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PREFACE,

THE
HE historian who delves among the records of the far past, and weaves in

continuous thread the story of former generations, for the instruction of ages yet to come, must be governed in the methods of his work by one invariable rule, which is : the acceptance of such facts, and only such, as have become established, either by written evidence or by undoubted verbal testimony transmitted in consecutive order and bearing on its face the impress of truthfulness, from its consistency with known facts.

The historian who writes of the near past finds, oftentimes, more delicate questions arising for him to decide than does the contemporary of the musty pages.

While the latter has but his own sense of consentaneousness to satisfy, the former has a wider constituency to win over to his mode of thinking. The writer upon ancient events is stimulated to careful research by the hope of discovering that which will subvert the theories of his collaborators, and vindicate his own claim to literary fame. The man who treats of the early deeds of a generation yet living can have no such ambition. His duty is to tell the tale in a simple manner, leaving to those who shall come after him the more agreeable task of embellishment.

The historian has endeavored to adhere to the rules which should govern all volumes of this class. Rumors have been given only as such ; traditions find their appropriate place, and assumptions are treated with lightest stroke. Indisputable facts, based upon definite dates and corroborated by testimony admissible in courts of justice, alone stand recorded as facts.

Herein lies the greatest danger: the impartial observance of this rule plays havoc with individual claims in more than one instance. It is just to ourselves that we say: We have been actuated by no motives but the highest in the discharge of our duty. If statements made within these pages conflict with personal assertions, let it be remembered by the critic that majority judgment has, in every case, prevailed with us on all disputed points. We do not expect to please every subscriber; that would indicate a millennial condition of unity between the writer and the public which has never been attained, even in sacred history. We have tried to give a truthful record of events as the facts have been made known to us.

To those members of the county Press, those numerous Clergymen, Instructors, Pioneers and friends who have so generously aided in the preparation of this work, the heartiest thanks are publicly expressed.

The papers on The Geology of Linn County" and " The Mound Builders" are from the pen of MR. GEORGE W. BETTESWORTH, of Cedar Rapids, whose familiarity with the topics treated upon is recognized by all who know him. They form an especially interesting feature of this work, advancing, as they do, several original ideas in relation to the respective subjects.

When the present generation shall have passed into the silent grave, and the historian is no longer able to converse face to face with them, the value of this history will be conceded.

THE PUBLISHERS. AUGUST, 1878.

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History Northwest Territory......... 19 History of Iowa:

History of Lion Connty :

Geographical Position............ 19 Half-Breed Tract...

.164 Butter and Cheese....

.392

Early Explorations............... 20 Early Settlements............ ..166 Judiciary.....

.394

Discovery of the Ohio.... 33 Territorial History ......... ..173 Criminal Mention...

..396

English Explorations and Set-

Roundary Question......... ...177

Indian Scare....

..399

tlements..................

35 State Organization..

...181

Bill Johnson's War.....

...400

American Settlements...

......... 60

Growth and Progress..............185 Agricultural Society..............401

Division of the Northwest Ter- Agricultural College and Farm.186 Natural Phenomena...

..402

ritory........

66 State University..

v War History...

411

Tecumseh and the War of 1812 70 State Historical Society.

...........193

Roster .....

..417

Black Hawk and the Black

Penitentiaries....

...194

Post Offices..............

..448

Hawk War....

74 Insane Hospitals....................195

448

Other Indian Troubles........... 79 College for the Blind... .197 Educational

.455

Present Condition of the North-

Deaf and Dumb Institution..... 199 Cornell College..

west ..........................

86 Soldiers' Orphans' Homes .......199 Western College.....

..463

Chicago......

.......................... 95 State Normal School... ...201

Coe Collegiate Institute.........479

Illinois.........................*

..240 Asylum for Feeble Minded Homoeopathic Medical Society.481

Indiana ............................

..242

Children....

201

Iowa Union Medical Society.. 481

Iowa............................

..243 Reform School.

...202

Hog Culture...

.481

Michigan

..244 Fish Hatching Establishment..203 Miscellaneous

.............482

Wisconsin.

..245 Public Lands

...204 History of Towns :

Minnesota ...........

..247 Public Schools........................218 Cedar Rapids....

..484

Nebraska...

..248 Political Record....

.223 Marion ....

..534

History of Iowa:

War Record........

.............229

Mount Vernon......

...557

Geographical Situation .......... 109 Number Volunteers... .233 Lisbon

..568

Topography....

....109 Number Casualties-Officers... 234 Center Point..

