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ESSAY II

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ESSAY VIII

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468

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Causes which induced Federation .

477

Influence of a Pan-Australian sentiment .

480

Physical and racial conditions favouring Federation

483

Comparison with the conditions of the United States and

of Canada

487

Two leading types of Federal Government

489

Distribution of powers between the Nation and the States in

the Australian Constitution.

491

Position of the Australian States under the Constitution 494

Differences from the Federal systems of the United States

and of Canada

The National Government: few restrictions on its powers

501

The Legislature: Representation of the States in the Senate. 503

The House of Representatives.

The Executive and the Judiciary

Question as to Constitutional Appeals : the British Govern-

ment yield to Australian sentiment

509

Intended working of the scheme of Government: The Cabinet 513

Provision against legislative deadlocks

Relations of the Two Houses

Financial provisions : railways and rivers

521

Location of the national capital : admission of New States 522

Mode of amending the Constitution .

523

Relations of the Australian Commonwealth to the British

Crown.

525

General comparison of the Australian Constitution with that

of the United States .

527

Comparison with that of the Dominion of Canada

528

Further observations on the Constitution

531

It is less strictly Federal and more National than that of the

United States

532

Its highly democratic character

535

It contemplates a party system .

539

Difficulties which may arise from the existence of a third

party

540

What political issues are likely to arise in Australia ?

542

Probable prominence of Economic questions .

545

Possible creation and admission of New States

547

Will New Zealand enter the Federation ?

548

Tendencies to consolidation may be strengthened by disputes

with foreign powers.

550

Future relations of Australia to Britain

551

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