Sir R. G. C. Hamilton assumes office as Governor. W.A. Severe hurricane.-Gold discovered at Yilgarn.

Australasian Conference in London.- Australasian Naval Defence

Force Act passed. 1888 N.S.W. Much damage done by bush fires.-Centennial celebrations.

Drastic legislation against Chinese immigration (imposition

of a poll tax of £100). -Strike of colliers at Newcastle, Vic. International Exhibition at Melbourne.-Number of members

increased in both Houses. Q'ld. Death of Sir Anthony Musgrave.--Sir Henry Wylie-Norman

assumes office as Governor.-Railway communication opened

between Brisbane and Sydney.-Floods at Rockhampton. W.A. Telegraphic communication opened between Perth and Derby. –

Explorations of Ernest Fävenc.

1888

Centenary of first settlement in Australia.-Conference of Aus

tralian Ministers at Sydney to consider the question of

Chinese immigration. --- Imperial Defence Act passed.
1889 N.S.W. Destructive floods.

Vic. Sir Henry Loch succeeded by Lord Hopetonn.
S.A. Governor Sir W. C. F. Robinson succeeded by the Earl of

Kintore.
W.A. New Constitution framed.--Opening of the eastern railway.--

Discovery of the Pilbarra yold-field.-Departure of Governor

Browne.

Report of Imperial Commission on Australian Land Defences. 1890 N.S.W. Payment of Members of Parliament.-Strike at Broken Hill.

Maritime and other strikes.--Severe bush fires. -Departure

of Lord Carrington.
Vic. Local Government Bill passed.
S.A.

Land Act passed, fixing the minimum price of country land at

ös. per acre. Qld.

Wreck of the “Quetta" (146 lives lost). —Extensive floods, and

terrible hurricanes.-Industrial crisis. Tas. Establishment of the University of Tasmania. W.A. | Granting of responsible government.--Sir William Robinson

enters on his thiru term of office.

Federal Conference held at Melbourne.
1891 V.S.W. Lord Jersey assumes office as Governor. ---Thirty-tive Labour

Members returned to the Legislative Assembly.
Federal Convention called in Sydney.--The Colonial Premiers

meet at the New South Wales Colonial Secretary's office. 1992 N.S.W. Strike at Broken Hill.— Temporary run on the Government

Savings Bank.
Vic. Suspension of the Railway Commissioners.
O'ld. Constitution Act passed, whereby Queensland is divided into

two provinces. ---Pacific Labourers Extension Act passed.
Tas. Departure of Sir Robert Hamilton.
1892 W.A. Discovery of Bayley's Reward at Coolgardie.
1993 N.S.W. Sir Robert Duff succeeds Lord Jersey. --The “Royal Tar" sails

with the first New Australian colonists. Vic. Land Act passed , providing for village settlements, homestead

associations, and labour colonies. Q'ld. Terrific storms and floods. -- First departures for New Australia. Tas. Viscount Gormanston takes office as Gorernor.

The Corowa Conference. - Banking crisis in Eastern States. 1991 N.S.W. Further Land legislation. S.A. Adult Suffrage Bill receives Royal Assent.

Disturbances in the Legislative Assembly over the Peace Pre

servation Bill. --Payment of Members Bill rejected.

Serious industrial troubles.
1893 N.S.V. Death of Sir Robert Duif. - Viscount Hampden takes office as

Governor.-Crown Lands Act of 1895 passed.
S.A. The Earl of Kintore is succeeded as Governor by Sir Thomas

Fowell Buxton.
Q'ld. Departure of Sir Henry Norman. -Disastrous floods.

Conference of Premiers at Hobart.
1996 S. A. Establishment of the State Bank.--Floods and storms. ---

Franchise exercised by women in South Australia.--Depar

ture of the Calvert expedition. Q'ld. Lord Lamington assumes office as Governor. —Sir Henry Norman

appointed Agent-General for Queensland. --Gales and floods. - The ferry-boat “Pearl” capsizes at Brisbane (28 lives lost).

Q'ld.

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1896 W.A. Explorations of Wells and Carnegie.

The People's Federal Convention held at Bathurst. á 897 S.A. Earthquake and hurricane in Northern Territory ; destruction of

the town of Palmerston.-Floods and storms at A:lelaide.

Death of Sir Thomas Elder, 1897-98

The Federal Convention holds sessions at Adelaide, Sydney, and

Melbourne. 1898 S.A. Resignation of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton.

The Federal Bill accepted by Tasmania, Victoria, and South

Australia, but rejected by N. S. Wales. 1899 N.S.W. Governor Hampden succeeded by Earl Beauchamp. S.A. The Rt. Hon. Hallam Baron Tennyson becomes Governor of

South Australia.
Conference of Premiers at Melbourne.— The Referendum ; the

Bill is accepted by N. S. Wales, Tasmania, Queensland,

Victoria, and S. Australia. 1900 N.S.W. Departure of Lord Beauchamp.