...574

Drainage System...........

110 Number Casualties—Enlisted

Western

..580

Rivers...

.111

Men .....

236 Bertram..

..583

Lakes

..118 Population...

Ely

.584

Springs.

.119 Agricultural Statistics........... 274

Palo....

..585

Prairies..

..120 History of Linn County. ...307 Fairfax.

..588

Geology

..120 Geology......

...307

Central City.

.592

Climatology....

..137 Mound Builders...

...317 Waubeck

...594

Discovery and Occupation ...... 139 General Summary

.321 Paris

..596

Territory

147 : Personal Sketches.

..344 Prairieburg.

...597

Indians...

General Sketches.

.348 Walkor..

...000

Pike's Expedition.................. 151 Organization ....

.357

Troy Mills.

..601

Indian Wars.

Era of Outlawry

..367 La Fayette

.602

Black Hawk War............. 157 Social Development... ....386 Springvillo..

.......603

Indian Purchase, Reserves and

Vote, 1876-1877

.388

Viola

.......609

Treaties ...

.............159 Material Growth and Prosperi-

Toddville

...611

Spanish Grants .....................163 ty.............

.389 Too Lates and Errata..... ....612

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Mouth of the Mississippi............... 21

A Pioneer Dwelling.....

61 Pioneers' First Winter

94

Source of the Mississippi.
............. 21 Breaking Prairie........

63 Great Iron Bridge of C., R, I. & P.
Wild Prairie...

23 | Tecumseh, the Shawanoe Chieftain 69 R. R., Crossing the Mississippi at
La Salle Landing on the Shore of Indians Attacking a Stockade....... 72 Davenport, Iowa...

91
Green Bay..
25 Black Hawk, the Sac Chieftain..... 75 Chicago in 1833....

95
Buffalo Hunt
27 Big Eagle......
SO Old Fort Dearborn, 1830..

98
Trapping

29 Captain Jack, the Modoc Chieftain 83 Present Site Lake Street Bridge,

Hunting ................................... 32 Kinzie House

85 Chicago, 1833...

98

Iroqnois Chief

34

A Representative Pioneer........ 86

Ruins of Chicago....

.104

Pontiac, the Ottawa Chieftain ........ 43 Lincoln Monument..

View of the City of Chicago..
Indians Attacking Frontiersmen.. 56 A Pioneer School House......... 88 Hunting Prairie Wolves..

.2 19

A Prairie Storm.....

59

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..807

ABSTRACT OF IOWA STATE LAWS.

..281

......

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Adoption of Children....

.287 Forms:

Jurors.......

Bills of Exchange and Promissory Chattel Mortgnge

.298 Limitation of Actions.

.281

Notes

.275 Confession of Judgment..........290 | Landlord and Tenant,

.289

Commercial Terms....

.289 Lease ....

.296 Married Women.......

.282

Capital Punishment...

.282 Mortgages...

.294 Marks and Brands....

.284

Charitable, Scientific and Religious Notice to Quit....

.203 Mechanics' Liens.

..285

Associations.

...300 Notes.....

.290, 297 Roads and Bridges

.286

Descent

Orders....

.290 Surveyors and Surveys..

.287

Damages from Trespass.... 284 Quit Claim Deed..

.299 Suggestions to Persons Purchasing
Exemptions from Execution..........282 Receipts.....

.290 Books by Subscription.... .303

Estrays.

.283 Wills and Codicils...

.293 Support of Poor

287

Forms:

Warranty Deed.....

.298 Taxes.........

..277

Articles of Agreement ..........291 Fences ..........

.284 Wills and Estates..

.276

Bills of Sale

292 Interest.....

.275 Weights and Measures

.289

Bond for Deed...................... .299 Intoxicating Liquors.....

.301 Wolf Scalps........

.284

Bills of Purchase....

.290 Jurisdiction of Courts...

.281

......275

MISCELLANEOUS.

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Map of Lion County... Front. Surveyor's Measure

... 269 Population of Fifty Principal Cities

Constitution of United States......... 250 How to Keep Accounts

.269 of the United States.....

.272

Vote for President and Vice Pres. Interest Table..

.270 Population and Area of the United

ident.......

..264 Miscellaneous Table.

.270 States..........

.273

Practical Rules for Every Day Use..265 | Names of the States of the Union Population of the Principal Coun-
United States Government Land and their Significations.............271 tries in the World.....
Mensure....

.268 Population of the United States.....272 ) Population of Lion County ...........304

.........273

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