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Group A; $ 150,000,000 to $400,000,000, Group B; under $150,000,000, Groups C and D. An interesting fact is that Group A companies maintained both the monthly and yearly average of 102% and 104%, Group B companies à November average of 105% and a yearly average of 104%. Group C and D companies fell below both the monthly and yearly average with 101% and 102% respectively.

Graphs based on data from the Spectator yearbook give the distribution of total insurance by kinds, 1936 which is as follows. Ordinary in force 71%, Industrial in force 18%, and Group in force 11%. New business Ordinary 50%, Industrial 30% and Group 20%. Data also appear for Canada with Ordinary in force 78%, Industrial 13%, and Group 9%; New insurance Ordinary 66%, Industrial 24% and Group 10%.

LIFE INSURANCE IN NEW SOUTH WALES IN 1936-1937

According to statistics made available by the Government Statistician, new life assurance business in New South Wales during the year ended June 30, 1937, constituted a record, According to the Office of the American Trade Commissioner, Sidney, the total for which insurance was effected was £23,961,774, compared with £20,754,685 the previous year.

In 1936-37, there were issued 51,389 new ordinary life policies, for a total assured amount of £16,951,591, and 161,943 new industrial life policies for a total assured amount of £7,010, 183. The combined total of premiums payable was £1,019,195.

The increase in number and value of new policies, evident in the previous four years, continued in 1936-37. In the ordinary department, between pre-depression years and 1931-32 the annual number and value of new policies taken out decreased by approximately one-third, but between 1931-32 and 1936-37 the annual volume of new business increased more rapidly than it had decreased.

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New assurances effected in the past year in the ordinary department were substantially greater than the average between 1925-26 and 1929-30; and greater both in number and in amount than in the previous record year, 1935-36.

Ordinary Life Policies
Total
Average

Annual
No.
Agsured
per policy

premiums
£
£
£

£
1926 to 1930*
27,594 11,313,692

410

392,460
1930-31
19,515 9,058,478

404

320,555
1931-32

18,784
7,460,868

3917

263, 102
1932-33
22,981 9,089,515

395

317,006
1933-34
27,670 10,398,379

376

352,936
1934-35
35,002 11,838,720

338

410,318
1935-30
43,815 14,132,258

329

493,699
1936-37
51,389 16,951,591

330

575, 901 *Average

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The number of new industrial policies showed, as compared with the ordinary, a smaller proportional decline from pre-depression years to 1931-32, and a smaller relative increase from 1931-32 to 1936-37. In 1936-37, it was substantially greater than in any year from 1925-26 to 1929-30.

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The total number of applications filed in Poland for patents, designs and trade-marks during the year 1936 as well as the number granted during that year for each of these categories are shown in the following tabulation which also indicates the combined totals under each heading for the years 1924 to 1936, inclusive:

Patents

Designs Trade-Marks 19241924

1924

2936 1936 1936 1936 1936 1936 Applications received .

38,780 3,583 9,749 1,428 23, 671 2,063 Applications granted

24,706 1,791 6, 229

908 27,752 | 1,402

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Divided according to countries the applications received and granted were as follows:

Trade-Marks 19241936 1936 11,861 968 15,891 434 1,089 52 2,693

36

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Patents
1924-
1936

1936
5,022 428
19,584 1,363
1,322 120
1,239 74

413 16 1, 196

68 1,911 116

626 87 8,355 548 1,489 88 1,003 93

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Designs
1924-
1936 1936
5, 680

858
549 50

16 1
109

12
4
91 8
30 5

1
182 7
17
12
2
2

Countries of Origin
Poland
Foreign countries including:
United Kingdom
Austria.
Belgium
Czechoslovakia
France
Netherlands
Germany.
United States
Switzerland
Sweden
Italy .

114

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1, 289
1,727

115
5,887
1,240

681 41 351 26

522 208 128

15 50

8 152 33 27 8 1

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Patents granted in Pol and according to industrial classes during the years 1924 to 1936, inclusive, and during 1936, appear in the table below:

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Agricul ture
Mining
Smelting
Metal Industry
Machinery Industry
Electrotechnical
Chemical & Ceramic
Textile.
Paper
Printing & Allied
Timber
Foodstuff
Clothing & Fancy Goods
Building
Household equipment
Precision goods, tools, instruments
Communication & Transport .
Other

653
597

799
1,943
3,369
2,188
4,968
1,253

399 469

192 1,211

581 1,573

649 1, 294 2,114

454

38 14 64 126 185 219 365 122 31 37 12 70 58 89 62 85 183

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Applications during the period 1918-1923 numbered 13,320 in respect of patents and 16,693 in respect of trade marks.

SUGGESTIONS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF

COMPARATIVE LAW SERIES

ARE ALWAYS WELCOME

WRITE TO THE DIVISION OF COMMERCIAL LAWS

- O.

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Subscription: $1.00 (foreigo $2.00) per year, in advance. 10¢ per copy. Resittance should be nade payable to the Bureau of Foreign & Domestic Commerce.

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During the fourscore years of our (Argentine) civil code our economic and social development has undergone self-imposed modification, and has felt the influence of analogous phenomena in the rest of the world. Our country has been and should be one of immigration and one linked to others of different outlook, but having direct contact of persons, interests and products with our country; un questionably her juridical character demands

proper and adequate laws. The question of whether to imitate foreign legislation, adopting their principles, or adapting them to our environment, doubtless requires a labor of selection and elimination based upon

our own experience.

Mario A. Rivarola, "Juridical Personality."
La Informacion, Buenos Aires, July, 1937.

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