Slike strani
PDF
ePub

AGES AT Death. A detailed statement of the ages at death of the males who died during the year 1900 in the various states is given below. The figures for South Australia in this and subsequent detailed tables refer to the province proper exclusive of the Northern Territory.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Similar information respecting the deaths of females in 1900 is given in the following table :

[blocks in formation]

The next table shows the ages of all the persons who died during 1909 :

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The ages of the people were ascertained at the census of March, 1901, and a comparison of the foregoing figures with the numbers living at each age can now be made. Using the same age groups as for the index of mortality given on page 505, the following rates are obtained. For age 0 (under 1 year) the number of births during the year has been used in place of figures deduced from the census results :

[blocks in formation]

The superiority of New Zealand is manifested at every age group; for ages up to 40, Tasmania ranks second, but for all ages taken together South Australia stands before the island State. For children of 1 year Victoria shows a more favourable mortality than any State, except New Zealand and Tasmania ; at other ages, Victoria is behind New South Wales. The mortality of infants under 1 year of age may be

measured accurately by comparing the deaths with the number of births ; this is a most sensitive and reliable test of the healthiness and sanitary condition of a country, since at this early age children are most susceptible to the attacks of disease. The following table shows for each State the number of deaths of children under 1

year

of
age,

and the rate per 1,000 births, since 1870, arranged in five-year periods :

[blocks in formation]

New South Wales
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia ....
Tasmania ........

103.58 114.65 123.98 | 114.64 111:00 113:40 | 103.74 124.53 119.87 | 121:51 13106 111.81 111.29 102.94 122.82 | 135:02 137.45 118.87 102.88 103:39 101.94 158.20 140.70 134.13 105:13 98.67 111.62 99.99

109:15 | 130.05 155.72 | 128.89 101.87 106.61 108 75 102.78 94.26 97-59 89.05

[blocks in formation]

In spite of all the sanitary improvements that have been effected in recent years, the rate, as judged from the last quinquennial period, does not seem to have decreased very appreciably in any of the states except South Australia and New Zealand. In South Australia the rate was very high in the earlier years, the reason given being that the deaths of several children 1 year old were wrongly included by the registering officers with those under 1 year. In every state except New Zealand, where the mortality has declined more or less regularly over the whole period, and Victoria, where it was stationary during the last two periods, the death-rates of infants have risen during the last period ; in Western Australia the increase has been very serious, to the extent of nearly one fifth in five years.

CAUSES OF DEATH.

The system of classifying the causes of death adopted in Australasia is that arranged by Dr. William Ogle on the basis of the older system of Dr. William Farr, his predecessor as Superintendent of the Statistical Department of the Registrar-General's Office, England. Under this classification deaths are divided into eight classes, namely, deaths from specific febrile or zymotic diseases, from parasitic diseases, from dietetic diseases, from constitutional diseases, from developmental diseases, from local diseases, from violence, and from ill-defined or unspecified causes. The following were the assigned causes of death of the 51,197 persons who died in Australasia during 1900 :

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Grand Total .......

15,118 15,215

5,747

3,774

2,240

1,903 7,200 51,197

Comparing the figures of the total deaths in each class and order with the population the following results are obtained. The figures represent the number of deaths per 100,000 living based on the experience of the last three years.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Developmental diseases

130.63

104.80

118.49

Local diseases

Diseases of nervous system.....
Liseaser of circulatory system
Diseases of respiratory system
Diseases of digestive system
Diseases of urinary system .
Diseases of organs of generation
Diseases of parturition ..
Diseases of organs of locomotion
Diseases of integumentary system.
Other local diseases

127.06
125.58
164.26
139.87
59:46
0:34

106.09

96.75 121.89 136.07 32:14

7:33 23:47 2.68 3:02 4.07

117.21 112:01 144:36 138:09 46.63

3.62 11:02 3.19 3:42 3.67

3.65
3.77
3:31

Total....

627.30

533.51

583.25

.........

Violence

Accident or negligence
Homicide...
Suicide.
Other deaths from violence

108 83

2.76
17.90
0.63

37.02
2:11
4.45
0.14

75.11

2:45 11:58 0:41

Total.........

130.12

43.72

89.55

Ull defined or not specifierl causes

57.25

52.25

54.91

Grand total

1,353.88

1,105.76

1,237.34

« PrejšnjaNaprej »