The Australian Colonies send military contingents to assist the

British forces aguinst the Boer Republics.- The Federal
Bill receives the Royal Assent (9th July). --The Honorable

Edmund Barton, first Federal Prime Minister. 1901 N.S.W. Readjustment of industrial conditions in many quarters. Vic. Opening of the Federal Parliament at Melbourne.-Ejection from

the State Assembly of Mr. Findley, member for Melbourne,

for alleged disloyalty.
Qʻld. Departure of Lord Lamingtor.

Proclamation of the Australian Commonwealth, Lord Hopetoun

first Governor-General. —The Federal Parliament opened by the Heir-Apparent to the British Crown, the Duke of Cornwall and York, who visits each State of the Commonwealth.

-Contingents sent to S. Africa and to China. 1902 N.S.W. Arrival of Sir Harry Holdsworth Rawson, K.C.B, the new

Governor.--Disastrous explosion at Mount Kembla Colliery,
Illawarra District ; 95 miners lost their lives.-Jubilee of

Sydney University.
Vic. Agitation for Parliamentary Reform. —Mr. Irvine becomes

Premier.
Q’ld. Arrival of Sir Herbert Charles Chermside, the new Governor.-

Inland mail service interrupted for a time by drought.
S. A. Reduction of members of Legislative Assembly from 64 to 42 and

of Legislative Council from 24 to 18. Ministers reduced

from 6 to 4. W.A. Opening of pumping station at Northam in connection with

Coolgardie water supply scheme. – Departure of Governor

Sir Arthur Lawley. Cas. Conference of State Statisticians, Attorneys-General, and Min

isters for Agriculture. --Strong protest against Federal action with reference to letters addressed to "Tattersall"

341

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE FOR NEW

ZEALAND,

1642 Discovery of New Zealand by Tasman. 1769 Cook arrives at Poverty Bay. 1770 De Surville kidnaps a rangatira " (Maori chieftain.) 1772 Marion du Fresne killed and eaten by the Maoris. 1773 Furneaux enters Queen Charlotte Sound. 1790 Chatham Islands discovered by Lieutenant Broughton. 1793 Doubtless Bay visited by Lieutenant-Governor King, of Norfolk Island;

a rangatira and a tohunga (Maori priest) kidnapped. 1795 The “Endeavour” sunk in Dusky Sound. 1800 Discovery of Antipodes Island. 1806 Discovery of the Auckland Isles.-The “Venus,” with a crew of runaway

convicts, visits the East Coast. 1807 Defeat suffered by Hongi and the Nga-Puhi tribe at Kaipara.-Crew of a

vessel eaten on the East Coast. 1809 The Boyd massacre. 1810 Discovery of Campbell Island, 1814 Rev. S. Marsden founds a mission station in New Zealand. -First

introduction of horses, cattle, sheep, and poultry.-- Appointment of

Magistrates for New Zealand. 1815 Attempted capture of the “Trial” and the “Brothers” at Kennedy Bay. 1816 Two ships wrecked and their crews eaten.

1818 Expedition of Hongi and Te Morenga to East Cape. 1819-20 Raid on Taranaki and Port Nicholson by Patone, Nene, and Te

Rauparaha. 1820 Hongi's trip to England. -Coromandel visited by H.M. Store-ship * Coromandel." Auckland Harbour entered by the

“ Prince Regent.” 1821 Fall of Mauinaina Pa (Auckland Isthmus) and Te Totara Pa (Thames) to

Hongi. 1822 Hongi takes Matakitaki Pa (Waikato). -Baron de Thierry attempts to

buy land at Hokianga. 1823 Act passed to extend the jurisdiction of the New South Wales Courts to

British subjects in New Zealand.-Capture of Mokoia Pa (Rotorua

Lake) by Hongi. 1824 Pomare takes Te Whetumatarau Pa, near East Cape. 1825 Formation of Lord Durham's (unsuccessful) New Zealand Association. —

Hongi defeats Ngati-Whatua at Te Ikaaranganui (Kaipara). 1825 Brief settlement at Hauraki Gulf. 1827 Destruction of the Whangaroa mission station by Hongi's forces. 1828 Death of Hongi at Whangaroa from wounds received at Hokianga. 1829 Capture of brig“ Hawes” by Maoris at Whakatane. 1930 Battle of Taumata-Wiwi (near Cambridge). — Fall of Kaiapohia Pa

(Canterbury). - Battle of Kororareka between two Nga-Puhi tribes. Massacre at Kaiapoi and death of Tama-i-hara-nui at the hands of Te Rauparaha's adherents.

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